Wednesday, October 7, 2009

Español 3- El Diario del 5-Oct-2009 a 9-Oct-2009

In this post, please write your journal entry for this week. In it, you should describe all material that was covered in class this week. Include explanations of all concepts, definitions of words, lists of all vocabulary words and phrases, and at least 3 example sentences that demonstrate each concept.

Your journal entry will be due Sunday, October 11th by 11:30 pm. It will be worth 20 points. Remember that if you submit late, you will receive half credit.

20 comments:

Rachael said...

This week we learned about the imperfect and past participles used as adjectives.
Imperfect: mientras(while) to join things
When bringing up event use who, what, when, where
Decir que___: report what someone said
Hablar Comer Escribir
Hablaba comía escribía
Hablabas comías escribías
Hablaba comía escribía
Hablábamos comíamos escribíamos
Hablaban comían escribían

There are irregular imperfects as well:
Ser Ir Ver
era iba veía
eras ibas veías
era iba veía
éramos íbamos veíamos
eran iban veían

Examples:
• Siempre me gustaba trabajar en la cocina con ella.
• Ella tenía muchas rectas fabulosas.
• Por la mañana preparábamos huevos revueltos con chiles.
• El cocinero dijo que la sopa estaba exquisita.
• Era viernes por la noche. En El Mesón, el pianista tocaba mientras los clients conversaban y comián tranquilamente.

Some past participles are:
• Asado(a)
• Balanceado(a)
• Cocido(a)
• Congelado(a)
• Derretido(a)
• Frito(a)
• Hervido(a)
• Herneado(a)
• Picado(a)
• Quemado(a)
• Revuelto(a)
• Tostado(a)

Examples:
• Me gustan los huevos revueltos con pan tostado.
• Sugún la receta, se necesitan dos cebollas picadas.

ABarbacci said...

Alexis Barbacci
Sra. Alderman
Spanish III, 7th
11 October 2009

The Imperfect Tense

You use the imperfect tense when talking about the past. You use it to “set the scene”. Use the conjunction “mientras” when two things are going on at the same time. Mientras is used to join them.
 Era lunes por la mañana. En la casa, mi madre lavaba los dientes mientras yo comía el desayuno.
 Me fastidiaba brócoli pero ahora me lo encanta especialidad con matequilla y ajo.
 De niña, era muy activa.
 De niña, yo hablaba mucho.

Endings for the imperfect tense *:
 For –ar verbs:
-hablar
Yo hablaba
Tú hablabas
Él/ella/ud hablaba
Nosotros hablábamos
Ellos/ellas/uds hablaban

 For –er and –ir verbs
-conocer
Yo conocía
Tú conocías
Él/ella/ud conocía
Nosotros conocíamos
Ellos/ellas/uds conocían

-derretir
Yo derretía
Tú derretías
Él/ella/ud derretía
Nosotros derretíamos
Ellos/ellas/uds derretían

*There are no stem changes in the imperfect tense. The endings above are the same for all –ar, -er, and –ir verbs with the exception of the three irregular verbs. There are only THREE irregular verbs (below).

Ser
 Yo era
 Tú eras
 Él/ella/ud era
 Nosotros éramos
 Ellos/ellas/uds eran

Ir
 Yo iba
 Tú ibas
 Él/ella/ud iba
 Nosotros íbamos
 Ellos/ellas/uds iban

Ver
 Yo veía
 Tú veías
 Él/ella/ud veía
 Nosotros veíamos
 Ellos/ellas/uds veían

Also, the imperfect tense is used often after the preterite form of decir plus “que”. It is used to say what someone has said (as in the past).

Preterite of decir:
 Yo dije
 Tú dijiste
 Él/ella/ud dijo
 Nosotros dijimos
 Ellos/ellas/uds dijeron

For example:
 El mesero dijo que el pollo asado estaba en su punto, pero Miguel dijo que el pollo asado estaba echada peder.
 El cocinero dijo que las fresas estaban muy frescas, pero yo dije que las estaban echadas a perder.
 Nosotros dijimos el pastel estaba perfecto.

Review of the imperfect:

-The imperfect is used to talk about the past, to set the scene, or to tell the situations surrounding an event. (See previous examples)
-It can also talk about what people were like (in the past), or what they did or did not like.
-De niña, me gustaba el chocolate, y lo comía mucho.
-It is also used to compare the past and the present. Use both the present and imperfect tenses. (See previous examples)


Past Participles Used as Adjectives:
-To make the past participles into adjectives:
 Replace the –ar infinitive ending with –ado, and the –er and –ir endings with –ido.
 Many of these past participles (used as adjectives) are used to describe how a food item is cooked or prepared, but they must agree with gender and with the noun they modify.

Some common past participles used to describe food:
 Asado(a)-roasted
 Balanceado(a)-balanced
 Cocido(a)-cooked
 Congelado(a)-frozen
 Derretido(a)-melted
 Frito(a)-fried
 Hervido(a)-boiled
 Horneado(a)-baked
 Picado(a)-diced
 Quemado(a)-burned
 Revuelto(a)-stirred/scrambled
 Tostado(a)-toasted

Examples:
 la carne asada-roasted meat
 El pan tostado-toast (toasted bread)
 Los huevos revueltos-scrambled eggs
 Las fresas congeladas-frozen strawberries
 La cebolla picada-diced onion
Me gustaba la carne asada, pero no me gusta el pescado asado.
Mi mama le gustaba los huevos revueltos, pero le fastidiaba los huevos fritos.
Mi hermana menor le encanta las fresas congeladas especialidad con helado.

chris said...

Chris Lechnar
Mrs. Alderman
Spanish 3
11 October 2009

Imperfect
· When talking about the past, use the imperfect to set the scene. If two things are going on at the same time, use the conjunction mientras (while) to join them.
o Ex: Era Viernes por la noche. En El Mesón, el pianista tocaba mientras los clientes conversaban y comían tranquilamente.
· The imperfect is often used after the preterite of decir with que to report what someone said.
o Ex: what the cook said: La sopa está exquisite
o Reporting what the cook said: El cocinero digo que
o What the cook said: La sopa estaba exquisite
Verb Conjugations

Yo

El, ella, ud.
Nosotros(as)
Ellos, ellas, uds.

Hablar
Hablaba
Hablabas
Hablaba
Hablábamos
Hablaban

Comer
Comía
Comías
Comía
Comíamos
Comían

Escribir
Escribía
Escribías
Escribía
Escribíamos
Escribían
Irregular Verb Conjugations

Yo

El, ella, ud.
Nosotros(as)
Ellos, ellas, uds.
Ser
Era
Eras
Era
Éramos
Eran
Ir
Iba
Ibas
Iba
Íbamos
Iban
Ver
Veía
Veías
Veía
Veíamos
Veían

· Preterite of decir comes before imperfect verbs frequently
o Decir – usually followed by que
Dije
Dijiste
Dijo
Dijimos
Dijieron

Setting the Scene
Era un Moreno y mal noche. Frank andaban en la acera mientras escuchaban a la musica. Sus amigos hablaban y no vieron el gato Negro. Andaban en la noche misteria.

The Imperfect
· To talk about situations in the past, use the imperfect to set the scene and tell the circumstances surrounding an event.
o Eran las ocho de la noche y tenía mucha prisa. Mis amigos me esperaban en el cine Alameda. Ibamos a ver una pelicula porque hacía mal tiempo.
· Use the imperfect to talk about what people were generall like, how they used to feel, and what they used to like or dislike.
o De niña, no me gustaban los vegetales pero tenía que comerlos todos los dias.
· To contrast past routines or situations with the present, use the imperfect to say how things used to be and the present tense to say how things are now.
o De niña, no me gustaban los vegetales. Ahora, me encantan.

Mia Perez said...

This week in our Spanish 3 class we learned the gramática en acción 2. We learned more uses of the imperfect tense and past participles used as adjectives.
More uses of the imperfect are:
· Setting the scene
· To tell when, who, where, and the condition of the scene to establish what was happening.
· It is often used after the preterite of decir with que to report what someone said.
· Discusses ongoing activities
· Mientras meaning while is used to say what two people were doing at the same time.
· The irregular verbs in the imperfect are ser, ir, ver, and decir.
Some examples of the imperfect are:
1. La mesera dijo que el helado de piña estaba fantastíca.
2. Era sabado por la noche y hacía muy viento.
3. Carina caminaba mientras Antonio comía comida rapída.
4. Lola le daba miedo en el cementerio.
5. El tiempo estaba mal.
6. Había una luna llena.
Even more uses for the imperfect are:
· To set the scene and tell the circumstances surrounding an event
· To talk about what people were generally like, how they used to feel, and what they used to like or dislike.
· To contrast past routines or situations with the present.
More examples of the imperfect are:
1. Nosotros ibamos a comer a un restaurante porque había no comida a la casa.
2. De niña no me gustaban los pescados. Ahora, me encantan mucho.
3. De niña no tomaba vitaminas. Ahora las tomo.
Past Participles Used As Adjecitives
· To form past participles , replace the –ar infinitive with –ado and the –er and –ir endings with –ido.
· They can be used to describe the condition of food.
Past Participles used to describe food:
· Asado(a)- roasted
· Balanceado(a)- balanced
· Cocido(a)- cooked
· Congelado(a)- frozen
· Derritido(a)- melted
· Frito(a)-fried
· Hervido(a)-boiled
· Horneado(a)- baked
· Picado(a)-diced
· Quemado(a)-burned
· Revuelto(a)- stirred, scrambled
· Tostado(a)- toasted
Some examples of using past participles as adjectives:
1. El pollo asado es delicioso.
2. Papa fritas son muy grasas.
3. Me gustan huevos revueltos.
4. El pan quemado fue mal.
5. Me encantan quesos picados con pan tostado.

gaby said...

This week in Spanish we learned
How to say you liked something and what you like now… like this
A mi me gustaba la comida de la casa ahoura me gusta la comida rapida.
I liked the food from the house now I like fast food.

The second thing we learned was how someone reports what another person say such as,

El mesero dijo que el flan estaba rico.
The waiter said that the flan was good.

We also learned how to say what time was it and what a person was doing such as,

Eran las seis de la noche y todavia estaba haciendo mi tarea.
It was 6 o’clock at night and I was still doing my homework.

We also learned new words such as,

Asado-roasted
Cocido-cooked
Congelado-frozen
Derrertido-melted
Frito-fried
Hervido-boiled
Horneado-baked
Picado-diced
Quemado-burned

You can use these words to express how your food tasted or how they were cooked or not cooked.

Mi comida estaba quemada.
My food was burnt.

Mis papas estaban bien fritas.
My fires were well fried.

Darcy Vines said...

Darcy Vines
1st hour

This week, we reviewed the imperfect tense and went over new uses of it.
Most imperfect forms are regular and follow these patterns:

Hablar (-ar verbs)
yo hablaba
tú hablabas
él ella ud. hablaba
nosotros hablábamos
ellos ellas uds. hablaban

Correr (-er verbs)
yo corría
tú corrías
él ella ud. corría
nosotros corríamos
ellos ellas uds. corrían

Escribir (-ir verbs)
yo escribía
tú escribías
él ella ud. escribía
nosotros escribíamos
ellos ellas uds. escribían

The imperfect tense is used to say what someone or something used to be like.
Me gustaba jugar a pilla-pilla.
-I used to like to play tag.
Yo comía manzanas.
-I used to eat apples.

The imperfect tense can also be used to set the scene for something.
Era el noche de viernes.
-It was Friday night.
La casa tenía mucho frío.
-The house was very cold.

The imperfect tense, used with the preterite of decir, can be used to report what someone said.
La profesora nos dije que no teníamos tarea.
-The teacher told us that we did not have homework.
La mesera nos dijo que el restaurante no tenía el bistec.
-The waitress told us that the restaurant did not have steak.

Use mientras with two imperfect verbs to say someone did something while someone else did something else.
La chica durmía mientras sus padres conversaben en el próximo cuarto.
-The girl slept while her parents talked in the next room.
Mis amigos emily, trever, y steve iban al cine mientras yo hacía mi tarea de español.
-My friends emily, trever, and steve went to the movies while I did my Spanish homework.

There are only three verbs that are irregular in the imperfect: ser, ir, and ver.

Ser
yo era
tú eras
él ella ud. era
nosotros eramos
ellos ellas uds. eran

Ir
yo iba
tú ibas
él ella ud. iba
nosotros íbamos
ellos ellas uds. iban

Ver
yo veía
tú veías
él ella ud. veía
nosotros veíamos
ellos ellas uds. veían

Greg Sombati said...

Gregory Sombati
Mrs. Alderman
Spanish III/1st
11 October 2009

10.5-10.8

This week we only had 4 days of instruction. We began the week by reviewing the imperfect tense from Spanish II.

The imperfect tense is used to describe how something used to be, or how someone or something was. We learned that another use of the impefect tense is to set the scene of an event in the past. Other uses include describing how someone used to feel, or what someone liked in the past. Finally, you can use it to compare and contrast with one's former likings and their current likings.

EX: Era viernes por la tarde.
- It was a Friday afternoon.

EX: De niño, me gustban las manzanas. Ahora, no me gustanlas.


Other notes about the impefect tense include the use of the conjuction "mientras" which means while. Any time mientras is used, it is the imperfect tense

EX: El jugador de hockey hablaba mientras su equipo ganaba.
- The hockey player talked while his team won.

Another new use of the imperfect tense is the use of decir + que. You conjugate decir in the preterite then use the imperfect later in the sentence

Decir

Yo dije
Tú dijiste
Usted dijo
Nosotros decimos
Ellos dijeron

EX: El mesero dijo que la propina era muy grande.
- The waiter said that the tip was very big.


To conugate verbs in the imperfect tense, you must follow these rules.

1. Only 3 verbs are irregular in the imperfect tense (ser, ir, and ver)

Ser

Yo era
Tú eras
Usted era
Nosotros éramos
Ellos eran

Ir

Yo iba
Tú ibas
Usted iba
Nosotros íbamos
Ellos iban

Ver

Yo veía
Tú veías
Usted veía
Nosotros veíamos
Ellos veían

2. All other verbs follow a pattern. Ar verbs- go to the infintive of the verb, drop the "r" and add "ba" for the yo and usted forms. For the tú form, add "bas" and for the ellos form, add "ban" For the nosotros form, add "bamos"

Hablar

Yo hablaba
Tú hablabas
Usted hablaba
Nosotros hablábamos
Ellos hablaban


3. The third and final rule to be followed is how to conjugate the er/ir verbs. Like in the present tense, they both follow the same rules. Add "ía" to all forms after dropping the "er" or "ir" For the tú form, add a "s" For the nosotros form, add "amos" And finally for the ellos form,add "n"
Comer

Yo comía
Tú comías
Usted comía
Nosotros comíamos
Ellos comían

Escribir

Yo escribía
Tú escribías
Usted escribía
Nosotros escribíamos
Ellos escribían


We finished up the week by briefly discussing past participles used as adjectives.

Asado/a- roasted
Balanceado/a- balanced
Cocido/a- cooked
Congelado/a- frozen
Derretido/a- melted
Frito/a- fried
Hervido/a- boiled
Horneado/a- baked
Picado/a- sliced
Quemado/a- burned
Revuelto/a- scrambled/stirred
Tostado/a- toasted

EX: Cebollas picadas
- Sliced onions

EX: Huevos revueltos
- Scrambled eggs

EX: Pan tostado
- Toasted bread


All of this material was covered in class last week.

fabiola said...

This week in Spanish class we learned

Uses of the imperfect

• To set a scene
Imperfect can be used to set the scene, when talking about a scene in the past. The word mientras (while) can be used when two things are going at the same time.
Ex: Era un sábado en la mañana.
Mi hermana comía mientras yo lavaba los platos.
Estaba frió afuera y estaba muy oscuro.

• To report what someone said
To report what someone said you first use the preterite of decir with que them followed by the imperfect.
Ex: The girl said that her arm was broken. - La niña dijo que su brazo estaba roto.
We said the game was cancelled. - Nosotros dijimos que el partido estaba cancelado.
I said that the soup was spoiled. – Yo dije que la sopa estaba echada a perder.

• Tell the circumstances surrounding an event
Together with setting a scene, the imperfect can also be used to tell the circumstances an event.
Ex: Eran las cinco de la tarde y quería ir al cine. Mis amigos estaban en sus casas. Íbamos al centro comercial porque el cine estaba cerrado.

• What people were like
The imperfect can be used to talk about what people were like, how they felt, and what they liked or disliked.
Ex: Mi hermano no le gustaba limpiar su habitación.
A mi me encantaba ver películas de Disney.
Héctor era muy generoso y gracioso.

• To contrast past routines with situations of the present
Using the imperfect to say how things used to be, you can compare with the present tense to say how they are now.
Ex: De niña me gustaba el pastel. Ahora todavía me gusta.
De niña tenia que limpiar mi habitación. Ahora también lo hago.
De niña caminaba a la enchula. Ahora voy en carro.

Past Participles used as adjectives
• To form the past participle the infinitive –ar ending is replaced with –ado and -er, or –ir ending is replaced with an –ido.
Ex: cortar- cortado
dormir- dormido
Comer- comido
• Many past participles can be use to describe food, but they must agree with the number and gender.
Many of these past participles are:
o Asado(a)
o Balanceado(a)
o Cocido(a)
o Congelado(a)
o Derretido(a)
o Frito(a)
o Hervido(a)
o Horneado(a)
o Picado(a)
o Quemado(a)
o Revuelto(a)
o Tostado(a)

truchan said...

This week in Spanish we learned that there are more uses to the imperfect tense.
When talking about the past use the imperfect to set the scene. If two things are going on at the same time, use the conjunction mientras ( while) to join them.
Eran viernes por la noche. Los pianistas tocaban mientras los clients conversaban y comían tranquilamente.
The imperfect is often used after the preterite of decir with que to report what someone said.
La sopa está exquisita.
El mesero dijo que la sopa estaba exquisita.
Ar ir+er
Aba ía
Abas ías
Aba ía
Ábamos íamos
Aban ían
Ser – to be
Era
Eras
Era
Éramos
Eramon
Ir – to go
Iba
Ibas
Iba
Ibamos
Iban
Ver – to see
Veía
Veías
Veía
Veíamos
Veían
Decir – to tell
Dije
Dijiste
Dijo
Dijimos
Dijeron

Use the imperfect to talk about past situations and set the scene, to talk about how people used to be, and to contrast past routines or situations with the present.

Era la niche nublada de el treinta y uno de octubre. Estaba frio y muchos personas iban las casa para los dulces.
De niño me encontaba las frutas frescas. Ahora no las me gustan.
De niño no me gustaban los vegetales pero tenía que comerlos todos los días.
Also the use of past participles as adjectives. To form past participles, replace the ar infinitive ending with ado and the er and ir endings with ido.
They must agree with the noun they modify in number and gender.
Se necesitan dos cebollas picadas.
Mu gustan los huevos revueltos con pan tostado.

Asado(a) – roasted
Balanceado(a) – balanced
Cocido(a) – cooked
Congelado(a) – frozen
Derretido (a) melted
Frito(a) – fried
Hervido (a) – boiled
Horneado(a) – baked
Picado (a) – diced
Quemado (a) burned
Revuelto(a) – scrambled
Tostado(a) toasted

Jasmine said...

This week in our Spanish 3 class we learned the gramática en acción 2. We learned more uses of the imperfect tense and past participles used as adjectives.
More uses of the imperfect are:
• Setting the scene
• To tell when, who, where, and the condition of the scene to establish what was happening.
• It is often used after the preterite of decir with que to report what someone said.
• Discusses ongoing activities
• Mientras meaning while is used to say what two people were doing at the same time.
• The irregular verbs in the imperfect are ser, ir, ver, and decir.
Some examples of the imperfect are:
1. La mesera dijo que el helado de piña estaba fantastíca.
2. Era sabado por la noche y hacía muy viento.
3. Carina caminaba mientras Antonio comía comida rapída.
4. Lola le daba miedo en el cementerio.
5. El tiempo estaba mal.
6. Había una luna llena.
Even more uses for the imperfect are:
• To set the scene and tell the circumstances surrounding an event
• To talk about what people were generally like, how they used to feel, and what they used to like or dislike.
• To contrast past routines or situations with the present.
More examples of the imperfect are:
1. Nosotros ibamos a comer a un restaurante porque había no comida a la casa.
2. De niña no me gustaban los pescados. Ahora, me encantan mucho.
3. De niña no tomaba vitaminas. Ahora las tomo.
Past Participles Used As Adjecitives
• To form past participles , replace the –ar infinitive with –ado and the –er and –ir endings with –ido.
• They can be used to describe the condition of food.
Past Participles used to describe food:
• Asado(a)- roasted
• Balanceado(a)- balanced
• Cocido(a)- cooked
• Congelado(a)- frozen
• Derritido(a)- melted
• Frito(a)-fried
• Hervido(a)-boiled
• Horneado(a)- baked
• Picado(a)-diced
• Quemado(a)-burned
• Revuelto(a)- stirred, scrambled
• Tostado(a)- toasted
Some examples of using past participles as adjectives:
1. El pollo asado es delicioso.
2. Papa fritas son muy grasas.
3. Me gustan huevos revueltos.
4. El pan quemado fue mal.
5. Me encantan quesos picados con pan tostado.

molly said...

this past week in class we learned about the imperfect tense, preterite tense and past participles used as adjectives,

The imperfect tense is used to say what you used to do, talking about the past, to set a scene, who , when, where, what was happening and what we were like when we were kids. You can also used mientras which means "while" to say what two people were doing in the past. the imperfect tense discusses ongoing activities in the past. There are no irregular -ar verbs. The only irregular verbs are ser, ir, and ver.

to form the imperfect tense for the -ar verbs:
hablar
yo - hablaba
tú - hablabas
él, ella, usted - hablaba
nosotros/nosotras - hablábamos
ustedes, ellos, ellas - hablaban

conocer
conocía
conocías
conocía
conocíamos
conocían

derretir
derretía
derretías
derretía
derretíamos
derretían

ser
era
eras
era
éramos
eran

ir
iba
ibas
iba
íbamos
iban

ver
veía
veías
veía
veíamos
veían

De niña, no llevaba una dieta balanceada. Ahora la lleva.

you can also use imperfect to say when you liked something and how its has changed.
No me gustaba el atún.
Me gusta el atún.

To form the past participles replace the -ar infinitive ending with -ado and the -er or -ir endings with -ido. These adjectives describe how food is cooked or prepare. The adjective must agree with the noun they are modifying in number and gender.

asado(a) - roasted
balanceado(a) - balanced
cocido(a) - cooked
congelado(a) - frozen
derretido(a) - melted
frito(a) - fried
hervido (a) - boiled
horneado(a) - baked
picado(a) - diced
quemado(a) - burned
revuelto(a) - stirred,scrambeled
tostado(a) - toasted

Me gustan los huevos revueltos con pan tostado.

Matthew said...

Imperfect Tense
Uses
To talk about situations in the past
Set the scene
Describe circumstance about an event
Tell how people generally acted
How they felt
What they liked/disliked
Used to say what someone said (preterite of decir)

The imperfect can help say how things used to be in the past, an how they are now in the present.
* Example
Use mientras to say that to things are gong on at the same time.
Mientras-While

Verb Endings

-Ar -Er -Ir
yo aba ía ía
tú abas ías ías
Usted aba ía ía
Nosotros ábamos íamos íamos
Ustedes aban ían ían


There are only three irregulars for ser, ir, and ver.

Ser Ver Ir
yo era veía iba
tú eras veías ibas
Usted era veía iba
Nosotros éramos veíamos íbamos
Ustedes eran veían iban


* De Nino, hacia ejercicio. Ahora mas hago.
Eran un noche del 31 de octubre y era frío.
Juan dijo, “ Sara era muy cómica y divertida.


Infinitive Hablar Conocer Escribir
yo hablaba conocía escribía
tú hablabas conocías escribías
Usted hablaba conocía escribía
Nosotros hablábamos conocíamos escribíamos
Ustedes hablaban conocían escribían


Past Participles
Used as adjetives
Ar- ado
Ir, Er- ido
The o changes to an a when the noun is feminine
An s is placed at the end with plural nouns
Can describe how food is cook/prepared.

Past Participles used with Food
Asado(a)- Roasted
Balanceado(a)- Balanced
Cocido(a)- Cooked
Congelado(a)- Frozen
Derretido(a)- Melted
Frito(a)- Fried
Hervido(a)- Boiled
Horneado(a)- Baked
Picado(a)- Diced
Quemado(a)- Burned
Revuelto(a)- Stirred, Scrambles
Tostado(a)- Toasted

Yo quiero los huevos revueltos y las fresas congeladas.
Me gusta el maíz hervido.
Le falta el pollo frío en la ensalada mixta.

Nicole said...

Uses of Imperfect

*what people were generally like
*to set the scene
*after the preterite form of decir with que to mention what someone said
*use mientras when two things are going on at the same time in the past

ar
yo -aba
tu -abas
el/ella/ud -aba
nosotros -abamos
ellos/ellas/uds -aban

er/ir
yo -ía
tu -ías
el/ella/ud -ía
nosotros -íamos
ellos/ellas/uds -ían

ex. Era una noche fría.
ex. Ella dijo que mi amiga Elena estaba enferma ayer.

Irregular

Ir ser
iba era
ibas eras
iba era
íbamos éramos
iban eran


ver
veía veías
veía
veíamos
veían

Past participles as adjectives
*ar -> -ado
*er/ir -> -ido

asado hervido
balanceado horneado
cocido picado
congelado quemado
derretido revuelto
frito tostado

Paula Goodrich said...

Paula Goodrich
This week, the two major topics covered were the imperfect tense and using past participles as adjectives.
The Imperfect:
• Used to set the scene
• The conjunction “mientras” (meaning “while”) is used when two things are happening at one time
• Often used after the preterite of decir with que to say what someone said
• Ex: La sopa está exquisita. (what the cook says)
El cocinero dijo (someone is reporting what the cook said) que la sopa estaba exquisita. (what the cook said)


• Hablar Comer Escribir
yo - hablaba comía escribía
tú - hablabas comías escribías
él, ud- hablaba comía escribía
nos. - hablábamos comíamos escribíamos
ellos, uds – hablaban comían escribían

• In these three examples, they show the imperfect of ar, er, and ir verbs. All ar verbs have an accent mark in the nosotros form as shown by the verb hablar. All ar verbs follow this pattern. As you can see, the er and ir verbs are very similar. They all have accent marks and follow this pattern.
• There are three irregular verbs in the imperfect tense: ser, ir and ver.
• Ser Ir Ver
yo - era iba veía
tú - eras ibas veías
él, ud – era iba veía
nos. - éramos íbamos veíamos
ellos, uds – eran iban veían
• As you can see, these verbs are completely irregular, follow their own rules, and must be memorized.
• The imperfect tense is used to tell stories because it tells the time, place, situation; everything the setting tells.
• The imperfect can tell circumstances surrounding an event.
• The imperfect tense is used to talk about what people were generally like, how the used to feel, and what they used to like or dislike. Ex: De niña, no me gustaban los vegetales pero tenía que comerlos todos los días.
• It is also used to contrast past routines or situations with the present, saying how things used to be and then using the present tense to say how things are now. Ex: De niña, no me gustaban la ensalada mixta. Ahora, me encantan.
• To form past participles, replace the ar infinitive ending with ado and the er or ir endings with ido. Ex: Según la receta, se necesitan dos cebollas picadaas. Las puedes picar tú?
• Past participles used as adjectives must agree with the noun they modify in number and gender. Ex: Me gustan los huevos revueltos con pan tostado.
• Some common past participles used to describe food are:
asado(a) – roasted
balanceado(a) – balanced
cocido(a) – cooked
congelado(a) – frozen
derretido(a) – melted
frito(a) – fried
hervido(a) – boiled
horneado(a) – baked
picado(a) – diced
quemado(a) – burned
revuelto(a) – stirred, scrambled
tostado(a) - toasted

michael oleary said...

Michael O’Leary
Alderman
Español III – 1st Hour
11 October 2009

In class this week we learned about the imperfect tense of verbs. The imperfect tense is used to set the scene of a prior event. It also can be used after the preterite of decir to display what someone said.

With an regular -ar verb, the endings are as followed:
Estar
Yo - estaba
Tú - estabas
Él, ella, usted - estaba
Nosotros – estabamos
Ellos, ellas, ustedes – estaban

With a regular -er or -ir verb, the endings are as followed:
Hacer
Yo – hacía
Tú - hacías
Él, ella, usted - hacía
Nosotros – hacíamos
Ellos, ellas, ustedes – hacían

Vivir
Yo – vivía
Tú - vivías
Él, ella, usted - vivía
Nosotros – vivíamos
Ellos, ellas, ustedes – vivían

There are only three forms of irregular verbs, and they are as followed:
Ser
Yo – era
Tú - eras
Él, ella, usted - era
Nosotros – eramos
Ellos, ellas, ustedes – eran

Ir
Yo – iba
Tú - ibas
Él, ella, usted - iba
Nosotros – íbamos
Ellos, ellas, ustedes – iban

Ver
Yo – veía
Tú - veías
Él, ella, usted - veía
Nosotros – veíamos
Ellos, ellas, ustedes – veían

Imperfect examples:
1. El mesero dijo que el bistec estaba en su punto.
2. Era ocho en la noche y mi padre leía una revista.
3. De niño, no me gustaban los huevos. Ahora, me encantan.

emily makowski :) said...

Emily Makowski
Mrs. Alderman
7th hour
October 10, 2009

This week we reviewed the imperfect tense and learned a new circumstance to use it.
It is used to say what you used to do, to set a scene when talking about the past, to talk about what people were generally like, how they used to feel, and what they used to like or dislike, to contrast [ast routines or situations with the present. It is also used after the preterite of decir and que to say what someone said in the past.

When conjugating in the imperfect tense there are no stem changes.
There are no irregular ar verbs. An example of a conjugated ar verb in the imperfect tense is Hablar which conjugates as:
Yo - hablaba
Tū - hablabas
El, ella, usted - hablaba
Nosotros – hablābamos
Ellos, ellas, ustedes – habablan
Er and ir verbs have the same ending. An example of a conjugated er verb is conocer which comjugates as:
Yo – conocīa
Tū – conocīas
El, ella, usted – conocīa
Nosotros – conocīamos
Ellos, ellas, ustedes - conocīan




Irregular er and ir verbs are ser, ir, and ver, they are conjugated as follows
Ser Ir Ver
Yo era iba veīa
Tū eras ibas veīas
El, ella, usted era iba veīa
Nosotros eramos ībamos veīamos
Ellos, ellas, ustedes ēran iban veīan

Some examples of using the imperfect are:
El mesero dijo que el pollo estaba exquisite. Estaba is in the perfect, dijo is in the preterite.
De niño no me gustaba ensalada mixta. Ahora me entanta la ensalada mixta.

We also started past participles. To form a past participle replace an ar ending with ado and an er or ir ending with ido. Many adjectives describe how food is cooked or prepared are past participles.

Examples:

Asado (a) – roasted
Hervido (a) – boiled
Cocido (a) – cooked
Picado (a) - diced

Zack Lefebvre said...

Zachery Lefebvre
Mrs. Alderman
Spanish3 Hour1
October 11, 2009
Journal
The Imperfect
• Set the scene (start a story)
• Mientres Ex: En El Mesòn, el pianist tocaba mientras los clients conversaban y comìan tranquilamente.
Whenever mientres is used it’s the imperfect form
• Imperfect is used after the preterite of decir along with que Ex: Fernando dijo que la sopa llevaba demasiado ajo. Ex: El mesero dijo que la sopa estaba perfecta.

Ex: “ar” verb, hablar – hablaba
Hablabas
Hablaba
Hablàbamos
Hablaban
Ex: “er” verb, comer – comìa
Comìas
Comìa
Comìamos
Comìan
Ex: “ir” verb, escribir – escribìa
Escribìas
Escrbìa
Escribìamos
Escribìan
Irregular Imperfect Verbs
Ser ir ver
Era iba veìa
Eras ibas veìas
Era iba veìa
Èramos ìbamos veìamos
Eran iban veìan

Imperfect
• Use tos say how things used to be and the present tense tos ay how things are now. Ex: De niño, no me gustaban los vegetales. Ahora, me encantan. Ex: De niño, no tomaba vitaminas. Ahora no los tomo. Ex: De niño, llevaba una dieta balanceada. Ahora todavía llevo una dieta balanceada.

Amanda said...

The past week, we have been learning more uses of the imperfect tense and about past participles used as adjectives. When talking about the past, the imperfect tense is used to set the scene. Also, if two things are occurring at the same time the word ‘mientras’ which in English means ‘while’ is used to join them. This type of tense is used after the preterite of decir with que to list what someone said. Also, the imperfect is generally used when talking about what people and things were like.
• Era domingo por la noche. En la cocina, el cocinero cocinaba mientras los clientes comían lentamente y conversaban.
• La mesera dijo que el bistec estaba perfecto.
• La secretaria era muy simpatica y conversadora mucha.

The imperfect is used to set the scene and reveal the circumstances about an event. Also, use the imperfect to describe how a person used to feel or likes and dislikes. On the other hand, to explain how things used to be and are now, use the imperfect and present tenses.
• Eran las dos de la tarde. Mi familia y los vecinos tenían una fiesta grande.
• De niña, no me gustaban las verduras y yo no las comía nunca.
• De niña, odiaba las verduras y ahora, las me fastidian más.
Also, many adjectives are used to describe how food is cooked and prepared, which are past participles.

• Asado – roasted
• Balanceado – balanced
• Cocido – cooked
• Congelado – frozen
• Derretido – melted
• Frito – fried
• Hervido – boiled
• Horneado – baked
• Picado – diced
• Quemado – burned
• Revuelto – stirred, scrambled
• Tostado - toasted

jake bernat said...

This week in Spanish, we learned about the imperfect tense, how it is used, and what its conjugations are. The imperfect tense tells how things used to be, how people feel, what they used to do, and it can set a particular scene.

Conjugations of the imperfect tense:
-Ar verbs
yo: hablaba
tú: hablabas
él, ella, usted: hablaba
nosotros: hablábamos
ellos, ellas, usted: hablaban

-Er and -Ir verbs:
yo: comía
tú: comías
él, ella, usted: comía
nosotros: comíamos
ellos, ellas, usted: comían

There are also three irregular conjugations in the imperfect tense.
They are:

Ser:
yo: era
tú: eras
él, ella, usted: era
nosotros: éramos
ellos, ellas, usted: eran

Ir:
yo: iba
tú: ibas
él, ella, usted: iba
nosotros: íbamos
ellos, ellas, usted: iban

Ver:
yo: veía
tú: veías
él, ella, usted: veía
nosotros: veíamos
ellos, ellas, usted: veían


It is important to also know the preterite form of "decir" to tell what someone said about something:
-Mi hermano dijo que el restaurante estaba mal.

Preterite of decir:
yo: dije
tú: dijiste
él, ella, usted: dijo
nosotros: dijimos
ellos, ellas, usted: dijeron

The imperfect can tell about situations in the past:
-Eran las nueve de la noche y tenía mucho hambre. Mis amigos y yo íbamos al McDonalds. ¡Estaba exquisito!

The imperfect can also talk about what people were like, how they used to feel, and what they used to like or dislike.
-De niño, no me gustaban los plátanos. Ahora, me encantan.

JOSIE said...

This week we learned about the imperfect tense. It is used to set the scene for talking about things in the past. Mientras is used to combine terms, translating as while:
Eran dos y media por la tarde mientras los niños jugaban béisbol.-
It was two thirty in the afternoon while the boys played baseball.
To say what someone said in the imperfect you use the preterite of decir with que:
El entrenador gritó fuertemente.-The coach was yelling loudly.
You can use the preterite to say how people were like when they were younger and compare it to today with the present tense:
De niña, era baja. Ahora, soy alta.
Past participles of verbs are used in Spanish by replacing the –ar in a verb with –ado and –ido with –er and –ir verbs. They must agree with the noun they modify wether feminine of masculine:
Cocido(a)-cooked
Derretido(a)-melted
Picado(a)-diced
Balanceado(a)-balanced