Monday, September 28, 2009

Español 2- El Diario del 28-Sept-2009 a 2-Oct-2009

See instructions for previous weeks.

Your journal entry will be due Sunday, October 4th by 11:30 pm. It will be worth 20 points. Remember that if you submit late, you will receive half credit

31 comments:

miguel said...

Miguel Ahles
This week we learned some cultural information of Mexico, how to use verbs followed by an infinitive, how to use words in present progressive, how to use affirmative informal commands and some new vocabulary.
Culture- The cultural note we learned this week was of the types of markets in Mexico. They have some department stores and markets. Two big markets they have are La Merced and La Cuidadela. These markets are really big and are unlike anything we have in the U.S.
Verbs followed by infinitive- When you have a verb followed by an infinitive you conjugate the first verb only.
• ¿Puedes sacar la basura?
• Tengo que estudiar.
• ¿Pefieres comer tacos ó quesadillas.
Words in present progressive- When using words in present progressive you must use a conjugated form of estar and stem change the verb to present participle. You stem change the verb with either -ando, -iendo, or yendo.
• Estoy hablando
• Están comiendo
• Estás leyendo
Affirmative informal commands- To use affirmative informal commands you must drop the –s from the tú form of the verb. You then add the direct object pronoun to th end of the word.
• Saca la basura- Sacala ahora.
• Come su almuerzo- comelo
• Limpias la cocina- limpiala
Vocabulary:
• Visitar un museo- visit a museum
• Pasear en bote- go on a boat
• Ir al zoológico- go to the zoo
• Ir de compras al Mercado- to shop at the market

lyssa :D said...

Direct Objects:
A direct object is a noun that RECEIVES the action of the verb.
I clean my room
Example: Yo limpio mi cuarto.
^ ^ ^
S V D.O.
OR
Yo lo limpio.
^ ^ ^
S D.O. V
pronoun
Direct Object Pronouns usually come before the verb.
I have to clean my room
Yo tengo que limpiar el cuarto. > Yo lo tengo que limpiar. > Tengo que limpiarlo.

I am going to clean my room
Yo voy a limpiarlo. OR Yo lo voy a limpiar.
Present Progressive: I am cleaning my room
Yo estoy limpiando el cuarto. > Yo lo estoy limpiando. OR Yo estoy limpiandolo.

Amanda said...

This week in Spanish we learned that the letter “G” in a word never has “Ga” sound such as in grapes or grab. It is pronounced as an “h”. An example is seguando. This week we also worked with tener expressions. There are quite a few possible tener expressions; a few of them are as follows. A few examples of this are, Yo tengo prisa, mi hermana tenes frio, also Alexandria y sally tenemos hambre.
Tener prisa To be in a hurry
Tener calor To be hot
Tener frio To be cold
Tener sed To be thirsty
Tener sueño To be sleepy
Tener hambre To be hungry
Tener suerte To be lucky
Tener…años To have…years
Tener que + infinitive To have to
Tener ganas de+ infinitive To feel like
Tener que and tener ganas de must be followed by an infinitive. If they are not followed with and infinitive the sentences are incorrect not only in structure but also do not portray the sentence you intended. These infinitives are not conjugated! A few of the infinitives are in the following table. A sentences portraying this concept is , Yo tengo ganas de descansar. Also No tengo ganas de estudiar, pero tenemos un examen de aleman mañana.
Deber Should/ ought to
Poder(ue) To be able to/ can
Pensar (ie) To plan to
Preferir (ie) To prefer/ rather
Querer (ie) To want
Me, te …gusta Like(s) to
Also worked with present participial as well as direct object pronouns. To say what is happening right not the present participial is used. It is extremely important to use a conjugated form of the verb estar and follow it with a present participial. If you forget you sentence will be wrong! The present participial are changed with the verb forms of –ar,-er, and –ir. The verbs that end in –ar are conjugated to have an ending of –ando.- er and –ir verbs end in –iendo. It is important to know that that in –ie and –er verbs if the stem changer comes in between to vowels the –I would then turn into a –y. Examples are as follows.
hablar hablando
hacer Haciendo
escribir Escribiendo
Dormir Durmiendo
leer Leyendo
Direct object pronouns replace the nouns already mentioned. An example in English would be things like he, she, it, they, and we. Remember they can go before the conjugated verb or must be attached to the end of the verb. The direct objects in Spanish are different the ones in English. They are as follows. An example is tienes el libro de historia ? and would be answered with si, lo tengo.
Yo-me
Tu- te
Usted –lo/Usted (f) –la
El-lo/ ella- la
Nosotros- nos
Ustedes (m)-los/ female-las

Amanda Richardson
October 2nd 2009
hour 6

Jim said...

Jim Gass
Spanish II


Tener Idioms
Tener prisa
Tener calor
Tener frio
Tener sed
Tener sueno
Tener hambre
Tener suerte
Tener…anos
Tener que + inf.
Tener ganas de + inf.
Other verbs besides tener que that should be followed by an infinitive
Deber
Poder
Pensar
Preferir
Querer
Gustar

PRESENT PROGRESSIVE
Estar +verb stem + ando(ar) or iendo(ir/er)
I am Talking = Yo Estoy hablando
You are making = Tu esta hacienda
Direct Object pronouns
Me yo
Te tu
Lo el
La ella
Nos nosotros
Los eelos
Las ellas
A direct object is a noun that receives action of verb
I have to clean my room
Yo tengo que limpiar el cuarto
Yo lo tengo que limpiar / Yo tengo que limpiarlo
I’m going to clean it
Yo voy a limpiarlo / Yo lo voy a limpiar
I am cleaning my room
Yo estoy limpiando el cuarto / Yo estoy limpiandolo

Dani said...

This week in Spanish we review the idioms of tener, and the verbs that are followed by infinitives. We also reviewed the present progressive, ir a with infinitives, and direct object pronouns.

The “g” is pronounced either hard or as an “h” sound.
Examples:
Hago – hard “g”
Zoologico – “h” sound

Vocabulario

La habitación- bedroom
Ex: yo hago la tarea en la habitación

El comedor- dining room
Ex: comemos la cena en el comedor

Piso – floor
Ex: Duermemos en el piso

Vegetariano/a(s) – vegetarian
Repaso- review

Verbs + Infinitives:
Tener + que + inf.
Ex: Por eso siempre tengo que estudiar
Deber + inf.
Ex: Debes descansar un poco.
Poder + inf
Ex: Hoy mis amigas y yo podemos ir al centro de comercial
Querer + inf.
Ex: Quieres estudiar después de cenar
Ir + a+ inf.
Ex: Voy a correr en al parque
Tener + ganas de + inf.
Ex: No tengo ganas de estudiar en la mañana
Preferir + inf.
Ex: Prefiero salir con ustedes
Pensar + inf.
Ex: Piensa ir al cine con mi amiga
Necesitar + inf.
Ex: Necesitan traer el papel para la mañana
(me, te, le, nos, les) Gusta + inf.
Ex: Le gusta nadar en la verano

Question Words:
¿Cómo? – how?
Ex: ¿cómo estás?
¿Por qué? – why?
¿Por qué sales?

¿ Cuándo? –when?
Ex: ¿Cuándo es tu cumpleaños?
¿ Cuánto(a) – how much?
Ex: ¿Cuánto vale este gorro?
¿Cuánto(a)(s) – how many?
Ex: ¿Cuántos años tienes?
¿ (a) dónde? –where (to)?
Ex: ¿ De dónde eres?
¿Cuál (es) – which (ones)?
Ex: ¿Cuál es prefieres?
¿Qué? – what?
Ex: ¿ Qué hora es?
¿Quién (es) – who?
Ex: ¿De parte de quién?

Plans & Places :
(Q) ¿Qué quieres hacer esta tarde?
(What do you want to do this afternoon?)
(A) Quiero salir
(I want to go out)
(Q) ¿Adónde piensan ir esta noche?
(Where do you plan to go tonight?)
(A) Vamos a ir al teatro/cine
(We are going to go to the theater/the movies)
(Q) ¿Prefieres ir al centro o a un museo?
(Do you prefer to go downtown or the museum?)
(A) Prefiero ir al centro
(I prefer to go downtown)
(Q) Tienes planes para el sabado?
(Do you have plans for Saturday?)
(A) No sé. Tengo ganas de descansar.
(I don’t know. I feel like resting)

Commonly Used Tener Expressions:
You can use tener in a complete expression. Tener is not always translated “to have” , but it can also mean “to be…” You can use each of these words after the verb tener in a sentence.
Tener:
Prisa- to be in a hurry

page 1/2

Dani Lollo
6th hour

Dani said...

Ex: Yo tengo prisa para la trabajador .
Calor- to be hot
Ex: Mi amigo tiene calor.
Frío- to be cold
Ex: Mi mama tiene fría.
Sed- to be thirsty
Ex: Mis hermanos tienen sed.
Sueño – to be sleepy
Ex: Tienes sueño.
Hambre- to be hungry
Ex: Tenemos hambre para papas fritas
Suerte- to be lucky
Ex: Yo tengo suerte hoy.
…años- to be … years old
Ex: Tengo quince años.
Vergüenza- to be ashamed
Ex: ¡Ellso tienen vergüenza!
Flebre- to have the flu
Ex: Mi amiga tiene flebre.
Gripe- to have a fever
Ex: Yo tengo gripe.
Miedo- to be afraid
Ex: La mujer tiene miedo
Razón- to be right
Ex: La estudiante tiene razón
Catarro- to have a cold
Ex: Mi papa tiene catarro
Cuidado- to be careful
Ex: Mi tiá tiene ciudado caminar por la noche.

Present Progressive:
Present progressive is to say what’s happening right now
-use conjugated form of estar followed by present participle
Examples:
Hablar – hablando (add ando)
Hacer- haciendo (add endo)
Escribir – escribiendo (add iendo)
Dormir- durmiendo (change “o” to “u”)
Leer- leyendo (change “i” to “y” between vowels)

Present Progressive:
Present Progressive is to say what’s happening right now.
-you must use a conjugated form of estar* followed by a present participle. The present participles of stem changing (ir) verbs have the same stem change as they do in the preterite form.
Ex of verbs:
hablar - - hablando – (you add “ando” to “ar” verbs)
Hacer - - haciendo – ( you add “iendo” to “ir/er” verbs)
Escribir - - escribiendo
Dormir - - durmiendo – ( you change the “o” to “u” /stem changing verb)
Leer - - leyendo – (you change the “i” to “y” between vowels)

Ex with sentences:
¿Qué estás haciendo?
- Estoy leyendo

This says what are you doing? They answered and said I am reading. You must include the form of estar* because the sentence wouldn’t make sense if you just said “I reading”.
**Forms of Estar:
If you are talking about yourself/I use – yo estoy
If you are talking about you then use- tú estás
If you want to say he/she/you then you say – él/ella/usted está
If you want to say we then use – nosotros/as estamos
If you want to say they/you all then you say- ellos/ellas/ustedes están

 A Pronoun is a noun/word that takes the place of a noun in a sentence
Ex: Julio está nadando - Julio is swimming
Él está nadando - he is swimming
 A subject is the noun that is performing the action
Ex: Yo limpio la sala
- Yo is the subject
 A direct object receives the action of the verb
Ex: Yo limpio la sala
La sala is the direct object

Direct Object Pronouns:
Direct object pronouns can go before the verb or they can be attached to the presesnt participle or and infinitive.
Subject Dir. Obj. English
yo Me Me
Tú Te You
El/Ella/Ud Lo/la Him/her/you
Nosotros/as Nos us
Ellos/Ellas/
Uds. Los/las Them/you
Ex (1): Yo la limpio
Attachment to the end: Yo voy a limpiarla
Placed before the verb: Yo la voy a limpiar
-you do not place la in from of limpiar because it must go before the verb and limpiar is part of the “verbs + inf.” And the infinitive in the sentence is “voy a…” (ir + inf.)
Ex (2): Yo estoy limpiando la sala
Attachment to the end: Yo estoy limpíandola
Placed before the verb: Yo la estoy limpiando


part 2/2

Dani Lollo
6th hour.

maggieNowicki said...

Septiembre 28 a Octubre 2 notas
Questions& Answers about plans;
¿Qué quieres hacer esta tarde?
What do you want to do this afternoon?
Quiero salir.
I want to go out.

¿Adónde piensan ir esta noche?
Where do you plan to go tonight?
Vamos a ir al cine.
We are going to the movies.

¿Prefieres ir al centro a…?
Do you prefer to go downtown or…?
Prefiero ir a…
I prefer to go to…

¿Tienes planses para el sábado?
Do you have plans for Saturday?
No sé. Tengo ganas de descansar.
I don’t know. I feel like resting.
Verbs& Infinitives;

Tener + que + inf.
Querer + inf.
Ir + a + inf.
Deber + inf.
Tener + ganas de + inf.
Prefer + inf.
Pensar + inf.
Poder + inf.
Necessitar + inf.

Question Words;
¿Cómo? How?
¿por qúe? Why?
¿Cuándo? When?
¿Cuanto? How much?
¿Cuanto(s)? How many?
¿(A)donde? Where?
¿Cual(es)? Which (ones)?
¿Qué? What?
¿Quién(es)? Who?

Examples;
1. Hoy tengo ganas de ir al cine.
I feel like going to the movies today.
2. Esta tarde debo tarea, pero prefiero bailar.
I should do my homework this afternoon, but I prefer to dance.
3. Hoy mis amigas y yo podemos ir al compras.
My friends and I can go shopping today.
4. Los estudiantes tienen sueño esta mañana porque duermen en la clase.
The students have to sleep more because they sleep in class.
5. Esta noche quiero ver al peliculas.
At night I like to watch movies.
6. Siempre tengo hombre antes de practicar de fútbol.
I’m always hungry before soccer practice.
7. Hoy voy a cenar la ensalada. Me gusta cenar el chili de vegetarian.
I ate salad for dinner today. I like having vegetarian chili instead.

More “tengo” expressions;
Tengo vergüenza.
I am ashamed.
Tengo razón.
I am right.
Tengo miedo.
I am scared.
Tengo fiebre.
I have a fever.
Tengo gripe.
I have the flu.


Present progressive;
Ar- ando
Practicar- practicando- practicing
Ir/er- iendo
Dormer- durmiendo(change the “o” to “u”)- sleeping
2 vowels change to “y”
Leer- leyendo- reading

Ir& Venir used for what others are doing.
“ir a”
Voy a + inf.
Vas a + inf.
Va a + inf.
Vamos a + inf.
Van a + inf.
Direct object to replace pronoun;
Yo  me
Tú te
El, ella, ud  se
Pronoun; takes place of noun.
Él- he
Ella- she
Ellas- they(f)
Ellos- they(m)
Nosotros- we
Tú- you
The direct object receives the action of the verb


Maggie Nowicki
6th

Shelby said...

In Spanish class this week, we learned how to use verbs with infinitives. One of the most common expressions used in the Spanish language is the verb tener. Tener is used to say how or what someone is.
Tener prisa- to be in a hurry
Tener calor- to be hot
Tener frío- to be cold
Tener sed- to be thirsty
Tener sueño- to be sleepy/tired
Tener hambre- to be hungry
Tener suerte- to be lucky
Tener…años- to be…years old
Tener vergüenza- to be ashamed
Tener razón- to be right
Tener miedo- to be scared
Tener fiebre- to have a fever
Tener gripe- to have the flu
Tener que + infinitive- to have to
Tener ganas de + infinitive- to feel like

Some examples of using tener and tener plus an infinitive would be:
1. Tengo hambre. Tengo que comer. (I am hungry. I have to eat.)
2. Tiene sueño. Tiene ganas de descansar. (He is sleepy. He feels like resting.)

***Tener que & tener ganas de must ALWAYS be followed by an infinitive.***
Some other verbs plus infinitives are….
Deber + inf.- should, ought to
Poder(ue) + inf.- to be able to, can
Pensar(ie) + inf.- to plan to
Preferir(ie) + inf.- to prefer, would rather
Querer(ie) + inf.- to want
Necesitar + inf.- to need
Gustar + inf.- to like
Pedir + inf.- to ask for, order
Ir a + inf.- to go

Examples:
1. Quiero salir pero tengo que hacer la tarea. (I want to go out but I have to do homework.)
2. Vamos a ir al cine. (We are going to go to the movies.)

The Present Progressive
In the Spanish language, use the present progressive tense to say what is happening right now. In this tense, you must use the correct conjugated version of estar followed by the present participle.
For verbs ending in ar, you add ando to the end.
For verbs ending in er or ir, you add iendo to the end.
Examples:
Hablar- Hablando
Escribir- Escribiendo
Dormir- Durmiendo
Hacer- Haciendo
Cantar- Cantando
Salir- Saliendo
Leer- Leyendo (when the verb already ends in a vowel when conjugated, change the vowel to a y)

To say what you or someone else is going to do, use ir a with an infinitive. The verbs ir and venir are used in the present tense to say ‘going’ or ‘coming’.

Examples:
Hoy viene mi hermano. (My brother is coming today.)
Va a visitar su padres. (He is going to visit our parents.)

Direct Objects
A direct object pronoun can replace nouns to avoid repetition. They go before conjugated verbs or can be attached to an infinitive or present participle.

Yo- me (me)
Tú- te (you)
usted(male)- lo (you)
usted(female)- la(you)
èl- lo(him, it)
ella- la(her, it)
nosotros(as)- nos(us)
ustedes(male)- los(you)
ustedes(female)- las(you)
ellos- los(them)
ellas- las(them)

Example:
Yo limpio la sala. (Yo is the subject. Limpio is the verb. La sala is the direct object.)
Yo limpiarla.
Or
Yo la limpio.

Question Words
¿Cómo?- How?
¿Por què?- Why?
¿Cuándo?- When?
¿Cuánto(a)? – How much?
¿(A) dónde?- Where (to)?
¿Cuál (es)?- Which (ones)?
¿Què?- What?
¿Quièn(es)?- Who?

aevers66 said...

Continued Lesson 2

To talk about plans and places
Questions? Answers
¿Qué quieres hacer esta tarde? Quiero salir
What do you want to do this afternoon? I want to go out.
¿Adónde piensan ir esta noche? Vamos ir al cine
Where do you plan to got tonight? We are going to go to the movies.
¿Prefiere ir al cantro o a centro de comercial? Prefiero ir a centro de commercial.
Do you prefer to go downtown or to the mall? I prefer to go to the movies.
¿Tienes planes para el sábado? No sé. Tengo ganas de descansar.
Do you have plans for Saturday? I don’t know. I fee like resting.

Verb + infinitives
Tener + qué + inf. Tener + ganas de + inf.
Deber + inf. Prefiere + inf.
Poder + inf. Pensar + inf.
Querer + inf. Necesitar + inf.
Ir + a + inf. (me, te, le) gusta + inf.

¿Te Acuerdas?
Question Words?
¿Cómo? How? Ex: Marisa, ¿cuántos clases tienes este semester?
¿Por qué? Why? Hoy tengo ganas de comer.
¿cuándo? When?
¿cuánto? How much?
¿cuánto(a)(s)? How many?
¿cuál(es)? Which (ones)?
¿qué? What?
¿quién(es)? Who?

Tener razon: to be right
Tener miedo: to be afraid
Tener vergüenza: to be ashamed

Add –ando to –ar verbs
Add –iendo to –er and –ir verbs
Hablar-Hablando
Hacer-Haciendo Escribir-Escribiendo
Dormer-Durmiendo change o to u
Leer-Leyendo change i to y between vowels

A pronoun takes the place of a noun
El replaces Julio


The direct object receives the action of the verb.
Yo limpio la sala/ yo voy a limpiar la sala
Yo la limpio/ yo la voy a limpiar or yo voy a limpiarla
(Yo) estoy limpiando la sala/ La estoy limpiando/ Estoy limpiandola

Subject Direct Object Subject Direct Objects
Yo me me nosotros(as) nos us
Tú te you ustedes(m) los you
Usted(m) lo you ustedes(f) las you
Usted(f) la you ellos los them
Él lo him, it ellas las them
Ella la her, it

danielle (= misovich said...

Spanish Blog 
This week we learned about idioms with tener,verbs followed by infinitives, and the present progressive ir a with infinitives, direct objects and pronouns.Also we learned about affirmative commands and negative commands.

To use our vocabulary from last week we learned how to ask and talk about plans and places.
¿Qué quieres hacer esta tarde?
What do you want to do this afternoon?
Quiero salir.
I want to go out.
¿Adónde piensan ir esta noche?
Where do you plan to go tonight?
Vamos a ir al cine.
We are going to go to the movies.
¿Prefieres ir al centro o….?
Do you prefer to go downtown or ….?
Prefiero ir a ….
I prefer to go to ….
¿Tienes planes para el sábado ?
Do you have plans for Saturday?
No se. Tengo ganas de descansar,
I dont know. I feel like resting.

Tener que and tener ganas de must be followed by an infinitive.
Here are some examples of verbs that can be followed by and infinitive.
Tener + que + inf.
Deber + inf.
Poder + inf.
Querer + inf
Preferer + inf
Pensar + inf
Ir + a + inf
Tener + ganas de + inf
Necesitar + inf
Ex- ¿Qué quieres hacer, leer o tocar música? Prefiero leer.
We also reviewed room vocab
La sala- living room
El jardin- yard
El baño – bathroom
El comedor – dinning room
La habitación- bedroom
La cocina- kitchen
The verb tener is used in many common expressions some of which are followed by an infinitive.
Tener priso- to be in a hurry
Tener calor – to be hot
Tener frío – to be cold
Tener sed – to be thirsty
Tener hambre – to be hungary
Tener suerte – to be lucky
Tener ... años to -be ..... years old
Tener + que + inf.- To have to
Tener + ganas de + inf.- to feel like
Tener vergüenza – to feel ashamed
Tener miedo- to be scared
Tener fiebre- to have a fever
Tener gripe- to have the flu
Ex- Paco tiene priso.
Rebecca tiene hambre.
Los ochoa tienen fiebre.
Question words were also reviewe this week also.
Cómo – how
Porqué- why
Cúando- when
Cúanto(a)(as/os) – how much /how many
(a)dónde- where(to)
Cuál(es) – which (ones)
Qué- what
Quién(es)- who (S)

Present progressive ir+ a with infinitive, and direct objects – to say what is happening right now use the present progressive. To form it use a conjugated form of estar followed by the present participle. The present participles of stem changing ir- verbs have the same stem changes in the preterit.
EX-
Hablar-hablando
Hacer- haciendo
Escribir- escribiendo
Dormir- durmiendo
Leer- LEYENDO

Ando – ar verbs
Iendo- er verbs
Change i to y between vowels ex leer

Use ir +a with infinitive to say what others are going to do . The verbs ir+ venir are usually used in the present tense to mean going or coming .
Ex- Hoy vienen mis hermanos . Van a limpiar el garaje.

Direct object pronouns can replace nouns already mentioned to avoid repitition.They go before conjugated verbs or can be attached to an infinitive or present participle .
Subject
Yo-me—me
Tu-te—you
Usted(m)-lo---you
Usted (f) –la----you
El-lo----him,it
Ella –la ----her , it
Nosotros/as –nos---us
Ustedes(m)-los---you
Ustedes(f)-las----you
Ellos-los--them
Ellas-las----them
Ex – Tienes el libro de historia ¿ Si LO tengo.
Lo stands for el libro de historia .

Brianna said...

Idioms with tener

• Tener prisa – to be in a hurry Tener hambre – to be hungry
• Tener calor – to be hot Tener suerte – to be lucky
• Tener frio – to be cold Tener … años – to be … years old
• Tener sed – to be thirsty Tener que + inf. – to have to
• Tener sueño – to be sleepy Tener ganas de + inf. – to feel like
• Tener miedo – to be scared Tener verguenza – to be ashamed

Ex: Tengo quince años.
Tiene hambre. Tiene que comer.
Tenemos prisa. Tenemos que correr.

Verbs followed by infinitives

• Tener + que + inf. Pensar + inf.
• Deber + inf. Ir + a + inf.
• Poder + inf. Tener + ganas de + inf.
• Querer + inf. Necesitar + inf.
• Preferir + inf. Gusta + inf.

Ex: Yo quiero comer.
Necesitamos mirar la televisión.
Prefieren caminar en el parque.

Present Progressive

Used to say what is happening now.

Form by using the conjugated form of estar followed by the present participle.
Present participle = adding –ando to –ar verbs and –iendo to –er/-ir verbs.

Ex: Estoy caminando.
Esta leyendo.
Estan comiendo.

Ir a with infinitives

Used to say what you’re going to do.
Ir + a + infinitive

Ex: Voy a hacer la tarea.
Van al cine.
Va a comer la comida.

jon said...

Jonathan Corbett
Mrs. Alderman
Spanish II
4 October 2009

Tener is sometimes used with an infinitive
EX: tener que + inf. = to have to
EX: tener ganas de + inf. = to feel like
It can also not be used with an infinitive
EX:
tener prisa= to be in a hurry
tener calor= to be hot
tener frío= to be cold
tener sed= to be thirsty
tener sueño= to be sleepy
tener hambre= to be hungry
tener suerte= to be lucky
tener…años= to be.. years old

Question Words
¿cómo? = how
¿por qué? = why
¿cuándo? = when
¿cuánto?(a) = how much
¿cuánto?(a)(s) = how many
¿(a)dónde? = where to
¿cuál?(es) = which ones
¿qué? = what
¿quién?(es) = who
Direct Object Pronouns
Subject Direct Object Meaning
yo me me
tú te you
usted (m) lo you
usted (f) la you
él lo him, it
ella la her, it
nosotros nos us
ustedes(m) los you
ustedes(f) las you
ellos los them
ellas las them
Present progressive
Use conjugated form of estar followed by the present participle.
EX: hablar hablando
EX: hacer haciendo

Allison Salcido said...

This week in Spanish we learned how to say plans and places:

Ex:
¿Qué quires hacer esta tarde?
What do you want to do today?
-Quiero ir al cine.
-I want to go to the movies.

¿Tienes planes para el sábado?
Do you have plans for Saturday?
-No tengo planes.
-I do not have plans.

Also we learned some question words:
¿Como? how?
¿Por que? why?
¿Cuando? when?
¿ (a)donde? where (to)?

Tener- to be:
Tener prisa to be in a hurry
Tener calor to be hot
Tener frío to be cold
Tener sed to be thirty
Tener hambre to be hungry
Tener que + infinitive to have to
Tener ganas de + infinitive to feel like
Ex: Tengo suéno.
-I am sleepy.

Tener que and Tener ganas de must be followed by an infinitive. These verbs are followed by an infinitive:
Deber should
Poder (ue) to be able to
Pensar (ie) to plan to
Ex: No tengo ganas de estudiar.
- I do not want to study



Ir: Use a, al, or a, la to say where someone is going
Voy Vamos
Vas Van
Va
Ex: Voy al parque.
- I’m going to the park.

Direct Object= noun in a sentence that revives the action of the verb
Direct object nouns are me, te, lo, la, lo, la, nos, los, las

Ex: Yo limpio mi cuarto.
- I clean my room
Yo lo limpio.
- I clean it.
Cuarto changes to Lo

We also learned about the present progressive
Present progressive= what is happening now
- Conjugated form of estar followed by present participle

Hablar Hablando (add –ando to –ar ending verbs)
Hacer Haciendo (add –iendo to –ir and –er verbs)
Escribir Escriendo

Dormir Durmeindo
Leer Leyendo

Laura Trombley said...

Laura Trombley
6th hour
spanish 2
Spanish blog
Tener Verbs
Tener prisa- to be in a hurry
Tener calor- to be hot
Tener frio- to be cold
Tener sueño- to be to sleepy
Tener sed- to be thirty
Tener hambre- to be hungry
Tener suerte- to be lucky
Tener fiebre- to have a fever
Tener raźon- to be right
Tener que + infinitive – to have to
Tener ganas de + infinitive- to feel like
Tener que and tener ganas de are followed by infinitives
Example: Tiene ganas de descansar
(He feels like restinga)
Tengo que hacer la tarea
( I have to do my Homework)
Like tener que and tener de these verbs need to be followed by an infinitve:
Deber- should, ought to
Poder (ue)- to be able to , can
Pensar (ie)- to plan to
Preferir (ie)- to prefer, would rather
Querer (ie) – to want
Gusta- like to
Conjugation of Tener
The verb Tener is conjugated just like every other verb.
The verb tener has the stem change ie
The yo form of tener is irregular
Yo tengo
Tú tienes
Él, ella, usted tiene
Nosotros tenemos
Ellos, Ellas, Ustedes tienen
Examples:
Tengo triste
( I am sad)
Tienes sed
( You are thirsty)
Tenemos abburidos
( we are bored)
Present Progressive
Present progressive means to say what is happening right now.
To form present progressive tense there is a format you must follow:
Conjugated form of estar  verb  verb ending ( ando/ iendo)
Examples:
Estoy hablando
(I am talking)
Estan durmiendo
( They are sleeping)
Nosotros escribiendo
( we are writing)
Rule: when there are two vowels in a row changed the last vowel to y
Example:
Leer has to e’s
Change second e to y and apply all the same rules of present progressive
Esta leyendo
Use ir a with an infinitive to say what people are going to do
Verbs usually used with going to coming are venir and ir
Examples:
Va a decorar
( she is going to decorate)
Voy a limpiar
( I am going to clean)
Vas a preparer la cena
( you are going to prepare the dinner)
Hoy vienen mi familia
( my family is coming today)
Direct object pronouns
These pronouns replace nouns are mentioned. They go before conjugated verbs or can be attached to an infinitive
Example:
Q: ¿ Tienes el libro de historia?
A: Sí, lo tengo
The bolded lo in the sentence above is refering to the book
The book is the subject in the sentence and the goal of direct object pronouns are to replace subject word with another
The answer says yes I have it
It referring to the book
It = lo
Q: ¿ Estás ayudando a Mari con la tarea?
A: Sí, la estoy ayudando
A: Sí, estoy ayudándola
This question Could be anwsered in two different way
Conjuated verbs like the 1st way
Or attached to the infinitive like the 2nd way
Question words
¿ Cómo?  how?
¿Porqué ?  why?
¿Cuándo?  when
¿ Cuánto (a)?  how much?
¿Cuántos?  how many?
¿ (a) dónde?  where to?
¿ Cuál es?  which ones?
¿ Qué?  what?
¿ Quién(es)  who?

Luke said...

This week in Spanish, we started learning about plans and places. We learned a few things such as:
¿Qué quieres hacer esta tarde?
What do you want to do this afternoon?
¿Prefieres ir al centro o a. . . ?
Do you prefer to go downtown or. . . ?
Next, we learned about verb + infinitive phrases. These phrases occur because you cannot have more than one conjugated verb in the same sentence. Some of the most commonly used verb + infinitive phrases are:
Necesitar + inf.
(me…) gusta a + inf.
Ir a + inf.
Tener qué + inf.
Then, we learned about the verb tener and its uses. Tener means to have, but it is also commonly translated to mean to be.
Tener color – to be hot
Tener frío – to be cold
Tener sed - to be thirsty
Our next subject was question words. The 6 most commonly used are
Cómo – how
Por qué – why
Qué – what
Cuándo – when
(a) Dónde – where
Quién – who
Our next main subject was present progressive verbs. The present progressive tense is used to say what is happening at this second. To make present progressive verbs, add –ando to –ar verbs, and iendo to –er/-ir verbs. Use ir a + inf. to say what you and others are going to do.
Ex: Hablando
Escribiendo

After present progressive verbs, we learned about direct object pronouns. Direct object pronouns can replace nouns already mentioned to avoid repetition.
Subject Direct Object
Yo me
Tu te
Ud., el, ella lo/la
Nosotros/as nos
Ellos/as/Uds. los/las
Ex:
Limpio la sala
Yo la limpio (With D.O.P)

Yo voy a limpiar la sala
Yo voy limpiarla (With D.O.P)

Amanda said...

Throughout this week are class discussed idioms with tener, verbs followed by infinitives. Some examples are,
• Tener prisa- to be in a hurry
• Tener hambre- to be hungry
• Tener que ¬+ infinitive- to have to
• Tener ganas de + infinitive- to feel like

Tener is not the only verb that can be followed by an infinitive; examples of other verbs are,
• Deber- should, ought to
• Preferir (ie)- to prefer, would rather
• Querer (ie)- to want
• Pensar (ie)- to plan to

Example sentences:
• No tengo ganas de estudiar, pero tenemos un examen de español manana.
• Tengo que ir al partido, pero no quiero ir.
• yo tengo prisa porque tengo un examen de español.

Our class also discussed the present tense. Present tense is used by conjugating a form of estar followed by a present participle. For example,
• hablar changes to hablando
• hacer changes to hacienda

Ar, changes to ando, Ir changes to iendo.

Another thing we discussed was direct object pronouns. The direct object pronouns is what receives the action of the verb.

Example: Yo limpio mi cuarto.

That is what are class went over this week.

Savannah said...

This week in Spanish 2, we reviewed conjugated verb with an infinitive.

Verbs + inf.
tener (ie) que + inf.
deber + inf.
poder (ue) + inf.
querer (ie) + inf.
ir a + inf.
tener (ie) ganas de + inf.
preferir (ie) + inf.
pensar (ie) + inf.
necesitar + inf.
gusta + inf.

We also reviewed ‘tener’
it means ‘to have’, it’s irregular, and it has an irregular ‘yo’ form~ tengo
its forms are: tengo, tienes, tiene, tenemos, and tienen
some of the translations mean to have something: tener fiebre – to have a fever, tener gripe – to have the flu, and tener que – to have to
tener can also be translated into ‘to be’
such as: tener prisa – to be in a hurry
tener calor – to be hot
tener frío – to be cold
tener sed – to be thirsty
tener sueňo – to be sleepy
tener hambre – to be hungry
tener suerte – to be lucky
tener . . . aňos – to be . . . years old
tener vergüenza – to be ashamed
tener miedo – to be afraid
tener razón – to be right

Question Words
*must remember*
¿cómo? – How
¿por que? – Why
¿cuándo? – When
¿cuánto/a? – How much?
¿cuánto/a(s) – How many?
¿ (a)donde? – Where (to)?
¿cuál(es)? – Which (ones)?
¿qué? – What?
¿quién(es)? – Who?

Ex :
Hoy tengo ganas de corer.
Está tarde debo hacer la tarea, pero prefiero leer.
Hoy mis amigas y yo no podemos ir al cine.
Los estudientes tienen sueňo está maňana porque ellos no duermen mucho.
Está noche, quiero ver la televisión.
Siempre tengo hambre antes de practicar de fútbol.
Hoy voy a cenar el pollo. Me gusta cenar las papasfritas.

Present Progressive
- what is happening right now
Rule: use the appropriate form of ‘estar’ before an -ing ending verb,
‘estar’ explains who or what is doing the action and the present principle tells what the action is
estoy: habla - hablando comer - comiendo salir - saliendo
estas - ing - ing - ing
está
estamos
están
ar verbs have no vowel changes
ir and er verbs have vowel changes

Direct Object Pronouns
*a pronoun is a word that takes the place of a noun in a sentence*
Ex.: yo limpio la sala ~ yo la limpio (la sala is the direct object)
Él lava los platos ~ Él los lava (los platos is the direct object)
Ex. with a verb + inf.: yo voy a limpiar la sala ~ yo la voy a limpiar *or* yo voy a limpiarla
Ex. with present progressive: yo estoy limpiando la sala ~ la estoy limpiando *or* estoy limpiándola
Direct Object Pronouns
yo ~ me (me)
tú ~ te (you)
usted(m) ~ lo (you)
usted (f) ~ la (you)
él ~ lo (him, it)
ella ~ la (her, it)
nosotros(as) ~ nos (us)
ustedes(m) ~ los (you)
ustedes(f) ~ las (you)
ellos ~ los (them)
ellas ~ las (them)

Jeff said...

Jeff Gaydos
Ms. Alderman
10-4-09
Spanish II

Spanish Journal

We learned about several things in Spanish this week. One of the first things that we learned this week is stem changes in verbs. One stem change is o-ue. Here is an example:
Probar
Yo – Pruebo
Tu – Pruebas
El, ella, usted – Prueba
Ellos, ellas, uds. – Prueban
Nosotros – Probamos

Another stem change we learned about was e-ie.
Preferir
Yo – Prefiero
Tu – Prefieres
El, ella, ud. – Prefiere
Ellos, ellas, uds. – Prefieren
Nosotros – Preferimos

U-ue.
Jugar
Yo – Juego
Tu – Juegas
El, ella, ud. – Juega
Ellos, ellas, uds. – Juegan
Nosotros – Jugamos

e-i.
Pedir
Yo – Pido
Tu – Pides
El, ella, ud. – Pide
Ellos, ellas, uds. – Piden
Nosotros – Pedimos

Some questions that we learned this week about chores are:
• ¿ Puedo ayudarte? – Can I help you?
• ¿ Que mas tengo que hacer? – What else do I have to do?
• ¿ Algo mas? – Anything else?

We also learned a lot of question words that are commonly used.
• ¿ Como? – How?
• ¿ Por que? – Why?
• ¿ Cuando? – When?
• ¿ Cuanto? – How much/ How many?
• ¿ Donde? – Where?
• ¿ Cual? – Which?
• ¿ Que? – What?
• ¿ Quien? – Who?

Another thing that we learned this week is the conjugated verb + infinitive verb expressions.
• Tener + que + inf.
• Deber + inf.
• Poder + inf.
• Querer + inf.
• Preferir + inf.
• Pensar + inf.
• Ir + a + inf.
• Tener + ganas de + inf.
• Necesitar + inf.

The next thing that we learned this week is the present progressive. This is used to say what is happening right now. To use this, use th conjugated form of estar, followed by the present participle.
• Add –ando to the end of –ar verbs
• Add –iendo to the end of –er or –ir verbs
• Hablando
• Escribiendo

Then, the final thing that we learned this week was the direct object pronouns. These replace nouns that have already been mentioned. They can go before conjugated verbs or they can be attached to an infinitive or present participle. They are:
• Me
• Te
• Lo
• La
• Nos
• Los
• Las

savanna said...

Present progressive: action that Is happening right at this moment
- To make a verb in the present progressive add –ando to –ar verbs and –iendo to –ir and –er verbs.
- You must have the correct form of estar before the present progressive verb.
Examples-
Ella lee el libro  Ella esta leyendo el libro
Yo limpio la sala  Yo estoy limpiando la sala

Indirect object pronouns:
- Indirect object pronouns are used replace the nouns being acted upon by the verb.
Me- me
Te- you
Le- him, her, you (informal)
Nos- (us)
Les- them or you all (formal)

- They can be attached on infinitives or before the conjugated verb

Tener expressions:
- Tener = to have
- Tener + que + infinitives = to have to do something
- Tener ganas de + infinitive = to feel like doing something
- Tener calor/frio = to be hot/cold
- Tener hambe/sed = to be hungry/thirsty
- Tener prisa = to be in a hurry


Conjugated verbs + infinitives:
- You can conjugate a verb then follow it with an infinitive to make a statement that someone will do.
Examples-
Quiero salir = I want to go out.
Debes limpiar = You should clean.


- savanna parks, 6th hour

Shaun-Michael said...

Esta semana en clase español aprendimos tener y verbos seguidos por infinitives y progresiva presente. Estos son algunos ejemplos de idiomas con tener y examples of progresiva presente.
Tener+que+inf
Deber+inf
Poder+inf
Querer+inf
Preferir+inf
Ir+a+inf
Tener+ganas de+inf
Necesitar+inf
Gusta+inf
Idiomas con tener
• Tener prisa
• Tener calor
• Tener frío
• Tener sed
• Tener sueño
• Tener hambre
• Tener suerte
• Tener… años
Progresiva Presente
• Hablar > hablando
• Hacer > hacienda
• Escribir > escribiendo
• Dormir > durmiendo
• Leer > leyendo
Direct Objects
• Yo me
• Tú te
• Usted (m.) lo
• Usted (f.) la
• Él lo
• Ella la
• Nosotros(as) nos
• Ustedes (m.) los
• Ustedes (f.) las
• Ellos los
• Ellas las

nina said...

We learned more in depth about sentences using tener verbs followed by infinatives.
Some examples that we learned are:
Tener (e ie) + que + infinitive
Deber + que + infinitive
Poder ( e, ue) + que + infinitive
Querer (e, ie) + que + infinative
Prefier (e, ie) + que + infinitive
Pensar + que + infinitive
Ir + a + infinitive
Tener + ganas de + infinitive
Necesitar + que + infinitive
(me, te, le) gusta + infinitive
Some examples of sentences using tener verbs followed by infinatives are:
• Marisa, cuantas dases tienes este semester.
• ¡Ocho! Pore so siempre tengo que estudia.
Also, we learned some new questions and phrases,
¿Que quieres hacer esta “tarde”?
- What do you want to do this “afternoon”?
¿Adónde piensan ir esta “noche”?
- Where do you plan to go “tonight”?
¿Prifieres ir “al centro” o a…?
- Do you want to go “downtown” or to…?
¿Prefiero ir a…?
- I prefer to go…
¿Tienes planes para “el sábado”?
- Do you have plans for “Sunday”?
Another concept we reviewed is the use of direct object pronouns. They can replace nouns already mentioned to avoid repetition. They go before conjungated verbs or can be attached to an infinitive or present participle. They are:
Yo – me (me)
Tu – te (you)
Usted (male) – lo (you)
Usted (female) – la (you)
El – lo (him, it)
Ella – la (her, it)
Nosotros(as) – nos (us)
Vosotros(as) – os (you)
Ustedes(male) – los (you)
Ustedes (female) – las (you)
Ellos – los (them
Ellas – las (them)
Direct object pronoun – noun in a sentence that receives the action of the verb.
Ex. Yo limpio mi cuarto. “Yo” would be the subject, “limip” would be the action of the verb, and “cuatro” would be the direct object.
Some more examples are:
• Yo lo tengo que limpiar. OR you could place “lo” on the ending of the adjective like this; Tengo que limiarlo.
• Yo lo voy a limiar OR Yo voy a limpiarlo.
If you were to apply this rule using the present progressive form it could be:
Yo lo estoy limpiando OR Yo estoy limpiandolo.
To use the present progressive form you conjungate the form of estar followed by the present participle. So, if the verb has an AR stem change, you would place ANDO in replace of the AR at the end, and if you an IR or ER verb, you would place IENDO in replace of the IR or ER verb. Also, if the verb end in a double vowel such as “leer” you would replace the stem change with YENDO.

Chris said...

To ask plans and places: say the following
¿qué quieres hacer (esta taredes)? = what do you want to do (this afternoon)?
¿adonde piensan ir (esta noche)? = where do you plan to go (tonight)?
¿ prefieres (ir al centro) o…? = do you prefer to (go downtown) or…?
¿tienes planes para (el sabado)? = do you have plans (for Saturday)?

To respond to these questions say:
Quiero salir = I want to go out
Vamos a (ir al teatro/cine) = we are going to (the theater/movies)
Prefiero ir a …= I prefer to go to …
No se tengo (ganas de descansar.) = i don’t know (I feel like resting)


This is a verb + infinitive situation.
A conjugated verb can go together with a verb in its infinitive form to form a verb and an infinitive.
Many verbs form these kind of statements such as:
1. tener + que + infinitive = to have to …
2.deber + infinitive = should …
3. poder + infinitive = can …
4. querer + infinitive = wants …
5. ir + a + infinitive = to go to …
6.preferir + infinitive = to prefer …
7. tener + ganas de + infinitive = to feel like …
7. pensar + infinitive = to plan … (ie stem change)
8. gusta + infinitive = to like to… (put me, te, le, nos, or les before the conjugated gustar)
EXAMPLES.
1.Prefiero ir al centro pero necesito la tarea
2. tenemos ganas de hacer nada
3. Ocho por eso siempre tengo que estudiar.
4. ¿Debes descansar un poco
5. prefiero salir con ustedes
6. hoy tengo ganar de jugar al tenis
7.hoy mis amigos y yo podemos ir al ciné.
Tener Idioms
Tener prisa = to be in a hurry
Tener calor = to be hot
Tener frio = to be cold
Tener sed = to be thirsty
Tener sueño = to be tired
Tener hambre = to be hungry
Tener suerte = to be lucky
Tener (15) años = to be (15) years old
Tener que + infinitive = to have to
Tener ganas de + infinitive = to feel like
Tener miedo = to be afraid
Tener vergűnza = to be ashamed
EXAMPLES
1. tengo sed porque yo no bebo el agua.
2. tienes prisa porque usted despiertas tarde.
Question Words:
¿cómo? = how?
¿por que? = why?
¿cuándo? = when?
¿cuánto(a)? = how much?
¿(a)dónde? = where to?
¿cuál(es)? = which (ones)?
¿Qué? = what?
¿Quién(es) = who?

EXAMPLES:
1.Marisa, ¿cuántas clasés tienes este semester?
2. ¿qué van a hacer?
3. ¿qué hay de nuevo?

Present Progressive
Describes what is happening right now.
To form it, put the conjugated form of estar before the said verb, and attach ando or iendo to the stem of the verb.
For AR verbs: attach ando to the stem
Yo = estoy (habl)ando
Tu = estas (habl)ando
El, ella, ud.= esta (habl)ando
Nosotros(as)= estamos (habl)ando
Ellos, ellas, uds.= estan (habl)ando

For IR and ER verbs: attach iendo to the stem
Yo = estoy (com)iendo
Tu = estas (com)iendo
El, ella, ud = esta (com)iendo
Nosotros(as) = estamos (com)iendo
Ellos, ellas, uds. = estan (com)iendo
EXAMPLES:
1. Tu estas bailando en la mañana.
2. Yo estoy jugando los videos juégos.
3. Nosotros estamos nadando en la piscina.
4. Ellos estan corriendo.
It is possible to put a reflexive pronoun at the end of the verb doing the action.
EXAMPLES:
1. Estoy bañandome.
2. Estan levantandoles.
3. Estas almorzandote.
Direct Object Pronoun
Pronoun = a word that takes place of a noun in a sentence.
Examples include: me, te, los.
Function: to substitute the noun or another pronoun so the noun is not constantly repeated.
There are four types of pronouns:
1. subject = doing the action.
2. direct object = receives the action
3. indirect
4.object of preposition
.
Direct object pronouns are:
Me
Te
Lo/la
Nos
Los/las
Can replace él with lo meaning it.
EXAMPLE:
1.Tu = te
2.pán = lo.
3. yo limpio la sala = yo la limpio
4. yo voy a limpiar a la sala.

Chris Parker
6th hour

sarahmaurier said...

El diario del 28-Sept-2009 a 2-Oct-2009

One of the first things we covered this week was questions about making plans and going places.

¿Qué quieres hacer esta tarde?
-What do you want to do this afternoon?
You could respond by saying…
Quiero [salir].
-I want to [go out].

¿Adónde piensan ir esta noche?
-Where do you plan to go tonight?
You could respond by saying…
Vamos a [ir al teatro/cine].
-We are [going to the theater/movies].

¿Prefires ir al centro o a…?
-Do you prefer to go downtown or to…
You could respond by saying…
Prefiero ir a…
-I prefer to go to…

¿Tienes planes para el sábado?
-Do you have plans for Saturday?
You could respond by saying…
No sé. Tengo ganas de descansar.
-I don’t know. I feel like resting. (or whatever you feel like doing or plan on doing)

We also made a side note about the sound a G makes in Spanish. It either sounds like a hard G or like a H.
EXAMPLE: hago (hard G)
EXAMPLE: zoológico (H sound)

We also learned about VERBS + INFINITIVES:

Tener (e→ie) + que + infinitive
Deber +infinitive
Poder (o→ue) + infinitive
Querer(e→ie) +infinitive
Ir + a + infinitive
Tener (e→ie) + ganas de + infinitive
Preferir (e→ie) + infinitive
Pensar (e→ie) + infinitive
Necesitar + infinitive
(Me, te, le, nos, les) gusta + infinitive
Examples:

-Hoy tengo ganas de nadar con mi amiga Barbara.
(today I feel like swimming with my friend Barbara.)

-Hoy mis amigas y yo no podemos ir al cine.
(Today my friends and I can’t go to the movies).

We also learned some TENER EXPRESSIONS, which usually always translate figuratively into (to be) instead of literally (to have).

Tener prisa - to be in a hurry
Tener calor - to be hot
Tener frío - to be cold
Tener sed - to be thirsty
Tener sueño - to be sleepy
Tener hambre - to be hungry
Tener suerte - to be lucky
Tener…años - to be…years old
Tener que + inf. - to have to
Tener ganas de + inf. - to feel like
Tener miedo - to be afraid
Tener veroüenza - to be ashamed
Tener fierbe - to have a fever
Tener gripe - to have the flu
Tener razón - to be right

Examples:

-Yo tengo hambre.
(I am hungry).

We also reviewed question words:

¿Cómo? - How?
¿Por qué? - Why?
¿Cuándo? - When?
¿Cuánto(a)? - How much?
¿Cuánto(a)(s)? - How many?
¿(A) dónde? - Where (to)?
¿Cuál(es)? - Which ones?
¿Qué? - What?
¿Quién(es) - Who?

Next, we reviewed the PRESENT PROGRESSIVE verb form.

Present progressive in Spanish is like using {ing} in English. It is saying what is happening RIGHT NOW.

When forming a present progressive sentence, use a conjugated form of ESTAR first:

Yo estoy
Tú estás
Él/ella/uds está
Nosotros(as) estamos
Ellos/ellas/uds están

Then, pick the verb and choose the correct ending:

AR ending: ANDO
ER/IR ending: IENDO

EXAMPLES:

I am running.
Yo corriendo.

She is dancing.
Ella bailando.

*NOTE: if an I is between two vowels, the I changes to a y.
EXAMPLE: leer → leyendo

Next, we learned about IR A + infinitives.

You use this to say what you or others are going to do.

Use the conjugated form of IR…

Yo VOY
Tú VAS
Él/ella/ud/ VA
Nosotros(as) VAMOS
Ellos/ellas/uds VAN

Then you form the sentence with an infinitive and other pieces.

EXAMPLES:

Ellos van a comer a la ocho.
-They are going to eat at eight.

Yo voy a dormir tarde.
-I am going to sleep late.

Joseph va a alquilar los películas con sus amigos.
-Joseph is going to rent movies with his friends.

sarahmaurier said...

Finally, we learned about DIRECT OBJECT PRONOUNS.

A pronoun takes the place of a noun.

[The subject of a sentence is the noun performing the action. The direct object noun receives the action of the verb.]

**The direct object pronoun is placed before the conjugated verb or attached to an infinitive or present participle**

Yo - me (me)
Tú - te (you)
Usted(m) - lo (you)
Usted(f) - la (you)
Él - lo (him/it)
Ella - la (her/it)
Nosotros(as) - nos (us)
Ustedes(m) - los (you)
Ustedes(f) - las (you)
Ellos - los (them)
Ellas - las (them)

EXAMPLES (when placing it before conjugated verb):

Yo limpio la sala.
(I clean the living room.)

Using direct object pronoun:

Yo la limpio.
(I clean it.)

(when placing it after present participle)

Yo voy a limpiar la sala.
(I am going to clean the living room.)

You could use direct object pronouns one of two ways:

Yo voy a limpiarla.
OR

Yo la voy a limpiar.

Another example:

Yo estoy limpiando la sala.

La estoy limpiando.
Or
Estoy limpiándola.

(when you add a pronoun to a present participle, you need to add an accent mark to the last A or E)

ray said...

In Spanish 2 this week we discussed the present progressive, and the tener expressions and verbs followed by infinitives. Present progressive verb form is formed by the conjugated forms of estar. You add the present participle or the “ing” part of the verb by adding ando, or iendo. You add ando for AR verbs, and iendo for ER/IR verbs (ex: hablar + ando = hablando, correr + iendo = corriendo). If there is a word that has two vowels side by side like leer. Replace the second e with a y and add endo, leyendo.
Tener expressions and verbs followed by infinitives are expressions that express physical or emotional states. For example tener ganas de, means to feel like. Tener + que shows an obligation to something. Other verbs that can be followed by infinitives are deber, poder. Pensar, preferir, querer, and gustar.

-ray Solano hr 2

Maria said...

Maria Rodriguez
Mrs. Alderman
Spanish 2
4 October 2009
Journal 9/28-10/2
Verbs
• Venir- to come
• Salir- to go out
• Poner- to put on
• Hacer- to do/ to make
• Saber- to know
• Tener- to have
• Acostar- to lay down
• Jugar- to play
• Dormer- to sleep
• Preferir- to prefer
• Poder- to be able to
• Pensar- to think
• Empezar- to begin
• Querer- to want
• Levantar- to get up
• Lavar- to wash
• Afeitar- to shave
• Bañar- to bathe
• Secar- to dry
• Hablar por telefóno- to talk on the phone

Vocabulary
• La habitacion- bedroom
• La cocina- kitchen
• El comedor- dining room
• El baño- bathroom
• El jardín- garden
• La sala- living room
• El césped- grass
• El segundo piso- second floor
• Quehaceres- chores

**Encantar works the same way as gustar.

Necesitar + infinitive = to need to ___
ei tener + que + infinitive = to have to ___
deber + infinitive = to should ___
oue poder + infinitive = to be able to ___
eie querer + infinitive = to want ___
eie preferir + infinitive = to prefer ___
(me, te, le) gusta + infinitive = to like ____
eie pensar + infinitive = to think ____
* ir + a + infinitive = to go to ____
Tener + ganas de + infinitive = to feel like ____

Questions
¿Cómo? – How?
¿Por qué? – Why?
¿Cuándo? – When?
¿Cuánto(a)?- How much?
¿Cuánto(a)s? – How many?
¿(a) Dónde? – Where (to)?
¿Cuál(es)? – Which (ones)?
¿Qué? – What?
¿Quién(es)? - Who?

Tener: Prisa (to be in a hurry)
Calor (to be hot)
Frio (to be cold)
Sed (to be thirsty)
Sueño (to be tired)
Hambre (to be hungry)
Suerte (to be lucky)
# Años(to be # years old)
Vengüenza (to be ashamed)
Fiebre (to have fever)
Gripe (to have the flu)

Present Progressive = estar + present participle
Ex.: Está dibujando. - drawing
Estoy pensando. - thinking
Está respirando. - breathing
Estamos caminando. - walking
Estás oyendo. – listening
Está (des)apareciendo. – i(dis)appearing
Están apagando – turning off

Direct Object Pronoun = noun that receives the action of the verb
You subject lavo  verb los platos  direct object.

** words like Comiéndolo = accent on last -e or -a

lauren bollinger said...

This week in class, we learned about verb plus infinitive expressions, tener idioms, question words, present progressive, and direct object pronouns.
The verb + infinitive expressions we learned include:
·Tener que + inf.
·Deber +inf.
·Poder + inf.
·Olvidar +inf.
·Querer+ inf.
·Preferir + inf.
·Pensar +inf.
·Ir a + inf.
·Tener ganas + inf.
·Gustar +inf.
·Necesitar +inf.
Examples are: Voy a limpiar mi cuarto. Prefiero caminar a la esceula. Penso pasar la aspiradora.
The tener idioms we learned are as follows:
·Tener prisa- to be in a hurry
·Tener calor- to be hot
·“ frío – to be cold
·“ sed- to be thirsty
·“ hambre- to be hungry
·“ sueño- to be sleepy
·“ seurte- to be lucky
·“ …años – to be ___ years old
·“vergüenza- to be ashamed
·“ meido- to be afraid
·“ fiebre – to have a fever
·“ gripe- to have the flu
Examples are: Tengo hambre. Tiene dos años. Tenemos gripe.
Questions words were also apart of our lessons and they include:
·comó – how
·por qué- why
·cuándo- when
·cuánto(a) – how much
·cuánto(a)(s)- how many
·(a)dónde- where(to)
·cuál(es)- which (ones)
·qué- what
·quíen(es)- who
Examples are: ¿Qué van a hacer? ¿Por qué no sales con tus amigos esta tarde? ¿Cuántas clases tienes este semester?
We also learned about present progressive. You conjugate estar + the verb but change the –ar, -er, and –ir to ando or iendo.
Examples are:
·Estoy haciendo
·Estás hablando
·Está leyendo- when there are three vowels together, the –I gets changed to a -y
·Estamos durmiendo- some verbs have special stem changes in this tense
·Están limpiando
Direct object pronouns were also reviewed. They are me, te, lo/la, nos, and los/las. A D.O. receives the action of the verb. Place D.O. in front of verb or sometimes attach to the verb.
Examples include: Yo limpio mi cuarto. = yo lo limpio. Tengo que limpiar mi cuarto.= lo tengo que limpiar. (or) tengo que limpirlo. Yo estoy limpiando mi cuarto. = yo lo estoy limpiando. (or) yo estoy limpándolo.

- Lauren Bollinger

Kelsey said...

In Spanish class this week we learned about idioms with tener, verbs followed by infinitives.
Tener is a very common verb and can sometimes be followed by infinitives.
Some examples are tener ganas de+infinitive which means to feel like. An example sentence is tengo ganas de frio. That sentence is saying that you feel cold.
Some tener expressions are:
tener prisa to be in a hurry tener hambre to be hungry
tener calor to be hot tener suerte to be lucky
tener frio to be cold tener…años to be…years old
tener sed to be thirsty tener que+infinitive to have to
tener sueño to be sleepy tener ganas de+infinitive to feel like

An example of one of those expressions is: Tengo quince años which means I am 15 years old.(Do not forget to conjugate the verb tener.)

These are some words that you can use to ask a question…
¿cόmo? How?
¿por qué Why?
¿cuándo? When?
¿cuánto(a)? How much?
¿cuánto(a)(s)? How many
¿(a)dόnde? Where (to)?
¿cuál(es)? Which(ones)
¿qué? What?
¿quién(es)? Who?

The expressions tener que and tener ganas de must be followed by an infinitive. The verbs below can also e followed by an infinitive.
Deber Should ought to
Poder(ue) To be able to
Pensar(ie) To plan to
Prefrir(ie) To prefer
Querer(ie) To want
Me,te, gusta To like

An example is ¿Qué hacer, leer o tocar música?- Prefiero leer.

Another section we learned in Spanish class was Present Progressive, and direct object pronouns.
For Present Prgressive you have to change the endings of –ir and –er to iendo and –ar verbs to ando
For example Hablar---hablando Hacer----Haciendo
One other tip is changing leer to present progressive you drop the –er and add –yendo


Direct object pronouns can replace nouns already mentioned to avoid repetition. They go before conjugated verbs or can be attached to an infinitive or present participle.

Yo Me
tú Te
Usted(m) Lo
Usted(f) La
Él Lo
Ella La
Nosotros Nos
Ustedes(m) Los
Ustedes(f) Las
Ellos Los
ellas las

An example is ¿Tienes el libro de historia?----Sí ,lo tengo
¿Estás ayudando a Mari con la tarea?----Sí, estoy ayundáandola.
Or you can put it at the end of the verb

Elizabeth said...

"Español 2- El Diario del 28-Sept-2009 a 2-Oct-2009"
· G will not make the same sound that it makes in English
Ex) zoológico-----makes a H sound
Expresate

- Qué quieres hacer esta tarde? ( what do you want to do this afternoon)
-Quiero salir (I want to go out)

- adónde pien san ir esta noche (where do you plan to go tonight)
-vamos a ir al cine ( we are going to the movies)

- Prefieres ir al centro o a….. ( Do you prefere to go downtown)
-prefiero ir a… ( I prefer to go)

- Tienes planes para Sábado (do you have any planes for Saturday )
-no sé, tengo gauras de descansar (I don’t know. I feel like resting)

conjugate + verbsà infinitive
-(eà ie) tener +que +inf
-deber+ inf
-poder + inf
-querer + inf
-ir +a +inf
-tener + ganas de+inf
-prefer ir + inf
-(eàie) pensar + inf
-nesesitan + inf
-(me,te,le) gusta + inf

9-30-09
- tener prisa- to be in a hurry
- tener hambre- to be hungry
- tener calor- to be hot
- tener frio- to be cold
- tener sed- to be thirsty
- tener sueno- to be sleepy
- tener …..anos- to be …. Years old
- tener que + inf –to have to….
- Tener ganas de + inf to feel like

- tener razon
- tener miedo
- tener vergűenza
- tener fiebre
- tener gripe
10-1-09

-hablaràhabando
-talk talking

-haceràhaciendo

-leeràleyendo

!0-2-09

-pronoun- replaces the noun in a sentence
-Direct object- receives the action of the verb

Ex) yo limpio la salaààyo la limpo

- Voy a limpiar la sala (I am going to clean the living room
- Yo la voy a limpiar (I am going to clean it
- (yo) estoy limpiando la sala ( I am going to clean the living room)

Christian said...

-Conjugated Verbs & Infinitive (inf.)
tener + que + inf.
deber + inf.
poder + inf.
querer + inf.
preferir + inf.
pensar + inf.
ir + a + inf.
tener + ganas de + inf.
necesitar + inf.
(me, te, le) gusta + inf.
(ex. Quiero ir a la escuela; Prefiero ir al centro commercial.)
-Vocabulary
tener prisa = to be in a hurry
no sé = I don’t know

-Question Words
¿cómo? = how
¿por qué? = why
¿cuándo? = when
¿cuánto(a)? = how much
¿cuánto(a)(s)? = how many
¿(a)dónde? = where (to)
¿cuál (es)? = which (ones)
¿qué? = what
¿quién (es)? = who

(ex. ¿Por qué no sales con nosotros esta tarde?; ¿Qué van a hacer?; ¿Quieres estudiar después de cenar?)
-Direct Object (DO)
the direct object receives the action of the verb
(ex. Yo limpio mi cuarto.
subject=yo, verb=limpio, direct object=cuarto)
Yo tengo que limpiar el cuarto.
Yo lo tengo que limpiar./ Yo tengo que limpiarlo. adding DO before and at end of verb
Yo voy a limpiarlo./ Yo lo voy a limpiar.
Yo estoy limpiando el cuarto./ Yo lo estoy limpiando./ Yo estoy limpiándolo.
-Present Progressive
*you must use a form of the verb estar before you put the verb to be conjugated in.
(ex. estoy hablando)
AR = drop the AR and add –ando
ER/IR = drop the ER/IR and add –iendo
*change I to y between vowels (ex. leer = leyendo)

Steven said...

In Spanish this week we talked about verbs + infinitive. [E.x. (e-ie) tener + que + inf., deber + inf, (e-ie) poder + inf.] A good example of a sentence is, ¿Puedo ayudarte? The te in the sentence can be before the noun or after the verb. Direct objects are the nouns in the sentence that receive the action. [E.x. Yo lo limpio., Yo limpio mi cuarto.] To make a verb in the present progressive, all you do is put the conjugated form of estar + _______ ando (iendo). [E.x Yo lo estoy limpiando OR Yo estoy limpiándolo.]