Wednesday, October 7, 2009

Español 2- El Diario del 5-Oct-2009 a 9-Oct-2009

In this post, please write your journal entry for this week. In it, you should describe all material that was covered in class this week. Include explanations of all concepts, definitions of words, lists of all vocabulary words and phrases, and at least 3 example sentences that demonstrate EVERY concept you explain.

Your journal entry will be due Sunday, October 11th by 11:30 pm. It will be worth 20 points. Remember that if you submit late, you will receive half credit.

28 comments:

Allison Salcido said...

This week in Spanish we learned about:
Informal Affirmative Commands
Drop the –s the tú form.
Ex: Comer → Comes → Come

If there is a Direct Object Pronoun, attach it to the end of the command.
Ex: Comes las verduras → Cómelas

Irregular Affirmative Informal Commands
Hacer → Haz
Ir → Ve
Poner → Pon
Salir → Sal
Ser → Sé
Tener → Ten
Venir → Ven

Informal Negative Commands
Take the Yo form, then drop the –o, and add the opposite tú from.
Ex: Comer → Comes → Comas
Put the word no followed by the direct object pronoun.
Ex: No las comas

Verbs with Irregular Informal Negative Commands:
Dar →no des
Ser → no seas
Estar → no estés
Ir → no vayas

Verbs ending in –car,-gar,-zar have the following spell changes:
Tocar→ no toques
Llegar→ no llegues
Empezar→ no empieces
Ex: Tú tocas el piano muy bien → No lo toques ahora

Dani said...

Affirmative Informal Commands:
To form affirmative informal commands drop the –s of the tú form of the verb. Attach a direct object pronoun to the end.
Ex: Tocas el piano muy bien
New Sentence: Tócalo ahora, por favor.

To form negative commands:
Ar verbs:
Drop the –o of the –yo form and add +es. Put the word “no” in front of it. Object pronouns go after “no” and before the verb.
Ex: No hablo ingles  changes to No hables en inglés

Ir/Er verbs:
Drop the –o of the –yo form and add +as. Put the word “no” in front of it. Object pronouns go after “no” and before the verb.
Ex: como pizza de almuerzo.  change to No la comas todos los días

Irregular Informal Negative Commands:
Dar  no des
Ir  no vayas
Ser  no seas

Irregular Affirmative Informal Commands:
Hacer  haz
Ir  ve
Poner  pon
Salir  sal
Ser  sé
Tener  ten
Venir  ven

Verb
affirmative Negative sentence Aff. sent Neg. sent Aff w/ DO Pro. Neg w/ DO Pro.
decorar Decora No decores Decoara el patio Decora el patio No decores el patio Decóralo No lo decores
Comer Come No comas Comer dulces Come dulces No comas dulces Cómelos No los comas
Escribir Escribe No escribas Escribir cartas Escribe cartas No escribas cartas Escríbeles No la escribas
Sacar Saca No saques Sacar la basura Saca la basura No saques la basura Sácala No la saques
Llegar Llega No llegues Llegar tarde** Llege tarde No llegues tarde


Poner Pon No pongas Poner la mesa Pon la mesa No pongas la mesa Ponla No la pongas
Hacer** Haz No hagas Hacer la tarea Haz la tarea No hagas la tarea Hazla No la hagas

Affirmative and Negative Informal Command Examples:
1). Comprarlos
No perderlos
Compralos. No los pierdas

2). Hacerla
No ver television
Hazla tarea. No la veas

3). Venir a recogerme
No venire en bicicleta
Ven a recogerme. No bengas en bicicleta

4). Sí, poner la mesa.
No sacar la basura todavía
Ponla. No la saques

5). Trabajar
No ser perezoso
Trabaja. No seas perezoso.


Vobaularío
Sobre: over
Se descubio: was discovered
Restos: remains/remnants


Dani Lollo
6th hour.

miguel said...

Miguel Ahles
This week we learned some cultural information of Mexico, continued to learn affirmative informal commands, and learned some irregular affirmative informal commands.
For the culture of Mexico we learned about El Templo Mayor which was discovered in the center of Mexico City. It was discovered in the year 1978 and is now a museum dedicated to the Aztec civilization.
We continued to learn about affirmative informal commands but we added in some irregular forms like:
• hacer- haz
• ir- ve
• poner- pon
• salir- sal
• ser -sé
• tener- ten
• venire-ven
These irregular forms are used the same way as the regular forms you just have to memorize how to change these irregular forms.

Savannah said...

This week in Spanish 2, we reviewed informal commands and more of present progressive

Informal Commands
“tú”
- 3rd person form of the verb
- el/la, usted form
- tell someone what to do

aff. neg.
bus - car busca no busques
comen - zar comenza no comences
lle - gar llega no llegues
reco - ger recoge no recojas
- gir -ge no - - jas/es
se - guir sigue no sigas
Affirmative Command
- tell someone what to do
- 3rd person (el/la, usted)
ar - a
er/ir - e
hablar ~ habla
creer ~ cree
abrir ~ abre
tener - ten (have)
ir - ve (go)
hacer - haz (do/make)
venir - ven (come)
ser - sé (be)
salir - sal (go out/ leave)
poner - pon (put)
Negative Command
- tells someone what not to do
- verbs change their endings
- pronouns go in front of verbs
1) take ‘yo’ present tense
2) ar ~ es er/ir ~ as
hablar ~ no hables
escribir ~ no escribas
leer ~ no leas
poner ~ no pongas
tener ~ no tengas
pedir (i,i) – no pidas
dar – no des
estar – no estés
ir – no vayas
ser – no seas
ver – no veas

Amanda said...

We started this week with a review that direct objects are words used to replace already mentioned nouns to avoid repetition. We also stressed the importance of the fact that direct object pronouns can either go before the conjugated verb or after attached to the end of an infinitive or present participial. Examples of this would be as follows. Yo voy laviendo los platos. Voy laviendo la. Also, Yo estoy limpiando el baño. Estoy limpiandola.

This week we also started working with affirmative informal commands and negative informal commands.

To form affirmative commands you must go to the tu form of the verb, delete the s and attach a direct object pronoun to the end. Irregular affirmative informal commands are hacer- haz, ir- ve, poner- pon, ser- se, tener-ten, venir-ven, and salir-sal. These must be memorized because if you do not use these irregular commands as needed your statement will be incorrect.
Examples of this are as follows
Tengo que compras mis untiles. Compralas.
Tengo Mucho tarea para mañana. Hazla
Estoy en El Centro. Ven a regogerme.

Negative informal commands are a bit different. With negative informal commands you must first start by going to the yo form of the verb because some verbs have irregular yo forms. For example the verb tener has a yo form of tengo. For –ar verbs you must first drop the –o and add an –es. However for most –er and –ir verbs you drop the –o and add an –as. When trying to remember what is added think that –ar verbs take the endings of normal conjugated –er and –ir verbs. And vise versa. All negative informal commands have “no” before the verb. Only put the word no after a direct object pronoun is you would address the person you are speaking to as “tu”. Some examples are as follows.
Tengo que compras mis untiles. No las pierdas
Tengo Mucho tarea para mañana. No las Veas
Estoy en El Centro.No vegas en bicecleta


Amanda Richardson
Sixth hour

Jim said...

Jim Gass

Affirmative commands
• Change to the tu form and drop the s
• Irregular affirmative commands
• Hacer – Haz
• Ir – ve
• Poner – pon
• Salir sal
• Ser – se
• Tener – ten
• Venire – ven

Habla
Come
escribe


Nagative commands
• Change to yo form drop the o and add es to ar verbs or add as for er or ir verbs
• Irregular
• Dar – no des
• Ir - no vayas
• Ser - no seas
• Verbs that end in car change to qu; gar – gu; zar – cu
• Tocar – no toques
• Llegar – no llegues
• Empiezar – no empieces

Shaun-Michael said...

Esta semana aprendimos affirmative and negative informal commands. Para hacer affirmative informal commands, gota el s en tú form del verbo. Adjuntar direct object pronouns al final.
Affirmative informal commands
Tocas el piano muy bien.
Tócalo ahora, por favor.
Irregular affirmative informal commands
• Hacer- haz
• Ir- ve
• Poner- pon
• Salir- sal
• Ser- sé
• Tener- ten
• Venir- ven
Irregular negative informal commands
• Dar- no des
• Estar- no estés
• Ir- no vayas
• Ser- no seas
• Tocar- toques
• Llegar- no llegues
• Empezar- no empieces
Informal negative commands
• Comer- comas
• Mirar- mires
• Pintar- pintes
• Correr- corras
Car, Gar, Zar
• Tocar- no toques
• Llegar- no llegues
• Empezar- no empieces

dancelovebug22 said...

In Spanish class this week, we learned about affirmative and negative informal commands. These commands are always directed at ‘you’ and they tell someone to do something.

Affirmative Commands
To make an affirmative command, take the ‘tú’ form of a verb and drop the ‘s.’ Attatch any direct object pronouns to the end.

Examples:
1. Decorar- Decora
2. Escuchar- Eschucha
3. Bailar- Baila
4. Comer- Come
5. Escribir- Escribe

Negative Commands
To make a negative command, take the ‘yo’ form of a verb and add ‘es’ for verbs ending in ‘ar’ or add ‘as’ for verbs ending in ‘er’ and ‘ir’. Place the word ‘no’ in front to make the command negative. Attach any direct object pronouns after ‘no’ and before the verb.

Examples:
1. No decores.
2. No escuches.
3. No bailes.
4. No la comas.
5. No escribas.

Irregular Affirmative Informal Commands
Hacer- Haz
Ir- Ve
Poner- Pon
Salir- Sal
Ser- Sè
Tener- Ten
Venir- Ven

***Negative informal commands of verbs with infinitive endings in ‘car’, ‘gar’, and ‘zar’ have different spelling changes.***
‘car’ changes to ‘qu’
‘gar’ changes to ‘gu’
‘zar’ changes to ‘c’

Examples:
1. Sacar- No saqúes.
2. Llegar- No llegues.
3. Hacer- No hacas.
4. Empenzar- No empieces.

jon said...

Jonathan Corbett
Mrs. Alderman
Spanish II
11 October 2009

Affirmative Informal Commands
To form get the tú form of the verb and drop the s. Then attach a direct object pronoun to the end.
Ex: Tocas el piano muy bien

Negative Informal Commands
To form for ar verbs, take the yo form of the verb,drop the o, and add es
To form for er and ir verbs, take the yo form, drop the o, and add as. Put the word no in front. Object pronouns go after no and before the verb.
Ex: No hablo inglés No hables inglés

Irregular Informal commands
Dar= no des
Ir=no vayas
Ser=no seas

Negative commands with infinitive ending in car gar and zar have changes
Ex: Siempre empiezas tarde No empieces tarde
Ex: Nunca llegas a tiempo No llegues tarde hoy
Ex: Tú tocas el piano muy bien No lo toques ahora

Irregular Affirmative Informal Commands
Hacer=haz
Ir=ve
Poner=pon
Salir=sal
Ser=sé
Tener=ten
Venir=ven

maggieNowicki said...

October 5th through 9th
Affirmitive and Negative commands
Affirmative is telling someone to do something\
These commands are in the “tú” form but the “s” is dropped.
Negative is telling someone not to do something
Must begin with the word “no”
“yo” form first, drop the “o” then add “as” add to the object pronoun
Both;
Ar  es
Er/ir  as
Verbs ending with…
Car  “c” to “qu”
Gar  “g” to “gu”
Zar  “z” to “c”

Irregular Informal commands;
Hacer- haz
Poner- pon
Ir- ve
Ser- sé
Tener- ten
Venir- ven



Examples;
(aff.)
Compralos.  Buy them.
Hazla.  Have it.
Venla  Come here.
Ponla.  Put it.
Trabajala  Work it.
(neg.)
No los pierdas.  don’t serve it.
No lo veas  Don’t come here.
No vengas en bici.  Don’t come on your bike.
No la saques.  Don’t take it out.
No seas perezoso.  Don’t be lazy.

Steven said...

An informal command is used to tell someone what to do. To create an informal command, you take the tú form of the verb and subtract the s. You can add the direct object to the end. [E.x. (run) Tú corres – s = corre] Negatives are much more complicated. You take the yo for of the verb and subtract the o. Then you have to add as or es. For er or ir verbs, add as. For ar verbs add es. Also add no infront of the verb. [E.x. (understand) Yo no comprehendo – o = comprehendes; no comprehendes.] There are three irregular verbs, dar no des, ir  no vayas, and ser  no seas. You cannot add the direct object to the end. With a prepositional phrase do not replace the pronoun.

Chris said...

Week of 10/4-10/8:

Informal affirmative Commands: tells people what to do.
To form, conjugate the verb into the el/la/ud. Form. I
EXAMPLES:
1.Bailar = baila
2.Comer = come
3.Entender = entende.
However, some commands are irregular and are very different.
These are:
1.Hacer = haz
2.Ser = sé
3.Poner = pon
4.Salir = sal
5.Tener = ten
6.Venir = ven
7.Ir = ve
Informal negative commands: tell people what not to do.
To form: take the yo form of the verb, take off the ending, and switch it with the “opposite” ending; either as or es. Always put no before the conjugated verb.
For example, if the verb is an ar verb, then you would take the yo form of the verb, and replace es to the end. Stem changes still apply for commands.
If the verb is an ir/er, then take the yo form of the verb, and replace the ending with as.
EXAMPLES:
1. no comas los dulces
2. no bailes en la casa
3. no nades en el baño
4. no bebas refresco a la cena
5. no grites cuando tu esta en la escuela.
Some negative commands have irregular verbs as well.
These include:
1. ser = no seas
2. dar = to des
3. estar = no estes
4. ir = no vayas
Some commands require you to change the ending or parts of it according to their structure: if the verb has gar, zar, or car, it changes spelling.
1. gar = gu
2. zar = cu
3. car = qu
EXAMPLES
1. almorzar = no almuerces
2. sacar = no saques
3. navegar = no navegues

Chris Parker
Spanish 2
6th hour

sarahmaurier said...

El Diario del 5-Oct-2009 a 9-Oct-2009

This week, we reviewed direct object pronouns (from last week), learned about affirmative and negative informal commands, and took two quizzes.

DIRECT OBJECTS

Direct objects are the noun that receives the action of the verb in a sentence. Direct object PRONOUNS take the place of the direct object.

The direct object pronouns are
ME
TE
LO
LA
NOS
LOS
LAS

When using a direct object pronoun, you can place it either before the conjugated verb, attach it to an infinitive or attach it to a present participle. When adding the pronoun to the present participle, you need to add an accent mark on the vowel in the third to last syllable.

EXAMPLES:

Ella va a limpiar el baño.
Ella va a limpiarlo.
Ella lo va a limpiar.

AFFIRMATIVE AND NEGATIVE INFORMAL COMMANDS.

A command is telling someone what to do.
In this form, it is always directed at “you” (informal-tú)

Affirmative:
Telling someone what to do.

TO FORM: go to the tú form of the verb and drop the S.

EXAMPLES:
Tocas el piano muy bien. (you play the piano very well)
Toca el piano ahora, por favor. (play the piano now, please)

You can also tack direct object pronouns to the end of informal commands!
Tócalo ahora, por favor. (play it now, please.)
There are some irregular forms of affirmative informal commands:

Hacer → haz
Ir → ve
Ponter → pon
Salir → sal
Ser → sé
Tener → ten
Venir → ven

Negative informal commands:

Telling someone what NOT to do.

TO FORM:
FOR AR VERBS: go to the yo form, drop the O and add ES.
FOR ER VERBS: go to yo form, drop the O and add AS.

Example: Nades.

For CAR verbs, the C changes to QU.
For GAR verbs, the G changes to GU.
For ZAR verbs, the Z changes to C.

Example:
Tocar → toques

There are also three irregular forms of negative informal commands:
Dar → no des
Ir → no vayas
Ser → no seas

When using direct object pronouns, you would put them before the verbs.
Example:
No lo decores

Laura Trombley said...

Present Progressive
To form it there are three steps
Use conjugated form of estar
Followed by the present progressive verb
ending change ( ando, iendo, and sometimes yendo)
attach one of the endings to end of the verb
ending depends on what kind of verb it is
if it was a ar verb the ending in ando
if it is er or ir verb ending is iendo
Only time you use yendo as the ending change is when there our to vowels next to each other in the verb.
Example) leer leyendo
^ because the verb leer has two vowels so the second vowel changes to a y
Examples)
Hacer  hacienda
Dormer durmiendo
Pensar piensando
Escribir  escribiendo
To say you are going to do something
Use ir with infinitive
Ir +a+ infinivite
Voy a poner la mesa
( I am going to set the table)
Van a salir
( They are going to go out)
Vamos a decorar el patio
(We are going to decorate the patio)
Direct Objects
yo me
tú te
usted lo (male)
usted la (female)
él lo
ella la
nosotros nos
ustedes los (male)
ustedes las (female)
ellos los (male)
ellas las (female)
examples)
la estoy ayudando
or
estoy ayudándola
direct object come at start of sentence or attached to conjugated verb
Irregular affirmative informal commands
Hacer  haz
Ir ve
Poner pon
Salirsal
Sersé
Tener ten
Venir ven
Affirmative informal commands
Go to tú form and take of s
Examples)
Decorar  decora
Comer come
Sacarsaca
Negative informal commands
Ar verbs rule: go to yo form and drop o and add es
Er/ ir verbs rule: go to yo form and drop the o and add as
Use no before all sentences
Examples)
No decores
No comas
No escribas
Negative command with infinitive endings
Endings change are for verbs that end in car, gar, or zar
c changes to qu
g changes to gu
z changes to c
examples)
tocar no toques
llegar no llegues
empiezar no empieces
laura trombley
spanish 6th hour
10.11.09

lyssa :D said...

1.decorar...affirmative:decora...negative:no decores...aff.sentence:decora el patio...neg.sent.:no decores el patio...aff.w/ D.O. pronoun:decoralo...neg.w/ D.O. pro.: no lo decores.
2. comer...aff.:come'...neg.:no comas..aff.sent.:come' dulces..neg.sent.:no comas dulces.
3.escribir...aff.:escribe...neg.:no escribas...aff. sent.:escribe cartas...neg.sent.:no escribas cartas.
4. sacar...aff.:saca'...neg.:no saques...aff.sent.:saca la basura...neg.sent.:no saques la basura.
5.llegar...aff.:llega...neg.:no llegues...aff.sent.:llega tarde...neg.sent.:no llegues tarde
6.poner...aff.:pon...neg.:no pongas...aff.sent.:pon la mesa...neg.sent.:no pongas la mesa.
7.hacer...aff.:haz...neg.:no hagas...aff.sent.:haz la tarea...neg.sent.:no hagas la tarea.

Sonia said...

Affirmative informal command
Drop the (-s) of the tú form of the verb. Attach (-s) to the command if there is a direct object.
Example:
Comes las veduras → comelas
Tocas el piano muy bien. → Tócalo ahora, por favor.
Irregular affirmative informal commands:
ir→ ve
poner→pon
salir→ sal
ser→ sé
tener→ ten
venir→ ven
Negative commands (irregular)
Verbs with infinitives ending in (-car), (-gar), and (-zar) have the following spelling changes:
C→ QU (tocas to toques)
Tú tocas el piano muy bien ( no lo toques ahora)
G→GU ( llegas to llegues)
Nunca llegas a tiempo. (No llegues tarde hoy.)
Z→ C (empiezas to empieces)
Siempre empiezas tarde. ( No empieces tarde.)
dar→ no des
ir→ no vayas
ser→ seas
ver→ veas
Negative informal command
(-ar) verbs, drop the (-o) of the yo form and add (es). For (-er) and (-ir) verbs drop the (-o) and add (-as). Put “no” in front. Object Pronouns go after no and before the verb.
Examples:
No hablo inglés → no hables en ingles
Como pizza de almuerzo. → No la comas todos los dias
No salgo los viernes. → No salgas sin mi.
Examples:
affirmative negative Affirmative sentence Negative sentence Negative with direct objects pronoun
Decorar decora No decores Decora el patio No decores el patio No lo decores
comer come No comas comelos Los comas dulces No los comas
escribir escribe No escribas Escribe cartas No escribas cartas No las escribas/ no escribelas
sacar saca No saques Saca la basura No saques basura No sacala/ no la saques
llegar llega No llegues Llega tarde Llegues tarde No llegues tarde
Poner Pon No pongas pon la mesa No pon mesa No pongas la mesa/ pon la/ no la pongas
Hacer Haz No hagas No haz la tarea No hagas tarea No Hazla/ no la hagas


Answering questions using pronouns to avoid repeating certain words:

¿ Quienes van a mandar las tarjetas? ( who will send the cards?)
Yo voy a mandarlas (I will send them)
¿ Donde Podemos comprar la piñata? (Where you can buy the piñata?)
Podemos comprarla en la Mercado (We can buy it on the market)

lauren bollinger said...

This week in class, we learned affirmative and negative commands.
Affirmative commands are formed by taking the “tú” form of the verb, and then dropping the –s. Examples are as included:
·Comer = comes = come
·Limpiar = limpias = limpia
·Escribir = escribes = escribe
Irregular verbs with the affirmative commands include:
·Tener = ten
·Hacer = haz
·Poner = pon
·Ir = ve
·Salir = sal
·Ser = sé
·Venir = ven
When adding a direct object pronoun to an affirmative command, attach it to the end of the command. After attaching the pronoun, add an accent mark over the third to last vowel of a syllable, if necessary. Examples are as follows:
·Come +la = cómela
·Limpia +los = limpíalos
·Escribe +lo = escríbelo
Negative commands are formed by taking the “yo” form of a verb, then dropping the –o. For –ar verbs, add –es. For –er and –ir verbs, add –as. Don’t ever forget the “no” at the bringing. Examples include:
·Comer = como = no comas
·Limpiar = limpio = no limpies
·Escribir = escribo= no escribas
If a verb ends in –car, -zar, or –gar, the spelling will change to keep the sound of the verb the same. The –c = -qu. The –z = -c. The –g = -gu. Examples include:
·Tocar = no toques
·Empiezar = no empieces
·Llegar = no llegues
Irregular verbs in the negative commands are as follows:
·Dar = no des
·Ir = no vayas
·Ser = no seas
When adding a D.O. pronoun to the command, place it between the “no” and the verb of the command. Examples are as follows:
·No comas + las = no las comas
·No limpies + los = no los limpies
·No escribas + la = no la escribas
-Lauren Bollinger

kara said...

THE IMPERFECT TENSE

In this chapter we learn about the imperfect tense. The imperfect tense is used to refer to actions in the past. For example, Yo caminaba cada día ( I used to walk everyday). Also, the imperfect tense is also used to refer to actions in the past that occurred over an extended period of time. Another thing the imperfect describes is that it sets the scene.
Setting the Scene
Example #1
Un día, mi mamá, papá, hermana, hermano y yo fuimos a un restaurante. El servicio fue muy malo. El mesero era tarde y con nuestras bebidas o alimentos. Cuando finalmente la comida estaba fría y sin cocer. Mis padres estaban muy molestos. Nos acaba de pedir a nuestro proyecto de ley y nunca fue a un restaurante de nuevo.


Regular forms of the imperfect are formed by adding the following endings to the stem of the verb:
ar verbs example: hablar
aba
abas
aba
ábamos
abais
aban hablaba
hablabas
hablaba
hablábamos
hablabais
hablaban

-er verbs, -ir verbs example: vivir
ía
ías
ía
íamos
íais
ían vivía
vivías
vivía
vivíamos
vivíais
vivían

Only three verbs are irregular in the imperfect:
ser ver ir
era
eras
era
éramos
erais
eran veía
veías
veía
veíamos
veíais
veían iba
ibas
iba
íbamos
ibais
iban

Brianna said...

Affirmative Informal Commands
• To form affirmative informal commands you must take off the –s on the tú form of the verb. If you are using a direct object pronoun you attach it to the end.
Ex: Habla por telefono. Hablalo.
Juega el futbol Americano. Juegalo.
Estudia por el examen. Estudialo.

Irregular Affirmative Informal Commands
• Hacer – Haz
• Ir – Ve
• Poner – Pon
• Salir – Sal
• Ser – Sé
• Tener – Ten
• Venir – Ven
Ex: Haz la tarea.
Pon la mesa.
Ve a la escuela.

Negative Informal Command
• For –ar verbs you take the yo form of the verb and add –es and put no in front of it. For –ir and –er verbs take the yo form of the verb and add –as and put no in front of it.
Ex: No hablo ingles.
No hagues la tarea.
No llegues a la escuela tarde.

• Negative commands with the endings –car, -gar, and –zar have spelling changes.
Ex: No lo toques ahora.
No llegues tarde.
No comiences temprano.

aevers66 said...

A command is what you tell someone to do.
Ex: Hey clean the living room.
Informal Commands are directed at tú
Formal Commands are directed at usted and groups
Telling someone to do or not to do are different
To make Affirmative change to the tú form and drop the –s
Ex: Tocas – Tóca, Corres – Corre, Bañas- Baña
Irregular Affirmative = hacer – haz, ir – ve, poner – pon, salir – sal, ser – sé, tener – ten, venir – ven.
Negative Informal: -ar go to the yo form and drop the –o and add –es and for most –er and –ir verbs go to the yo form and drop the –o and add –as. Put the word no in front.
Ex: No hablo inglés – No hables en ingles
No estudio mathimatica – No estudies mathimatica
No como frutas – No comas frutas
When using Negative Informal with Direct Objects they go after no and before the verb.
Ex: Como pizza de almuerzo – No la comas todos los dias.
Irregular informal negative commands.
Ex: dar – no des
Ir – no vayas
Ser – no seas
Negative commands of verbs with infinitives ending in –car, -gar, and –zar havr the following spelling changes.
Tú tocas el piano muy bien – No lo toques ahora
Nunca llegas a tiempo – No llegues tarde hoy
Siempre empiezas tarde – No empieces tarde.
Last week we also took a quiz on Thursday and Friday as a review of this material and on Tuesday of next week we will have a chapter test.

Maria said...

Maria Rodriguez
Mrs. Alderman
Spanish 2
11 October 2009
Spanish Blog 10/5 – 10/9
• - To form affirmative commands, drop the –s off the tú form of the verb and attach a direct object pronoun to the end.
-You can only attach direct object pronouns to the end of affirmative commands.
-Accent goes on the third vowels from the right.
*Cómelas.
*Decóralo.
*Sácala.
• Irregular affirmative informal commands
- hacer  haz
- ir  ve
- poner  pon
- salir  sal
- ser  se
- tener  ten
- venire  ven
• -To form negative informal commands, drop the –o of the –yo form and add -es. Put the word “no” in front of it. Object pronouns go after “no” and before the verb.
-Negative informal commands go to yo form first.
- For –ir and –er verbs, drop the –o of the –yo form and add –as.
* No las comas.
* No llegues temprano.
* No comas dulces.
• Irregular negative informal commands
- dar  no des
- ir  no vayas
- ser  no seas
Vocabulary
- sobre = over
- se descubrió = was discovered
- restos = remains

danielle (= misovich said...

Spanish Blog 4
This week we mostly went over informal affirmative and negative commands, and began reviewing for the chapter test. ( to see rest of the chapter look at older post ) This weeks journal will be about affirmative and negative commands only.
You use informal commands with someone you address as tú. These verbs have irregular affirmative informal command forms.
Examples of these would be –
Hacer-haz
Ir-ve
Poner-pon
Salir- sal
Ser-se’
Tener-ten
Venir –ven
To form most affirmative informal commands drop the –s of the tu form of the verb. Attatch the direct object pronouns to the end,
Ex. 1.Tocas el piano muy bien.
With direct object It would be - Tócalo
2.Tengo que comprar mis útiles. – Compralos
3.Tengo mucha tarea para mañana.- Hacela
To form negative informal commands of most –as verbs drop the –o of the yo form and add –es. For most –er and –ir verbs , drop the –o of the yo form and add –as. Put the word no in front. Object pronouns go after the no and before the verb.
Example s
1.No hables inglés
No hables en englés
2. Como pizza de almuerzo
No la comas todos los di’as
3. No salgo los viernes
No salgas sin mí
These verbs have irregular informal negative commands
Dar- no des
Ir- no vayas
Ser- no seas
Negative commands of verbs with infinitive ending in –car , -gar , and –zar have the following spelling changes.
Ex .
1. Tú tocas el piano muy bien.
No lo toques ahora.
2.Nunca llegas a tiempo.
No llegues tarde hoy.
3. Siempre empiezas tarde.
No empieces tarde.

Kelsey said...

Affirmative and Negative informal commands

To form an affirmative command you drop the –s o the tú form. Attach direct object pronouns to the end.
Tocas el piano muy bien.---- Tόcalo ahora por favor
To form the negative informal command of most –ar verbs, drop the –o of the yo form and add –es. For most –er and –ir verbs drop the –o of the yo yo form and add-as. Put the word no in front. Object pronouns fo after and before the verb.
No hablo ingles--------No hables en ingles
Como pizza de almuerzo-----No la comas todos los dias
No salgo los viernes----No salgas sin mí.

Some verbs have irregular informal negative commands
dar No des
ir No vayas
ser No seas


Negative commands of verbs with infinitives ending in –car, -gar, and –zar have these spelling changes.
Tú tocas el piano muy bien---No lo toques ahora
Nunca llegas a tiempo---No llegues tarde hoy
Siempre empiezas tarde---No empieces tarde

Christian said...

*Affirmative and Negative Informal Commands
-To form informal affirmative commands, drop the -s of the (tú) form. If there is a direct object (DO) pronoun, attach it to the end of the command
Ex. Comes las verduras. Cómelas
-To form the negative, take the (yo) form, drop the -o, and add the opposite (tú) ending.
Ex. Comer à comas
-put the DO pronoun in front of the verb
Ex. No las comas.
*Irregular Affirmative Informal Command Forms
-hacer -> haz
-ir -> ve
-poner -> pon
-salir -> sal
-ser -> sé
-tener -> ten
-venir -> ven
*Irregular Informal Negative Commands
-dar -> no des
-ir -> no vayas
-ser -> no seas
*Negative commands of verbs with infinitive endings, -car, -gar, and -zar have the following changes:
-car -> -c to -qu ex. No toques la guitarra.
-gar -> -g to -gu ex. No llegues temprano.
-zar -> -z to -c ex. No empieces ahora.
*Vocabulary
-sobre = over
-se desubrió = was discovered
-restos = remains; remnants

Jeff said...

Jeff Gaydos
Ms. Alderman
Spanish II
10-12-09
2nd hour

Spanish Blog

This week in Spanish we learned a lot about commands. We learned about both affirmative and negative informal commands. The fisrt thing that we learned about this week was affirmative commands.

Affirmative commands
- To form affirmative commands, you have to drop the –s of the tu form of the verb.
- The next thing that you have to do is that you have to attach the direct object pronoun to the end of the verb.
- You can also put the direct object pronoun before the verb as well.

Examples:
Juegas los deportes muy bien. – Juegalos conmigo.
Tocas el piano muy bien. – Tocalo ahora.
Escuchas a la musica mucho. – Escuchala conmigo.

Irregular Affirmative Informal Commands
Hacer – Haz
Ir – Ve
Poner – Pon
Salir – Sal
Ser – Se
Tener – Ten
Venir - Ven

We also learned about negative informal commands. Negative informal commands can be a little more difficult than affirmative commands.

Negative Informal Commands
- For most –ar verbs, drop the –o of the yo form and add –es.
- For most –er and –ir verbs, drop the –o of the yo form and add –as.
- You have to put the word no in front.
- Object pronouns go after no and before the verb

Examples:
No hablo ingles. – No hablas en ingles.
Como pizza – No la comas
No salgo las viernes – No Salgas

Irregular Informal Negative Commands
Dar – no des
Ir – No vayas
Ser – No seas

Another thing that we learned about was that verbs that end in –car, -gar, and –zar all have special spelling changes with negative commands.
- C – qu
- G –gu
- Z – c

Examples:
Tu tocas el piano muy bien – No lo toques ahora.
Nunca llegas a tiempo – No llegues tarde hoy.
Siempre empiezas tarde. – No empieces tarde.

Amanda said...

This week our class discussed how to use affirmative and negative informal commands.

To form an affirmative informal command you have to drop the “s” off of the tú form of a verb. Then you have to attach a direct object pronoun to the end. For example,

• Caminas en el parque.
Caminas changes to Caminalo.
Lo is used because el parque is masculine and singular.

To form the negative informal command of an “ar” verb, drop the “o” and add “es”. For and “ir” verb drop the “es” and add an “as”. The word “no” must go before the command to show it is negative. The object pronoun goes after the “no” and before the verb. For example,

• No bailo en la casa.
Bailo changes to No Bailes en la casa.


We also learned irregular affirmative informal commands.
• Hacer-haz
• Ir-ve
• Poner-pon
• Salir-sal
• Ser-se
• Tener-ten
• Venir-ven

You use informal commands when you are addressing someone as tú.
That is what our class learned over this week.

savanna said...

Affirmative and negative informal commands
-to form most affirmative commands; take the s off the tu form of the verb.
-attach direct object pronouns to the end
Examples:
- Montar la bicicleta  móntala
- Nadar en la piscina  nádala

-to form the negative informal command of most –ar verbs, take the o off of the yo form of the verb and add es.
-for er and ir verb endings, take the o off the yo form of the verb and add as.
-and put no in front
-object pronouns go after no but before the verb.
Examples:
- No hagas la tarea.
- No cantes mucho.


Present progressive: action that is taking place right now
-add ando to ar verbs
-add iendo to er/ir verbs
-put the correct form of estar in front of the present participle
-add direct object pronouns to the end of the present participle
Examples:
- Esta hablando.
- Estoy cantando.
- Estan haciendo.


- savanna parks
6th hour

nina said...

This week we reviewed grammar concepts that were already learned to help us prepare for the upcoming test. Those concepts included affirmative and negative commands, affirmative and negative sentences, and affirmative and negative sentences with a direct object pronoun.
Examples of affirmative commands are: 1.) decora 2.) come 3.) escribe
Examples of negative commands are: 1.) no saques 2.) no llegues 3.) no pongas
Examples of an affirmative command in a sentence are: 1.) decores el patio 2.) comas el pastel 3.)escribas lo cartas
Examples of a negative command in a sentence are: 1.) no comas el pastel 2.) no comas el paste3.) no hagas la tarea
Examples of an affirmative sentence with a direct object pronoun are: 1.) decoralo 2.) sacala 3.) llegalas
Examples of a negative sentence with a direct object pronoun are: 1.) no lo comas 2.) no lo escribas 3.) no la pongas
Also we learned more in depth the geography of Mexico City. We learned about the capital building, famous musems, famous churches, people such as Hernan Cortes, and important celebrations such as the Festival of Flowers and Fiesta Guadalupana.