Tuesday, October 27, 2009

Español 2- El Diario del 26-Oct-2009 a 30-Oct-2009

In this post, please write your journal entry for this week. In it, you should describe all material that was covered in class this week. Include explanations of all concepts, definitions of words, lists of all vocabulary words and phrases, and at least 3 example sentences that demonstrate EVERY concept you explain.

Your journal entry will be due Sunday, November 1st by 11:30 pm. It will be worth 20 points. Remember that if you submit late, you will receive half credit.

26 comments:

maggieNowicki said...

Introductions;
1.) Te presento a mi amiga Carla.
-This is my friend, Carla.
Much gusto.
-Pleased to meet you.
El gusto es mío.
-The pleasure is mine.
2.) Le presento a mi vecino.
-This is my neighbor.
Encantado.
-Delighted to meet you.
Igualmente.
-Likewise.
Quiero presantarte a mis vecinos.
-I want to introduce you to my neighbor.
¡Mucho gusto!
-Pleased to meet you!
Encantado de concerlos.
-Delighted to meet you.

Indirect object(person; not thing) receives direct object/benefits from action use “a” before an indirect object
El peluquerpo le cortó el pelo a la señora.
The hairdresser cut the womams hair.
Indirect object pronoun stands for an indirect object pronoun takes place of I.O. or used w/it
Un banquero le presto dinero a Juan.
The banker lent money the money to Juan.
Un banquero le presto dinero.
The banker lent him the money.

Indirect object pronoun follow same placement rules as reflexivez& direct object pronouns
A mí me me
A ti te you
A el, a ella, a ud le you, him, and her
A nosotros nos us
A ellos, a ellas, a uds  les you, them
Enséñame la oficina de tu madre.
Show me your mom’s office.
Indirect object used w/verbs for giving or telling someone about something.

DAR= to give
Yo- doy
Tú- das
Ud., él, ella- da
Nosotros- damos
Uds., éllos, ellas- dan

DECIR= to tell
Yo- digo
Tú- dices
Ud., él, ella- dice
Nosotros- decimos
Uds., éllos, ellas- dicen

Conocer and Saber
- both me “to know”
- Irregular “yo” forms in the present tense
- “saber” is to say you know a fact or piece of information; use followed by an infinitive to say you know how to do something
-“conocer” says whether you know or are familiar with a person/ people, places, or things


Maggie Nowicki
6th

sarahmaurier said...

Español 2-El Diario del 26-Oct-2009 a 30-Oct-2009

This week, we learned how to introduce people to other people, how to use indirect objects and indirect object pronouns, the verbs dar and decir, and the differences and uses of the verbs saber and conocer.

INRODUCING PEOPLE:

-Te presento a mi amigo(a)…(The te means your introducing the person to an INFORMAL you.)
(This is my friend…)
-Le presento a mi vecino…(The le means your indroducing the person to a FORMAL you.)
(This is my neighbor…)
-Quiero presantarte a mi vecino…(the te means you informal. If a se was there, it’d be formal.)
(I want to introduce you to my neighbor…)

RESPONSES:

-Mucho gusto, …
(Pleased to meet you, …)
-Encantado,…
(Delighted,…)
-Me llama…
(My name is…)

EXAMPLE:
Maria: Te presento a mi amiga, Selena. Ella es la mujer cartera.
Veronica: ¡Mucho gusto, Selena!
Selena: Igualmente.

INDIRECT OBJECTS:

The indirect object is the person who RECIEVES the direct object or the person who BENEFITS from the action of the verb.

*Use preposition –a-- before direct object.

INDIRECT OBJECT PRONOUNS

Indirect object pronouns STAND for an indirect object noun.
You ALWAYS use the indirect object pronouns, even when you use the noun.
You place the indirect object pronoun before the conjugated verb or the negative command. OR it can be attached to infinitives, affirmative commands or present participles.
You can have it take place of the indirect object noun, but it is more common to have both.

* The verb is always conjugated to match the SUBJECT and the indirect object pronoun always matches the INDIRECT OBJECT NOUN.

(a mí) me - me
(a ti) te -you
(a él/a ella/a ud) le -him/her/you
(a nosotros(as)) nos -us
(a ellos/a ellas/a uds) les -them/you all

EXAMPLES:

Las cocineras de la cafeteria nos dan pastel a Luis y a mí.
(Las cocineras is the subject. Nos is the indirect object pronoun and Luis y a mí is the indirect object noun.)

El cartero te trae el correo a ti.

Prepárale el desayuno a tu hermano.

El comerciante le pude enseñar a José a vender.

DAR + DECIR are commonly used with indirect objects.
Dar means to give. It has a irregular Yo form in the present tense, doy. Otherwise, it is conjugated normally.
Decir means to tell or to say. IT has an irregular Yo form in the present tense also, digo. It also has a stem change (i).

EXAMPLES:

Rosa le da el correo a Lola.

Yo les digo el secreto a los estudiantes.

Roberto le da $50 a la familia Gonzalez.

SABER AND CONOCER:

The verbs saber and conocer both mean “to know”. They both have irregular YO forms in the present tense.

However, you use them two different ways-


SABER

Yo - sé
Tú - sabes
Èl/ella/ud - sabe
Nosotros(as) - sabemos
Ellos/ellas/uds - saben

Saber is used to say that you know a fact or a piece of information.

EXAMPLES:

No sé la dirrección.
-I don’t know the address.

Nosotros sabemos la fecha.

Also, if saber is followed by an infinitive. Its like saying you know HOW to do something.

EXAMPLES:

Ella sabe nadar.
-She knows how to swim.

Yo sé conducir.
-I know how to drive.

CONOCER

Yo - conozco
Tú - conoces
Èl/ella/ud - conoce
Nosotros(as) - conemos
Ellos/ellas/uds - conocen

You use conocer to say if you know or are familiar with PEOPLE, places, or things.
-Person is an object, personal a comes after verb and before the person.
(A + EL= al)

EXAMPLES:

Yo conozco al cocinero.
-I know the chef.


Conoces a la abogada.
-I know the lawyer.

Conozco la cuidad de San Diego.
-I know the city of San Diego.

amanda said...

This week in Spanish we learned how to introduce one person to another person and a group of people to a person or persons.
To present a friend to someone you must say Te presento a mi amigo (a), witch means this is my friend.
Le presento a mi vecino means this is my neighbor
Quiero presentarte a mis vecinos means these are my neighbors.

We also learned how to respond to an introduction. There are three main ways to say nice to meet you. They are as follows

Mucho gusto Pleased to meet you
Encantado Delighted (to meet you)
Encantado de conocerlos Delighted to meet you (plural)
The person being introduced would then say one of two things.
El gusto es mio witch means the pleasure is mine or igualmente witch means likewise.
Examples are…
© 1.Me- hola Maria Te presento a mi amiga Hannah.
© Maria- mucho gusto Hannah
© Hannah- igualmente
© 2.hola Steven quiero presentarte a mis vecinos la garcias
© Steven- encantada de conoclerlos
© Las Garcia’s- el guesto es mio.

This week we also discus indirect objects and conocer and saber.
Indirect objects are someone who is receiving the direct object/ benefiting from the action of the verb. When creating a statement involving an indirect object it is important that an “a” is always placed before the indirect object.
Indirect object pronouns stand for an indirect object noun. The indirect objects are as follows.
Yo Me A mi
Tu Te A ti
El, ella, ustd. Le A el, a ella, a usted
Nosotros Nos A nosotros
Ellos ellas ustds. Les A ellos, a ellas.
Indirect objects are often used to give/tell someone something. The two verbs often used with direct object pronouns are dar and decir.
Decir Yo tu El, ella Nosotros Ellos, ellas,
To say/tell Digo Dices Dice Decimos Dicen
Dar means to give
Yo-doy
Tu- das
El, - da
Nosotros- damos
Ustedes-dan

Examples of how to use this concept are…
© Siempre les decimos a nosotros no quiermos tarea, pero siempre nos dan (a nosotros)
© Las cocineros de la cafeteria pueden preparar te la comida sin sel si les dices que la necesitas.

Conocer and saber mean to know. However both have irregular yo forms.
Saber
Se
Sabes
Sabe
Sabemos
Saben
Conocer
Conozco
Conoces
Conoce
Conocemos
Conocen

Saber is used to say you know a fact or a piece of information as well as how to do something. Conocer on the other hand is used to say you know someone or are familiar with places or things.

v Sabes la direccion? - Do you know the address
v No se hablar Frances. I don’t know how to speak French.
v Yo se la fecha- I know the date
v Yo se cocinar- I know how to cook

v Conozco ala secretaria-I am familiar with the secretary
v Yo conozco la cuidad Miami-I am familiar with Miami


Amanda Richardson
6th hour

miguel said...

Miguel
This week we learned a cultural fact, learned about the day of the dead, learned how to use indirect objects and indirect object pronouns, and how to use saber and conocer.
Culture- Since there are a lot of mountains in Peru they have to use what they can to grow food. They grow their crops on terraces hanging off of mountains. These terraces also help prevent erosion.
Day of the Dead- It is a holiday that celebrates dead friends and family. It is celebrated in Mexico. Favorite things of the dead are displayed in ofrendas. They also light candles for the dead.
Indirect objects and indirect object pronouns- The indirect object is the person who receives the direct object. The indirect object pronoun takes place of the indirect object noun. You always use a before using an indirect object. Indirect object pronouns use the same rules as direct object pronouns.
• La profesora les lee un cuento a los niños.
• Prepárale el desayuno a tu hermano.
• El comerciante le puede enseñar a José a vender.
Saber and conocer- Both verbs mean to know and have an irregular form of yo. Saber is used to say that you know a fact or certain information. Conocer is used to say that you know or are familiar with a person, place , or thing.
• ¿Tú conoces a todos los vecinos?
• Yo no conozco dónde está el museo.
• Yo sé el numero de la escuela.

Savannah said...

This week in Spanish 2, we learned a number of things; most essential, you have got to remember it.

Conocer ~ to know Saber ~ to know
- yo = conozco - yo = sé
conoces sabes
conoce sabe
conocemos sabemos
conocen saben

- to say whether you know or are - to say that you know a fact or piece of info.
familiar with people, places, or things - followed by an inf. to say you know how to do something

ex.) Conozco al cocinero. ex.) ¿Sabes la dirección?
~ I know the chef. ~ Do you know the address?
(Hint: a + el = al; it only applies to people)


Indirect Objects and their Pronouns

- the i.o. is the person who receives the d.o. or benefits from the action

ex.) El peluquero le cortó el pelo a sañora.
~ The hairdresser cut the woman’s hair.

- i.o. pronouns stands for an i.o. noun, can take place of i.o. noun or be used together with it

ex.) Un banquero le prestó diner a Juan
Un banquero le prestó
~ A banker lent Juan money
~ A banker lent him money

- i.o. pronouns are the same as reflexive and d.o. pronouns
me ~ me
te ~ you
le ~ you
nos ~ us
les ~ you (all), them

ex.) Enséñame la oficina de tu madre
~ Show me your mom’s office

- i.o. are often used with verbs for giving or telling something to someone

Dar ~ to give Decir (i) ~ to say/ tell
doy digo
das dices
da dice
damos decimos
dan dicen

ex.) Rosa le da el correo a Lola
~ Rosa gives Lola the mail

lauren bollinger said...

This week in class, we learned about indirect object pronouns, and the verbs dar, decir, saber, and conocer.
An indirect object is the person that receives the direct object or benefits from it. An indirect object pronoun takes the place of an indirect object noun. They are:
·Me
·Te
·Le
·Nos
·Les
In Spanish, the indirect object pronoun must always be in the sentence, even if the noun is still there. A good way to identify the indirect object noun is to look for an “a” before it. Examples include:
·El dentista me lavar los dientes a mí.
·La enfermera les cuidar.
·La peluquera le cortar el pelo a Elena.
The indirect object pronouns are reflexive too. You just attach they to the end of the verb. Then add an accent mark over the vowel in the third syllable.
·Enséñame la oficina de tu madre.
·Ayúdame buscar el salon de belleza.
·Préstale el dinero a Ana.
The verbs we learned are dar, decir, saber, and conocer.
Dar:
·Doy
·Das
·Da
·Damos
.Dan
Decir:
·Digo
·Dices
·Dice
·Decimos
·Dicen
Saber is used for a fact or piece of information or knowing how to do something, which would be followed by an infinitive.
·Sé
·Sabes
·Sabe
·Sabemos
·Saben
Conocer is used when you are familiar with places, people, or things. It is more general than “saber”.
·Conozco
·Conoces
·Conoce
·Conocemos
·Conocen
Example sentences for the verbs include:
·Roberto le da cincenta dólares a la familia.
·Yo les digo el secreto a los estudiantes.
·No sé escribir el chino.
·¿Sabes la dirección?
·¿Conoces a la comerciate?
·¿Conoces el catedral?

-Lauren Bollinger

Luke said...

This week in Spanish class, we started off the week discussing El Día de los Muertos, or The day of the Dead. The Day of the Dead is a Mexican holiday when people celebrate and remember the death of their ancestors or friends. They celebrate by making “ofrendas”, or alters, for the person they are remembering, and place things such as incense, candles, flowers, fruit, and other things the person liked.

Our next subject was indirect object pronouns. Indirect obj. pronouns follow the same placement rules as reflexive and direct object pronouns. They come before a conjugated verbs and negative commands, and after infinitive verbs. They are often used with verbs for giving or telling someone or something.
*Rosa le de el correo a Lola.
*Roberto le da $50 a la familia Gonzalez.
*Èl mi da el correo a mi familia.

Our next and final subject were the verbs saber and conocer. Both of these verbs men, to know, and they both have irregular “yo” forms. Saber, conjugates to “se”, and conocer conjugates to “conozco”. Although these words mean the same thing, they are used to say different things. Saber is used when you are saying you know a fact or piece of information, and after an infinitive to say you know how to do something. Conocer is used to say whether you know or are familiar with a person, place, or thing.

Luke Brithinee

Laura Trombley said...

Laura Trombley
Mrs. Alderman
Spanish II 6TH hour
1 November 2009
Spanish Blog 10/26 - 10/30
Saber and Conocer
Conocer is used to say you know or are familiar with people, places, and things
Yo conozco
Tú conoces
Él, Ella, Usted conoce
Nosotros (as) conocemos
Ellos, ellas, ustedes conocen
Saber is used when you know facts or pieces of information
Yo sé
Tú sabes
Él Ella Usted sabe
Nosotros (as) sabemos
Ellos,ellas,ustedes saben
Both verbs need to know and both have irregular yo form
Examples)
Yo sé como ir al mercado.
Tú sabes como comprar pantalones.
Ella sabe como leer.
Yo conozco al maestro.
Ella conoce a tu madre.
Nosotros conocemos al niño.

Indirect and Direct
The indirect object is the person who receives the direct objects or the person who benefits from the action of the verb.
Use a preposition before an indirect object.
Example)
Los dentistas les dicen a los niños, “Lava la ropa.”
La profesora les lee un cuento a los niños.
Prepára le el desayuno a tu hermano.
Indirect Object Pronouns
Indirect object pronoun stands for an indirect object nouns.
Takes the place of the indirect object noun or can be used together with it.
Here are the Indirect Object Pronouns:
Me( me)
Te( you)
Le( you, him, her)
Nos (us)
Les ( you,them)
Indirect objects are often used with verbs for giving or telling something to someone
The two most common verbs used with this are dar (to give) and decir (to say, to tell)
Both have irregular yo forms
Yo doy
Tú das
Usted, Él, ella da
Nosotros damos
Ustedes, ellos,ellas dan
Yo digo
Tú dices
Usted,él, ella dice
Nosotros decimos
Ustedes, ellos, ellas dicen
Examples)
La programadora me puede prestar la computadora a mí.
El conductor siempre le dice <<¿Como están? >> a la gente.
La secretaria del colegio les ayuda a los estudiantes.

Maria said...

Maria Rodriguez
Mrs. Alderman
Spanish II 6TH hour
1 November 2009
Spanish Blog 10/26 - 10/30
Saber and Conocer
• Conocer - used to say you know or are familiar with people, places, and things
-Yo conozco
-Tú conoces
-Él, Ella, Usted conoce
-Nosotros (as) conocemos
-Ellos, ellas, ustedes conocen
• Saber- used when you know facts or pieces of information
-Yo sé
-Tú sabes
-Él Ella Usted sabe
-Nosotros (as) sabemos
-Ellos,ellas,ustedes saben
• Both verbs have irregular yo form.
Ex.
1. Ella sabe como cocer un vestido.
2. Tú sabes como leer.
3. Ella sabe como correr.
1. Nosotras conocemos a Jaclyn.
2. Yo conozco a mi padre.
3. Él niño me conoce.

Indirect and Direct
• The indirect object is the person who receives the direct objects or the person who benefits from the action of the verb.
• Use a preposition before an indirect object.
Ex.
1. El comerciante le puede enseñar a Manuel a vender.
2. La hermana le lee un cuaderno a su hermano menor.
3. Prepára le el almuerzo a tu padre.
Indirect Object Pronouns
• Indirect object pronoun stands for an indirect object nouns.
• Takes the place of the indirect object noun or can be used together with it.
-Me( me)
-Te( you)
-Le( you, him, her)
-Nos (us)
-Les ( you,them)
• Indirect objects are often used with verbs for giving or telling something to someone.
• The two most common verbs used with this are dar (to give) and decir (to say, to tell).
• Both have irregular yo forms.
-Yo digo
-Tú dices
-Usted,él, ella dice
-Nosotros decimos
-Ustedes, ellos, ellas dicen
-Yo doy
-Tú das
-Usted, Él, ella da
-Nosotros damos
-Ustedes, ellos,ellas dan
Ex.
1. Las enfermera les dan las medicinas a los enfermos.
2. El cartero te trae el correo a ti.
3. la secretaria del colegio les ayuda a los estudiantes.

aevers66 said...

Notas

Indirect Object: person who receives the Direct Object or benefits from it.
Ex: el peloquera le corté el pelo a la señora.
It is always directed at or to a person
Always use a before the indirect object noun

Indirect Object Pronoun: me, te, le, nos, les
Takes place of the noun (Indirect object) or is to be used with the noun.
La banquera le presta dinero a Juan.
La banquera le presta diner.
Always be pronoun + noun. But always have a pronoun.

Indirect Object Reflexive Pronouns: must attach to verb with the accent mark.
Enséñame la escuela de tu padre
Verbs that are used: Dar Decir(i)
Doy Digo
Das Dices
Da Dice
Damos Decimos
Dan Dicen

Rosa le da el correo a Lola
Subj. Pro. Gives D.O mail to Lola (I.D.O)

Roberto le da cincenta dólares a la familia.
Yo les digo el secreto a los estudiantes.

To Know
Saber and Conocer have the same meaning: to know
They both have an irregular yo form
Saber: fact or piece of information, knowing how to do something.
This is followed by an infinitive
¿Sabes la dirección?
Do you know the address?
Saber: Sé
Sabes
Sabe
Sabemos
Saben
Conocer: familiar with people, places, things. General information
Conozco al cocinero

Conocer: Conozco
Conoces
Conoce
Conocemos
Conocen

No sé jugar ajedrez.
Sé la dirección por la fiesta.
¿Conoces a la mecanico?
¿Conoces la escuela?

Andrew Evers
6th hour

Dani said...

To introduce people To respond To say that you are also pleased to meet someone
Te presento a mi amiga Carla
(this is my friend...) Mucho gusto, Carla
(Pleased to meet you..) El gusto es mío
(The pleasure is mine)
Le presento a mi vecino, el señor Rodriguez
(This is my neighbor..) Encantado, Sr. Rodriguez. Me llamo Juan Rodriguez.
(Delighted to meet you..) Igualmente.
Likewise
Celia, quiero presentarte a mis vecinos, los Gracía.
(..I want to introduce you to my neighbors...) ¡Mucho gusto, Celia!
(Pleased to meet you...!) Encantada de conocerlos.
(Delighted to meet you)

Indirect Objects
Indirect object is the person who receives the direct object or the person who benefits from action of the verb.
Indirect object is always a person
Use the preposition “a” before the indirect object
Look for the “a” to identify the noun
Ex: El peluquero le cortó el pelo a la señnora
(The hairdresser cuts the women’s hair)

An indirect object pronoun stands for an indirect object noun
Use the preposition “a”
It can take place of indirect object noun or be used together with it
Ex: Un banquero le presto diner a Juan
(A banker lent Juan money)
Ex: Un banquero le presetó dinero
(A banker lent him money)
Ex: La cocinera le prepara la cena para la familia
(the cook prepares dinner for the family)

Helpful Pronouns:
Me – a mi
Te- a tí
Le – a él/ella usted
Nos- a nosotros/as
Les – a ellos/ellas/uds

Indirect object pronouns follow the same placements rules as reflexive and direct object pronouns.
Ex: Enseñame la oficina de tú madre

Indirect Objects: Dar & Decir:
Indirect objects are often used with verbs for giving or telling something to someone.



Dar (to give) Decir (to say/ tell)
Yo Doy Digo
Tú Das Dices
El/ella/ud Da Dice
Nosotros/as Damos Decimos
Vosotros/as Dais Decis
Ellos/ellas/uds Dan dicen

Ex: Rosa le da el correo a Lola.
le = indirect object

Ex: Roberto le da cincuenta $ a la familia González
Ex: Yo les digo el secreto a los estudiantes

-The subject will agree with the verb.

The verbs: Saber and Conocer
Both verbs have irregular yo form.

Conocer is used to say you know or are familiar with people, places, and things

Conjugate:
Yo-- conozco
Tú --conoces
Él/Ella/Usted --conoce
Nosotros (as)-- conocemos
Ellos/ellas/ustedes --conocen

Saber- is used when you know pieces of information or facts
Conjugate:
Yo-- sé
Tú --sabes
Él/Ella/Usted-- sabe
Nosotros (as) --sabemos
Ellos/ellas/ustedes s--aben


Examples:
La mujer me conoce.
(I know the lady)

Ella sabe como hablar.
(She knows how to sing)

Tú sabes las mesas.
(You know the months)

Yo conozco a mi prima.
(I know my cousin)

Ella sabe la fecha.
(She knows the date)

Nosotras conocemos a español.
(we know of spanish)

Brianna said...

• The indirect object is the person who receives the direct object or the person who benefits from the action of the verb
• Us the preposition a before indirect object nouns
Ex: El bombero le apaga incendios a la ciudad.
Roberto les da 50 dolares a la familia Gomez.
Yo les digo el secreto a los estudiantes.
• Indirect object pronouns stand for an indirect object noun.
• It can take place of the indirect object noun or be used with it.
Ex: Un banquero le presto dinero a Juan.
• Indirect object pronouns follow the same placement rules as reflexive and direct object pronouns.
Ex: Enséñame la oficina tu madre.
• Indirect objects are often used with verbs for living or telling something to someone
• Dar: doy, das, da, damos, dan
• Decir: digo, dices, dice, decimos, dicen

jon said...

Jonathan Corbett
Mrs. Alderman
Spanish 2
1 November 2009
• An indirect object is a person who receives the direct object and benefits from the action of the verb
• Use the preposition a before an indirect object
Ex: el peluquero le corto el pelo a la señora
• Indirect object pronouns stand for an indirect object noun
• It can take the place of an indirect object noun or be used together with it
• Indirect object pronouns follow the same placement rules as reflexive and direct object pronouns
• Indirect objects are often used with verbs for giving or telling something to someone
• Dar= to give
Doy
Das
Da
Damos
Dan
• Indirect objects are often used with verbs for giving or telling something to someone
• The verbs saber and conocer mean to know
• They have irregular yo forms in the present tense
• Saber is used to say that you know a fact or piece of information
• Use saber followed by an infinitive to say you know how to do something
• ¿Saber la dirección?
Se
Sabes
Sabe
Sabemos
Saben
• Conocer is used to say whether you now or are familiar with people, places, or things
Conozco
Conoces
Conoce
Conocemos
Conocen
Indirect object pronouns
me Me
te You
Le You, him, her
Nos us
les You, them

Jim said...

Jim Gass
Mrs. Alderman
Spanish II
November 1, 2009
-an indirect object is the person who receives the direct object
- use the preposition “a” before an indirect object noun
1 El peluquero el corto el pelo a la senora. ( el pelo = DO la senora = IO)
1 The hairdresser cut the women’s hair
Un banquero le presto dinero a Juan - A banker lent john money
Un banquero le presto dinero - The banker sent him money
Dar – to give
Doy - yo
Das - tu
Da - el elle usted
Damos - nosotros
Dan - ellos ellas ustedes
Rosa le da el correo a Lola – Rosa gives the mail to Lola
Saber – to know
-to know a fact or piece of information
- to know how to do something / followed by an infinitive
Sabes la direccion – Do you know the address
No se habla ingles – I don’t know how the speak English
Se - yo
Sabes - tu
Sabe – el elle usted
Sabemos - nosotros
Saben – ellos ellas ustedes
Conocer – to know
-to know people places or things
conozco al cocinero – I know the chef
- conozco + A + person
- conozco – yo
- conoces – tu
- conoce – el ells usted
- conocemos – nosotros
- conocen – ellos ellas ustedes

Chris said...

Notes
Indirect Objects and indirect object pronouns:
Indirect objects = person who receives the direct object or the person who benefits from the action of the verb. Use the preposition a before an indirect object.
The noun before the indirect object pronoun conjugates the verb following the indirect object pronoun.
Example: el peluquero le corta el pelo a la señora.
Rosa le da el correo a Lola
Roberto le da cincuenta dolares a la familia Gonzalez.
Yo les digo el secreto a los estudiantes.
Indirect object is always a person.
Often used with verbs for giving or telling something to someone.
Indirect Object pronoun: stands for an indirect object noun. It can take the place of the indirect object pronoun or be used together with it.
Ex. Un banquero le presto dinero a Juan
Un concinero le cocina comida a Julio.

Indirect object pronouns

1.Mé---- me---- yo
2.Te you tu
3.Le you, him, her el, ella, ud.
4.Nos us nosotros
5.Les you, them uds. Ellos, ellas

Always use indirect object pronoun whenever using an indirect object
You can never have just an indirect object: must have indirect object pronoun as well.
Indirect objects are used with verbs for giving or telling something to someone.

Dar and Decir:
Dar: to give
Yo doy
Tu das
El, ella, ud. da
Nosotros/as damos
Uds. Ellos, ellas dan

Decir(i): to say, to tell
Yo digo
Tu dices
El,ella,ud. dice
Nosotros/as decimos
Uds. Ellos, ellas dicen

For the indirect object pronouns, put an a before each one in use and sometimes attach to the end of a verb, very similar rules as reflexive verbs.
Examples: enséñame la oficina.

Saber and Conocer: to know
Both are irregular yo forms in the present tense.
Saber: used to say you know a fact of information
Followed by an infinitive to say you know how to do something.
Ex. ¿Sabes la direción de la ciudad de Miami?
Conjugation:
Yo Sé
Tu sabes
El, ella, ud. sabe
Nosotros/as sabemos
Uds. Ellos, ellas saben

Conocer: used to say you know or are familiar with people, places or things.
Ex. Conozco al cocinero
Conozco la ciudad de Miami
When a person is the object of conocer or other verbs, the personal a comes alter the verba nd before the person. This is not translated into English.
a + el is used only about people
Ex. Conozco a la secretaria
Conoces a el profesor
Conjugation:
Yo Conozco
Tu Conoces
El,ella,ud. Conoce
Nosotros/as Conocemos
Uds. Ellos, ellas Conocen

Chris Parker
6th hour

danielle (= misovich said...

Spanish Blog 6
This week we learned about introducing people and how to respond and indirect objectsand pronouns. We also learned about Saber and Conocer.
To introduce people and to respond/
To introduce -
Te presento mi amiga _name*__
This is my friend ….
Le presento mi vecino, ___.
This is my neighbor ….
____, quiero presentarte a mis vecinos , ____
____, i want to introduce you to my neighboors , ___

To respond –
Mucho gusto ____
Pleased to meet you ___
Encantado ____. Me llamo _____
Delighted (to meet you) I am ___
Mucho gusto , _____ !
Pleased to meet ____ !

To respond back to the response –
El gusto es m’io
The pleasure is mine
Igualmente
Likewise
Encantada de concocerlo
Delighted to meet you

• Indirect object is the person who recieves the direct object of the person who benefits from the action of the verb .
• Use the preposition before an indirect object. EXAMPLE – E l peluquero le carto’ el pelo a la sen’ora . EL comerciante le vendio’ calculadoras a las secretarias. Un carpintero le hizo una sila a Margarita.
• An indirect object pronoun stands for an indirect object noun.
• It can take the place of the indirect object noun can be used with it . EXAMPLE un banquero le presto’ dinero de Juan./Un banquero le presto’. Angel no le dice nada a Mariana . Luis me da su libro.
• Indirect object pronouns follow the same placement rules as reflexive and direct object pronouns. Indirect object pronouns are – me te le nos and les. They correspond to the following ( same order ) me, you, you him her, us, you them , and a mi’ a ti a el/ella/usted, a nosotros, a ellos/ellas/ustedes.
• Indirect object are often used with verbs for giving (dar) or telling (decir) something to someone. Dar and doy both have irregular yo forms – dar – doy and decir –digo. All the rest are the same .
• SABER AND CONOCER -are verbs that both mean to know . They have irregular yo forms in present tense.
• Use saber for knowing a fact or piece of information
• Use saber followed by an infinitve to say you know how to do something
EXAMPLES
¿Sabes la direcci’on?
Do you know the address?
No se’ hablar france’s .
I don’t know how to speak French .
No se’ escribe el chino.
I don’t know how to speak chinese .
Se’ la informaci’on para el examen.
I know the information for the test.


SABER conjugations
Yo se’
Tu’ sabes
El/ella/usted sabe
Nosotros sabemos
Ellos/as/ustedes saben

• Use conocer to say wether you know or are familiar with people places or things.
EXAMPLES
Conozco al cocinero.
I know the chef.
¿Conoces a la comerciante?
Do you know the merchant ?
¿Conoces el catedral?
Do you know the catherderal?

CONOCER conjugations
Yo conozco
Tu’ conoces
El/ella/usted conoce
Nosotros conocemos
Ellos/as/ustedes conocen

Kelsey said...

Follow the same placement rules as reflexive and direct object pronouns
Me
Te
Le
Nos
Les

Indirect Object
Person that receives the direct object or the person who benefits form the action of the verb.

Use preposition a before indirect object
El pelo a la senora

An indirect object pronouns stand for an indirect object noun, can take place or used with it.
Un banquero le presto dinero a Juan.

Roberto-$50-la familia Gonzalez
Roberto le da $50 a la familia Gonzalez
Yo les digo el secreto a los estudiantes


Saber
The verbs saber and conocer both mean to know. They have irregular yo forms in the present tense.

Saber
Yo-se
Tu-Sabes
El,Ella,Usted-sabe
N;osotros-Sabemos
Ellos,ellas,Ustedes-Saben

Conocer
Yo-conozco
Tu-Conoces
El,Ella,Usted-Conoce
Nosotros-Concemos
Ellaos,Ellas,Ustedes-Conocen

Use saber to say that you know a fact or piece of information.
-followed by an infinitive tosay that you know how to do something.
Sabes la direccion?-Do you know the address?
No se hablar frances-I don’t know how to speak French.

Conocer
Use to sa whether you know or are familiar with people places or things.
Conozco al cocinero
A+el=al
Conozco a la secretaria
(Yo) conozco la ciudad de Miami
(Yo) se la fecha
Se cocinar

savanna said...

Indirect object pronouns:
-takes the place of an indirect object noun or is used with it.
-follow the same placement as reflexive and direct object pronouns.
Me- me
Te- you
Le- him, her, you (informal)
Nos- us
Les- them, you (formal)
-use “a” before an indirect object.
-two verbs often used with indirect object pronoun are dar and decir
Examples:
- Rosa le da el correo a Lola.
- Yo les digo el secreto a los estudiantes.

Saber and conocer:
-means to know.
-both have irregular yo forms in present tense.
-saber is to say a fact or piece of information.
-saber followed by an infinitive is used to say you know how to do something.
Examples:
- No sabes la dirección.
-conocer is used to say whether you know or are familiar with nouns.
Examples:
- Conozco al secretario.


-savanna parks; 6th hour

Allison Salcido said...

This week in Spanish we learned:

Vocab:
Terrazas de piedra- rock terraces
Se evita- avoids
Reconocen- recognize
Aungue- although
Protagan- to protect
Faldas inclinadas- inclined slopes
Además- besides
Las están reconsruyendo- are being reconstucted

To Introduce People:
Te presento a mi amigo…
- This is my friend…

Le presento a mi vecino…
- This is my neighbor…

Quiero presentarte a mis vecinos…
- I want to introduce you to my neigbors…

To Respond:
Mucho gusto
- Pleased to meet you

Encantado
- Delighted

Say You Are Pleased To Meet Someone:
El gusto es mío.
- The pleasure is mine.

Igualmente
- Likewise

Encantada de conocerlos.
- Delighted to meet you. (pl.)

Example:
-Le presento a mi vecino Mary.
-Encantado, Mary.
-Igualmente.

Indirect Objects and Indirect Object Pronouns:
Indirect Indirect- person who recieves the direct obeject or benifits from the action
Use the preposition a before an indirect object

Ex: el peluquero le cortó el pelo a la señora.
- The hairdresser cut the woman’s hair.

Indirect Object Pronouns- Can take the place of the indirect object noun or be used together with it.

Me a mí
Te a tí
Le a el, a ella, a Ud.
Nos a nosotros
Les a ellos, a ellas, a Uds.

Ex:
Un banquero le prestó dinero a Juan. A banker let Juan money.
Pronoun and Juan appear together
Un banquero le presto dinero. A banker lent him money.
Le stands for Juan

Indirect Objects are used for giving or telling something to someone

Dar (to give) Decir (to say, to tell)
Yo doy digo
Tú das dices
Ud. él, da dice
ella
Nosotros damos decimos
Uds, ellos, dan dicen
Ellas

Rosa le da el correo a Lola. Rosa gives Lola the mail.

Saber – know a fact ot a piece of information.
Ex: ¿Sabes la dirección? Do you know the address?
No sé disenar pagiñas Web. I don’t know how to design Web pages.

Saber
Sé Sabemos
Sabes Saben
Sabe

Conocer- to know or are familiar with people or places

Conocer
Conozco Conocemos
Conoces Conocen
Conoce

Ex: Conozco al cocinero. I know the chief.
Conozco a la secretaria del colegio. I know the school secretary.

Shelbyyy(: said...

In Spanish class this week, we learned how to introduce people. There are many ways to do this. The most common are listed below.

Introduce people
1. Te present a mi amiga (Ashley). This is my friend (Ashley).
2. Le present a mi vecino, (neighbor’s name). This is my neighbor, (name).
3. (Carla), quiero presentarte a mis vecinos, (names).(Carla), I want to introduce you to my neighbors, (names).

To Respond
1. Mucho gusto. Pleased to meet you.
2. Encantado, (name). Delighted (to met you), (name).
3. ¡Mucho gusto, (Carla)! Pleased to meet you (Carla)!

To respond to say you are also pleased to meet someone
1. El gusto es mìo. The pleasure is mine.
2. Igualmente. Likewise.
3. Encantada de conocerlos. Delighted to meet you (plural).

We also learned about indirect objects in class this week.
An indirect object is the person who receives the direct object or the person who benefits from the action of the verb. You always use the preposition ‘a’ before an indirect object.

Example: La dentist lava los dientes a la señora.

An indirect object pronoun stands for an indirect object noun. It is possible for it to take the place of an indirect noun or be used together with it.

These pronouns use the same placement rules of reflexive and direct object pronouns. The indirect object pronouns listed below are always used in place of the indirect object noun or with the indirect object noun.
Me-me
Te-you
Le-you, him, her
Nos-us
Les-you, them
Example: Ensèñame la oficina de tu madre.

Two of the most common verbs used with indirect objects are the verbs dar, which means to give, and decir, which means to say or to tell.

Dar (To Give)
Yo doy
Tù das
Ud./Èl/Ella da
Nosotros(as) damos
Uds./Ellos/Ellas dan

Decir(To Say, To Tell)
Yo digo
Tù dices
Ud./Èl/Ella dice
Nosotros(as) decimos
Uds./Ellos/Ellas dicen

Example:
1. Roberto da $100 a la familia Rose.
2. Yo les digo el secreto a los estudiantes.

We also learned about the two ways in the Spanish language to say that someone knows something. These two verbs are saber and conocer. They both have irregular forms in the ‘yo’ present tense.

Saber(To Know)
Yo sè
Tù sabes
Ud./Èl/Ella sabe
Nosotros(as) sabemos
Uds./Ellos/Ellas saben

Conocer(To Know)
Yo conozco
Tù conoces
Ud./Èl/Ella conoce
Nosotros(as) conocemos
Uds./Ellos/Ellas conocen

Saber is used to say you know a fact or piece of information. Saber plus an infinitive is used to say you know how to do something.

Conocer is used to say whether you are familiar with people, places, and things.

Examples:
1. Conozco al dentista.
2. No sè hablar francès.
3. Yo sè la fecha.

Amanda said...

This week our class discussed indirect object nouns. An indirect object noun is the person who receives the direct object or benefits from the action of the verb.

The preposition “a” is used before an indirect object noun.
• “a” = to
Example: La secretaria dar las cartas a los vecinos.
• Las cartas = direct object
• Los vecinos = indirect object

Indirect object pronouns stand for an indirect object noun.
• Me
• Te
• Le
• Nos
• Les

Indirect object pronouns can take place of the indirect object noun or be used together with it.

• A mi; me
• A ti; te
• A el, a ella, a usted; le
• A nosotros; nos
• A ellos, a ellas, a uds.; les

Example: Un banquero le prestó diner a juan.

Indirect object pronouns follow the same placement rules as reflexive and direct object pronouns. Indirect objects are often used with verbs for giving or telling something to someone.

We also discussed the verbs Saber and Conocer.
They both mean “to know” They both have irregular present tense yo forms.
• Use saber to say that you know a fact or some information or to say you know how to do something.
• Use conocer to say whether you know people, places, or things.


That is what our class learned this week.

kyle said...

This week in Spanish we learned about all of the way to use articles to replace the nouns. Examples of some pf the articles would be le, te, me, les, nos. You can use these to replace the appropriate noun.
Example sentences
1. a mi me gusta juger al beisball – if you take out may it would still say I like to play baseball
This week we also learned about the day of the dead. This is an important Mexican holiday that celebrates the death of peoples loved ones. The people of the Mexican culture celebrate it by making altars for the past loved ones and they put their favorite items on the altar. They also eat authentic Mexican food.

Jeff said...

Jeff Gaydos
Ms. Alderman
Spanish II
11-1-09

Spanish Blog

This week in Spanish we learned about introducing people, Indirect objects and indirect object pronouns, dar and decir, and saber and conocer. The first thing that we learned about was how to introduce people:
• Te Presento a … - This is …
• Le presento a mi vecino, … - This is my neighbor …
• …, quiero presentarte a mis vecinos, … - I want to introduce you to my neighbors…

Examples:
• Te presento a mi amigo Pedro. – This is my friend Pedro.
• Le presento a mi vecino, la señora Rodriguez. – This is my neighbor, Ms. Rodriguez.
• Pablo, quiero presentarte a mis vecinos, los Garzas’ – Pablo, I want to introduce you to my neighbors, the Garzas’.

The next thing that we learned about in class was indirect objects and indirect object pronouns:
• Indirect object is the person who receives the direct object
• Direct object is the person who benefits from the action of the verb
• Indirect object pronoun stands for an indirect object noun. It can take the place of the indirect object noun or be used together with it.

Indirect Object Pronouns:
• Me – me
• Te – you
• Le – you, him, her
• Nos – us
• Les – you, them

The next thing that we learned about was the verbs “Dar” and Decir”.
• The Verb Dar means to give.
• The verb Decir means to tell or to say.

Dar:
• Yo - doy
• Tú - das
• Ustedes, él, Ella – da
• Nosotros – damos
• Uds., Ellos, Ellas – dan

Decir:
• Yo – digo
• Tú – dices
• Ud., él , ella – dice
• Nosotros – decimos
• Uds., ellos, ellas – dicen

The next thing that we learned about in class was about Saber and Conocer:
• Saber and Conocer both mean to know.
• They have irregular yo forms in the present tense.
• Saber is used to say that you know a fact or piece of information.
• Saber folloed by an infinitive is used to say you know how to do something.
• Conocer is used to say whether you know or are familiar with people, places, or things.

Steven said...

In English, you would say “I give my son money.” In Spanish you say, “I give money to my son.” The indirect object is the person who receives the direct object or the person who benefits from the action of the verb. Use the preposition a before an indirect object. (E.x. El peluquero le corto el pelo a la señora.) El pelo refers to señora. Indirect object pronouns stand for an indirect object noun. (Me=a mĺ, Te=ĺ, Le=a el a ella a va, Nos=nosotros, Les=a ellos, a ellas, a uds.) It can take the place of the indirect object noun or be used together with it. Indirect object pronouns follow the same placement rules as reflexive and direct object pronouns. There are two ways to say “to know.” Saber is that you know a fact or a piece of information. Use saber plus a infinitive to say you know how to do something. use conocer to say whether you know or are familiar with someone, something, or somewhere. (E.x. Conozco al cocinero.) When a person and conocer are used, personal a is needed.

Shaun-Michael said...

¡Exprésate!
To introduce people
Te presento a mi amiga Chris. – This is my friend Chris.
To respond
Mucho gusto, Chris. – Pleased to meet you Chris.
To say that you are also pleased to meet someone
El gusto es mío. – The pleasure is mine
Indirect objects and indirect object pronouns; dar and decir.
Objetos indirectos son las personas que reciben el objeto directo. Pronombres indirectos objeto pueden reemplazar los nombres de objeto indirectos o utilizadas conjuntamente
Indirect Object Pronouns
• Me – a mí
• Te – a ti
• Le – a él, a ella, a usted
• Nos – a nosotros
• Les – a ellos, a ellas, a ustedes
Saber and Conocer
Saber – to know a fact or piece of information
Conocer – to know or are familiar with people, places, or things
Irregular yo forms
Conocer to conozco
Saber to sé

ray said...

This week. In Spanish II we learned about a number of different things. One of these things was, Day of the Dead or el Dia de los Muertos. This holiday is a holiday dedicated to dead family and friends. Normally celebrated in October, el dia de los Muertos is a time to be happy, not sad.
The Ofrenda, is an alter dedicated to a specific friend or family member. The ofrenda is, has specific items (like food) on it that relate to dead persons likes and dislikes. It has pictures of the person and usually candles or inscents with yellow and orange orchids next to them. This is what we learned in Spanish class this week.

Next we learned how introduce people.

1.) Te presento a mi amigo Jonathan.
(This is my friend Jonathan.)

Much gusto.
(Pleased to meet you.)

El gusto es mío.
(The pleasure is mine.)

2.) Le presento a mi vecino.
(This is my neighbor.)

Encantado.
(Nice to meet you.)

Igualmente.
(Likewise.)

Quiero presantarte a mis vecinos.
(I want to introduce you to my neighbors.)

Mucho gusto!
(Pleased to meet you!)

Encantado de concerlos.
(Delighted to meet you.)

Indirect object(person) receives direct object or benefits from action use “a” before an indirect object

El peluquerpo le cortó el pelo a la señora.
The hairdresser cut the lady’s hair.

The Indirect object pronoun takes the place of an indirect object or is used with it.

I/O pronouns

Me à a mi
Te à a ti
Le à a el, a ella, a ud.
Nos à a nosotros
Les à a ellos, a ella, a uds.

Un banquero le presto dinero a george.
The banker lent money the money to george.

Un banquero le presto dinero.
The banker lent him the money.

-Him replaced george.

Next are Dar and Decir. Dar and decir are two words commonly used with indirect objects.
Dar means to give, and Decir means to say or to tell.

Dar

Yo à doy

Tu à das

El à da

Ella à da

Ud à da

Nosotros (as) à damos

Vosotros à dais

Ellos à dan

Ellas à dan

Uds à dan


Decir

Yo à digo

Tu à dices

El à dice

Ella à dice

Ud à dice

Nosotros (as) à decimos

Vosotros à decis

Ellos à dican

Ellas à dican

Uds à dican
-ray solano