Wednesday, November 4, 2009

Español 3- El Diario del 2-Nov-2009 a 6-Nov-2009

In this post, please write your journal entry for this week. In it, you should explain all material that was covered in class this week. Include explanations of all concepts, definitions of words, lists of all vocabulary words and phrases, and at least 3 example sentences that demonstrate EVERY concept you explain.

PLEASE INCLUDE AT LEAST THREE ORIGINAL (AS IN NOT FROM THE TEXTBOOK) EXAMPLE SENTENCES THAT DEMONSTRATE EACH CONCEPT YOU EXPLAIN!!

Use the notes you took in class to guide you. Please DO NOT copy directly from the text. Write out explanations in your own words and make up your own examples.

Your journal entry will be due Sunday, November 8th by 11:30 pm. It will be worth 20 points. Remember that if you submit late, you will receive half credit.

20 comments:

Darcy Vines said...

Darcy Vines
1st hour

This week, we talked about two different grammar points.

Ir a + infinitive with the imperfect and preterite:
Use ir (imperfect) a infinitive to say what someone was going to do or what was going to happen. Then add an action in the preterite to say what happened instead or what interrupted the actions.

Yo iba a comprar camisas, pero no tuve bastante dinero.
-I was going to buy shirts, but I did not have enough money.

Mis amigos iban a visitarme, pero ellos tuvieron que estudiar.
-My friends were going to visit me, but they had to study.

Alice y yo íbamos a ir de compras, pero ella tuvo que limpiar su casa.
-Alice and I were going to go to shopping, but she had to clean her house.

Comparatives and Superlatives
Comparatives are used to make comparisons of inequality.
To make a comparative statement, use this formula:
más + (adverb) + que or
menos + (adverb) + que
La ropa más elegante de la ciudad se vende en las tiendas del centro comercial.
-The more elegant clothing in the city is sold in the stores in the mall.
Hablo menos que mis amigos en clase.
-I talk less than my friends in class.

To make a comparison of equality, use this formula:
tan + (adverb) + como
Yo sé jugar fútbol tan bien como mis amigos.
-I know how to play soccer as well as my friends.

To talk about someone or something being the most or least of something, use this formula:
el
la + noun + más + adjective
los menos
las

Tengo el CD más nuevo de la banda All Time Low.
-I have the newest CD from the band All Time Low.

JC Penney's tiene los jeans menos bien del cuidad.
-JC Penney's has the least nice jeans in the city.

To talk about something or someone being the best, worst, oldest, or youngest, use this formula:
el mejor(es)
la + peor(es) + noun + de
los mayor(es)
las menor(es)

Esta tienda tiene los mejores precios de la ciudad.
-This store has the best prices in the city.

Los niños están los menores de la familia.
-The boys are the youngest in the family.

To say something is extremely good or bad, add -ísimo/a/os/as to the end of the adjective.

Te ves guapísimo.
-You look very handsome.

La falda es bonitísima.
-The skirt is very pretty.

Paula Goodrich said...

Paula Goodrich
Using ir in the imperfect followed by “a” and an infinitive can say “what someone was going to do” or “what was going to happen.”
Ex: Nacho y yo íbamos a comprar los pantalones,…
Iba a ir de compras,…
Ellos iban pagar para la camiseta,…
To complete these sentences, use the preterite to say “what happened instead,” or “what interrupted the plans.”
Ex: Nacho y yo íbamos a comprar los pantalones, pero tuviste que estudiar.
Iba a ir de compras, pero me yo me olvidé mi dinero.
Ellos iban a pagar para la camiseta, pero compraron los zapatos.
The imperfect is used to give more background information.
Ex: Iba a comprar el traje, pero estaba enfermo.
Mi hermana y yo íbamos a visitar Sears, pero conseguía perder.
Alejandra iba a hablar a su hermano, pero estaba ocupada.
Comparatives and Superlatives
• To make a comparison of inequality when talking about actions, use the formula:
-más + (adverb) + que OR menos + (adverb) + que

• To make a comparison of equality when talking about actions, use the formula:
-tan + (adverb) + como
• If someone has the most or the least of a characteristic or quality (the superlative) the following formulas are used:
el
la + noun + más + adjective
los menos
las
• If something is the best, the worst, the oldest, or the youngest, use this formula:
el major(es)
la + peor(es) + noun + de
los mayor(es)
las menor(es)
-Notice that “de” names the group from which the things are being compared.
• To say that something is very good, bad, or interesting, use the ending “ísimo/a/os/as” to the adjective.
Ex: La bufanda es muy bonísima.
El traje es carísimo.
Las corbatas no son feísimas.
-If the adjective already ends in a vowel, it is dropped and “ísimo/a/os/as” is added on.

ABarbacci said...

Alexis Barbacci
Sra. Alderman
Spanish III, 7th
8 October 2009


Ir + a + infinitive with the IMPERFECT and the PRETERITE

-Use “ir” (in the imperfect) followed by “a” and an infinitive to say what someone was going to happen or what someone was going to do.
-And then, to complete the above sentence, use another verb in the preterite tense. This is used to say what interrupted the plans or what happened instead.

For example:
-Yo iba al cine con tú, pero me dormí.
I was going to go to the movies with you (imperfect), but I fell asleep (preterite).
-Ella iba a probarse el vestido, pero no se encontró los probadores.
She was going to try on the dress (imperfect), but she could not find the dressing rooms (preterite).
-Íbamos a comprar el regalo por el cumpleaños de nuestro amigo, pero no tuvimos dinero.
We were going to buy a gift for our friend’s birthday (imperfect), but we did not have money (preterite).

-Furthermore, you can again use the imperfect to give more background information.
-Íbamos al restaurante, pero estaba cerrado.
We were going to the restaurant, but it was closed.
-Yo iba al centro, pero estaba cansada.
I was going to go downtown, but I was tired.
-Mis hermanos iban a jugar fútbol, pero estaba lloviendo.
My brothers were going to play soccer, but it was raining.

Comparatives and Superlatives.

To make a comparison of inequality (when talking about actions), use the following formula:
-Más + (adverb-optional) + que OR menos + (adverb-optional) + que
For example:

Rita habla más rápidamente que Lola.
-Rita speaks/talks master than Lola.
Yo leer más que mis hermanas.
-I read more than my sisters.
Mi papa gasta menos que mi mama en ropa.
-My dad spends less than my mom on clothes.

To make a comparison (of equality), use the following formula:
-tan + (adverb-optional) + como
For example:
Raúl juega fútbol tan bien como Roberto.
-Raúl plays soccer as well as Roberto.
Mi hermano sabe hablar español tan bien como mi hermana.
-My brother knows how to speak Spanish as well as my sister.
Èsta vestido cuesta tan poco como esa.
-This dress costs as little as this one.

To talk about someone or someone having the most or the least of a characteristic, use the following:

El
La Más
Los + Menos + Adj.
Las

For example:

-Esa tienda es la más cara de la ciudad.
This store is the most expensive of the city.
-Pantalones deportivos son los más cómodos.
Sweatpants are the most comfortable.
-Los suéteres flojos son los más feos.
Baggy sweaters are the most ugly.
-Los vestidos de gala son los menos feos.
Ball gowns are the least ugly.

To talk about something or someone being the best, worst, oldest, or youngest, use the following. Also, notice that “de” names the group from which the things are being compared.

El mejor(es)
La + peor(es)+ noun + de
Los mayor(es)
Las menor(es)

For example:

Esa pastelería tiene los mejores pasteles de la ciudad.
-This pastry shop has the best cakes of the city.
Tiffany’s tiene los peores precios de todas las joyerías.
-Tiffany’s has the worst prices of all the jewelry stores.
Mi papa es la mayor persona de mi familia.
-My dad is the oldest person of my family.
Yo soy la menor persona de mi familia.
-I am the youngest person of my family.

Finally, to say something is EXTREMELY good, bad, or interesting, use the ending ísimo/a/os/as. Add the ending to an adjective.

El color café es el color feísimo.
-The color brown is extremely ugly.
Ésta corbata es guapísima. Te ves bueno.
-That tie is extremely handsome. You look good.
Ese pescado es malísimo. Está echada a perder.
This fish is extremely bad. It is spoiled.

truchan said...

This week in Spanish we learned how to use the infinitive ir in the imperfect tense, followed by a, and then an infinitive to talk about what was going to happen or what people were going to do. You can end sentences such as these by using another verb in the preterite tense, to talk about what effected your original plans. Also the imperfect can be added once more to add more background information.
Yo iba a ir de compras pero yo tuve que estudiar.
Yo iba a comprar una camisa pero no estaba en oferta.
Dom y yo íbamos a ir de compras pero él se muvo.

We also were taught about comparatives and superlatives. Use comparatives to make a comparison about actions. They can either be of inequality where you would use más or menos plus and adverb and then que. If it is of equality then use tan plus an adverb followed by como.
Camino menos que mi hermano Roberto.
Yo como más constatemente que Sara.
Don habla tan bien como Mark.
When speaking of the most or least of something you are using the superlative. You can also use it to say that something was the best, worst, oldest, or youngest.
Los sombreros son los bonitos del centro comercial.
La musíca de rap es la major de earth.
Walmart tiene los mejores precios de la ciudad.

You can also make an adjective be to the extremist degree by adding ísimo/a/os/as to the end.
Air force ones son elegantísimos.
Las películas de comico son interesantísimos.
Yo soy buenísimo.

chris said...

Chris Lechnar
Mrs. Alderman
Spanish 3
8 November 2009

· You can use ir in the imperfect followed by a and an infinitive to say what someone was going to do or what was going to happen
o Elena y yo ibamos a ir de compras…
Elena and I were going to go shopping…
o No iba a comprar nada…
I wasn’t going to buy anything…
o Iba a llamarte ayer…
· To complete sentences such as these, use another verb in the past. Use the preterite to say what happened instead, or what interrupted the plans.
o Elena y yo ibamos a ir de compras pero ella tuvo que estudiar.
Elena and I were going to go shopping, but she had to study.
o No iba a comprar nada pero me dieron un discuento.
I wasn’t going to buy anything, but they gave me a discount.
o Iba a llamarte ayer pero llegue a casa demasiado tarde.
I was going to call you yesterday, but I got home too late.
· Use the imperfect to give more background information.
o Iban a visitar el Mercado pero estaban muy cansados.
They were going to visit the market, but they were too tired.

Examples
· Iba a coprar los jeans, pero estaban flojos.
· Iba a probar la camiseta, pero el probador estuvo occupado.
· Iba a comprar el sueter, pero no me llavo un discuento.
· Iba a comprar la camisa, pero estuvo floja.
· Mi padre iba a comprar una camiseta, pero yo hable es fea.

Comparatives
· To make a comparison of inequality when talking about actions, use más + (adverb) + que or menos + (adverbs) + que
o Ana les habia a los clients más frecuentamente que Dora hasto menos que mis hermanos en ropa.
· To make a comparison of equality when talking about actions, use tan + (adverb) + como.
o Carolina sabe disenar tan bien como Martin.
· To talk about something or someone having the most or the least of a characteristic or quality (the superlative), use the following formula
o El
Ella + Noun + Más + Adjective
Los Menos
Las

¿ Vas a comprar el CD más reciente o el CD más caro?
· To talk about something or someone being the best, the worst, the oldest, or the youngest, use the following formula. Notice that de names the group from which the things are being compared.
o El Mejor(es)
La + Peor(es) + Noun + de
Los Mayor(es)
Las Menos(es)

Esta zapateria tiene los mejores precios de la ciudad.
· A way to say that something is extremely good, bad, or interesting is to add the ending –ísimo/a/os/as to the adjective.
o Ese vestido es lindísimo. Las blusas son feísimos.
· Las Mas Interesantes
o Las peliculas estan más asustado que la casa
o Los jeans estan la major ropa de la tienda
o La musica rock estan más interesantes de la musica country
o Los nikes estan los peores zapatos en la tienda
o Los precios estan menos bueno de la comida
o Verde y violeta estan los mejores colores de la ropa.

kara said...

Ending this section, we learned how to use ir a + infinitive with the imperfect and the preterite, comparitives and superlatives, por and para, demonstrative adjectives and adverbs of place, and adjectives as nouns.
To say what someone was going to do or what was going to happen, you can use ir in the imperfect followed by a and an infinitive.

Example 1. No iba a comprar nada
I wasn’t going to buy anything…
2. Iba a llamarte ayer…
I was going to call you yesterday….

Use the preterite to say what happened instead, or what interrupted the plans.
Example 1. Elena y yo ibamos a ir de compras pero ella tuvo a estudiar.
Elena and I were going to go shopping, but she had to study.
Example 2. No iba a comprar nada pero me dieron un descuento.
I wasn’t going to buy anything, but they gave me a discount

To give more background information use the imperfect.
Example: Iban a visitar el Mercado pero estaban muy cansados.
They were going to visit the market, but they were too tired.

Comparitives and Superlatives

Use más + (adverb) + que or menos + (adverb) + que to make an comparison of inequality when talking about actions.

Example 1. Gasto menos que mis hermanas en ropa.

Use tan + (adverb) + como to make a comparison of equality when talking about actions.

Example 1: carolina sabe diseñar tan bien como Alex.

To talk about something or someone having the most or the least of a characteristic or quality ( the superlative) use the following formula.

El
La Màs
Los + noun + Menos + Adjective
Las






To talk about something or someone being the best, the worst, the oldest or youngest, use the following formula…..
El Mejor(es)
La Peor(es)
Los + Mayor(es) + Noun + De
Las Menor (es)

Mia Perez said...

This week in our Spanish 3 class we learned how to construct comparative and superlative sentences properly.
Comparatives:
1. To make a comparison of inequality when talking about actions, use más +(adverb)+que or menos+(adverb)+que.
2. To make a comparison or equality when talking about actions, use tan + (adverb)+ como.
Examples:
· Sophia juega fútbol más frecuentemente que Rita.
· Ivan estudia menos que Lola.
· Yesenia puede cantar tan bien como Antonio.
· Mario baila tan mal como Rigo.
Superlatives:
1. To talk about something or someone having the most or the least of a characteristic or quality, use this formula.
El
La + Noun + más + adjective
Los menos
Las
2. To talk about something or someone being the best, the worst, the oldest, or the youngest, use the given formula. Remember that de names the groups from which things are being compared.
El major(es)
La + peor(es) + noun + de
Los mayor(es)
Las menor(es)
3. A way to say that something that something is extremely good, bad, or interesting is to add the ending -ísimo/a/os/as to the adjective.
Examples:
· El vestido es menos bonito que la camisa rojo.
· La casa es más grande que el garaje.
· Cabrini es el mejor collegio de Gabriel Richard.
· Mi hermana es el mayor en mi familia de mi hermano.
· La minifalda es feísima.
· La pelicula es estupidísima.

Greg Sombati said...

Greg Sombati
Mrs. Alderman
Spanish III/1st
8 Nov. 2009

11.3-11.6

The week began on Monday when the Spanish Club took a field trip to Mexicantown in Detroit. We learned more about the Day of the Dead in Mexico, and how the Mexican population of Detroit continues to celebrate it here.

In class, we finished the first half of chapter one, and had our quiz on the material on Thursday.


Ir a + infinitive with the imperfect and preterite.

* This can be used to say what someone was going to
* Or tell what was going to happen
* Give more background information


EX: Mis amigos y yo íbamos a la tienda....
- My friends and I were going to go to the store
EX: No iba a comprar la corbata...
- I wasn't going to buy the tie
EX: Ibas a jugar.....
- You were going to play


In order to complete these type of sentences, use the the preterite tense to say what happened instead or what interrupted.

(Continuations from the sentences above)

EX: pero Juan tuvo que hacer su tarea.
- But Juan had to do his homework.
EX: pero el cajero me dio un descuento.
- But the cashier gave me a discount.
EX: pero su madre dijo que tenía quehaceres para terminar
- But your mother said that you had chores to finish.


The final section of Grammar I was comparatives and superlatives.


más- more
menos- less
tan- as
mejor- better
peor- worse
mayor- older
menor- younger

1. To compare things that are not equal use this formula

* Más + abverb + que

EX: Mi amigo Juan habla más lentamente que mi amiga María
- My friend Juan talks more slowly than my friend María
EX: Mi amigo Eric corre menos que mi amigo Zane.
- My friend Eric runs less than my friend Zane.
EX: Yo come más que mi hermano menor
- I eat more than my younger brother.

2. To compare things of equality, use the following formula.

* Tan + abverb + que

EX: Juan juega los deportes tan bien como Ricardo.
- Juan plays sports as well as Ricardo.
EX: Selena habla alemán tan bien como yo.
- Selena speaks German as well as I do.
EX: Michael canta tan mal como Chris.
- Mike sings as bad as Chris does.

3. To discuss something having the most/least of a characteristic.

* el/la/los/las + noun + más/menos + adjective

EX: La computadora más rapidá
EX: El perro más gordo del mundo.
EX: El jugador menos alto.

4. To discuss someone being the best/worse/oldest/youngest.

* el/la/los/las + mejor/peor/mayor/menor + noun + de

EX: La sopa tiene los mejores especias del mundo.
EX: La tienda tiene los peores precios de la ciudad.
EX: El equipo tiene los mayores jugardores de la liga.

5. To say if something is extremely good/bad/interesting/etc.

* ísimo/a/as

EX: buenísima
EX: feísima
EX: lindísimo

Rachael said...

This week we learned about using ir a + infinitive with the imperfect and preterite as well as comparatives and superlatives.
Ir a + preterite (to say what happened instead of; interrupted the plans):
- Iba a comprar la falda pero no me dieron un descuento.
- Iba a ir de compras pero tuve que trabajar.
- Iba a llamarte ayer pero llegué olvido.
Ir a + imperfect(to give background information):
- Iban a visitor el Mercado pero estaban muy cansados.
- Lola iba a salir con amigos, pero estaba cansada.
Comparisons of inequality:
- más +(adverb) +que
ex: Ana les habla a los clients más frecuentemente que Dora.
- menos+(adverb) +que
ex: Gasto menos que mis hermanas en ropa.

Comparisons of equality:
- tan + (adverb) + como
ex: Carolina sae diseñar tan bien como Martín.

Superlative(having more or least):
El
La + Noun + más + adjective
Los menos
Las
ex: ¿Vas a comprar el CD

best, worst, oldest, yongest:
El + major(es) + noun + de
Los peor(es)
La mayor(es)
Las menor(es)
ex: Esta zapatería tiene los mejores precios de la ciudad.
JCPenny’s tiene la major ropa del centro comercial.
Extremely good, bad, or interesting:
• add the ending –ísimo/a/os/as; feofeísimo
ex: Ese vestido es lindísimo. Las blusas son feísimas.
En mi opinion, el color azul es lindísimo y el color negro es feísimo.

Matthew said...

Ir a = infinitivo with the Imperfect and Preterite
Use ir in the imperfect followed by a than a verb in the infinitve
Say what someone was gong to do OR what was going to happen

Marcus iba a comer- Marcus was gong to EAT
Ricardo y yo íbamos a estudiar- Ricardo and I were giong to study
Yo iba a salir- I was going to leave

With sentences beginning like the above, use the preterite to say what interrupted OR what happened.

Marcus iba a comer pero el tuvo que leer su novela para escuela.
Marcus was gong to eat but he had to read his novel for school.
Ricardo y yo ibamos a estudiar pero Ricardo fue de compras.
Rucardo and i were gong to study but he went shopping.
Yo iba a salir pero yo necesite usar el baño.
I was gong to leave but I needed to use the bathroom.

The imperfect is used to set the scene, give the setting, and any other background information.

Ellos iban a dormir pero estaban muy emocionado.
They were going to sleep but they were very excited.
Yo iba a estudiar pero no quería.
I was gong to study but I didn’t want to.
Juan iba a montar un bicicleta pero estaba miedo.

Comparatives and Superlatives
Comparatives
Comparison of inequality
Mas + (Adverb) + que
Menos + (Adverb) + que
José compro la ropa mas frecuentemente que su familia.
José buys clothes more frequently than his family.
El perro como menos que los otros perros.
The dog eats less than the other dogs.
Yo lave mi ropa mas que mis hermanos.
I wash my clothes more than my siblings.

Comparison Ealing with actinios
Tan + (Adverb.) + Como
Yo monto un bicicleta tan mal como mi hermano.
Elena vea para descuentos tan como Sarah.
Ellos juegan al futbol tan bien como GR.

Superlatives
Talk of something OR someone having the most OR least of a characteristic OR quality.
(El. La, los, las) + noun + (mas, menos) + adjective
Yo compro la música mas reciente.
Yo tengo los video juegos mas divertidos.
Ella no quiera la ropa mas demasiado.

Something OR someone being the best, worst, oldest, youngest.
(el, la, los, las) + (mejor(es)- peor(es)- mayor(es)- menor(es)) + noun + de
Walmart tiene los mejores precios de la país.
Southland tiene las peores tiendas de la ciudad.
Westborn fruitmarket vinde las mejores frutas de la ciudad.

To say something is extremely good, bad, interesting, end in ísimo/a/os/as.
El color café es feísimo.
El vestido es bonitísimo.
Los vegetales son fresquísimos.

Jasmine said...

Using ir a + infinitive with the Imperfect and Preterite

• You can use ir in the imperect followed by a and an infinitive to say what someone was going to do or what was going to happen.
 Example: Elena y yo íbamos a ir de compras…
Elena and I were going to go shopping…
 Example: No iba a comprar nada…
I wasen’t going to buy anything…
 Example: Iba a llamarte ayer…
I was going to call you yesterday…
• To complete sentences such as these, use another verb in the past. Use the preterite to say what happened instead, or what interrupted the plans.
 Example: Elena y yo íbamos a ir de compras pero ella tuvo que estudiar.
Elena and I were going to go shopping, but she had to study.
 Example: No iba a comprar nada pero me dieron un descuento.
I wasen’t going to buy anything, but they gave me a discount.
 Example: Iba a llamarte ayer pero llegué a casa demasiado tarde.
I wasen’t going to call you yesterday, but I got home too late.
• Use the imperfect to give more background information.
 Example: Iban a visitor el mercado pero estaban muy cansados.
They were going to visit the market, but they were too tired.
Ir (Imperfect) Tener (preterite)
Yo iba tuve
Tú ibas tuviste
Él, ella, ud. Iba tuvo
Nosotros (as) íbamos tuviste
Ellos, ellas, uds. Iban tuvieron

Comparatives
• To make a comperison of in equality when talking about actions, use más + (adverb) + que or menos + (adverb) + que.
 Example: Ana les había a los clients más frecuentemente que Dora.
 Example: Gusto menos que mis hermanas en ropa
• To make a comperison of equality when talking about actions, use tan + (adverb) + como.
 Example: Carolina sabe diseñar tan bien como Martín.
Superlatives
• To talk about something or someone having the most or the least of a characteristic or quality (the superlative), use the following formulas.
El
La + noun + más + adjective
Los menos
Las
 Example: ¿Vas a comprar el CD más reciente o el CD más caro?
• To talk about something or someone being the best, the worst, the oldest, or the youngest, use the following formula. Notice that de names the group from which the things are being compared.
El major (es)
La + peor (es) + noun + de
Los mayor (es)
Las menor (es)
 Example: Esta zapatería tiene los mejores precios de la cuidad.
• A way to say that something is extremely good, bad, or interesting is to add the ending –ísimolaloslas to the adjective.
 Example: Ese vestido ws liadísimos. Las blusas son feísimas.
• Ditch the vowel that the word ende in to add ísimo.

Irregular Comparatives
Major- better
Peor- worse
Mayor- older
Menor- younger

michael oleary said...

Michael O’Leary
Alderman
Spanish III – 3rd Hour
8 November 2009

To begin the week we reviewed an ongoing action being interrupted by another event in the past. The ongoing event uses the imperfect tense and the interrupting event uses the preterite.
For example:
• Yo estaba comiendo una hambugresa cuando Miguel cerró la puerta.
• Mi amigo compraba una camisa cuando el perro entró el centro comercial.
• Colin veia television mientras yo hacía la tarea.
After finalizing this section, we moved onto the section where one says what they were going to do. The formula for this is quite simple, it is the imperfect of ir + a + infinitive of the verb + pero + what happened causing the event to not take place.
For example:
• Iba a comprar un par de pantalones, pero mi madre dijó que son flojos.
• Colin iba a jugar el baloncesto, pero él quiere ver el fútbol amerícano.
• Mi familia y yo ibamos a ir al centro comercial, pero mi hermana no quiere a ir.

fabiola said...

burbaThis week in Spanish Class:
More Gramática 1

Ir a + infinitive with imperfect and preterite
•Using the imperfect form ir plus a and a infinitive you can say what you were going to do or what was going to happen
EX: Yo iba a ir a la escuela pero…
La fiesta iba a emperezar a las dos de la tarde pero…
Héctor iba a ver la película pero…

•Adding the preterite to these sentences says what stopped the action from taking place
EX: Yo iba a ir a la escuela pero estuve enferma.
La fiesta iba a emperezar a las dos de la tarde pero nadie llego hasta las cuatro.
Héctor iba a ver la película pero tuvo que hacer tarea.

•Using the imperfect instead of the preterite gives more background info.
EX: El iba comprar un helado pero no tenia dinero.
Mi mama iba a ir a mi casa pero también quería ir a la tienda
Las tiendas iban a cerrar a las ocho pero estaban abiertas hasta las nueve.

Comparatives and superlatives
•To make a comparison of inequality you use the formulas:
-Mas + (adverb)= que
-Menos + (adverb) +que
EX: Mi hermano juega más frecuentemente que yo.
El pero corre más lentamente que el caballo
El habla menos que ella.
•You can also make a comparison of equality using the formula :
Tan + (adverb) + como
EX: Jennifer camina tan rápidamente como Luís.
Mi papa ve la tele tan constantemente como mi hermano.
José sabe tocar la guitarra tan bien como Maribel.

•You can also talk about something being the most or least of a characteristic using the formula: [el, la, los, las] + noun + [mas, menos] + adjective
EX: El gato mas grande esta en la casa.
Mi mama dijo que la comida menos fría es para ti.
Sabes si la bolsa más cara tiene un descuento.

•You can use the formula [el, la, los, las] + [mejor(es), poer(es), mayor(es), menor(es)] + noun + de, to talk about something that is the best the worst, the oldest or the youngest of a group.
EX: El nino es el menor estudiantes de toda la clases.
Ese gato es el peor gato de mi tía.
Esta mañaza es la mejor fruta de la tienda.

•By adding the endings –ísimo, –ísima, –ísimos, –ísimas, to an adjective is a way to say it is really good, or bad.
EX: Esta película es malísima.
Mis amigos son buenísimos.
La tarea es facilísima.

Nicole said...

Using the Preterite and Imperfect Tenses Together

*what someone said- decir(preterite) que ____(imperfect)
ex. Dijo que ella buscaba su perro.

*an event that began or ended while something else was going on, or that interrupted what was in progress
ex. Mientras buscaba ropas en la tienda, el dependiente me dio consejos.
Ex. Lisa se probó un vestido, pero le quedaba apretado.
Ex. Cuando Rita entró en la tienda, los niños corría rápidamente.

Using Ir a + Infinitive (Preterite and Imperfect)

*ir in the imperfect followed by a and an infinitive to say what someone was going to do or what was going to happen, and then complete the sentence with a verb in the preterite to say what happened instead or what interrupted or imperfect to give more background information.
Ex. Mi amigo y yo íbamos a ir de compras, pero olvidé mi dinero.
Ex. Ella iba a probarse los jeans, pero no pudo encontrar los probadores.
Ex. Yo no iba a comprar nada, pero habia un venta de liquidacion.


Comparatives

*a comparison of inequality
más + (adverb) + que
menos + (adverb) + que
Ex. Él corre más rápidamente que me.
Ex. Yo gasto mas dinero que mi hermana menor en ropa.
Ex. La tienda Kohl’s es menos caro que Macy’s.

*a comparision of equality
tan + (adverb) + como
Ex. Yo se conducir tan bien como mi padre.
Ex. Mi hermana mayor es tan bonita como mi hermana menor.


Superlatives

*to talk about having the most or least of a characteristic or quality

el
la + noun + más
los menos + adjective
las

Ex. Yo compré la camisa más reciente.
Ex. A ella le gustan los jeans más caros.

*to talk about being the worst, best, oldest, or youngest

el menor(es)
la peor(es)
los + mayor(es) + noun + de
las menor(es)

Ex. El centro commercial Southland tiene las mejores tiendas de la cuidad.
Ex. La tienda Walmart tiene los mejores precios.

*to say something is extremely good, bad, or interesting by adding –ísimo/a/os/as to the adjective

Ex. Tu perro es feísimo.
Ex. Esta tienda es carísima.

Zack Lefebvre said...

Zachery Lefebvre
Spanish 3 hour 1
11-08-09
Week of November 2
Using ir a + infinitive with the imperfect and preterite
• You can use ir in the imperfect followed by “a” and an infinite to say what someone was going to do and what was going to happen
Ex: Marco y yo ibamos a ir al cine.
• Use the preterite tos ay what happened instead, or what interrupted the plans
Ex: No iba a comprar una corbata pero me dieron un descuento.
• Use the inperfect to give more background information
Ex: Iban a ir al tienda pero estaban muy enfermos.

Comparitives
• To make a comparison of inequality when talking about actions, use màs + (adverb) + que or menos +(adverb) + que.
Ex: Juan les habla a las personas màs rápidamente que Pablo.
• To make a comparison of equality when talking about actions, use tan + (adverb) + como.
Ex: Ken sabe escribir tan bien como Lucas.
Superlatives
• To talk about something or someone having the most or the best of a characteristic of quality.

+ + +


Ex: ¿Vas a comprar el sueter màs recenté o el sueter màs caro?
• To talk about something or someone being the best, the worst, the oldest, or the youngest, use the following formula. Notice that “de” names the group from which the things are being compared.


+ + +

Ex: Este mueblerìa tiene los mejores precios de la cuidad.
• A way to say that something is extremely good, bad, or interesting is to add the ending – isimo/a/as/os to the adjective.
Ex: Los pantalones son lindìsimo.
Ex: Los zapatos son feísimo.

gaby said...

This week we learned the comparatives and superlatives

Miguel le gusta mas el pastel que Jorge.
Miguel likes the cake more then Jorge.

Laura le fasina los tacos tan como le fasina a Lupe.

Laura loves tacos as much as Lupe.

Esta tienda tiene los mejores descuentos de este ciudad.

This store has the best discounts in this city.

We also learned the imperfect and preterite like,

Si iba a comprar algo pero se me olvido mi dinero.

I was going to buy something but i forgot my money. (preterite)

Mi amgia y yo ibamos a ir al cine, pero no teniamos dinero.

My friend and I were goin to the movies but we didn't have money. (preterite)

Ibamos ir a la tienda pero estabamos muy tarde. (imperfect)


These are some sentences you could use when you speak Spanish.

Amanda said...

In Chapter 8 grammar section 1, we covered using ir a + infinitive with both imperfect and preterite tenses. This method is used to say what someone was going to do or what was going to happen. To finish these sentences, use another verb in the past. The preterite is used to say what actually happened or what interrupted the plans. The imperfect is used to give more background information.

Nosotros íbamos a comprar las camisas pero las costaban demasiado.
Iba a caminar a su casa pero me olividé que tuve la tarea.
Iban a ir el centro commercial pero no tenían el dinero.

Also, we covered comparatives and superlatives. To make comparisons of inequality the following formula is used: más + (adverb) + que or menos + (adverb) + que.

Mi hermana gasto más rapidámente que mi.
La musíca pop es más que rock.
Eduardo conversa a mi menos frecuentemente que Catalina.

With the superlative, talk about something having the most or least of a quality in which the following formula is given: tan + (adverb) + como.

Mi hermano come tan bien como mi papa.
Yo juego los deportes tan bien como tu.
Ella canta tan bien como Rico.

To talk about the being the best, worst, oldest or youngest, use the following formula:
El/La/Los/Las + mejor(es)/peor(es)/mayor(es)/menor(es) + noun + de .

Esta pescadería tiene los peores pescados de la ciudad.
La tienda Hollister tiene los mejores ropas del país.
El centro commercial Walmart tiene las mejores precios de la ciudad.


To say that something is extremely good,bad, or interesting is to add the ending –ísimo/a/os/as to the adjective.

Esa corbata es guapísima.
Las camisas es feísimas.
La tienda es lindísima.

Chelsea Ann:) said...

this week in class, we learned the last two grammer sections. the first concept was ir a + infinitive using the imperfect and preterite. with the imperfect, you use ir a+ infinitive to say what someone was going to do or what was going to happen. such as No iba a comprar nada.. or molly y yo ibamos a ir de compras. you can also use the imperfect to give more background information. with the preterite you use the ir a + infinitive to say what happened instead, or what interrupted someones plans. no iba comprar nada pero me dieron un descuento.

the second idea we learned was comparatives and superlatives. if you were to make a comparision of inequality when talking about an action use más+an adverb+ que or menos+an adverb+que. if making a comparison of equality, use tan+an adverbb+como.
when talking about something or someone having the most or least use el, la, los, las+ a noun+ más or menos+ an adjective.
if your talking about someone being the best or worst use el, la, los, las+mejor(es), peor(es)+ a noun+ de. you use de to name the group from which the things are being compared.
by adding isimo/a/os/as to the end of an adjective is a way to say something is extremly good, bad, interesting etc.

emily makowski :) said...

Emily Makowski
Sra. Alderman
7th hour
8 Noviembre, 2009

This week we learned how to use ir a + infinitive with the imperfect and preterite and about comparatives and superlatives.
You can use ir in the imperfect followed by a and an infinitive to say what someone was going to do or what was going to happen. Then you can use the preterite to say what happened instead , or what interrupted the plans. Or you can use the imperfect to give more background information.
Some examples are:
Yo iba a comprar la camisa, pero no tuvo un descuento.
Ellos iban a ir de compras, pero no tuvieron dinero.
Nosotros ībamos a llamarte ayer pero yo olvidē el telēfono cellular.
Iba a ir de compras com mis amigos pero estaban muy cansados.

Comparatives and superlatives
To make a comparison of inequality when talking about actions, use mās (or menos) + (adverb) + que.
To make a comparison of equality when talking about actions, use tan + (adverb) + como.

Some examples are :
Ella come la comida mās lentamente que el chico.
Ellos saltan a la cuerdo mas tranquilmente que sus amigos.
Ėl gusto azul tan bien como rojo.

To talk about something or someone having the most or the least of characteristics or quality (the superlative), use the following formulas
El
La + noun + mās + adjective
Los menos
Las
Some examples are:
Te gusta el helado mās congelado o el helado mās derritdo?
De las dos camisas, ella queire la camisa mās apretada.
De todos los jeans, el quire los jeans menos apretados.

To talk about something or someone being the best, the worst, the oldest, or the youngest, use the following formula. Notice that de names the group from which the things are being compared.

El major(es)
La + peor(es) + noun + de
Los mayor(es)
Las menor(es)

Este tienda tiene los peors precieos de la paīs.
Este camisita tiene el mejor descuento de los jeans.
La casa lindīsima es el mayor casa de mi barrio.
A way to say that something is extremely good, bad, or interesting is to add the ending īsimo/a/os/as to the adjective.
Some examples are lindo turns into lindīsimo – really beautiful, malo turns into malīsimo – very bad, bueno turns into buenīsima - very pretty,

JOSIE said...

To say what was going to happen or what someone was going to do you can use ir in the imperfect then an a then an infinitive:
Ella iba a comprar la minifalda.- She was going to buy the miniskirt.
Nosotros íbamos a jugar fútbol.- We were going to play football

You can use the preterite to say what happened instead or what interrupted the initial plans.
Ella iba a comprar la minifalda pero costó demasiado- She was going to buy the miniskirt, but it cost too much.
Nosotros íbamos a jugar fútbol, pero olvidé la pelota.