Tuesday, September 22, 2009

Español 2- El Diario del 21-Sept-2009 a 25-Sept-2009

In this post, please write your journal entry for this week. In it, you should describe all material that was covered in class this week. Include explanations of concepts, definitions of words, vocabulary lists, and examples.

Use the notes you took in class to guide you. Please DO NOT copy directly from the text. Write out explanations in your own words and make up your own examples.

Please DO NOT write directly in the blog response space. Type all text using Microsoft Word first, then copy and paste in into the blog response space. Be appropriate Spanish punctuation when necessary-accents, tildes, question marks, etc. Be careful with spelling-use your text as a reference for spelling.

Please talk to me (in person, via email) if you have any questions/concerns about this assignment.

Your journal entry will be due Sunday, September 27th by 11:30 pm. It will be worth 20 points. Remember that if you submit late, you will receive half credit.


miguel said...

Miguel Ahles
This weak we learned some new vocabulary, cultural facts, and how to use present tense regular and stem changing verbs, how to use present tense of e to I and irregular verbs, and reflexive verbs.
Culturally we learned that Mexico’s independence day is on September 16th. They start the celebration with el grito from the president of Mexico. They also celebrate by eating chiles en nogada a dish that symbolizes the Mexican flag with green, white, and red.
• Levantarse- to get up
• Despertarse- to wake up
• Acuestar- go to bed
• Afeitar- to shave
Regular verbs:
Hablar- yo hablo, tu hablas, el habla, nosotros hablamos, ellos hablan.
Stem changer:
Probar- yo pruebo, tu pruebas, el prueba, nosotros probamos, ellos prueban
Stem changer e to i:
Pedir- yo pido, tu pides, el pide, nosotros pedimos, ellos piden
Irregular e to i:
Salir- yo salgo, tu sales, el sale, nosotros salimos, ellos salen
Reflexive pronouns- me levanto, te levantas, se levanta, nos levantamos, se levantan

molly said...

this week we continued in Chapter 7..

We learned about double object pronouns with commands. With commands you attach both to the end of the verb and place an accent mark over the stressed syllable.

Ex.- Es bistec a la parrilla. Recomièndaselo.

With negative commands, the pronoun comes before the verb, with the indirect pronoun first.

Ex.- Miguel quiere copiar tu tarea. ¡No se las des!

Also we learned about adverbs. Adverbs modify vers, adjectives, or other adverbs. They tell how much , how, how well, or when. In english adverbs usually have an -ly ending, in Spanish, in exchange for the -ly we use -mente. If the adverb has a feminine form, you must make it feminine before adding -mente.

afortunadamente - luckily
generalmente - generally
lentamente - slowly
rápidamente - rapidly
típicamente - tipically
ruidosamente - loudly

Generalmente cenamos en casa a las seis.

Afortunadamente, la cafetería del colegio es excelente.
Adverbs that have one form usually masculine you just add -mente right to the end of the adverb.

fácilmente - easily
nerviosamente - nervously

there are also words that do not have -mente at the end of the word but are still adverbs

bastante- really
bien- well
casi- almost
mucho- alot
muy- very
nunca- never
despuès- after
luego- later
más- more
mejor- best
poco- a lil bit
siempre- always
peor- poorly;worse
ya- already done something
demasiado- too much

Laura Trombley said...

Present tense of regular and stem changing verbs
- 3 endings
Ar/ Er/ Ir
AR verb Endings
Yo –o
Tú – as
Él, Ella, Usted-a
Nosotros- amos
Ellos, ellas, ustedes- an
Yo saco
Tú sacas
El saca
Nosotros sacamos
Ellas sacan

ER/ IR Endings
Yo- o
Tú- es
Él, ella, usted- e
Nosotros- emos/ imos
Ellos, Ellas, Ustedes- en
Yo bebo
Tú bebes
Ella bebe
Nostoros bebemos
Ellos beben

Stem Changes
In some present tense verbs there are stem changes.
Stem changes occur in all forms of the verb except Nosotros and Vosotros
Stem changing from o  ue
Yo pruebo
Tú pruebas
Él, ella, usted prueba
Nosotros probamos
Ellos, Ellas, Ustedes prueban
Stem changing from e ie
Yo empiezo
Tú empiezas
Él, Ella, Usted empieza
Nosotros empezamos
Ellos, Ellas, Ustedes empiezan
Stem chaning from u ue
Yo juego
Tú juegas
Él, Ellas, Usted juega
Nosotros jugamos
Ellos, Ellas, Ustedes juegan
Stem changes from e i
Yo pido
Tú pides
Él, ella, usted pide
Nosotros pedimos
Ellos, Ellas, Ustedes piden

Irregular Verbs
These verbs have irregular present tense yo forms
Salir : salgo
Poner: pongo
Hacer: Hago
Traer: Traigo
Saber: sé
Venir: vengo
Tener: tengo
Salgo a las películas
Tengo un perro
Vengo sobre su casa

Reflexive Pronouns
Use reflexive pronouns with certain verbs when the subject acts upon itself.
Verb : bañarse
Yo me baño
Tú te bañas
Ud.,él, ella se baña
Nosotros nos bañamos
Uds., ellos, ellas se bañan

Home and Chores Vocabulary

La sala (living room)
- arregular la sala ( pick up the living room)
- pasar la aspirador ( vacuum)

El Baño ( bathroom)
- limpiar el baño ( to clean the bathroom)

La cocina ( Kitchen)
- poner la mesa ( set the table)
- preparar la cena ( to prepare dinner)
- preparar el desayuno ( to prepare breakfast)
- preparer almuezo ( to prepare lunch)
- Llavar los platos ( wash the dishes)
- Poner el postre/ los refrescos en el refrigerador ( put desserts/ drinks in fridge)

El patio ( patio)
Decorar el patio ( decorate the patio)

El Jardín
Cortar el césped ( cut the grass)

To offer help on chores
¿ Puedo ayudarte?
(Can I help you?)
¿ Qué hay que hacer en la cocina?
What needs to be done in the kitchen?
¿ Qué más tengo hacer?
What else do I have to do?
Algo más?
(anything else)

Sí usted puede limpiar el cuarto de baño
El comida necesitar preparar
Usted puede vaccuum la sala de recibo
sí no se olvíde poner la mesa

Vacation Vocabulary
Visitar un museo – visiting museum
Pasear en bote- take a boat ride
Conocer el centro- to know the downtown or city
Ir de compras al Mercado- to go shopping at the market
Ir al zoológico- to go to the zoo
Laura Trombley

six hour

lyssa :D said...

Servir means to serve
Pedir means to order

Uds., ellos, ellas…piden

Irregular “yo” forms
Salir:salgo (I go out)
Poner:pongo (I put)
Hacer:hago (I do, I make)
Traer:traigo (I bring)
Saber:se (I know)
Venire:vengo ( I come)
Tener:tengo (I have)


1. Si, hago la tarea todas las noches.
2. Si, traigo el sandwich por el almuerzo todos los dias.

Cortar el cesped (cut the grass)
Conocer (to know)
El centro(downtown)
Conocer el centro (to get to know the city)

La sala: limpiar la mesa
el bano:limpiar el bano,sacar la basura
la cocina:poner la mesa,prepara la cena(la comida, el desayuno, el almuerzo)el patio:decorar el patio,limpiar el patio, barrer(to sweep)

spartanfan700 said...

• -ar, -er, and –ir are infinitive endings
-ar -er -ir
caminar correr asistir
Yo camino corro asisto
Tú caminas corres asistes
Él, ella, usted camina corre asiste
Nosotros caminamos corremos asistimos
Ellos, ellas, ustedes caminan corren asisten
• You match these with the present tense ending of the subject

• Stem changes do not change in the nosotros form
Almorzar (o ue)
Querer (e ie)

Yo almuerzo quiero
Tú almuerzas quieres
Él, ella, usted almuerza quiere
Nosotros almorzamos queremos
Ellos, Ellas, Ustedes almorzan quieren

• Reflexibe pronouns refer to the same person as the subject pronoun
• Use when subject acts upon itself
Yo me
Tú te
Él, ella, usted se
Nosotros nos
Ellos, Ellas, Ustedes se

1. Poner la mesa
2. Preparar la cena
3. Arreglar la sala
4. Decorar el patio
5. Pasar la aspiradora
6. Limpiar el baño
7. Visitar un museo
8. Pasear en bote
9. Conocer el centro
10. Ir de compras al mercado
11. Ir al zoológico
• ¿Puedo ayudarte?
• EX: Si, limpiar el baño
• ¿Qué más tengo que hacer?
• EX: Sacar la basura

Brianna said...

Regular Verbs Correr Limpiar Mirar

- Yo Corro Limpio Miro
- Tú Corres Limpias Miras
- Él, ella, usted Corre Limpia Mira
- Nosotros(as) Corremos Limpiamos Miramos
- Ellos, ellas, ustedes Corren Limpian Miran

Examples: Yo corro en el parque todos los días.
Maria limpia la casa los fines de semana.
Nosotros miramos la televisión.

Stem-Changing Verbs Jugar Dormir Querer

- Yo Juego Duermo Quiero
- Tú Juegas Duermes Quieres
- Él, ella, usted Juega Duerme Quiere
- Nosotros(as) Jugamos Dormimos Queremos
- Ellos, ellas, ustedes Juegan Duermen Quieren

Examples: Manrique juega deportes todos los días.
Elena y Juan duermen mucho.
Yo quiero Taco Bell.

Irregular Yo Forms

Salir – Salgo (I go out) Saber – Sé (I know)
Poner – Pongo (I put) Venir – Vengo (I come)
Hacer – Hago (I do, I make) Tener – Tengo (I have)
Traer – Traigo (I bring)

Example: Yo tengo quince años.

La Sala – Living room El Baño
Arreglar la sala – arrange Limpiar el baño – clean
Pasar la aspiradora – vacuum Sacar la basura –take out the garbage
Limpiar – clean

La Cocina – Kitchen El Patio – The patio
Poner la mesa – Set the table Decorar la patio – decorate the patio
Preparar la cena – Make dinner
Lavar los platos – Wash the dishes
Sacar la basura – Take out the garbage

Visitar un museo – Visit the museum
Pasear en bote – Boat ride
Conocer el centro – Tour the city
Ir de compras al mercado – Go to the market
Ir al zoológico – Go to the zoo

Amanda said...

In Spanish two this week we focused on present tense of regular –er, -ar, and –ir verbs and the correct way to conjugate them. We also learned household chores and the correct way to say them as well as begin forming a sentence with them. –Er verbs are conjugated very similar to –ar verbs. –Er verbs how ever are conjugated the same way as hablar. The o-ue verbs are conjugated very differently, if it not conjugated the right way the means will be changed a hundred percent of the time. Nosotros and vosotros verb forms never change!!!!
A few examples or sentences made out of an –er verb are. Yo Como

Spaghetti – I eat spaghetti. Or ¿comes carne? - Do you eat meat? Examples of the –ar verbs are…yo hablo español, and no habla español.

Comer (to eat)
El, ella, ud. -come
Ellos, ellas, uds-comen
Hablar (to talk)
yo- hablo
Tú̀- hablas
El, ella, ud- habla
Nosotros –hablamos
Ellos, ellas, usds- hablan

Probar (to try/to taste)
Yo- puebo
Tu- pruebas
El, ella, ud-prueba
Nosotros- probamos
Ellos, ellas, uds- prueban

Reflexive pronouns must refer to the same person as the subject pronoun for example..yo me levanto acuesto tarde. Or mi perro se levanta temprano. The reflexive pronouns are (yo)- me (you)- te (he, she they) se (nosotros) nos and plural forms are se as well.

Many household chores are quite simply dedicated to one room where as others such as chores being done in the living room or bathroom could be interchangeable by simply changing a word or two. Phrases often associated with the living room are as follows. Arreglar la sala witch means to straighten up the living room. Also pasar la aspiradora witch literally means to move / pass the vacume.
Words often associated with the kichen are poner La Mesa witch means to set the table and preparar la cena witch means to prepare dinner. Bathroom chores consist of limpiar el bana, and arreglar el bana. These are just a few examples of things that could be used in each room however these are not the only chores that can me done in those rooms. A few extra chores are lavar los platos- wash the dishes. Sacar la basura- take out the garbage. To ask how you can help someone you must say …..¿ Puedo ayudarte?
To ask if there is anything else that needs to be done you must say…. ¿ Que mas?
A few new vocab words were also introduced this week. They were debes- you should and No to olvides –do not forget.

Amanda Richardson
6th hour

aevers66 said...

This week we spent some time reviewing for a quiz. The quiz we took consisted of information from last week’s blog. This week we started Vocabulario en acción 2. this section is about cleaning the house.


La sala el baño la cocina el patio
Arreglar la sala limpiar el baño poner la mesa decorar el patio
Pasa la aspiradora sacar la basura preparer la cena arreglar la sala
Limpiar la sala lavar los platos
Poner el postre

El jardin
Cortar el césped

Duante las vacaiones en Mexico
Visitar un museo
Pasear en bote
Conocer el centro
Ir e compras al Mercado
Ir al zoologico

Questions to ask about chores
¿Puedo ayudarte?
Can I help you?
¿Qué hay que hacer?
What needs to be done?
¿Qué más tengo que hacer?
What else do I have to do?
¿Algo más
What else?

lauren bollinger said...

This week in class, we learned about stem changing and reflexive verbs and vocabulary about chores and jobs around the house.
Stem changing verbs do not change in the nosotros form. Some verbs with e à I stem changes are:
·Pedir = pido, pides, pide, pedimos, piden
·Servir = sirvo, sirves, sirve, servimos, sirven
Reflexive verbs include pronouns along with the conjugated verb. The pronoun comes first. They are me, te, se, nos, and se.
·Levantarse: me levanto, te levantas, se levanta, nos levantamos, se levantan
Some reflexive verbs are stem changers too. Conjugate the verb the same, just not in nosotros. Other reflexive verbs are: banarse, ponerse, afietarse, secarse, and lavarse.
·Acostarse(ue) = me acuesto, te acuestas, se acuesta, nos acostamos, se acuestan
Another reflexive stem changer is despertarse(ie).
Still some others verbs are irregular in the yo form.
·Venir- vengo
·Poner- pongo
·Salir- salgo
·Traer- traigo
·Hacer- hago
·Saber- sé
·Tener- tengo
The vocabulary we learned this week was on chores and things around the house.
·Arregular la sala- straighten up the living room
·Pasar la aspiradora- use the vacuum
·Limpiar la mesa- clean the table
·Sacar la basura- take out the garbage
·Limpiar el baño- clean the bathroom
·Preparar la cena- prepare dinner
·Poner la mesa- set the table
·Lavar los platos- wash the plates
·Cortar el césped- cut the grass
·Decorar el patio- decorate the patio
-Lauren Bollinger

sarahmaurier said...

Español 2: Diario del 21-Sept-2009 a 25-Sept-2009

This week we covered the Present Tense of regular verbs, learned more about stem-changing verbs, irregular verbs, reflexive verbs and some new vocabulary.

Present Tense of Regular Verbs

Subject AR ER IR
Yo O O O
Él/Ella/Ud A E E
Nosotros(as) AMOS EMOS IMOS
Ellos/Ellas/Uds AN EN EN

Example of how to conjugate a verb for each subject:

Yo corro
Tú corres
Ella corre
Nosotros corremos
Ellos corren

Example of how to use present tense verbs in a sentence:

Sara y Mari montan los bicicletas.
(Sara and Mari ride bikes)

Yo camino en la mañana.
(I walk in the morning)

When conjugating a present tense verb, you look at the subject (who is performing the action) and then you look at the ending of the verb (AR, ER, or IR). From there you can figure out how to conjugate the verb.

Stem-Changing Verbs

There are some verbs in Spanish that have stem-changes when you conjugated them as well.

O → UE

E → IE

U → UE




Ellos no quieren hacer la tarea.
Alex prueba las frutas.

Present Tense Stem-Changed E → IE


Works the same as other stem-changers. You DO NOT change the stem in the nosotros form.


Yo pido las papas fritas y el agua.

Ella sirve las frutas.

Irregular Present Tense YO FORM Verbs

There are some verbs in the present tense that have irregular yo forms. They are:

Salir = Salgo
Poner = Pongo
Hacer = Hago
Traer = Traigo
Saber = Sé
Venir = Vengo
Tener = Tengo

So if you are tryinig to say “I have to go out with my friends” you would say

Yo salgo con mis amigos.

Yo no tengo hemanos.
Yo hago la tarea siempre.

Never conjugate the YO form normally with those specific verbs.

Reflexive Pronouns

Some verbs in Spanish are reflexive (the action is being done to the subject), you know when a verb is reflexive because ‘se’ is attached to the infinitive.
First, figure out the subject. Then, pick the correct pronoun:

Yo - Me
Tú - Te
Él/Ela/Ud - Se
Nosotros(as) - Nos
Ello/Ellos/Uds - Se

Then, conjugate the verb normally and put the pronoun before the conjugated verb.


Yo me levanto tarde.
Mi perro se acuesta todos los días.
Nosotros nos levantamos por la mañana.

Vocabulario 2

We learned more vocabulary about chores and things you do on vacation in the city.


La sala - living room

Arreglar: to straighten up
Pasar la aspiradora: to vacuum
Limpiar: to clean
El baño - bathroom

Lavar: to wash
Sacar la basura: to take out the garbage
Limpiar: to clean

La cocina - kitchen

Poner la mesa: set the table
Preparar la [cena, almuerzo, desayuno]: prepare [dinner, lunch, breakfast]
Lavar los platos: to wash the dishes
Limpiar: to clean
Poner [el los refrescos, etc] en el refrigerador: to put [drinks, or anything else] in the refrigerator
Sacar la busura: take out the garbage

El patio - patio

Decorar: to decorate
Limpiar: to clean
Arreglar-to straighten up/arrange

El jardín - garden

Cortar el césped: to cut the grass

Things we do on vacation in the city:

Visitar un museo: visit the museum
Pasear en bote: take a boat ride
Ir al zoológico: to go to the zoo
Ir de compras (al Mercado): to go shopping (market)
Conocer el centro: get to know the downtown area

Helping Someone:

¿Puedo ayudarte?
Can I help you?

¿Qué hay que hacer en (room)?
What needs to be done in the (whichever room your talking about)?

¿Qué más tengo que hacer?
What else do I have to do?

¿Algo más?
Anything else?

Jim said...

Jim Gass

This week we learned that some verbs have an irregular present tense of yo
• Salir – salgo
• Poner – pongo
• Hacer – hago
• Traer – traigo
• Saber – sé
• Venir - vengo
• Tener – tengo
We also learned about reflexive pronouns and verbs
Reflexive verbs Reflexive pronouns
Leventarse To get up
Acostarse To go to bed
Despertarse To wake up
Afietarse To shave
el pelo To dry hair
los dientes To brush
Yo Me
Tú Te
Él, ella, Usted Se
Nosotros Nos
Ustedes, ellos, ellas se
Yo me despierto en la manana.
Tú te lavas tus dientos en la manana y en el tarde
Chores around the house
• Arreglar la sala – to clean up the living room
• Pasar la aspiradora to vacuum
• Decorar el patio – to decorate the patio
• Poner la mesa – to set the table
• Preparer la cena – to make dinner
• Limpirar el baño – to clean the bathroom
• La cocina – the kitchen
• Lavar los platos – to wash the dishes
• Bamer – to sweep

maggieNowicki said...

Irregular Verbs:
salir- salgo
poner- pongo
hacer- hago
traer- traego
sabir- se
venir- vengo
tener- tengo

e -> i changes:
-changes is present tense
-except nosotros and vosotros forms
-referred to the same person as a pronoun with me, te, se, nos, and os

la cena- the kitchen
el patio- the patio
el bano- the bathroom
el cesped- the grass
el jardin- the garden/yard
la sala- the lving room
la comida- the food
el mercado- the market place
la refrigadora- the refridgerater
la mesa- the table
los platos- the plates

preperar- to prepare
cocinar- to cook
sacar- to take out
limpiar- to clean
arregular- to straighten up/clean
decorar- to decorate
ayudar- to help
poner- to put in/on
pensar- to think/plan
invitar- to invite
bailar- to dance

limpiar el bano/la sala/la cena- to clean the bathroom/living room/kitchen
crotar el cesped- to cut the grass
decorar el patio- to decorate the patio

Shaun-Michael said...

Esta semana hemos aprendido sobre términos utilizados para la casa y las vacaciones.
Examples: La sala y baño y cocina y patio medios living room, bathroom, kitchen, and the patio.
Durante las vacaciones mis amigos y yo pensamos ir a México y…..
• Visitor un museo
• Conocer el centro
• Pasear en bote
• Ir al zoológico
• Ir de compras al Mercado
• Nadar en la piscina
• Ir de pesca
Términos de la casa
• Limpiar la mesa
• Arreglar la sala
• Limpiar el baño
• Sacar la basura
• Poner la mesa
• Preparer la cena
• Preparer el almuerzo
• Preparer el desayuno
• Lavar los platos
• Poner los refrescos en el refrigerador
• Sacar la basura
• Decorar el patio
• Limpiar el patio
• Barrer la casa

Steven said...

Monday in Spanish class we talked about conjugating present tense verbs. (ex. Yo hablo, Tú hablas, El habla, Nosotros hablamos.) Next we talked about stem-changing irregular verbs. Servir and Pedir are e to i stem-changers, Yo Pido, Tú Pides. There is no stem-change in the Nosotros form. Venir and Tenir are e to ie stem-changers, Yo salgo, Yo pongo, Yo traigo. With reflexive verbs you must add me, te, se, le, or nos. On Thursday we touched up on gustar. When using a name and gustar you need to add a, a la, or al. Friday, we reviewed vocabulary on house rooms.
El Baño- Limpiar el baño (Clean the bathroom).
La Sala- Areglar al sala (Straghten up the living room), Pasar la aspiradora (To vacuum), Limpirar la mesa (Clean the chair).
La Cocina- Paner la mesa, Preparar la cena, Lavar los platos.
El Patio- Decorar el patio, Parar el Patio.

Savannah said...

This week we reviewed conjugations in present tense
- verbs have stem changes and conjugations
- ex. levantar ~ to lift
comer ~ to eat
asistir ~ to attend

Verb Yo Tú Él/ella/ud Nosotros/as Ellos/as/uds
Levanter Levanto Levantas Levanta Levantamos Levantan
Comer Como Comes Come Comemos Comen
Asistir Asisto Asistes Asiste Asistimos Asisten

- in this table, these are conjugations
- notice the –er and –ir conjugations, they’re similar

- some verbs have stem changes

- ex. almorzar (ue) ~ to have lunch
pedir (ie) ~ to ask for/ order
servir (i) ~ to serve

Verb Yo Tú Él/ella/ud Nosotros/as Ellos/as
Almorzar (ue) Almuerzo Almuerzas Almuerza Almorzamos Almuerzan
Pedir (ie) Piedo Piedes Piede Pedemos Pieden
Servir (i) Sirvo Sirves Sirve Servimos Siren

- some verbs are reflexive, action done to oneself
- they have to have reflexive pronouns in front
- such as: me = yo
te = tú
le = él/ella/ud
nos = nosotros/as
les = ellos/as
- ex. ponerse ~ to put

Verb Yo Tú Él/ella/ud Nosotros/as Ellos/as
Ponerse Me pono Te pones Le pone Nos ponemos Les ponen

nina said...

This week in class we covered some new vocabulary that included vocabulary around the house, and a few new questions.
Some of the vocabulary for around the house is:
- Arreglar la sala – cleanup
- Pasar la aspiradora – vacuum
- limpiar el bañe – clean the bathroom
- Poner la mesa – set the table
- Preparar la cena – prepare food
- Decorar el patio – decorate the patio.
Some of the questions that we learned are questions that have to helping and chores such as:
¿Puedo ayudarte? – Can I help you?
Ex. answer: - Si, poner la mesa.
¿Qué hay que hacer en la (el) (sala)? – What needs to be done in the living room?
Ex. answer: - Tenemos que pasar la aspiradora.
¿Qué mas tengo que hacer? – What else do I have to do?
Ex. answer: - Limpiar el bano.
¿Algo mas? – Anything else?
Ex. answer : - No.
Also this week we reviewed some basic vocabulary questions that we should be familiar with such as:
- ¿Cómo te llamas?
- ¿Cuantos años tienes?
- ¿Cómo eres?
- ¿Cómo son tus padres?
- ¿Que haces todas las mañanas?
- ¿Que hacen tus amigos los fines de semana?
There also were other phrases and sayings we reviewed that we should have known also within the week and some vocabulary that had to do with family.

Chris said...

3 infinitive endings: ar, er, and ir
Ar verbs are the most common.
Conjugation: changing a verb according to who it is applied to.
Ar verbs:
Yo= o
Tu= as
El,ella,ud.= a
Nosotros/as= amos
Ellos,ellas,uds.= an

Er/ir verbs:
Yo= o
Tu= es
El,ella,ud.= e
Nosotros/as= emos/imos
Ellos,ellas,uds= en

Stem change: every infinitive is in 2 parts
Stem and ending
Stem has a spilling change
Stem changes effect every conjugation of a verb EXCEPT nosotros.
Ex. Jugar=juega
Yo= almuerzo
Tu= almuerzas
El,ella,ud.= almuerza
Ellos,ellas,uds= almuerzan
Nosotros/as= almorzamos

Stems change from certain vowels into others: o=ue, u= ue, e= ie, and e=i

Irregular yo form: some verbs change their yo form through stem changing.
Ex. Tener=tengo
1.yo salgo la escuela a las dos y media
2. yo hago mi tarea todos los noches.

Reflexive verbs: endings normally have se, put reflexive pronoun before each verb said.
Yo=me (verb)
Tu= te(verb)
Ud.,el,ella = se (verb)
Nosotros(as) = nos (verb)
Vosotros(as) = os(verb)
Uds. Ellos, ellas= se (verb)
Ex: bañar
Yo= me baño
Tu= te bañas
El,ella,ud.= se baña
Ellos,ellas,uds= se bañan
Nosotros/as= nos bañamos

By room
La salla= living room
Arreglar= to pick up
Pasar la aspiradora= to pass the vacuum
Limpiar = to clean

El Baño: bathroom
Limpiar = to clean
Sacar la bascura = to take out the garbage

La Cocina: Kitchen
Poner la mesa = set the table
Preparar la cena = to prepare dinner
Preparar el desayuno/ el almuerzo= to prepare breakfast/lunch
Limpiar = to clean
Lavar los platos= to wash the dishes
Poner el postre/ los refrescos en el refrigerador= to put the dessert/ drinks in the refrigerator
Sacar la bascura= to take out the trash.

El Patio: patio
Decorar el patio= to decorate the patio
Limpiar = to clean
Arreglar = to straighten

Jardin: garden/yard
Cortar el césped = to cut the grass

To offer help, ask:
¿puedo ayudarte? = can I help you?
¿ que hay que hacer? = what needs to be done?
¿ que mas tengo que hacer? = what else can i have to do?
¿ algo mas? = anything else?

To respond to help:
Si (pasa la aspiradora en la salud) = yes (vacuum the living room)
Tenemos que (poner el postre en el refrigerador) = we have to (put the dessert in the refrigerador)
Debes(lavar los platos) = you should (wash the plates)
Si, no te olvides de (cortar el césped) = yes, don’t forget to( cut the grass)

Chris Parker, 6th hour

Kelsey said...

This week in Spanish class we learned present tense if e-I and irregular verbs and reflexive pronouns.
An example is pedir
The yo form is pido so you have to change the e to i.
Conjugation Pedir
Yo Pido
Tú Pides
Ud., él,ella Pide
Nosotros Pedimos
Uds., ellos,ellas Piden

Some verbs have an irregular present tense yo form. Venir , tener also have e-ie stem changes.
Salir Salgo I go out
Poner Pongo I put
Hacer Hago I do, I make
Traer Traigo I being
Saber Sé I know
Venir Vengo I come
Tener tengo I have

The textbook mentions some vacation spots that I would like to mention. The first one was “visitar un museo” which mean visit the museum. I would like to make a chart to show the rest.
Pasear en bote Ride a boat/boat ride
Conocer el centro Get to know the city
Ir de compras al mercado Shop in the market
Ir al zoolόgico Go to the zoo

You can ask a question by saying ¿Pudeo ayudarte?-Can I help you?
To deal with asking what to do in a particular room you can ask ¿Qué hay que hacer en la concina? Or you can replace cocina with any other room. Examples)la sala, el baño,la cocina, and el patio.
Another common question is ¿Qué más tengo que hacer?-What else do I have to do?
Or ¿Algo más?-anything else?

Shelbyyy(: said...

In Spanish class this week, we learned how to use the present tense of e to I, irregular verbs, and reflexive pronouns.
Example of e to i present tense verbs with regular present tense endings:
Yo sirvo
Tù sirves
Èl, Ella, Ud. sirve
Nosotros servimos
Ellos, Ellas, Uds. sirven

Some verbs have an irregular present tense Yo form.
Examples of these verbs would be:
Salir: Salgo
Poner: Pongo
Hacer: Hago
Traer: Traigo
Saber: Sè
Venir: Vengo
Tener: Tengo

When you have a reflexive verb you must always add an appropriate reflexive pronoun.
Yo me baño
Tù te bañas
Èl, Ella, Uds se baña
Nosotros nos bañamos
Ellos, Ellas, Uds se bañan

We also learned how to talk about chores.
New Words:
1. La sala-living room
2. El baño-bathroom
3. La cocina-kitchen
4. El patio-patio
Verbs Associated:
1. Arreglar: to pick/clean/straighten up
2. Pasar la aspiradora: to vacuum
3. Limpiar (insert place): to clean
4. Lavar: to wash
5. Sacar la basura: to take out the trash
6. Poner la mesa: to set the table
7. Preparar (food or drink): to prepare (food or drink)
8. Decorar: to decorate
9. Cortar el cèsped: to cut the grass
Places to Go & Things to Do on Vacation:
1. Visitar un museo: visit a museum
2. Pasar el bota: take a boat ride
3. Conocer el centro: to know downtown
4. Ir de compras al mercado: go shopping at the market
5. Ir al zoològico: go to the zoo

Elizabeth said...

Notes septiembre 20-25

-Hablar por teléfono

· Poner la mesa- set the table
· Preparer la cena- prepare dinner
· Arreglar la sala- to arrange
· Pasar la aspiradora- vacuum
· Limpia el bano- clean the bathroom
· Decorar el patio- decorate the patio
· Cortar el cèsped- cut the grass
· lavar los platos- wash the dishes
· sacar la baura- take out trash
· poner el postre en el refrigerator- put the deserts in the refrigerator
· visitor un museo- visit the museum
· concer el centro- familiar down town
· pasear en bute- ride the boat
· ir de cpmpras al Mercado- going to the market
· ir al zoologico- go to the zoo

· puedo ayedarte- can I help you
· Què hay que hacer en la cocina- what needs to be done in the kitchen
· Què más tengo que hacer- what else do I have to do
· Algo más- anything else

* no te olivdes- don’t forget*

Christian said...

Present Tense Endings



In the present tense, some verbs have stem changes in all but their nosotros and vosotros form.
(ex. probar---pruebo; probar---probamos)

Arreglar = to pick up
Pasar la aspiradora = to vacuum
Limpiar = to clean
Sacar = to take out
Poner = to put/place
Barrer = to sweep

Things to do in…
La Sala (living room)
-arreglar la sala
-pasar la aspiradora
-limpiar la mesa

El Baño
-limpiar el baño
-sacar la basura (garbage)

La Cocina
-poner la mesa
-preparar la cena
-sacar la basura
-lavar los platos
-poner la comida o los refrescos en el refrigerador

El Patio
-decorar el patio
-limpiar el patio
-barrer el patio

El Jardín
-cortar el césped

Durante los Vacaciones
-visitar un museo = visit a museum
-pasear en bote = take a boat ride
-conocer el centro = to get to know the city/downtown
-ir de compras al mercado = go shopping at the market
-ir al zoológico = go to the zoo

Maria said...

Maria Rodriguez
Mrs. Alderman
Spanish 2
18 September 2009
Journal 9/21-9/25

Present Tense Conjugation
I Yo o o
You (informal) Tú as es
You (formal)/ He/ She Ud. / Él / Ella a e
We Nosotros(as) amos imos
They Uds. / Ellos / Ellas an en


Caminar: Yo camino en el parque.
Tú caminas en el parque.
Él camina en el parque.
Nosotros caminamos en el parque.
Ellos caminan en el parque.
Comer: Yo como mucha comida.
Tú comes mucha comida.
Él come mucha comida.
Nosotras comemos mucha comida.
Ellas comen mucha comida.

Stem Changes

Stem changes are used in all but the nosotros(as) form.

o – ue (Ella cuenta cuantos libros hay en la biblioteca.)
e – ie (Yo prefiero ir al cine.)
e – i (ex. Ud. pide la cuenta.)


La sala – the livingroom
• Arreglar la sala – (to pick up/straighten up)
• Pasar la aspirador- ( vacuum)
• Limpiar la sala- (clean the living room)

El baño- the bathroom
• Limpiar el baño- (clean the bathroom)
• Sacar la basura- (take out the garbage)

El jardin- the “yard”
• Cortar el césped- (cut the grass)

La cocina- kitchen
• Preparar la cena (desayuno, almuerzo)- ( prepare the dinner/breakfast/lunch)
• Poner la mesa- (set the table)
• Limpiar- ( clean)
• Lavar los platos- (wash the dishes)
• Poner el postre/los refrescos en el refriderado- ( put the dessert/drinks in the refridgerator)
• Sacar la basura- (take out the garbage)

El patio- the patio
• Decorar el patio- (decorate the patio)
• Limpiar- (clean)
• Arreglar- (straighten up)

Durante las vaciones- things we do on vacation [in a city]
• Visitor un museo- (to visit a museum)
• Conocer el centro- (get to know downtown)
• Pasear en bote- (boat ride)
• Ir al zoologico- (to go to the zoo)
• Ir de compras al meracdo- (shop at the market)


Yo ---- me (me levanto)
Tú ---- te (te levantas)
Ud. / El / Ella ---- se (se levanta)
Nosotros ---- nos (nos levantamos)
Uds. /Ellos / Ellas ---- se (se levantan)

Reflexive Verbs

Bañarse (to bathe)
Levantarse (to get up)
Lavarse (to wash)
Acostarse (to go to bed)
Secarse (to wash)
Despertarse (to wake up)

 Hablar por teléfono = talk on the phone
 The verb saber can be followed by an infinitive.
 Encantar (to adore) has the same rules as gustar.
 No te olvides = don’t forget
 Tenemos que = we have to
 Debes = you should
 Hacer (hago) – I do or I make
 Pedir (i) – I ask for or I order
 Salir (salgo) – I go out
 Venir (vengo) – I come
 Poner (pongo) – I put
 Tener (tengo) – I have
 Traer (traigo) – I bring
 Saber (se) – I know

kyle kar said...

This week in Spanish class we learned many new things. One of the first things we learned this week was hoe to conjugate regular verbs according to there subject. An example would be nosotros (hablar) ______ en la casa. The correct way to conjugate this would be for the verb hablar to look like this hablamos because of the subject nosotros you would have to agree with it. Another thing we learned was some stem changing verbs that change when conjugated. For example hacer the yo form is hago. Other things we learned we besides to conjugate verbs, was to make the verb agree with the subject , at the end of the week we also learned some household chores and hoow to say them in Spanish. Then finally we learned how to conjugate irregular forms of verbs as well.

Amanda said...

Over this week are class learned a lot of new verbs. Most of the verbs dealt with what could be done inside of a home. For example,

• Limpiar- To clean
• Limpian el bano- To clean the bathroom
• Prepara la cena- To prepare dinner
• Décor el patio- To clean the patio
• Sacar la basura- To take out the trash
• Cortar es Césped- To cut the grass

Those verbs can be done in four different places of a home
• La Sala- The living room
• La Cocina- The kitchen
• La Bano- The bathroom
• El Patio- The patio

We also continued to work with conjugating verbs, and creating sentences using those verbs.

danielle (= misovich said...

dear mrs alderman i type this up on microsoft word before i post it and when i do post it in the comment box it completly messes up the format, if you want to see it the NON confusing way i would advise you to copy and past this to microsoft word and hopefully it will look right, i tried correcting it but it looks wayy different in this comment box.

Spanish Blog 2 , this week in class we learned infinitive endings, irregular forms of e to ie stem changes and household verbs and places to tour.

Present tense of regular and stem changing verbs – three different endings ar , er, ir
Yo O O O
Tú As Es Es
El/Ella/Usted A E E
Nosotros/as Amos Emos Imos
Ellas/Ellos/Ustedes An En En

The subject pronoun is used to clarify or emphasize who the subject is .
In present tense some verbs have stem changes in all but nosotros/as
Here are some EXAMPLES –
O  UE E- IE U  UE
Empezar_Empiezar Jugar_Juegar
Almozar_Almuezar Pensar_Piensar
Dormir _Duermir Querer_Queirer
Poder_Puedar Preferir_Prefierir

Yo Pruebo
Tú Pruebas
El/Ella/Usted Prueba
Nosotros/as Probamos Ellos/Ellas/Usted Prueban

Present Tense of EIE and irregular verbs,reflexive pronouns
2 are servir and pedir,
Yo Pido
Tu Pides
El.ella.usted Pide
Nosotros/as Pedimos
Ellos.ellas.ustedes Piden
EX. Mi tio pide la cuenta.
¿Cuando sirven el postre?
Some verbs have an irrgular present tense yo form venir and tener also have EIE stem changes
Salir- Salgo I go out
Poner- Pongo I put/place
Hacer- Hago I do/make
Traer- Traigo I bring
Saber- Sé I know
Venir- Vengo I come
Tener – Tengo I have

Reflexive pronouns refer to the same persons as the subject pronoun they use refelxive pronouns with certain verbs when the subject acts upon itself .
Example ---- LEVANTARSE (to get up)
Yo me levanto
Tú te levantas
Ella/el/usted se levanta
Nosotros/as nos levantas
Ustedes/ellas/ellos se levantan
It refers to the subject when it is acting upon itself. Another reflexive verb is acostarse (ue)
EXAMPLE – Los sabados tú te despiertas tarde

VOCAB nouns
La sala – living room
El bano- bathroom
La cocina- kitchen
El patio – patio
Basura- garbage
Jardin- yard
La mesa- table
Platos- plates

Arreglar-to pick up/straighten up
Pasar aspiradora-to vacuum
Limpiar la mesa- clean table
Limpiar el baño- clean the bathroom
Sacar la basura- take out the garbage
Cortar el césped/el jardin – cut the grass/yard
Poner la mesa- set the table
Preparer la cena- prepare the dinner
Lavar los platos- clean the plates
Decorar el patio- decorate the patio
Limpiar el patio – clean the patio
Larrer- to sweep

VOCAB – Durante la vacaciones mis amigos y yo pensamos
Ir al México y ____- go to Mexico and ___
Visitar un museo- visit a museum
Pasear en bote – ride in a boat
Conocer el centro- to get to know downtown
Ir de compras al mercado- go and shop at the market
Ir al zoológico – go to the zoo

Questions we learned and the responses. ---
Q:¿Puedo ayudate?
Q:Can I help you?
A:A sí, pasa la aspiradora a en la sala.
A:Yes, vacuum the living room.
Q:¿Qué hay que hacer en la cocina?
Q:What needs to be done in the kitchen?
A:Tenemos que poner el postre.
A:We have to put the dessert in the refrigerator.
Q:¿Qué más tengo que hacer?
Q:What else do I have todo?
A:Debes lavar los platos.
A:You should wash the plates.
Q:¿Ayo más?
Q:Anything else?
A:Cortar el césped.
A:Cut the grass.

Luke said...

This week in class, we started off with more review. We went over first present tense verbs and conjugations. These are rather simple.
Yo - O
Tu - AS
Ella > A
Nosotros(as) - AMOS
Ellas > AN

Yo - O
Tu - ES
Ella > E
Nosotros(as) - IMOS
Ellas > EN

Yo escribo mi nombre.
Tu almuerzas a la restaurante.
Nosotros vamos a la playa.

Then we did reflexive verbs. Reflexibe verbs are happening as we speak. The conjugation rules are as follows:

Yo - me
Tu - te
Ella > se
Nosotros(as) - nos

Yo me bano en la manana.
Tu te despiertas todos los dias.
Nosotros nos lavamos todos los dias.

To finish off the week, we learned some rooms and how to say chores.

La Sala - Living room
Arregla la sala - to straighten up the living room

El Bano - Bathroom
Limpiar el bano - to clean the bathroom

La Cocina - Kitchen
Poner la mesa - to set the table

El Patio - Patio
Decorar el patio - to deocrate the patio

El Jardin - The Yard
Cortar el cesped - to cut the lawn

maggieNowicki said...

Stem Changes:
present tense “e”, irregular verbs, reflexive pronouns, not used in “nosotros” & “vosotros” forms
E ---> I
Pedir- to order
Pido- yo
Pides- tu
Pide- el, ella, ud
Pedimos- nosotros
Piden- ellas, ellos, uds
Irregular in “Yo”:
Salir- salgo- I go out
Poner- pongo- I put
Hacer- hago- I do
Traer- traigo- I bring
Saber- se- I know
Tener- tengo- I have
Yo me levanto
Tu te levanto
Ud, el, ella se levanta
Nosotros nos levantamos
Uds, ellos, ellas se levantan

Chores, Help Offers, Plans& Places
House Vocab;
El baño- the bathroom
El patio- the patio
La sala- the living room
La cocina- the kitchen
El jardin- the yard
Chores Vocab;
Arregular- to straighten up
Pasar la aspiradora- to vacuum
Limpia el bano/ la sala/la cocina/el patio/el jardin- to straighten up the bathroom/living room/kitchen/patio/yard
Cortar al cesped- to cut the grass
Preperar la cena- to prepare dinner
Lavar los platos- to wash th dishes
Sacar los basura- to take out the trash
Poner la mesa- to put on the table
Poner el postre en el refrigerator- to put in the fridge
Decorar el patio- to decorate the patio
Offer Help w/Chores:
Puedo ayudarte?
- Can I help you?
Qúe hay que hacer?
- What needs to be done?
Qúe más tengo que hacer?
- What else do I have to do?
Algo más?
- Anything else?
Things To Do On Vacation in Mexico:
Visitor un museo- to visit the museum
Pasea en bote- on a boat
Ir al zoologico- to go to the zoo
Ir de compras al Mercado- go to the market
Conocer el centro- get to know the city

6th hour