Monday, September 14, 2009

Español 2- El Diario del 14-Sept-2009 a 18-Sept-2009

In this post, please write your journal entry for this week. In it, you should describe all material that was covered in class this week. Include explanations of concepts, definitions of words, vocabulary lists, and examples.

Use the notes you took in class to guide you. Please DO NOT copy directly from the text. Write out explanations in your own words and make up your own examples.

Please DO NOT write directly in the blog response space. Type all text using Microsoft Word first, then copy and paste in into the blog response space. Be appropriate Spanish punctuation when necessary-accents, tildes, question marks, etc. Be careful with spelling-use your text as a reference for spelling.

Please talk to me (in person, via email) if you have any questions/concerns about this assignment.

Your journal entry will be due Friday, September 18th by 11:30 pm. It will be worth 20 points. Remember that if you submit late, you will receive half credit.

30 comments:

lauren bollinger said...

Esta semaña, mi clase y yo aprendamos el verbo gustar.
Gustar means to be pleasing to, but in English, it can be translated into to like. It is conjugated two ways: gusta and gustan. Gusta is used before a singular noun or an infinitive. Ex. Me gusta el libro. Le gusta leer. Gustan is used before plural nouns. Ex. Nos gustan los deportes. You also have to use direct object pronouns before the conjugated gustar. They are me, te, le, nos, amd les. However, pronouns le and les have different subjects sometimes. To clarify, use A then a name or a pronoun like ellos, él, or ella. Ex. A Natalia le gusta leer las novelas. A ti te gustan los amigos.
We also reviewed some adjectives to describe people. Some are Moreno, bajo, activo, atlo, serio, atlético, simpático, and extrovertido. These are all masculine in gender. They can also be feminine.
-Lauren Bollinger 2nd hour

Laura said...

Vocabulary (Characteristic’s of people)
Moreno (a) - dark skinned
Bajo(a) – short
Activo (a) – Active
Alto (a) - Tall
Serio (a) – Serious
Atléticos (as) - athletic
Extrovertiodo (a) - outgoing
Prefiere pasar el rato solo (a)- prefers to be alone
Bonito(a) – pretty
Ojos de calor azul – has blues eyes
Perfecto(a)- perfect
Vocabulary (random)
El ajedrez- chess
Las novelas de misterio- mystery book
Videojugeos- video games
Deportes- Sports
Correr- To run
Leer- To read
Revistas- Magazines
People and their routines and activites
To say what you are like you say
¿ Cómo eres tú ?
To say what are your parents or friends like you say
¿ Cómo son tus padres/ amigos ?
To ask what someone does every morning you say
¿ Qué haces todas las mañanas?
To ask your friends what they do on the weekend you say
¿Qué hacen tus amigos los fines de semana?
Gustar
Gustar- to be pleasing to ( to like)
Gusta- singular noun + infinitive
Gustan- plural noun
Using Gustar to say what you/ others like
Yo = a mí – me
Tú= a tí – te
Nosotros= a nosotros- nos
Vosotros- a vosotros- os
To emphasis
A usted – le
A el, a ella – le
To clarify emphasis
A ustedes – les
A ellos (as)- les
A names- les

Gusta—infintive
Gusta- el/ la – singular pronoun
Gustan- lo las – plural noun

Nouns
• Nouns for people have natural gender
• Other nouns have gender based on their ending. Other nouns have organized genders
• To add plural to a noun and –s to a vowel
• To add plural to a noun add –es to consonant
Masculine
Male  amigo (s)
Maculine based ending  libro(s)
Gender must be memorized  corer
Feminine
Chica  female person
Ventana  feminine based word
Clase  memorized gender
Adjectives
• Agree with nouns in number + gender
• Adjectives end in o or r  masculine
• Adjectives end in a or ar  feminine
• To make plural add s or es to a consonant
Masculine Feminine
Bontio Bonita
Alto Alta
Intelectual (es) intelectual (es)
Examples of Gustar

A mí me gusta bailar
A ti te gusta leer
¿ Te gustan más leer o correr?
Do you like to read or run more?
Mí me gusta corre más
¿ Qué te gusta hacer los fines de semana?
What do you like to do on the weekends?
Me mí gusta salir con mi amigas
Y a tus amigos, ¿ qué les gusta hacer?
And your friends what do they like to do?
Mi amigas gustan los videojuegos

Steven said...

This week in Spanish class, we learned how to use “gustar” properly. Gustar is a very important verb in the Spanish language. Our class learned that you can use “á mi, á te, á nosotros, á usted, á el ella, or á (name). Gustar means to be pleasing to. I learned that there is a difference between, being pleasing to, and liking something. The subjects and indirect objects change. Also we learned common phrases to go with gustar, such as; ¿te gusta? ¿que te gusta? ¿que hace? On Thursday we talked about nouns and adjectives. Nouns that describe people have their own gender. I learned to add –s to create a plural, and for a noun that ends in a consonant add –es. Adjectives, on the other hand, agree with nouns in number, and gender.

-Steven Kelley

miguel said...

Miguel Ahles
Journal
This week we learned about descriptive adjectives, how to use the verb gustar, and some interesting facts of Mexico.
Some of the vocabulary that we covered this week include:
Alto- tall
Atlético- athletic
Serio- serious
Baja- short
Bonita- pretty
Ojos verdes- green eyes
Active- active
Extrovertido- extroverted
All of the vocabulary we learned this week are used to describe people, demonstrating their physical and non physical characteristics.
The verb gustar means to be pleasing to. The verb gustar changes to gusta the singular form and gustan the plural form. The verb must have me, te, le, nos, or les, before it. It can also be written as a mi me, a ti te etc. Some examples are:
A mi me gusta jugar al béisbol.
A tí te gustan los videojuegos.
Alex le gusta air al cine.
Nosotros nos gustan las películas.
Ellos les gusta la música.
We also learned about gender of nouns and how to make them plural. Most words determine their gender by ending in a or o. Some words will need to be memorized that are not as easy to determine. Making a noun plural is easy if a word ends in avowel add a –s if it ends in a consonant add –es. Some examples are:
Papel- papel(es)
Libro- libro(s)
One cultural fact we learned this week was of los trajineros. Trajineros are flat bottomed boats that people relax and listen to mariachi music on. People of Xochimilco usually go on the boats on Sundays.

Brianna said...

GUSTAR

(A mi) me
(A ti) te Gusta Singular noun, infinitive
(A él, ella, ustedes) le
(A nosotros) nos Gustan Plural noun
(A ellos, ellas, ustedes) les

Ex. Me gustan los deportes.

A mi Me
A ti Te
To Emphasize A nosotros Nos
A vosotras os

A usted
A él Le
A ella
A (name) Gusta – singular noun, infinitivo
To Clarify Gustan – plural noun
A ustedes
A ellos/as Les
A (names)

Ex. A Pablo le gustan las películas.

NOUNS

• Nouns about people have natural gender
• Other’s gender based on endings
• Some endings must be memorized
• To form plural nouns ending in a vowel add –s
• To form plural nouns ending in a consonant add –es

ADJECTIVES

• Agree with nouns in gender and number
• Common endings for masculine adjectives are –o or –r
• Common endings for feminine adjectives are –a or –ra
• Other common endings are –e or other consonants
• To form a plural adjective add –s to a word ending in a vowel
• To form a plural adjective add –es to a work ending in a consonant

Masculine Feminine
Mucho(s) Mucha(s) Inteligente(s) Inteligentes(s)

Dani said...

Capítulo 1

Vocabulario

ADJECTIVOS
-Perfecto/a -perfect
-Alto/a -tall
-Bajo/a -short
-Pelo castaño/a -dark brown hair
-Ojos (color) -eye color
-Serio/a -serious
-Extrovertido/a –outgoing
-Moreno/a -brunette
Atlético/a -athletic
-Simpático/a -friendly
-Bonito/a -pretty
-Activo/a -active

FAMILY
Madre -mother
Padre -father
Hermano -brother
Hermana -sister




- OTHER WORDS TO KNOW:
La encanta -to love
Novelas de misterio -mystery novels
La gusta - I like
Los fines de semana
- on the weekends
Ajerdrez - chess
Prefiere pasar el rato solo
-spend time alone
Una silla de ruedas
-wheel chair
Conocida -known
Saboreando -enjoying
Jardines flotantes -floating gardens
Remando -rowing
Distraerse
-to distract (oneself)
Quedarse - to stay
Trajineras
-flat-bottom boat

QUESTIONS/ RESPONSES
(Q) ¿Cómo eres tú? -What are you like?
(A)Soy (adjectives) -I am... (Adjective)

(Q) ¿Cómo son tus padres/hermanos/amigos?
What are your parents/brothers/sisters/friends like?
(A)Son (adjectives) - They are (adjectives)

(Q) ¿Qué haces todas las mañanas? -What do you do every morning?
(A) Me levanto, (what you do in the morning) - I get up…

(Q) ¿Qué hacen tus amigos los fines de semana? - What do you and your friends do on weekends?
(A) [ex] Miran películas en mi casa - They watch movies at my house


VERB GUSTAR
Gustar – to be pleasing to (to like)

Gusta – use only with a singular noun or an infinitive
Gustan – use only with plural nouns

Step 1. First decide what pronoun you need to use.
(a mí) me
(a ti) te
(a el, a ella, a ud) le
(a nosotros) nos
(a ellos, a ellas, a uds) les

Step 2. Then decide whether you are using gusta or gustan. Gustan is used with a plural noun (los and las), gust is used if there is an infinitive or a singular noun (el or la).

Example: no me gusta ver la televison
More Examples:
1). A mí me gustan los deportes
2). A mi amiga le gusta leer revistas
3). A mis primos les gustan los animales

NOUNS
-nouns for people have natural gender
-other nouns have genders based on their endings. Still other nouns have to be memorized.
-To form the plural of a noun, add –s to a word ending in a vowel and –es to a word ending in a constant.
Masculine
Amigo (s) – male person
Libro (s) – based on ending
Papel (es) memorize
Feminine
Amiga (s) – female person
Mesa (s)- based on ending
Clase (s) – memorize

ADJECTIVES
-adjectives must agree with nouns in gender and number
- For masculine they end in –o or –r
-For feminine they end in –a or –ra
-plural:
Vowel = -s
Constant= -es
Masculine
Bueno (s)
Grande (s)
Intelecutal (es)
Feminine
Buena (s)
Grande (es)
Intelecutal (es)

Amanda said...

Over this past week our class reviewed indirect object pronouns. Indirect object pronouns are me(me), te(you), le(him, her, you-formal,) nos(you all), and les(them). An indirect object pronoun is the person affected by the action but not acted directly upon. The indirect object is one who is affected by the verb's action on the direct object. We also learned direct object pronouns which are a noun or pronoun that the verb acts directly on. Another thing we covered this week was the verb gustar. Gustar means “to be pleasing to”. Or more regularly referred to as “to like”. For example, Me gusta practicar deportes. This means “I like to play sports.” “Me” is the indirect object pronoun. “Deportes” is the Direct object. The last thing our class covered this week was adjectives. Adjectives are words that describe a noun. This week we focused mainly on describing our families. For example, "Mi madre es muy simpática". “Muy simpática is describing mi madre, the direct object. Other adjectives that describe someone could be, atletico(a), bonito(a), bajo(a), moreno(a), and alto(a). All of this is what Spanish 2 learned over this week.

- Amanda Fuchs

Shelbyyy(: said...

This week in class we learned about how to describe people and activities. We also learned how to express likes and dislikes. In addition to that, we learned adjectives that can help to describe someone or something.

Common Questions
¿Còmo eres tù?-What are you like?

¿Còmo son tus padres/hermanos/amigos?-What are your parents/brothers and sisters/friends like?

¿Què haces todas las maňanas?-What do you do every morning?

¿Què hacen tus amigos los fines de semana?-What do your friends do on the weekends?

Examples:
¿Còmo eres tù?
-Soy alta, atlètica, y bonita.

¿Què hacen tus amigos los fines de semana?
-Mi amigos van el centro commercial de los fines de semana.

Adjectives Learned This Week
Moreno(a)- Brown (skin and hair)
Bajo(a)- Short
Activo(a)- Active
Alto(a)- Tall
Pelo castaňo(a)- Dark hair
Serio(a)- Serious
Extrovertido(a)- Outgoing
Atlètico(a)- Athletic
Simpatico(a)- Nice or friendly
Mayor- Older
Bonito(a)- Pretty
Ojos de color (cafè)- (Brown) Eyes
Perezoso(a)- Lazy
Intelectual- Smart
Guapo- Handsome Tìmido(a)- Shy
Rubio(a)- Blonde
Trabajador- Hard working

Examples:
Mi hermana es muy bonita y intelectual.

Carlos es guapo, serio, y rubio.

We also learned how to say how someone likes or dislikes something by using the verb correct conjugation of the verb gustar. (Gusta or Gustan)
Gusta= used with a verb (or verbs) or a noun
Gustan=used with nouns


With gustar you must always have the correct infinitive.
Yo- Me
Tù- Te
Él, Ella, Usted- Le
Nostros(as)- Nos
Ellos, Ellas, Ustedes- Les

For example, if you want to say you like to watch movies then you would say,
A mì me gusta ver pelìculas.
To say you do not like something in Spanish, you just simply at “no” infront of the infinitive.

Example: No le gusta montar la bicicleta.

The last topic we touched on in Spanish class this week was the gender of nouns. All nouns have a certain gender that is either feminine or masculine. Feminine nouns mostly end in the letter ‘a’. Masculine nouns mostly end in the letter ‘o’.
Feminine Nouns-
Amiga
Hermana
Novela

Masculine Nouns-
Amigo
Hermano
Libro

You can tell if the nouns is masculine or feminine by the article in front of it.

Example:La mochilla (feminine)
La pelìcula (feminine)
El perro (masculine)
El gato (masculine)
You can also make a noun plural by adding s to the end of the vowel or by adding es to the end of the
consonant.
Examples:
Los gatos
Los libros
Las hermanas
Los animales

Shaun-Michael said...

Ex. Mi mamá y papá son enfermeras.
Mi hermana es muy corta.
Perro de mi familia es muy pequeño.
A mí me gustan ver películas.

Esta semana vimos sobre nouns y adjetivos y cómo usar gustar.

Maria said...

Maria Rodriguez
Mrs. Alderman
Spanish 2
18 September 2009
Journal 9/14-9/18

Adjectives- Describe something

-Adjectives always agree with nouns both in gender and in number.
-Masculine adjectives usually end in –o or –r
Ex. Alto
-Most feminine adjectives end in –a or –ra.
Ex. Alta
-For both, masculine and feminine, -e or other consonants can be the ending to other adjectives.
Ex. Grande
-Adding –s to a vowel at the end of an adjective makes it plural.
Ex. Bonitas
-Adding –es to a consonant at the end of an adjective makes it plural also.
Ex. Felizes
Adjective Examples:
-Alto/a (tall)
-Bajo/a (short)
-Simpático/a (nice)
-Serio/a (serious)
-Cómico/a (funny)
-Bonito/a (pretty)
-Feo/a (ugly)
-Extrovertido/a (outgoing)
-Activo/a (active)
-Delgado/a (skinny)
-Feliz (happy)
-Divertido/a (fun)
-Gordo/a (fat)

Reflexive Pronouns

-A mí
-A tu
-A él
-A ella
-A usted
-A nosotros
-A ellos
-A ellas
-A ustedes

Nouns

-Have natural gender (for people)
Ex. Maria  girl
Ex. Mario  boy
-Gender is based on the noun’s ending (for other nouns)
-Some Nouns have gender that has to be memorized because they are unordinary
-Adding –s to the vowel at the end of a noun makes it plural.
Ex. Las medias
-Adding –es to the consonant at the end of a noun makes it plural.
Ex. Los tenedores

Indirect Object Pronouns

-Me
-Te
-Le
-Nos
-Les

Gustar- To be pleasing to

A mí  me ]
A ti  te ] gusta- singular noun
A él, ella, ud.  le ]  - infinitivo (verb)
A nosotros  nos ] gustan- plural noun
A ellos, ellas, uds.  les ]

aevers66 said...

Adjectives
Alto, bajo, serio extrvertido
¿Como eres tu? Soy…
What are you like? I’m…
Prefiere pasar el rato solo. Prefers to be by himself.

Gustar = to be pleasing to Gusata or Gustan??
(to like) gusta < singular noun or infinitive
(a mi) ex: gusta jugar los deportes.
(a ti) gustan < plural noun
(a el, a ella, a ud.) no gustan las navalas
(a nosotros)
(a ellos, a ellas, a uds.)

Nouns
• Nouns for people places have natural geneder
• Other nouns have gender based on their endings, still other nouns have gender that must be memorized.
• To form the plural of a noun, add –s to a word ending in a vowel and add –es to a word ending in a consonant.
Masculine: Male
Amigo(s) libro(s) papel(s)
Feminine: Female
Amiga(s) misa(s) clase(s)

Adjectives
• Adj’s agree with nouns in gender and number
• Many adjectives en in –o, -r for masculine and –a or –ra for feminine.
• Other adj’s end in –e or other consonants for both masculine and feminine.
• To make and adj plural add –s to a vowel or –es to a consonant.
• To say what you or others like use this formula
Gustar = to be pleasing to
(a mi)
(a ti)
(a el, a ella, a ud.)
(a nosotros)
(a ellos, a ellas, a uds.)
A mi me gustan jugar los deportes
A tit e gust aver television
A nosotros nos gustan los gatos

jon said...

Nos enteramos de adjetivos que describen las personas.
Ex: morena, baja, active, alto moreno, serio
¿Cómo eres tú?
An:Soy atlético
¿Cómo son tus padres?
An:Mís padres son divertidos

Nos enteramos de el verbo gustar
Gustar= to be pleasing to
Usar gusta para= singular noun or infinitive
Usar gustan para= plural noun
Me
Te
Le
Nos
Les
To form the plural of an adjective add -s to a word ending in a vowel and -es to a word ending in a consonant
Ex: Bueno Buenos
Intelectual Intelectuales
To say what you or others like use this formula:
A mí
A ti
A nosotros
A vosotros

A usted
A él, a ella
A (name)
A ustedes
A ellos(as)
A(names)

Ex: A mí me gustan los deportes
A ti te gusta correr

A mí familia es grande
A mí familia es extrovertido
A mí familia es joven
A mí familia es simpáticos

Jonathan Corbett
2nd Hora

Chris said...

Notes
Nouns
Describe a person according to their characteristics
• Nouns for people have natural gender
• Other nnounds have gender based on their endings.
• To form a plural noun, add s to a word ending in a vowel and es to a word ending in a consonant.

• They come in both masculine and feminine forms
• Masculine normally ends in o and feminine normally ends in a

• Some masculine and feminine words have to be memorized to know their gender
Adjectives
• Adjectives must agree with the nouns in gender and number
• Many adjectives end in o or r for masculine and a or ra for feminine. Other adjectives end in e or other consonants for both masculine and feminine.
• To make an adjective plural, add s to a vowel or es to a consonant.

Examples include:
Masculine Feminine
Alto(s) pluma(s)
Perro(s) puerta(s)
Azul (s) ventana(s)



Gustar means to be pleasing to
Figuratively = to like
Used to tell what you or others like or enjoy.

Gusta = singular nouns
Infinitive

Gustan = plural nouns

Replace the object with these words based on the context of how many people there are. Commonly people use a simple formula:
Start with a word according to the object (person or people)
A mí
A ti
A nosotros
A usted
A el, a ella, a (name)
A ustedes
A ellos(as)
A(names)

Next, you choose the corresponding word according to the first word chosen.
A mi = me
A ti = te
A nosotros = nos
A usted = le
A él, a ella, a (name) = le
A ustedes = les
A ellos(as) = les
A(names) = les

In a question, the person being asked will be the direct object in the response. Such as saying a mi…etc.

Then you choose which form of gustar to use according to the noun
Gusta = singular noun
Gustan = plural noun
Examples of using gustar include:
1.A mi me gusta ir al cine
2. a mi amiga le gustan deportes.
3. a mis primos les gustan los animales
4. a mis amigos y a mi nos gusta ir al parque.

Chris Parker
6th hour

Jeff said...

This week in class, we learned mainly about the verb gustar, as well as some other things. Gustar means to be pleasing to. You use it to say what you or others like. First of all, the verb gustar has to have an indirect object pronoun in front of the verb. These indirect object pronouns are: me, te, le, nos, and les. Another thing is that gustar can take two forms. These are: gusta and gustan. You use gusta when it is followed by a singular noun, or an infinitive verb. Gustan is followed by plural nouns. All together, an example of this would look like this: Me gusta ir al cine. Another thing we learned is that nouns for people have natural gender. Other nouns have gender based in their endings. If you want to make a noun plural, add –s to a word ending in a vowel. Add –es to a word ending in a consonant. We also learned about adjectives. They agree with nouns in gender or number. Masculine adjectives usually end in –o or –r. Feminine usually end in –a or –ra. To make an adjective plural, do as you would a noun.

Luke said...

This week in Spanish 2, we started chapter 1. The first thing we learned was how to describe what we and other people are like, and also how to ask what people are like. Some adjectives we learned to describe are the following: atlético, simpatico, extrovertido, bonita, baja, alta, moreno, and rubio.
Some examples of ways to ask what you/people are like are:
¿Cómo eres tú? – What are you like?
¿Cómo son tus padres? – What are your parents like?
¿Que haces en los fines de semana? – What do you do on the weekends?

The next thing we learned, and our main focus, was the verb gustar. Gustar is a very irregular verb. It only has 2 forms (gusta and gustan). If you like one thing, you use the singular form, gusta. But if you like more than one thing, you use the form, gustan. To use it correctly, you must say who likes it and add an article before the verb. An example would be: A mi me gusta pizza (I like pizza).

If you are talking about yourself liking something, you must put “a mi me” then the verb.
If you are using the you informal, it would be “a ti te”.
If you are saying we like, it would be ”a nosotros nos”.
If it is he, she or you formal, it is “a él, ella, usted le”.
And last, you all, and they would be “a uds., ellos(as) les”.

After you get this out of the way, you move onto seeing if what your talking about it singular or plural. Again, if you like a single thing, you will use gusta. If you like more than one, you will use gustan.

Here are some examples:

A mi me gusta jugar deportes.
A ti te gustan perros.
A nosotros nos gusta hablar español.
A mi amigo le gusta tacos.
A ellos les gustan corer en el parque.

Luke

Nicole said...

The beginning of Chapter 7 began with vocabulary in a resturant. Some key vocab words included:
la pera: pear
los mariscos; shellfish
la lechuga: lettuce
la ensalada mixta: mixed salad
el gazpacho: cold soup
el mesero: server
el menú: menu
la piña: pinapple
el plátano: banana

Along with these vocab words, we learned how to order and how to respond.

When asking for a menu, one might say: ¿Nos trae el menu?
When asking a waiter for his/her opinion, one would say: ¿Que nos recomienda para comer?
When asking for the bill, one could say: ¿Pueden traernos la cuenta?

The responses for these questions.
To answer about the menu: Sí, en un momento se lo traigo.
To answer about their recomendation: El plato del dia es el bistec con gandules. Está muy sabroso. Se lo recomiendo.
To answer about the bill: Se la traigo enseguida.

Also in Chapter 7, we discussed how to talk about how food tastes.

The questions:
How’s the food: ¿Cómo esta el bistec?
Did you try the chicken soup: ¿Probaste el caldo de pollo?

In response:
It’s missing something: Le falta…
I don’t recommend it: No te lo recomiendo.

Lastly, we learned about double object pronouns.

In some sentences, it is shorter and more precise when using both a direct object and an indirect object. Always remember to place the indirect object pronoun before the direct object pronoun. Also both object pronouns must be kept together whether the come before all verbs, or attached to an infinitive or present progressive. Also when lo, la, los, or las follows le, the le is changed to se.

Examples:
No te lo recomiendo.
Voy a pedírselo.
Ya me la traje.
Está preparándonoslas.

sarahmaurier said...

El diario del 14-September-2009 a 18-September-2009

Capítol 1: Familiares y amigos

VOCABULARIO Y GRAMATICA

Adjectives:

Morena(o)-dark haired, dark skinned
Baja(o)-short
Activa(o)-active
Alta(o)-tall
Seria(o)-serious
Atlética(o)-athletic
Simpática(o)-friendly
Extrovertida(o)-outgoing
Bonita(o)-pretty
Castoña(o)-dark brown
Café-brown
Mayor-older

When using adjectives, they have to agree with then nouns being described in number and in gender. Most adjectives ending in O or R are masculine, and most adjectives ending in A or AR are feminine. Other adjectives that end in other consonants need their genders to be memorized.
To make an adjective plural, you need to add an S (if it ends in a vowel) or an ES (if it ends in a consonant).

EXAMPLE: Ellas es extrovertidas y altas.
^ The adjectives are both feminine because we are speaking of girls, and since there is more than one person, the adjectives are plural.

Nouns:

Las novelas de misterio-mystery novels
El jardín-garden
El ajedrez-chess
Los libros-books
La televisíon-television
La familia-family
Una silla de ruedas-wheel chair
Los amigos-friends
Madre-mother
Padre-father
Hermana-sister
Hermano-brother

Nouns, like adjectives, have gender. Some are based on the endings of a word (EXAMPLE: El Libro is masculine (the O gives that away))
Some nouns don’t have such obvious genders, so you just have to memorize them.
Similar to adjectives, to form the plural form of a noun, add S (if it ends in a vowel) or add ES (if it ends in a consonant).

EXAMPLES: amigo(s)
Papel(es)
Mesa(s)
Clase(s)

GUSTAR

The verb gustar means “to like” or literally “to be pleasing to”

Unlike most verbs, gustar can only be conjugated two different ways.

When creating a sentence to describe what you or someone else likes, the easiest way is to remember this order:

First, to make sure you understand who you are speaking of, use one of these:

A mí
A ti
A nosotros
A vosotros
A él, a ella, a ud, or a (person’s name)
A ellos, a ellas, a uds or a (people’s names)

After that, use a pronoun:

Me
Te
Nos
Os
Le
Les

Next, pick which form of GUSTAR to use.

Use GUSTA when followed by an infinitive.
EXAMPLE: A mí me gusta nadar.
Also, use GUSTA followed by el/la, and then a singular noun.
EXAMPLE: A él le gusta el helado.

Use GUSTAN, followed by los/las, and then a plural noun.
EXAMPLE: A ellas les gustan vestidos.

MORE EXAMPLES OF GUSTAR

A mi amiga le gustan los deportes.

A mis primos les gust aver películas.

A mí me gusta la música de pop.

QUESTIONS

When asking someone what they are like you say:
¿ Cómo eres tú?

Response:
Soy…(followed by adjectives, that agree with subject)

When asking what someone else is like, you say:

¿Cómo son…(whoever you are asking about)?

Response:
Son…(adjectives)

To ask someone what they do every morning, you say:
¿Qué haces todas las mañanas?

Response:
Me…(then what you do in the morning, a verb…EXAMPLE: levanto)

To ask what your friends do on the weekends, you say:
¿Qué hacen tus amigos los fines de semana?

Response:
You respond with what they do. For example: Van al centro commercial.

To ask if someone like something:
¿Te (gusta or gustan)…..(noun)?

Response:
Following the format stated above, figure out a response to the question.



Nota Cultural

The cultural note talks about Xochimilco (known for its floating gardens(jardines flotantes)) and the significance of things that go on there. People ride in flat bottomed boats (called trajineras). While on the boats, people relax (relajandarse), enjoy typical Mexican food, and row through the canals. The most common day for this to happen is on Sunday (domingo).

nina said...

This week in class we reviewed the verb "gustar" and cleared up any questions we had about it.
A few things that we reviewed about "gustar" were:
- it always follows the infinitive pronouns me, te, le, nos, les (they must agree with the subject)
- it means "to have please to."
- it becomes "gustan" if followed by a plural noun and the subject must always agree with it.
- if not followed a plural noun it is left "gusta."

Also, we went over descriptive adjects as well, and reviewed some basic vocabulary terms.

lyssa :D said...

Nouns have gender for people , you can tell the gender of most nouns by the ending. To make a noun plural, add -s to a word ending in a vowel and add -es to a word ending in a consonant.
Ex.:
masculine feminine
gato(s) gata(s)
reservacion(es) reservacion(es)

adjectives agree with nouns in their gender and also in their number. A lot of adjectives end in -o or -r for masculine and -a or -ra for feminine. Other adjectives end in consonants for both masculine or feminine. To make an adjective plural, add -s to a vowel or -es to a consonant.

masc. fem.
trabajador(es) trabajadora(s)

a mi......me
a ti........te
a nosotros..nos
a vosotros..os
a usted.....le }gusta>infin.
a el....le
a ella..legusta>el,la> sing. noun
a ustedes.les gustan>los,las>plu.n.
a ellos(as)..les
gustar: to be pleasing to
literal meaning: to like
indirect object pronouns:
me
te
le
nos
les
A mi me gusta jugar tenis.
A ti hermano te gustan jugar deportes.
A ella le gustan leer los libros.

maggieNowicki said...

Espanol 2- El Diario del 14-Sept-2009 a 18-Sept-2009
Gustar- to like/be pleasing to
First, you would use a starting noun, then add a second to emphasize the subject.

1) a mi 2) me
a ti te
a el/ella/ud/person le
a nosotros los
a ellos/ellas/uds/persons les

Next, you write the verbs perspective, either singular (gusta) or plural (gustan). Then would come the article followed by the subject.
Here are some examples for each subject tense.
1) A mÍ me gusta la musica de rock.
2) A tÍ te gusta el escuela en jueves, porque el fines de semaña es hora.
3) A Maria le gusta ir al cine conmigos.
4) A nosotros los gustan ir al parque con familias.
5) A Julio y Pedro les gustan jugar videojuegos a casa de Julio.

-Maggie Nowicki
6th Hour

Chelsea Ann:) said...

this week we started chapter seven.
We started off talking about things that deal with a restaurant.
We learned all the basic foods, and the basic phrases.
Like a waiter or waitress is la mesera or el mesero.
Some simple phrases we learned were such as:
asking the waiter to bring the menu. Nos trae el menú, por favor.
Or asking what someone recommends they have for dinner.
Qué nos recomienda para cenar.
We can also ask the waiter to bring the bill. tráiganos la cuenta, por favor.

The second thing we learned are phrases that ask about specific foods.
We learned how to ask how a certain food is.
Qué tal está caldo de pollo.
We learned how to respond.
To say it is missing something say Le falta.

The third and last part we learned was the grammar section.
Double object pronouns.
Some verbs can have direct and indirect object pronouns.
Such as: Mi mama se recomendo el pollo.
When you have both a direct and indirect object pronouns, always put the indirect object pronoun first.
In a sentence that uses the indirect pronouns le or les, you change it to se if it is used in the same sentence as lo la los las.

As a class, we are still trying to perfect the grammar section, its kind of difficult.

lauren bollinger said...

This week, the class reviewed the verb gustar, adjectives and nouns. The verb gustar first begins with the indirect pronouns which are: me, te, le, nos and les. Next comes the conjugated verb. It is either gusta or gustan depending on the words after it. You use gusta if it is followed by a singular noun or an infinitive.(Ex. Me gusta la novella. Le gusta ir al cine.) You use gustan if it is followed by plural nouns.(Ex. Les gustan los animales.) When using adjectives, you must be aware that they can change genders. Use
-o for describing males, and –a for females.(Ex. Èl es alto. Ella es bonita.) They must also agree in number. (Ex. Ellos son altos. Ellas son bonitas.) When using nouns, they have a certain gender already. Masculine nouns end in –o or –r. Feminine nouns end in –a or
-ra.(Ex. Amigo, papel, mesa) When making them plural, add –s to those ending in vowels and -es to those that end in consonants.(Ex. Amigos, papeles, mesas)
-Lauren Bollinger
P.S. I posted late because I had a volleyball tourney and did not get home until 11:15. And I know some of my other classmates who are also teammates may have posted late also. I hope you can still give me credit.

danielle (= misovich said...

This week we mainly learned about how to use gustar, and adjectives.
Ways to talk about people, things they do activities ; questions and answers -
¿Cómo eres tú? What are you like ?
Soy? I’m…….
¿Cómo son tus padres/hermanos/amigos? What are your parents/brothers/friends like?
Son... They are .......
¿Quė hacen tus amigos los fines de semana? What do your friends do on weekends?
Ver television/Traėn peliculas a mi casa. They watch T.V./ Bring movies to my house.
¿Quė haces todos las mañanas? What do you do every morning?
Me levento, me bano......... I get up, I take a bath.
Las Famalia Vocabulario – Las Vocabulario-
Madre- mother Las novelas de misterio- mystery books
Padre- father el ajedrez – chess board
Hermano – brother me llamo – my name is ..
Hermana – sister poco – (a) little
Encanta –to love
Los fines de semana – days of the week
Descriptive words / Adjectives
(adjectives) – agree with nouns in gender and number , many adjectives end in an o or r for masculine and a or ra for feminine. Other adjectives end in –e or other consonants for both masculine and feminine. TO make an adjective plural add –s to a vowel or –es to a consonant.–
Morena- dark skin/hair atleticos- athletic
Baja- short simpacticos – nice
Alta- tall
Activa- active
Encanta –to love
Serio – serious
GUSTAR – to be pleasing to (to like)
Indirect
Object
Pronouns – go before gustar they must agree with the noun or who gustar is refering to.
Me-
Te-
Le-
Nos-
Les-
You can also put A than a noun ex . A (name ) le gusta ……
Than comes gustar in the sentance after those
Gustar can only be in two forms- gusta and gustan
Gusta- for singular nouns and infinitives
Gustan- for plural nouns
Ex – No me gusta ver la tele.
Me gusta las novelas.
Expressing likes and dislikes using Gustar –
¿Te gustan más los___o___ ? Do you like ___ o ___ more?
A mi no me gusta ____? Prefiero ___. I don’t like __. I prefer ___.
¿Quė te gusta hacer los fines de semana? What do you like to do on the weekends?
Me gusta___. Voy___. I like___. I go___.
Y tus amigos. ¿quė les gusta hacer ? And your friends , what do they like to do ?
A ellos les gusta ___. They like to___.
Nouns – for people have natuaral gender , other nouns have gender based on their endings still other nouns have gender that must be memorized to form the plural of a noun add –s to a word ending in a vowel and add –es to a word ending in a consonant.

kyle said...

In Spanish class this week we learned about the verb gustar and how to use it. The verb Gustar means to be pleasing to.When using this verb you use it to say you like and they like. First of all, the verb gustar has to have an indirect object pronoun in front of the verb. These indirect object pronouns are: me, te, le, nos, and les. Gustar can take two forms they are: gusta and gustan. You use gusta when it is followed by a singular noun, or an infinitive verb. Gustan is followed by plural nouns. An example of this would be like this: Me gusta ir al cine. Another thing we learned is that nouns for people have natural gender. If you want to make a noun plural, add –s to a word ending in a vowel. Add –es to a word ending in a consonant. We learned about adjectives. They agree with nouns in their gender or number. Masculine adjectives usually end in o or r. Feminine usually end in –a or –ra. To make an adjective plural, do as you would a noun.

Kelsey said...

This week in Spanish class we have learned how to ask about people, routines and activities, and to express likes and dislikes.
An example of a question about a person is ¿Cόmo eres tú? Which means what are you like?
An answer can be soy tímido y baja.
Another concept that we learned is the way to express likes or dislikes with gustar.
A simple formula can be used such as a mí-me-gusta-infinitive
Ex) A mí ne gusta ir de compras.
Or if you want to use gustar with a plural noun there’s another formula. For example, a ustedes-les-gustan-los-plural noun
The last thing we covered was making nouns and adjectives plural.
Nouns have gender, and some nounds have gender based on their endings. To form the plural of a noun add –s to a word ending in a vowel add -es to a word ending in a consonant.
Ex) amigo(s) papel(es)
Adjectives agree with nouns in gender and number. Most adjectives end in –o or –r for masculine and –a or –ra for feminine. To make an adjective plural add –s to a vowel or –es to a consonant.
Ex) bueno(s) intelectual(es)

Savannah said...

This week in Spanish 2, we basically reviewed on nouns, adjectives, and the verb gustar. In nouns, there are words with gender changes. Such as: amigo which is masculine because of the –o, amiga which is feminine because of the –a. Some nouns do not have these gender changes, some nouns like el papel which is masculine because of the el in front. Or la clase which is feminine because of the la. The beginning words, el or la is the dead giveaway of their gender. Nouns can be plural, such as amigos or amigas. When turning a noun from singular to plural, the el and la turn to los and las. For the nouns with gender changes, add an –s to the nouns with an –a, -o, or an –e. But the nouns that end with a consonant, add –es.
Adjectives have almost the same format, only they do not have the el or la in front and they have gender changes too. When they turn from singular to plural, it is the same format.
Gustar is a verb that to be pleasing to or to like. Its only forms are gusta and gustan. Gusto, gustas, and gustamos DO NOT EXIST. You use gusta when the object likes something that is a singular noun or an infinitive verb. You use gustan when the object likes something that is a plural noun. There is a pronoun that is before the form of gustar that is similar to the object, it is a priority you must have it. To really under stand it, look at this formula:


Subject Transformed Pronoun
Yo A mí Me
Tú A ti Te
Nosotros/as A nosotros/as Nos
Vosotros/as A vosotros/as Os
Usted A usted Le
Él/ Ella A él/ ella Le
Person A (name) Le
Ellos/ Ellas A ellos/ ellas Les
Ustedes A ustedes Les
People A (names) Les

Examples:
1) A mí madre le gusta manejar mucho.
2) A tí te gusta leer los libros.
3) A ellos les gusta ir de compras.
4) A nosotras nos gustan los gatos
5) A ella le gusta nadir la playa

With these five examples, all that we have learned this week is combined. In the introduction, it said that this was review from last year. Hope you under stand.

savanna said...

Masculine/Feminine and Plural nouns:
To make nouns plural:
- add (s) to words ending with a vowel
- add (es) to words ending with a consonant
Examples-
Amigo -> amigos
Papel -> papeles
For masculine/feminine nouns:
- most feminine end with an (a)
- most masculine end with an (o)
- ones that end in consonants must be memorized
- or you could tell by the article (el, la, los, las)
Examples-
Masculine: amigo, libro, papel
Feminine: ventana, mochilá, clase

Gustar:
- literally translates as to be pleasing to
- it’s used to say what others like or don’t like
- use me, te, le, nos, or les before it.
- use gusta for infinitive verbs and singular nouns
- use gustan for plural nouns
Examples-
1. A mi me gusta ir al centro comercial.
2. A ellos les gustan los deportes.
3. A ella le gusta la música.


- savanna parks, 6th hour

molly said...

In the beginning of the chapter we talked about restaurant vocabulary. Some of those vocabulary words are:
el mesero: waiter
la lechuga: lettuce
el menú: menu
bistec: steak
pollo: chicken

Also we learned how to order food and ask for the meal of the day, el plato de día, ask for the menu ,¿Nos trae el menu? , and asking for the bill,¿Pueden traernos la cuenta?

We also learned how to ask how a certain food is: ¿Cómo esta el bistec?
and how to say something is missing something:
Le falta....


In the grammar section of Chapter 7 we learned how to use indirect and object pronouns and that the basic rule to remember is that the indirect object pronoun comes before the direct object pronoun:
Quiero el pollo. ¿Me lo trae ahora, por favor?
the two pronouns form an unbreakable unit and cannot be broken up by another word.

Dani said...

Present Tense Conjugation
AR ER
I Yo O O
You Tu As Es
You/he/she Ud/el/ella A E
we Nosotros
(as) Amos Imos
You Vosotros
(as) Ais Is
they Uds/ellos/
ellas An En
Ex:
Hablar: Yo hablo en ingles
Correr: Ella corre en al parque
Comer: Nosotros comemos en al resturante

*When ustedes is used in a question answer in (nosotros/as) form

*Use stem changes in all but nosotros and vosotro form.

Stem Changes:
(o --- ue)
(e ---- ie)
(e ---- i)
Ex:
Yo pruebo
Tu prefieres
Ella pide

Reflexive
Yo Me
Tu Te
Ud/el/ella Se
Nosotros Nos
Vosotros Os
Eds/ellos/
Ellas se



Reflexive Verbs (end in se):
Levantarse (to get up)
Despertarse/ie (to wake up)
Acostarse/ue (to go to bed)
Lavarse (to wash)
Secarse (to wash)
Bañarse (to bathe)

Other Verbs to Know:
Pedir (i) – to ask for, to order
Salir (salgo) – I go out
Poner (pongo) – I put
Hacer (hago) – I do/ I make
Traer (traigo) – I bring
*Saber (se) – I know
Venir (vengo) – I come
Tener (tengo) – I have

* Saber can be followed by an
infinitive.

** In order to say to talk on the phone
use: hablar por telefono

*encantar –to love
(use it the same way you use gustar)
Use encanta when there is a sing. Noun or infinitive
Use encantan when there is plural nouns.

*uno- literally #1… otherwise use un
Example: Yo tengo un hermano
[ I have one brother]

CHORES
La sala – the livingroom
 Arreglar la sala – (to pick up/straighten up)
 Pasar la aspirador- ( vacuum)
 Limpiar la sala- (clean the living room)

El baño- the bathroom
 Limpiar el baño- (clean the bathroom)
 Sacar la basura- (take out the garbage)

El jardin- the “yard”
 Cortar el césped- (cut the grass)

La cocina- kitchen
 Preparar la cena (desayuno, almuerzo)- ( prepare the dinner/breakfast/lunch)
 Poner la mesa- (set the table)
 Limpiar- ( clean)
 Lavar los platos- (wash the dishes)
 Poner el postre/los refrescos en el refriderado- ( put the dessert/drinks in the refridgerator)
 Sacar la basura- (take out the garbage)

El patio- the patio
 Decorar el patio- (decorate the patio)
 Limpiar- (clean)
 Arreglar- (straighten up)

Durante las vaciones- things we do on vacation [in a city]
 Visitor un museo- (to visit a museum)
 Conocer el centro- (get to know downtown)
 Pasear en bote- (boat ride)
 Ir al zoologico- (to go to the zoo)
 Ir de compras al meracdo- (shop at the market)

QUESTIONS
Q ¿Puedo ayndarte? (Can I help you?)
A Sí, [pasa la aspiradora] – (yes, vacuum the livingroom)

Q ¿Qué hay que hacer en [la cocina]? – (What needs to be done in the kitchen?)
A Tenemos que [poner el postre] en el refrigerador- (We have to put dessert in the fridge)

Q ¿Qué más tengo que hacer? – (what else do I have to do?)
A Debes [lavar lost platos] – (You should wash the dishes)

Q ¿Algo más? – (anything else?)
A No. Gracías. – (no thanks)

*no te olvides- don’t forget to
Debes – you should
Tenemos- we have to

Dani Lollo
7th hour.

Christian said...

Gustar – to be pleasing to (to like)
Indirect object pronouns:
(a mí) me

(a tí) te

(a él, ella, ud.) le

(a nosotros) nos

(a ellos, ellas, uds.) les

When to use gusta and gustan
gusta – for singular nouns and infinitives

gustan – for plural nouns

(examples) Me gustan los juegos de mesa. Juego al ajedrez.

No me gusta el tenis.

Nouns
-have natural gender when referring to people

-other nouns have gender too but the endings must be memorized.

-to form the plural of a noun ending in a vowel, just add –s, but to make a noun that ends in a consonant plural you must add –es.

Adjectives
-agree in number and gender

-masculine (m) adjectives end in –o or –r and feminine (f) end in –a or –ra, while others end in –e or another consonant sound for both masculine and feminine

-to make an adjective ending in a vowel plural add –s, and to make an adjective ending in a consonant add –es

(example)

bueno = m, buena = f [o to a]

Grande(s) = m, grande(s) = f [same for m & f]

(a mí) me, (a tí) te, (a nosotros) nos: used to emphasize the verb gustar
(a él, ella, ud.) le & (a ellos, ellas, uds.) les: used to emphasize and clarify the verb gustar
Use the direct object pronouns el and la with gusta when followed by singular nouns.
Use the direct object pronouns los and las with gustan when followed by plural nouns.
(examples)

1. A mí me gusta jugar el béisbol.

2. A tí te gustan los perros.

3. A Jaun le gusta correr.

4. A nosotros nos gustan tocar las guitarras.

5. A ellos les gustan montar los bicicletas.