Monday, December 14, 2009

Español 3- El Diario del 14-Dec-2009 a 18-Dec-2009

This will be your last blog post for the first semester. For this week, please explain the subjunctive mood-the first 2 sections of the second half of chapter 9. Please explain this concept in great detail. Explain how it works, explain how to conjugate it, AND include AT LEAST 6 ORIGINAL EXAMPLE SENTENCES. You may include examples from the text also, but you must have 6 original sentences in order to receive full credit.

So that you may focus on preparing for the final later this week (1st hour) and over the weekend (7th hour), please submit this entry by 11:30 pm on Wednesday, December 16th. Any posts received later than that will be graded as a late assignment for half credit.

21 comments:

truchan said...

This week in Spanish:
The subjunctive mood is used to talk about things you hope or wish for.
When one sentence is joined to another sentence that expresses a hope or wish, the verb after que is the subjunctive. Three verbs that express hopes and wishes are querer, esperar, and preferir.
To form the present subjunctive, add the following endings to the stem of the present indicative yo form. Verbs with yo form ending in go or zco are also formed the subjunctive this way.
-ar -er and -ir
Yo – e a
Tú – es as
Ud., ella, él - e a
Nosotros – emos amos
Uds., ellos, ellas – en an
Ir and ser are irregular in the subjunctive. Stem changing –ar and –er verbs have the same stem changes in their present subjunctive forms.
Ir – vaya, vayas, vaya, vayamos, vayan
Ser – sea, seas, sea, seamos, sean
Volver (ue) – vuelva, vuelvas, vuelva, volvamos, vuelvan
Always use the subjunctive mood after ojalá que (I hope, I wish)
The subjunctive form of stem changing –ir verbs have the following stem changes. The endings are regular.
Dormer (ue,u) – duerma, duermas, duerma, durmamos, duerman
Sentirse (ie,i) – sienta, sientas, sienta, sintamos, sientan
Pedir (I,i) – pida, pidas, pida, pidamos, pidan
To form the present subjunctive of the verbs listed below, add the following endings to the stem. The verbs estar and dar have irregular endings. The subjunctive of hay is haya.
Estar – esté, estés, esté, estemos, estén
Dar – dé, des, dé, demos, den
Saber – sepa, sepas, sepa, sepamos, sepan

Espero que podamos ganar el partido.
Prefiero que nosotros comamos ahora.
Quiero que mi madre se bañe en el mar.
Ojalá que yo esté bonita.
Ojalá que ella duerma por ocho horas.
Ojalá que yo vaya a la casa.

ABarbacci said...

Alexis Barbacci
Sra. Alderman
Spanish III, 7th
15 December 2009

The Subjunctive Form

Subjunctive mood for hopes and wishes

-The subjunctive mood is used to talk about things one hopes or wishes for.
- The word “que” joins two sentences (with different subjects and verbs) in the indicative form.

Mi mama dijo que eso mercado es muy grande.
-My mom says that that market is very big.

Como menos que mi hermano, pero gasto más que él.
-I eat less than my brother, but I spend more than him.

Mi padre dijo que mi vestido es bonito.
-My dad said my dress is pretty.

When one sentence is joined to another sentence that expresses a hope or wish, the verb after que is in the subjunctive. For example, three verbs often used to express hopes and wishes are querer, esperar, and preferir. (examples below)

-To form the present subjunctive, add the following endings to the stem of the present indicative “yo” form. Even the verbs ending in –go or –zco will end this way. There are only 2 (?) irregular verbs in the subjunctive form.

Regular subjunctive present form

Comprar => compro (yo)
Yo compre
Tú compres
Él/ella/ud compre
Nosotros compremos
Ells/ellas/uds compren

Conocer => conozoco (yo)
Conozca
Conozcas
Conozca
Conozcamos
Conozcan

Salir => salgo (yo)
Salga
Salgas
Salga
Salgamos
Salgan

The irregular verbs (ir, ser), but also stem changing –ar and –er verbs have the same stem changes in their present subjunctive forms.

Ir
Yo vaya
Tú vayas
Él/ella/ud vaya
Nosotros vayamos
Ellos/ellas/uds. Vayan

Ser
Sea
Seas
Sea
Seamos
Sean

Volver (ue)
Vuelva
Vuelvas
Vuelva
Volvamos
Vuelvan

Yo espero que mi familia y yo exploremos las cuevas este verano.
-I hope that my family and I explore caves this summer.

Quiero mi hermano que salga la casa por universidad este año.
-I want my brother to leave home for college this year.

Prefiero mi papa que compre un carro por mí.
-I’d prefer that my dad buy a car for me.

Prefiero mi familia y yo que vayamos a California este verano.
-I’d prefer that my family and I went to California this summer.

Subjunctive of stem-changing –ir and irregular verbs

After the phrase “ojalá que” (I hope, I wish), always use the subjunctive mood.

Ojalá que yo vaya a la play.
-I hope that I go to the beach.

Ojalá que mis amigos vayan al centro comercial conmigo.
-I hope that my friends come to the mall with me.

Ojalá que mis padres que compren un carro para mí.
-I hope that my parents will buy a car for me.

Furthermore, the subjunctive forms of stem-changing –ir verbs have the following stem changes. (they are regular)

Dormer (o>ue, u)
Yo duerma
Tú duermas
Ud/él/ella duerma
Nosotros dormamos
Uds/ellos/ellas duerman

Sentirse (e>ie, i)
Me sienta
Te sientas
Se sienta
Nos sintamos
Se sientan

Pedir (e>i, i)
Pida
Pidas
Pida
Pidamos
Pidan

Ojalá que duerma durante de la vacación de la Navidad.
-I hope to sleep during Christmas Vacation.

Ojalá que pida la hamberguesa a mi restaurante favorito.
-I hope to order the hamburger at my favorite restaurant.

No quiero que me sienta mal esta vacación.
-I don’t want to feel bad this vacation.

To form the present subjunctive of the verbs below, add the following endings to the stem. The verbs estar and dar have irregular endings, and the subjunctive of hay is haya.

Estar
Yo esté
Tú estés
Ud/él/ella esté
Nosotros estemos
Uds/ellos/ellas estén

Dar

Des

Demos
Den

Saber
Sepa
Sepas
Sepa
Sepamos
Sepan

No quiero que mis amigos estén muy cansados.
-I don’t want my friends to be very tired.

Mi hermano espera que mis padres se den un carro para su cumpleaños.
-My brother hopes that my parents will give him a car for his birthday.

Ojalá que yo sepa cómo llegar a la playa.
-I hope I can figure out/know how to get to the beach.

Matthew said...

Subjunctive Mood for Hopes and Wishes

The subjunctive mood is used to talk about things you hope or wish for.
It must be a complex sentence.
When one sentence is joined to another sentence that expresses a hope or wish, the verb after que is in the subjunctive. Tree verbs that express hopes and wishes are querer, esperar, and perferir.
To form the present subjunctive, add the following endings to the stem of the present indicative yo form.


Compro (-ar) Conozco (-er) Salgo (-ir)
Yo Compre Conozca Salga
Tu Compres conozcas salgas
El, ella, Ud. Compre Conozca Salga
Nosotros Compremos Conozcamos Salgamos
Uds. Ellos, ellas Compren Conozcan Salgan


Ir and ser are irregular in the subjunctive. Stem-Canning -ar and -er verbs have the same stem changes in their resent subjunctive forms.


Ir Ser Volver (ue)
Yo vaya sea vuelva
Tu vayas seas vuelvas
El, ella, Ud. vaya sea vuelva
Nosotros vayamos seamos volvamos
Uds. Ellos, ellas vayan sean vuelvan


Examples:
Prefiero que nosotros vayamos a explorar cuevas.
Mis padres quieren que mis hermanos traigan refrescos.
Espero que mis padres compren la ropa nueva.

Subjunctive of Stem-Changing -ir and Irregular Verbs

Always use the subjunctive mood after Ojalá que (I hope, I wish).
The subjunctive forms of stem Canning -ir verbs have the following stem changes. The endings are regular.

Dormir (o->ue,u) Sentirse (e->ie,i) Pedir (e->i,i)
Yo duerma Me sienta pida
Tu duermas Te sientas pidas
El, ella, Ud. duerma Se sienta pida
Nosotros dormamos Nos sintamos pidamos
Uds. Ellos, ellas duerman Se sientan Pidan


To form the present subjunctive of the estar, dar, and saber, add the following endings to the stem. The verbs estar and dar ahve irregular endings. The subjunctive of hay is haya.


Estar Dar Saber
Yo esté dé sepa
Tu estés des sepas
El, ella, Ud. esté dé sepa
Nosotros estemos demos sepamos
Uds. Ellos, ellas estén den sepan


Examples:
Ojalá que yo vaya a la playa.
Mis hermanos esperan que yo esté muy cansado.
Perfiero que nosotros vaya a un restaraunte.

michael oleary said...

This week in Spanish we learned about the subjunctive mood. The subjunctive mood used to express one’s hopes or wishes. Use the word que to join two different sentences to form a subjunctive sentence. The first sentence will use querer, esperar, or preferir to express that someone wants or wishes for something to happen. The verb after the que is in the present subjunctive tense. To form this, go to the yo form present tense of the verb, drop the o at the end and add the following endings:
-ar verbs:
Yo –e
Tú –es
Él, ella, Ud. –e
Nosotros –emos
Ellos, ellas, Uds. –en

-er and –ir verbs:
Yo –a
Tú –as
Él, ella, Ud. –a
Nosotros –amos
Ellos, ellas, Uds. –an

Ir and ser are irregular in the subjunctive:
Ir – vaya, vayas, vaya, vayamos, vayan
Ser – sea, seas, sea, seamos, sean

-ar and –er verbs that have stem changes in the present tense have the same stem change in the present subjunctive:
Volver (ue): vuelva, vuelvas, vuelva, volvamos, vuelvan

The endings of –ir verbs that have stem changes are regular, but their stem changes are as followed:
Dormir (o -> ue, u) – duerma, duermas, duerma, durmamos, duerman
Sentirse (e -> ie, i) – sienta, sientas, sienta, sintamos, sientan
Pedir (e -> i, i) – pida, pidas, pida, pidamos, pidan

The subjunctive of hay is always haya.

The verbs estar, dar, and saber are irregular and their forms are as followed:
Estar – esté, estés, esté, estemos, estén
Dar – dé, des, dé, demos, den
Saber – sepa, sepas, sepa, sepamos, sepan

Also when ever “Ojalá que” is used, follow it with a verb in the subjunctive tense.

Examples of the subjunctive:

• Espero que nosotros vayamos a la casa de mis primos.
• Prefiero que nosotros hagamos ecoturismo.
• Ojalá que yo me bañe en el mar.
• Quiero que esté lloviznando al aire libre.
• Espero que no paseamos en lancha.
• Mis padres quieren que mis amigos sepan cómo llegar a la playa.

chris said...

Chris Lechnar
Mrs. Alderman
Spanish 3
16 December 2009

Subjunctive mood for hopes and wishes
· You’ve used verb tenses (past, present, future) and also the imperative and indicative moods. The imperative is used in commands. The indicative is used to report facts or things you consider certain. The subjunctive mood is used to talk about things you hope or wish for.
· You’ve used que to join two sentences with different subjects and verbs in the indicative.
o Luis dice que esta playa es bonita
· When one sentence is joined to another sentence that expresses a hope or wish, the verb after que is in the subjunctive. Three verbs that express hopes and wishes are querer, esperar, and preferir.
o Luis espera que esta playa sea bonita
Luis hopes that this beach is (will be) nice.
· To form the present subjunctive, add the following endings to the stem of the present indicative yo form. Verbs with yo forms ending in –go or –zco also form the subjunctive this way.

Comprø (ar) Conozcø (er) Salgø (ir)
Yo Compre Conozca Salga
Tu Compres Conozcas Salgas
El, Ella, Ud. Compre Conozca Salga
Nosotros (as) Compremos Conozcamos Salgamos
Ellos, Ellas, Uds. Compren Conozcan Salgan

· Ir and ser are irregular in the subjunctive. Stem-changing –ar and –er verbs have the same stem changes in their present subjunctive forms.

Ir Ser Volver (ue)
Vaya Vayamos Sea Seamos Vuelva Volvamos
Vayas Vayan Seas Sean Vuelvas Vuelvan
Vaya Sea Vuelva

o Es: You espero que mi equipo de fútbol sea bueno.
· Always use the subjunctive mood after ojalá que (I hope, I wish).
o Ojalá que (nosotros) volvamos algún dia.
I hope we come back some day.
· The subjunctive forms of stem changing –ir verbs have the following stem changes. The endings are regular.



Dormir (o ue, u) Sentirse (e ie, I) Pedir (e I, I)
Yo Duerma Sienta Pida
Tu Duermas Sientas Pidas
El, Ella, Ud. Duerma Sienta Pida
Nosotros (as) Durmamos Sintamos Pidamos
Ellos, Ellas, Uds. Duerman Sientan Pidan

· To form the present subjunctive of the verbs listed below, add the following endings to the stem. The verbs estar and dar have irregular endings. The subjunctive of hay is haya.

Estar Dar Saber
Yo Esté Dé Sepa
Tu Estés Des Sepas
El, Ella, Ud. Esté Dé Sepa
Nosotros (as) Estemos Damos Sepamos
Ellos, Ellas, Uds. Estén Den Sepan

kara said...

Kara Moncivais
Alderman
Spanish III
16 December 2009

Chapter two continued…

Always use the subjunctive mood after ojalá que (I hope, I wish)
Ojalá que (nosotros) nademos en el rio.
The subjunctive forms of stem-changing –ir verbs have the following stem changes. The endings are regular.


Yo duerma me sienta pida
Tù duermas te sientas pidas
Uds.,él,ella duerma se sienta pida
Nosotros durmamos nos sintamos pidamos
Uds.,ellos,ellas duerman se sientan pidan

To form the present subjunctive of the verbs listed below, add the following endings to the stem. The verbs estar and dar have irregular endings. The subjunctive of hay is haya.


Yo esté dé sepa
Tù estés des sepas
Ud., él, ella esté dé sepa
Nosotros(as) estemos demos sepamos
Uds., ellos, ellas estén den sepan

Examples
1. Espero que mi hermana nadé en el río conmigo.
2. Quiero que mis padres sepan cómo llegar al hotel.
3. Prefiero que mi mejor amiga iré a la playa conmigo.
4. Espero que podamos ganar el partido.
The Future Tense
To say what will or will not happen in the future, use the future tense.

estar ver ir
Yo esté veré iré
Tù estarás verás irás
Uds., él, ella estará verá irá
Nosotros estaremos veremos iremos
Uds., ellos, ellas estarán verán irán


Examples:
1. Irán a la tienda Kohl’s con mi mama.
2. Esatará muy enfermo y quedará en cama todo el dia.

These verbs have an irregular stem in the future tense. To conjugate them, add regular future-tense endings to their stem. The future of hay is habrá (there will be)
Decir: dir-
Hacer: har-
Poder: podr-
Piner: pondr-
Querer: querr-
Salir: saldr-
Valer: valdr-
Venir: vendr-
Tener: tendr-
The future tense is also used to say what is probably true or likely to happen
1. Puerto Rico, no podrás esquiar con nieve.
2. Makayla estará triste porque no podrá volará con ala delta.

Darcy Vines said...

Darcy Vines
1st hour

This week, we learned the subjunctive tense.

Subjunctive mood for hopes and wishes:
The subjunctive mood is used to talk about things you hope or wish for. When one sentence is joined to another sentence that expresses a hope or wish, the verb after 'que' is in the subjunctive. Three verbs that express hopes and wishes are querer, esperar, and preferir.
Yo espero que el colegio esté cerrado.
Mis hermanos quieren que yo salga de la casa.
Mis padres prefieren que yo haga mis quehaceres.
Yo espero que termine mi tarea.

To form the present subjunctive, add these endings onto the stem of the present indicative yo form.

For an -ar verb, the endings are:
yo -e
tú -es
Ud., ella, él -e
nosotros -emos
Uds., ellos, ellas -en

For an -er or -ir verb, the endings are:
yo -a
tú -as
Ud., ella, él -a
nosotros -amos
Uds., ellos, ellas -an

Ir and ser are irregular in the subjunctive. Stem-changing -ar and -er verbs have the same stem chagnes in their present subjunctive forms.
Ir
yo vaya
tú vayas
Ud., ella, él vaya
nosotros vayamos
Uds., ellos, ellas vayan
Ser
yo sea
tú seas
Ud., ella, él sea
nosotros seamos
Uds., ellos, ellas sean
Volver (ue)
yo vuelva
tú vuelvas
Ud., ella, él vuelva
nosotros volvamos
Uds., ellos, ellas vuelvan

Quiero que nosotros vayamos a la playa.
Espero que el hotel sea grande.

Subjunctive of stem-changing -ir and irregular verbs:

Always use the subjunctive mood after ojalá que (I hope, I wish).
Ojalá que vayamos de compras.

The subjunctive forms of stem-changing -ir verbs have the following stem changes. The endings are regular:
Dormir
yo duerma
tú duermas
Ud., ella, él duerma
nosotros dormamos
Uds., ellos, ellas duerman
Sentirse
yo me sienta
tú te sientas
Ud., ella, él se sienta
nosotros nos sintamos
Uds., ellos, ellas sientan
Pedir
yo pida
tú pidas
Ud., ella, él pida
nosotros pidamos
Uds., ellos, ellas pidan

Quiero que yo duerma hasta mediodía.
Espero que te sientas feliz.

To form the present subjunctive of the verbs listed below, ass the following endings to the stem. The verbs estar and dar have irregular endings. The subjunctive of hay is haya.
Estar
yo esté
tú estés
Ud., ella, él esté
nosotros estemos
Uds., ellos, ellas estén
Dar
yo dé
tú des
Ud., ella, él dé
nosotros demos
Uds., ellos, ellas den
Saber
yo sepa
tú sepas
Ud., ella, él sepa
nosotros sepamos
Uds., ellos, ellas sepan

Espero que mis hermanos sepan como ir al hotel.
Quiero que mis padres me den ropa para la Navidad.
Prefiero que mis amigos estén felices.

Greg Sombati said...

Greg Sombati
Mrs. Alderman
Spanish III/1st
16 Dec. 2009

12.14-12.16

This week in Spanish class we did the second grammar section of chapter 9.

Subjunctive mood for hopes and wishes

* When one sentence is joined by another to express a hope or wish, the verb is followed by que.

* Querer, esperar, preferir

Present subjunctive

* Add the endings to the stem of the present tense's yo form.

Comprar

Compre
compres
compre
compremos
compren

Conocer

Conozca
conozcas
conozca
conozcamos
conozcan

Salir

Salga
salgas
salga
salgamos
salgan

Irregular

Ir

Vaya
vayas
vaya
vayamos
vayan

Ser

Sea
seas
sea
seamos
sean

Volver

Vuelva
vuelvas
vuelva
volvamos
vuelvan

EX: Miguel espera que la playa sea bonita.
EX: Magglio espera que Jorge vaya al Detroit para jugar.
EX: Armando quiere que su hermano compre una corbata.

* Use ojalá que to express hopes and wishes, too.

Dormir

Duerma
duermas
duerma
durmamos
duerman

Sentirse

Me sienta
te sientas
se sienta
nos sintamos
se sietan

Pedir

Pida
pidas
pida
pidamos
pidan

Haber----- haya

Estar

Esté
estés
esté
estemos
estén

Dar


des

demos
den

Saber

Sepa
sepas
sepa
sepamos
sepan

EX: Mi padre quiere que haga mucho calor cerca de la piscina
EX: Espero que mi hermano sepa mucho de deportes.
EX: Ojalá que las maestras no den mucha tarea viernes.

Paula Goodrich said...

The Subjuncitive Mood for Hopes and Wishes
The subjunctive mood is used to talk about things you hope or wish for.
Que joins two sentences with different subjects and verbs in the indicitave.
A sentence that expresses a hope or wish can be attached to another sentence after que in the subjunctive. The verbs that express hopes and wishes are querer, esperar, preferir.
Present subjunctive: add the following endings to the stem of the present indicative yo form. In the yo form, if the verbs end in –go or –zco form the same way.
COMPRAR
Yo compre
Tú compres
Él compre
Nosotros compremos
Ellos compren
CONOCER
Yo conozca
Tú conozcas
Él conozca
Nosotros conozcamos
Ellos conozcan
SALIR
Yo salga
Tú salgas
Él salga
Nosotros salgamos
Ellos salgan
Ser and ir are both irregular. Stem-changing ar and er verbs have the same stem changes in their present subjunctive forms.
IR
Vaya
Vayas
Vaya
Vayamos
Vayan
SER
Sea
Seas
Sea
Seamos
Sean
VOLVER (UE)
Vuelva
Vuelvas
Vueelva
Volvamos
Vuelvan
Examples: Rocio espera que nosotros vayamos a explorer cuevas.
Quiero que mi hermana vaya a explorer cuevas con sus amigos.
Prefiero que nosotros no volvamos el próximo año.
The Subjunctive of the Stem-Changing –Ir and Irregular Verbs
The subjunctive mood after ojalá que.
Ojalá que means I hope or I wish.
The subjunctive forms of stem-changing –ir verbs have the following stem changes and the endings are irregular.
DORMIR (O – UE, U)
Duerma
Duermas
Duerma
Durmamos
Duerman
SENTIRSE (E –IE, I)
Me sienta
Te sientas
Se sienta
Nos sintamos
Se sientan
PEDIR (E –I,I)
Pida
Pidas
Pida
Pidamos
Pidan
To form the present subjunctive of estar, dar, and saber, different endings must be added. Estar and dar have irregular endings. The subjunctive of hay is haya.
ESTAR
Esté
Esté
Esté
Estemos
Estén
DAR

Des

Demos
Den
SABER
Sepa
Sepas
Sepa
Sepamos
Sepan
Examples: Prefiero que mis hermanos sepamos cómo llegar a la playa.
Ojalá que mis hermanos no estén muy cansados.
Mis hermanos esperan que yo vaya a la playa conmigo.

Nicole said...

Subjunctive mood (for hopes and wishes)

*only used in compound sentences
-joined together by que

*first verb is usually- querer, esperar, or preferir in the present tense
*second verb- used in the subjunctive mood

endings:

ar: er/ir
e a
es as
e a
emos amos
en an

Irregulars

Ir vaya
Vaya vayamos
Vayas vayan

Ser sea
Sea seamos
Seas sean

Volver vuela
Vuela volvamos
Vuelas vuelvan

Ex. Prefiero que nosotros no nos bañemos en el mar.
Ex. Quiero que nosotros vayamos a explorar cuevas.
Ex. Espero que nosotros no salgamos con mis primos.

More Irregulars

*always use subjunctive after ojalá que

*only ir verb stem changes

dormir duerma
duerma durmamos
duermas duerman

sentirse se sienta
me sienta nos sintamos
te sientas se sientan

pedir pida
pida pidamos
pidas pidan

Irregular endings

*hay is haya

estar esté
esté estemos
estés estén

dar dé
dé demos
des den

saber sepa
sepa sepamos
sepas sepan

ex. Mi padre no quiere que nosotros durmamos hasta muy tarde.
Ex. Ojalá que mi hermano no esté muy cansado.
Ex. Quiero que él dé una caminata conmigo.

Zack Lefebvre said...

Zachery Lefebvre
Spanish 3 hour 1
12-16-09

Subjunctive mood for hopes and wishes
• The imperative is used for commands. The indicative is used to report facts or things you consider certain. The subjunctive mood is used to talk about things you hope or wish for.
• You’ve used que to join two sentences with different subjects and verbs in the indicative
Ex: Juan dice que esta bosque es muy feo.
Mis padres dicen que esta mar es muy grande.
Tu dices esta arbole es muy alto.
Marco dice que esta costa es muy bonita.
• When one sentence is joined to another sentence that expresses a hope or wish, the verb after que is in the subjunctive. Three verbs that express hopes and wishes are querer, esperar, and preferir
Ex: Juan prefiero que nosotros no nos vayamos a casa.
Mis padres esperan que nosotros vayamos a explorar cuevas.
Tu esperas que nosotros haremos camping.
Prefiero que manzanas rojo.
• To form the present subjunctive, add the following endings to the stem of the present indicative yo form. Verbs with yo forms ending in -go or –zco also from the subjunctive this way.
Compro conozco salgo
Compre conozca salga
Compres conozcas salgas
Compre conozca salga
Compremos conozcamos salgamos
Compren conozcan salgan
• Ir and ser are irregular in the subjunctive. Stem-changing (ar) and (er) verbs have the same stem changes in their present subjunctive forms.
Ir ser volver
Vaya sea vuelva
Vayas seas vuelvas
Vaya sea vuelva
Vayamos seamos volvamos
Vayan sean vuelvan
Subjunctive of stem-changing of the verbs listed below, add the following endings to the stem.
• Always use the subjunctive mood after ojalà que.
Ex: Ojalà que vayamos a explorer cuevas un dia.
Ojalà que vuelva una dia.
Ojalà que tendrán todos las cosas por la fiesta.
Ojalà que duerma en mi cama esta noche.
Dormir sentirse pedir
Duerma me sienta pida
Duermas te sientas pidas
Duerma se sienta pida
Durmamos nos sientamos pidamos
Duermen se sientan pidan
• The verbs estar and dar have irregular endings. The subjunctive of hay is haya
Estar dar saber
Estè dè sepa
Estès des sepas
Estè dè sepa
Estemos demos sepamos
Estèn den sepan

Jasmine said...

Subjunctive mood for hopes and wishes
• You’ve used verb tenses (past, present, future) and also the imperative and indicative moods.
• The imperative is used in commands.
• The indicative is used to report facts or things you consider certain.
• The subjunctive mood is used to talk about things you hope and wish for.
• You’ve used que to join two sentences with different subjects and verbs in the indicative.
 Example: Luis dice que playa es bonita.
• When one sentence is joined to another sentence that expresses a hope or wish, the verb after que is in the subjunctive.
• Three verbs that express hopes and wishes are querer, esperar, and preferir.
 Example: Luis que esta playa sea bonita.
Louis hopes that this beach is (will be) nice.
• To form the present subjunctive, add the following endings to the stem of the present indicative yo form.
• Verbs with yo forms ending in –go or –zco also from the subjunctive this way.
Compeo (ar) conozco (er) salgo (ir)
Yo compre conozca salga
Tú compres conozcas salgas
Él, ella, ud. Compre conozca salga
Nosotros compremos conozcamos salgamos
Vosotros compréis conozcáis salgáis
Ellos, ellas, uds. Compren conozcan salgan

Present Subjunctive
• Ir and ser are irregular in the subjunctive.
• Stem – changing –ar and –er verbs have the same stem changes in their present subjunctive forms.
IR Ser Volver (ue)
Vaya sea vuelva
Vayas seas vuelvas
Vaya sea vuelva
Vayamos seamos volvamos
Vayáis seáis vováis
Vayan sean vuelvan

Example
Yo espero que el profesor esté de buen humor.
Yo espero que el equipo de baloncesto gane esta noche.
Yo espero que mi hermana esté de buen humor.

Pg. 343 Activity 27
1. Prefiero que nosotros se bañemos en el mar. No prefiero que nosotros hagamos ecoturismo.
2. No quiero que nosotros veamos muchos peces. Quiero que nosotros vayamos a explorar cuevas.
3. Espero que nosotros salgamos con mis primos. Espero que nosotros hagamos camping.
4. Prefiero que nosotros vayamos a casa. No prefiero que nosotros volvamos el prόxomo año.
5. Espero que nosotros recorramos toda la isla. No espero que nosotros paseamos en la lancha.

Subjunctive Mood
• Always use the subjunctive mood after ojalá que (I hope, I wish).
 Example: Ojalá que (nosotros) volvamos algún día .
I hope we come back some day.
• The subjunctive forms of stem –changing –ir verbs have the following stem changes. The endings are regular.
Dormer (o to ue,u) sentirse (e to ie,i) pedir (e to i,i)
Yo duerma me sienta pida
Tú duermas te sientas pidas
Él, ella, ud. Duerma se sienta pida
Nosotros (as) durmamos nos sintamos pidamos
Vosotros (as) durmáis os sintáis pidáis
Ellos, ellas, uds. Duerman se sientan pidan
• To form the present subjunctive of the verbs listed below, add the following endings to the ítem.
• The verbs estar and dar have irregular endings. The subjunctive of hay is haya.
Estar dar saber
Yo esté dé sepa
Tú estés des sepas
Él, ella, ud. Esté dé` sepa
Nosotros estemos demos sepamos
Vosotros estéis deis sepáis
Ellos, ellas, uds. Estén den sepan

fabiola said...

In Spanish class:
Subjunctive mood for hopes and wishes

Unlike other tenses which are used in commands or to state things that a certain, the subjunctive mood is used to talk about things that are hoped for wished for.

In the indicative, que is used to join two sentences together. But when one of the sentences is a wish or hope the que that connects the two sentences will be followed by a subjunctive.

Some verbs that show hopes or wishes are querer, esperar, and preferir.

To form the present subjunctive the endings are added to the present tense yo form of the verb. This including verbs with yo form endings –go or –zco.

The endings include:
-ar
• Yo- e
• Tu- es
• Ud, el, ella- e
• Nosotros- emos
• Uds., ellos, ellas- en

-er, -ir
• Yo- a
• Tu- as
• Ud, el, ella- a
• Nosotros- amos
• Uds., ellos, ellas- an

Both ir and ser are irregular in the subjunctive.

Ir
• Vaya
• Vayas
• Vaya
• Vayamos
• Vayan

Ser
• Sea
• Seas
• Sea
• Seamos
• Sean

Stem changing –ar and –er verbs also have that stem change in the subjunctive form, expect in the nosotros.

Volver (ue)
• Vuelva
• Vuelvas
• Vuelva
• Volvamos
• Vuelvan

Examples:
• Yo quiero que mi mama compre un pastel para el cumpleaños de mi hermana.
• La profesora prefiere que los estudiantes vayan a sus casas a estudiar.
• José espera que su amigo salga a comer con el.

The subjunctive mood should always be used after ojalá que (I hope, I wish).

Subjunctive forms of stem-changing –ir verbs have the present tense stem-change in all form except the nosotros. The nosotros form will take the preterite tense stem-change.
The endings are still the same.

Dormir (o-> ue, u)
Yo- duerma
Tú- duermas
Ud., el, ella- duerma
Nosotros- durmamos
Uds., ellos, ellas- duerman

Other verbs such as estar, dar, and saber have irregular stems, and estar and dar also have irregular endings.
Haya is the subjunctive of hay.

Estar
• Esté
• Estés
• Esté
• Estemos
• Estén

Dar
• Dé
• Des
• Dé
• Demos
• Den

Saber
• Sepa
• Sepas
• Sepa
• Sepamos
• Sepan

Examples
• Ojalá que pueda ir a la fiesta de mi amiga.
• Espero que mi papa me pida una hamburguesa de pollo.
• Alfredo quiere que su hermano sepa que mañana es su partido de fútbol.

Mia Perez said...

This week in our Spanish 3 class we learned the future tense and the subjunctive mood for hopes and wishes.
The Future Tense
1. To say what will or will not happen in the future, use the future tense. Add these future tense endings to the infinitive form of the verb.
a. yo- é á
b. tú-ás
c. Ud., él, ella- á
d. Nosotros(as)-emos
e. Uds., ellos, ellas- án
2. These verbs have an irregular stem in the future tense. To conjugate them, add regular future-tense endings to their stem. The future of hay is habrá.
a. Decir: dir-
b. Hacer: har-
c. Poder: podr-
d. Poner: pondr-
e. Querer: querr-
f. Salir: saldr-
g. Valer: valdr-
h. Venir: vendr-
i. Tener: tendr-
3. The future tense is also used to say what is probably true or likely to happen.
Examples:
1. Mario irá a la casa de sus madre para Navidad.
2. Yo podré visitor mi hermana mayor despues de Navidad.
3. Habrá mucha gente en el centro de commercial durante la semana.
4. Rita tendrá una fiesta a celebrar Rosca con familia y amigos.
5. Kevin verá sus hijas abrir los regalos.
6. Mi mama cocinaré comida deliciosa para la familia.
Subjunstive mood for hopes and dreams
1. The subjunctive mood is used to talk about things you hope or wish for.
2. You use que to join two sentences with different subjects in the indicative form. Now, when one sentence is joined to another sentence that expresses a hope or wish, the verb after que is the subjunctive.
3. Three verbs that express hopes and wishes are querer, esperar, and preferir.
4. To form the present subjunctive, add the following endings to the stem of the present indicative yo form. Verbs with yo forms ending in –go or –zco also form the subjunctive this way.
a. (ar) yo-e tú-es ella etc.-e nosotros-emos ellas etc.-en
b. (er) yo-a tú-as ella etc.-a nosotros-amos ellas etc.-an
c. (ir) yo-a tú-as ella etc.-a nosotros-amos ellas etc.-an
5. Ir and ser are irregular in the subjunctive. Stem-changing –ar and –er verbs have the same stem changes in the present subjunctive forms.
6. Always use the subjunctive mood after ojalá que (I hope, I wish)
7. The subjunctive forms of stem changing –ir verbs have the following stem changes. The endings are regular.
Dormir (o-ue,u)
Yo- duerma
Tú-duermas
Ella etc.-duerma
Nosotros-durmamos
Ellas etc.-duerman
Sentirse (e-ie,i)
Yo-me sienta
Tú-te sientas
Ella- se sienta
Nosotros-nos sintamos
Ellas-se sientan
Pedir (e-i,i)
Yo-pida
Tú-pidas
Ella-pida
Nosotros-pidamos
Ellos-pidan
8. To form the present subjunctive of the verbs listed below, add the following endings to the stem. The verbs estar and dar have irregular endings. The subjunctive of hay is haya.
Estar
Yo-esté
Tú-estés
Ella-esté
Nosotros-estemos
Ellos-estén
Dar
Yo-dé
Tú-des
Ella-dé
Nosotros-demos
Ellos-den
Saber
Yo-sepa
Tú-sepas
Ella-sepa
Nosotros-sepamos
Ellos-sepan
Examples:
1. Espero que mi madre cociné un jamon.
2. Mario quiere que la casa sea grande.
3. Tú prefieres que los estudiantes escuchen más en clase.
4. Ojalá que los profesoros den no tarea.
5. Nosotros esperamos que la niña conozca donde sus padres estar.
6. La familia quiere que la hija no salga a noche.

molly said...

This week in Spanish we learned the subjunctive mood.
The subjunctive mood is used to talk about things you hope or wish for.
Use que to join two sentences with different subjects and verbs in the indicative.
- Luis dice que esta playa es bonita.

When one sentence is joined to another sentence that expresses a hope or wish, the verb after que is in the subjunctive.
Three verbs that express hopes and wishes are querer, esperar, and preferir.

Add the following endings to the stem of the -yo form of the verb:
comprar:
compre
compres
compre
compremos
compren

conocer:
conozca
conozcas
conozca
conozcamos
conozcan

salir:
salga
salgas
salga
salgamos
salgan

Ir and ser are irregular in the subjunctive.
Ir:
vaya
vayas
vaya
vayamos
vayan

Ser:
sea
seas
sea
seamos
sean

Always use the subjunctive mood after ojalá que (i hope, i wish).
-Ojalá wue nosotros vayamos a dormir.

The subjunctive forms of stem-changing -ir verbs have the following stem changes. The endings are regular:
dormir (ue,u):
duerma
duermas
duerma
durmamos
duerman

sentirse (ie,i):
me sienta
te sientas
se sienta
nos sintamos
se sientan

pedir (i,i):
pida
pidas
pida
pidamos
pidan

To form the present subjunctive of the verbs listed below, add the following endings to the stem. The verbs estar and dar have irregular endings. the sunbjunctive of hay is haya.

estar:
esté
estés
esté
estemos
estén

dar:

des

demos
den

saber:
sepa
sepas
sepa
sepamos
sepan

jake bernat said...

The subjunctive verb tense is used to talk about things that you hope or wish for. It is used in a compound sentence with the word "que" combining the two simple sentences. After the word "que", the subjunctive tense is used. The three verbs that express hopes and wishes are querer, esperar, and preferir.

To form the subjunctive, one must take the "yo" form of a verb and attach the correct ending that corresponds to the ending (-ar, -er, -ir) of the verb. Verbs with "yo" forms ending in -go or -zco also form in the subjunctive this way.

comprar
yo: compre
tú: compres
Ud., él, ella: compre
nosotros: compremos
Uds., ellos, ellas: compren

conocer
yo: conozca
tú: conozcas
Ud., él, ella: conozca
nosotros: conozcamos
Uds., ellos, ellas: conozcan

salir
yo: salga
tú: salgas
Ud., él, ella: salga
nosotros: salgamos
Uds., ellos, ellas: salgan

-Espero que mi mama compre comida.
-Rodney quiere que los Pistones ganen el partido.
-Prefiero que veamos una película.

Ir and ser are irregular in the subjunctive. Stem-changing -ar and -er verbs have the same stem-changes in their present subjunctive forms.

ir
yo: vaya
tú: vayas
Ud., él, ella: vaya
nosotros: vayamos
Uds., ellos, ellas: vayan

ser
yo: sea
tú: seas
Ud., él, ella: sea
nosotros: seamos
Uds., ellos, ellas: sean

volver
yo: vuelva
tú: vuelvas
Ud., él, ella: vuelva
nosotros: volvamos
Uds., ellos, ellas: vuelvan

-Espero que vayamos al Cedar Point.
-Quiero que el hotel sea bonito.
-Prefiero que volvamos a Mcdonalds.

"Ojalá que" is also another way to say "I hope" or "I wish". The subjunctive forms of stem-changing -ir verbs have the following stem changes. The endings are regular.

dormir
yo: duerma
tú: duermas
Ud., él, ella: duerma
nosotros: durmamos
Uds., ellos, ellas: duerman

sentirse
yo: me sienta
tú: te sientas
Ud., él, ella: se sienta
nosotros: nos sintamos
Uds., ellos, ellas: se sientan

pedir
yo: pida
tú: pidas
Ud., él, ella: pida
nosotros: pidamos
Uds., ellos, ellas: pidan

-Ojalá que yo duerma en mi dormitorio.
-Ojalá que me sienta feliz.
-Ojalá que mis padres pidan por direcciones.

To form the present subjunctive of the verbs listed below, add the following endings to the stem. The verbs estar and dar have irregular endings. The subjunctive of hay is haya.

estar
yo: esté
tú: estés
Ud., él, ella: esté
nosotros: estemos
Uds., ellos, ellas: estén

dar
yo: dé
tú: des
Ud., él, ella: dé
nosotros: demos
Uds., ellos, ellas: den

saber
yo: sepa
tú: sepas
Ud., él, ella: sepa
nosotros: sepamos
Uds., ellos, ellas: sepan

-Ojalá que mi gata esté feliz.
-Ojalá que mi hermano dé una vuelta.
-Ojalá que yo sepa el nombre de mi comida favorita.

Chelsea Ann:) said...

Subjunctive moods:
Imperative is used in commands.
Indicative sentences are used to report facts or things you consider to be certain.
The subjunctive mood is used to talk about things you hope or wish for.
When one sentence that expresses a hope or wish, verb after que is in subjunctive; use querer, esperar, preferir.
To form subjunctive add endings to the infinitives.
Ar
Yo- compre
Tu- compres
Ud.el ella- compre
Nosotros- compremos
Uds. Ellos. Ellas.- compren

Er/ ir
Yo- conozca
Tu- conozcas
Ud. El. Ella- conozca
Nosotros- conozcamos
Uds. Ellos. Ellas- conozcan

Irregular verbs:
Ir
Vaya
Vayas
Vaya
Vayamos
Vayan

Ser
Sea
Seas
Sea
Seamos
Sean

Yo espero que el professor este de buen hmor.
Yo espero que mi major amiga viena mi casa.
Prefero que nosotros nos banen en el mar.
No prefiero que hagamos ecotourism

Always use subjunctive mod after ojala que( I hope, I wish)

Stem changes happen first.
Take the yo form drop the o and add the original endings used in subjuctive mood.

emily makowski :) said...

Emily Makowski
Mrs. Alderman
7th hour Spanish 3
December 16, 2009
Blog
This week we learned about the subjunctive mood.
You’ve used verb tenses (past, present, future) and also the imperative and indicative moods. The imperative is used in commands. The indicative is used to report facts or things you consider certain. The subjunctive mood is used to talk about things you hope or wish for.
You’ve used que to join two sentences with different subjects and verbs in the indicative.
When one sentence is joined to another sentence that expresses a hope or wish, the verb after que is in the subjunctive. Three verbs that express hopes and wishes are qrer, esperar, preferir.
Ella espera que la playa estē soleado.
Nosotros queremos que el vaya el television.
Ellos esperan que yo compre la cesta.
To form present subjunctive add these endings to the stem of the present indicative yo form. Verbs with yo forms ending in –go or –zco also form the subjunctive this way.
Comprar Conocer Salir
Yo Compre Conozca Salga
Tū Compres Conozcas Salgas
Ud., ēl ella Compre Conozca Salga
Nosotros Compremos Conozcamos Salgamos
Uds., ellos, ellas compren conozcan Salgan

Volver (ue)
Vuelva Volvamos
Vuelvas Volvāis
Vuelva vuelvan
Ir and Ser are irregular in the subjunctives. Stem-changing –ar and –er verbs have the same stem changes in their present subjunctive forms.
Ir
Vaya Vayamos
vayas vayāis
vaya Vayan
Ser
Sea Seamos
Seas Seāis
Sea sean


Subjunctive of stem-changing –ir and irregular verbs
Always use the subjunctive mood after ojalā que (I hope, I wish).
Ojalā que ellos vivan felices para siempre.
Ojalā que el dē un regalo muy bonita.
Ojalā que yo duerma mucho a noche.
The subjunctive forms of stem-changing –ir verbs have the following stem changes. The endings are regular.
Dormer (o – ue, u) Sentirse (e—ie, I Pedir (e – I, i
Yo Duerma Me sienta Pida
Tū Duermas Te sientas Pidas
Ud., ēl, ella Duerma Se sienta Pida
Nosotros Durmamos Nos sintamos pidamos
Uds., ellos, ellas duerman Se sientan pidan


To form the present subjunctive of the verbs listed below, add the following endings to the stem. The verbs estar and dar have irregular endings. The subjunctive of hay is haya.

Estar Dar Saber
Yo Estē Dē Sepa
tū Estēs Des Sepas
Ud., ēl ella Estē Dē Sepa
Nosotros Estemos Demos sepamos
Uds., ellos, ellas estēn den sepan

JOSIE said...

The subjunctive mood is used to talk about things you wish and hope for. When one sentence is joined by another that sentence says a hope or wish, the verb after que is in the subjunctive.
Yo espero que ella compre el regalo para mí.
Jorge quiera que esta ciudad sea grande.
Prefiero que nosotros vayamos a el lago.
To form these subjunctive sentences I put the infinitive into the present indicative yo forms (irregularities and stem-changes are kept). Then I took the stem and added the correct endings for the subjunctive.
For –ar verbs:
yo compre
tú compres
ud, él, ella compre
nosotros compremos
uds. Ellos, ellas compren
for –er and –ir verbs
yo salgo
tú salgas
uds. él, ella salga
nosotros salgamos
uds. Ellos, ellas salgan
Always use the subjunctive mood after Olajá que meaning I hope or wish and remember that ir and ser are irregular in the present subjunctive.
Olajá que ustedes vayan a la playa.
Olajá que William sea alto.
Olajá que tú vayas a el bosque.
The following verbs have stem changes in the subjunctive: dormir (o> ue, u) sentirse (e> ie, i) pedir (e> i, i). Estar, dar and saber are very irregular:
Prefiero que estemos nevando.
Olajá que ella sepa a jugar al tenís.
Espera que yo duerma mañana.

gaby said...

In Spanish we learned subjunctive mood for hopes and wishes
For example: Quería ir a la tienda pero mi mami no me dejo.
I wanted to go to the store but my mom did not let me go.

Espero que no te extrañe tanto.
I hope that I don’t miss you alot.

Prefiero no ir a la casa con tigo.
I perfer not going to the house with you.

These words preferio, espero and queria express hopes and wishes.

For the present subjunctive you change the ending –go or –zco with verbs of yo.

For example: Yo compre una minifalda.
I bought that mini skirt.

Ella conozca esa maestra.
She knows that teacher.

Salgamos a comer después del carnaval.
We will go out go to eat after the carnival.


The subjunctive mood we use ojala que.

Ojala que vamos a Miami.
I hope we go to Miami.

Ella pedía por un refresco.
She was asking for a pop.

Nosotros demos mucho dinero a los pobres.
We give a lot of money to the poor.

We also learned the future tense.

Yo estare esperando te.
I will be waiting for you.

Nosotros veremos una película de terror.
We will be watching a scary movie.

emily makowski :) said...

Emily Makowski
Mrs. Alderman
5th hour
24 January , 2010
Spanish Blog Chapter 10
Vocab
El Billete – bills, money
El rollo de pelicula – roll of film
La guīa turistīca – tourist guide
El (la) turista – tourist
El plano de la ciudad – map
El receptionista – receptionist
El botones – bell boy
La cabina telefônica – phone booth
El farmacēutico – pharmisist
Hacer una llamada (por cobrar) – to make a collect call
El taxista – taxi driver
Tomar un taxi – to take a taxi
La cāmera digital – digital camera
Hacer una reservacīon – to make a reservation
Hosperdarse en… - to stay at…
Un albergue juvenile – a youth hostel
Una pensiōn – an inn, a boarding house
Quedarse con parientes – to stay with relatives
La oficina de turismo – the tourist office
Pedir informaciōn – to get information
Los aseos – public restrooms
Firmar – to sign
En efectivo –
Con cheques de viajero
Con tarjeta de crēdito – with a credit card
Present Perfect
Use Present Perfect to
• To say what has happened in a period of time up to the present
No he viajado a Brasil este aňo. I haven’t traveled to Brazil this year.
Ella todovia no ha cambiado dinero. She hasn’t traded the money already.
Ellos han estudiado para el examen. They have already studied for the exam.
• To talk about something that happened very recently.

Dile al receptionist que has perdido la llave del cuarto. – Tell the receptionist that you’ve lost the key to the room

Nosotros hemos comprador en las tiendas.

Usted ha pedido a usar los aseos.

To form the present perfect, use the present tense of the helping verb haber ( to have) followed by the past participle of the main verb. The following is the present perfect of the verb pedir.
Yo – he pedido
Tū – has pedido
Ud., ēl, ella – ha pedido
Nosotros – hemos pedido
Uds. Ellos, ellas, - han pedido

To form the past participle of -er and –ir verbs shoes stem ends in –a, -e, - o, add īdo. The past participle of the verb ir is ido.
Reflexive and object pronouns go before the conjugated form of haber in the present perfect.
The irregular past participles are:
Abrir- abierto
Decir- dicho
Escribir- escrito
Hacer- hecho
Morir- muerto
Poner- puesto
Revolver- revuelto
Romper- roto
Ver- visto
Volver- vuelto
Subjunctive Form
Subjunctive for giving advice and opinions, conjugate the verb after que with ar endings for er and ir verbs and with er and ir endings for ar verbs.
Use the subjunctive form of a verb after these expressions for giving advice or an opinion. In these expressions, the verb ser is always conjugated in the third person singular.
Es mejor que… - It’s better for you to…
Es buena idea que… - It’s a good idea for you to…
Es importante que – It’s important for you to…
Es mejor que hagamos una reservaciōn temprano. It’s better for us to make a reservation early on.
Es buena idea que ella nade en la playa. It’s a good idea for her to swim at the beach.
Es importante que tū vayas al parque. It is important that you go to the park.


Use the subjunctive form of a verb after the following expressions for giving advice.
Aconsejarle que… - to advise someone to…
Recomendarle que… - to recommend that someone…
Sugerirle que… - to suggest that someone…
Les recomiendo que vayan al Teatro colon. I recommend going to the Teatro Colōn
Te aconsejan que tomes e lsubte. They advise you to take the subway.
Le segero que tu familia visite las tiendas en Georgia. I suggest that your family visits the stores in Georgia.
Verbs ending in –car, -gar, -zar, and –guir have spelling changes in the subjunctive. They have regular endings, however.
-car: C changes to QU
-gar: G changes to GU
-zar: Z changes to C
-ger: G changes to J
-guir: GU changes to g
Examples:
Sacar – tū saques
Pagar – ella pague
Almorzar – ellos almuercen
Recoger – nosotros recojamos
Seguir - yo sega