Wednesday, December 2, 2009

Español 2- El Diario del 30-Nov-2009 a 4-Dec-2009

In this post, please write your journal entry for this week. In it, you should describe all material that was covered in class this week. Include explanations of all concepts, definitions of words, lists of all vocabulary words and phrases, and at least 3 example sentences that demonstrate EVERY concept you explain.

PLEASE INCLUDE AT LEAST THREE ORIGINAL (AS IN NOT FROM THE TEXTBOOK) EXAMPLE SENTENCES THAT DEMONSTRATE EACH CONCEPT YOU EXPLAIN!!

Your journal entry will be due Sunday, December 6th by 11:30 pm. It will be worth 20 points. Remember that if you submit late, you will receive half credit.

30 comments:

jon said...

Jonathan Corbett
Mrs. Alderman
Spanish 2
4 December 2009

Journal
La tienda de comestibles-grocery store
La pescadería-fish store
El mercado-market
La carcicería-meat store
La mueblería-furniture store
La panadería-bread store
Los telefonos-telephones
La peluquería-hair salon
La pastelería-pastry shop
La floristería-flower store
La plaza-plaza
La fuente-fountain
La frutería-fruit store
La banca-bench
El monumento-statue
El centro recreativo-recreation center
El café-coffee shop
La comisaría-police station
El cementerio-cemetary
El ayuntamiento-city hall
El banco-bank
La clínica-clinic
La estación de tren-train station
La estación de bomberos-fire station
La estación de autobuses-bus station

Se
The impersonal se can be the subject of the third person singular form of the verb without an object. It can mean they, one, or you.
• Se vive bien en este pueblo (They live well in this town)
• Se trabaja mucho en este país (One works a lot in this country)
The pronoun se can also be used to say that something is done without saying who does it. The verb agrees in number with the noun receiving the action.
• Se habla español (Spanish is spoken here)
• ¿Se vende pan en la tienda de comestibles? (Is bread sold at the grocery store?)
Passive se is often used to say what is or isn’t allowed.
• Se prohíbe fumar (Smoking is prohibited/forbidden)
• No se permite nadar (Swimming is not allowed
Verbs ending in –car, -gar, and –zar have spelling changes in the yo forms of the preterite.
• Buscar- yo busqué
• Jugar- yo jugué
• Empezar-yo empecé
In the present tense, conocer means to know someone or to be familiar with a place or thing. It has an irregular yo form.
• ¿Conoces a Jorge? (Do you know Jorge?)
• No, pero conozco a su hermano (No, but I know his brother)
Conocer is regular in the preterite. Use it in the preterite to say you met someone or got to know a place for the first time.
Here are the conjugations for conocer in the preterite tense
Yo conocí
Tú conociste
Ud.,él,ella conoció
Nosotros conocimos
Uds., ellos, ellas conocieron

¿Dónde conociste a Marta? (Where did you meet Marta?)
La conoci en la fiesta de Paco (I met her at Paco’s party)

Kelsey said...

In this chapter in Spanish class we are
• Asking for and giving information
• Talking about where someone went and what he or she said.

Vocabulary
• La peluquería=barber shop or salon
• La pastelería=pastry shop
• La floristería=flower shop
• Los telèfonos=telephones/pay phones
• La mueblería=furniture shop
• La panadería=bread shop
• La carnicería=meat shop/butcher store
• La pescadería=fish shop
• El Mercado=general store
• La plaza=central area for relaxation
• La fuente=fountain
• La frutería=fruit shop/vender
• La banca=bench
• El monumento=monument
• La tienda se comestibles=grocery store
• El cementerio=cemetery
• La comisaría=police station
• El ayuntamiento=town hall
• El banco=bank
• El café=café
• El centro recreativo=community recreation center
• La clínica=clinic
• La estación de bombers=fire station
• La estación de tren=train station
• La estación de autobuses=bus station

En la baco se puede sacar el dinero.
En la pescadería se puede comprar el pescado.
En la floristería se puede venden los flores.

To ask a question:
Me podría decir si el cemenerio se abre a las siete?
Could you tell me if the cemetery opens at seven?

Disculpe, sabe usted dónde está la peluquería?
Excuse me do you know where the barber shop is?

To answer:
No estoy seguro(a)- I’m not sure Sí claro- Yes of course


The common question asked is What did you do? Is used a lot in a conversation.
To ask it in Spanish it is simply …..Que hicieron?

To answer you can say what you did earlier that day or what chores you did or even what appointments you have that day.
Example: Primero fui al Mercado y comprar los pinturas.

The impersonal se can be used to say they, one or you.
Also se can be used to say something is done without saying who does it.

Passive se is often used is often used to say what is or isn’t allowed.

No se permite nadir en la fuente.
Se permite jugar al básquetbol en el centro recreativo.
Se permite escuchar en las clase de español.
El la carnicería se compra carne.
Del banco se saca dinero.
En la panadería se vende pan.

Sonia said...

Spanish Journal (11-30-09 to 12-4-09)
People and Cities
Vacabulary
Place in Spanish Place in English What you’d do in this place
La Pascaderia Fish market Comprar los pescados
La tienda de comestibles Grocery store Comprar leche
La muebleria Furniture store Comprar la silla
La carniceria Meat/ butcher shop Comprar carne
La panaderia Bakery/bread shop Comprar mollets
La peluqueria Hair salon Cortor el pero
La floristaria Flower shop Comprar flores
La pasteleria Pastry shop Comprar pastels
La fruteria Fruit market comprar frutas
El Mercado Market Comprar cosa
La fuente Fountain -
El monument Monument -
La plaza Main town square Hablar con amigos
La banca Bench Sentasre
El cementerio Cemetery Visita
La comisaria Police station Reportar un crimen
El banco Bank Depòsito dinero
La clínica Clinica Obtener un chequeo
El Cafe Café /coffee shop deber
El ayuntamiento City Hall -
El centro recreativo Recreation center Elaborar
La estación de bomberos Fire station Reporter incinero
La estación de tren Train station Viajar
La estación de autobuses Bus station viajar

More vocab:
Andar(to walk,togo)
Hacer diligencias(to run errands)
Llevar(to take, to carry)
Pasearse(to stroll, to take a walk)
Recoger(alguien) ( to pick{someone} up)
To ask Information
¿me porida…?
Could/ can you tell me….?
No estoy seguro(a). Creo qur sí.
I’m not sure. I think so.
¿ Discuple, sabe usted donde…?
Excuse me, do you know where…?
¿ A que hora…?
At what time….
Pregúntele a alguien en…
Ask someone at….
Si, se comprar al atún en la pescaderia.
Yes, you can buy tuna in the fish market.
To ask where someone went and what they did.
¿Adònde fuieste esta mañana?
Wher did you got this morning?
¿ Que hicieron?
What did you do?
Fui a recoger mi hermana.
I went to pick up my sister.
Impersonal and passive se
The impersonal se can they, one, or you.
Ex: Se come bien en esta resturante.
They eat well in this resturante.
With Passive se, to say when something is done without saying who, use se + verb.
Ex: Se venden frutas en el Mercado.
Fruit is sold in the market.
Se habla ruso aqui.
Russian is spoken here.
To say what is not allowed with passive se.
Ex: se prohibe fumar
Smoking is prohibited.
Ex: No se permite nadir en el fuente
No swimming in the fountain.
Preterite or –car,-gar,-zar verbs and conocer
These verbs have an irregular yo form.
Tocar Yo toqué
Regar Yo regué
Almorzar yo almorcé
Buscar Yo busqué
Jugar Yo jugué
Empezar Yo empecé
z→cé
organizar- organicé
empeziar- emepcé
almorzar-almorcé
conocer
yo-conocí
tú conociste
el,ella- conocío
ellos, ellas- concieron
Ex: ¿Dondé conociste a marta?
Where did you meet marta?
Ex: La conocí en le fiests de Paco
I met her at Paco’s party.

lyssa :D said...

1.el mercado-market-comprar _______
2.la pescaderia-fish market-comprar pescado
3.la tienda de comestibles-grocery store-comprar comestibles
4.el cementerio-cementary-visitar el muerto
5.la comisaria-police station-cuidar criminales
6. el ayuntamiento-city hall-cuidar la ciudad
7.el banco-bank-tomar dinero
8.la clinica-clinic/doctor's office-cuidar los enfermos
9.la estacion de tren-train station-tome a personas a lugares
10.la estacion de autobuses-bus station-tome a personas a lugares
11.el centro recreativo-rec center-las personas juegan los deporte con amigos
12. el cafe-cafe/coffe shop-las personas beben cafe
13. el monumento-monument
14. la banca-bench-sentarse/relajarse/descansar
15. la fruteria-fruit stand/fruit market-comprar frutas
16 la fuente-fountain
17 la plaza-plaza-hablar con amigos
18 la floristeria-flower shop-comprar flores
19 la pasteleria-pastry shop/bakery-comprar pasteles
20 la peluqueria-cortar el pelo
21 los telefonos-public phones-hablar
22 la mueblaria-furniture store-comprar muebles
23 la panaderia-bakery/comprar pan
24 la carniceria-meat shop-comprar carne
25 la estacion de bomberos-firestation-cuidar fuegos
*eria-store
verbs to use:
andar-to walk/go
hacer diligencias-to run errands
llevar-to take/carry
llevar(a alguien)-to take someone
pasearse-to stroll/take a walk
recoger (a alguien)-to pick (someone) up
abrir-to open
cerrar-to close
adonde fuiste ayer?
*Fui la tienda de comestibles. Compre la leche y el pan.

En el mercado, se puede comprar ropa.

Maria va a la muebleria para comprar una cama.

Yo descanso en la plaza.

Disculpe, me podria decir donde esta la comisaria?

Si,esta a al lado del cafe.

impersonal SE and passive SE
impersonal se:
-can be the subject of the third person singular form of a verb without an object
-it can mean they,one,or you
examples: se vive bien en este pueblo.

se trabaja mucho en este pais.

passive se:
-the pronoun se can also be used to say that something is done,without saying who does it. The verb agrees in number with the noun receiving the action.

ex. Se vende pan en la tienda de comestibles?

preterite of -car,-gar,-zar verbs
-you know how to form the preterite of all regular verbs
-remember that verbs ending in -car-gar-zar have spelling changes in the YO forms of the preterite
ex:buscar>yo busque
C -> QU
tocar>toque

G -> GU
jugar>yo jugue

Z -> C
empezar>yo empece

conocer:
-in the present tense, conocer means to know someone or to be familiar with a place/thing.
-in the present tense, it is irregular in the yo form
ex: conozco
conoces a Mary?

-conocer is regular in the preterite tense
-use it in the preterite to say you met someone or got to know a place for the first time

yo conoci
tu conociste
el,ella,ud. conocio
nosotros(-as)conocimos
ellos(-as) conocieron

Donde conociste Marta?

Yo conoci Fred.
Tu conociste montar un bici.
Yo conozco Larry.
Yo conozco Mary.

Amanda said...

This week our class discussed the places inside of cities and towns. We learned a lot of new vocabulary such as:
• la pescadería – Fish market
• la carnicería – Meat store
• la mueblería- Furniture store
• la panadería – Bakery/Bread store
• el mercado- Market
• los telėfonos- telephone booth
• la floristería - Flower shop
• la peluquería – Hair salon
• la pastelería – Pastry shop
• la tienda de comestibles – Grocery store
• el monunmento- A monument
• la banca – A bench
• la frutería- Fruit stand
• la plaza- center of the town/ hang out place
• la fuente- A fountain
• el cementerio- cemetery
• el ayuntamiento- Town hall
• el banco- Bank
• la clínica- Clinic
• la comisaría- Police station
• el café- Café
• el centro recreativo- Recreation center
• la estación de bomberos- Fire station
• la estación de tren- Train station
• la estación de autobuses- Bus station

We also learned new verbs that people might do inside of the towns or cities.
• andar- to walk/to go
• hacer diligencias- to run errands
• llevar- to take/to carry
• llevar (a alguien)- to take (someone)
• pasearse- to stroll/ to take a walk
• recoger (a alguien) to pick (someone) up.

To ask someone where they went you say;
¿Adónde fuiste?
To ask someone what they did you say;
¿Quė Hicieron?






Our class also went over the impersonal “se” and passive “se”
The impersonal se can be the subject of the third person singular form of a verb without an object. It can mean: they one, or you.
Examples:
Se vive mal en este pueblo. They live badly in this town.
Se trabaja mucho en este ciudades. One works a lot in this city.

“se” can also be used to say that something is done, without saying who does it. This is passive se.
¿Se vende leche en la tienda de comestibles?
Is milk sold at the grocery store.
¿Dónde se pueden comprar unos pan?
Where can you (one) buy some bread.

Passive se is also often used to say what is or isn’t allowed.
• Se prohíbe nadar – Swimming is prohibited
No se perimite nadar- Swimming is not allowed.
• Se permite montar bicicleta- Riding your bike is allowed.
• Se prohíbe fumar – Smoking is prohibited.
No se permite fumar- Smoking is not allowed.

The last thing we learned in class this week was the preterite of –car, -gar-, and –zar ver and conocer.
–car, -gar-, and –zar all have spelling changes in the “yo” forms of the preterite.

• Buscar – yo busquė
• jugar – yo juguė
• empezar- yo empecė

In the present tense, conocer means to know someone or to be familiar with a place or thing. It has an irregular “yo” form.
• ¿Conoces a Maria? – Do you know Maria?
• No, pero conozco a su madre. – No, but I know her mother.

Conocer is regular in the preterite. You use it in the preterite to say you met someone or got to know a place for the first time.

Yo conocí nosotros(as) conocimos
tú conociste Vosotros(as) conocisteis
Ud., ėl, ella conoció Uds., ellos, ellas conocieron

¿Dónde conociste a Maria? – Where did you meet Maria?
La conocí en la clase de español. – I met her in Spanish class.

That is what our class learned this week.

Jim said...

Jim Gass
Mrs. Alderman
Spanish II
December 6, 2009
Vocabulary
Andar – to walk
Hacer diligencias – to run errands
Llevar – to take/carry
Pasearse – to take a walk
Recoger – to pick up
La tienda de conestibles – grocery store
La pescaderia – fish market
La carniceria – butcher shop
El Mercado – market
La muebleria – furniture store
La panderia – bakery
Los telefonos – telphones
La foristeria – flower store
La peluqueria – hair salon
La pasteleria – pastry shop
La fuente – fountain
La plaza – town square
La fruteria – fruit stand
La Banca – bench
El monumento – monument
El cemeterio – cemetery
El ayuntamiento – town hall
El banco – bank
La clinica – health clinic
La estacion de bomberos – fire station
La estacion de tren – train station
La comisaria – police station
El café – coffe shop
La estacion de autobus – bus station
El centro recreativo – rec center
Abrir to open
Cerrar(ie) – to close

Grammar
Impersonal and passive SE
Impersonal
-means they, one, or you
Se vive bien en este pueblo – They live well in this town
Se trabajar mucho en este pais – One works a lot in this country
Passive
-To say when something is done
-Verb agrees with noun receiving action
Donde se pueden comprar unas mapas? – Where can you buy maps?
Se prohibe fumar – No smoking
Preterite tense of –car, -gar, -zar verbs
-only have spelling changes in the Yo form
Buscar – yo busque
C – qu
Jugar – yo jugue
G – gu
Empezar – yo empece
Z – c
Conocer
-irregular in present tense
-regular in preterite tense
-means met or got to know a place for the first time in preterite tense

kyle said...

This week in spanish we learned alot of information. At the beginning of the week we learned all about citys and what they are made of, and what stores are in them and what you do in them. for example.

la carniceria- butcher shop
en la carniceria comprar pollo

la floristeria- flower shop
en la floristeria comprar flores

la pasteleria- pastrey shop
en la pasteleria comprar pasteles

then at the end of the week we learned about the impersonal se and how it fits into signs and other beings.

se prohibe fumar- smoking is prohibited

se prohibe- correr in la escuela
no running in school

se prohibe fumar in el bano de avin
smoking is prohibited in airplane bathrooms

this is what we learned this week in spanish

by:kyle kar

maggieNowicki said...

Places in the City Vocabulary
La pescadería- fish market
La carnicaería- butcher shop
La mueblería- furniture store
La pandería- bakery
La floristería- flower shop
La peluquería- salon/barber shop
La pastelería- cake shop
La frutería- fruit market/stand
La tienda de comestibles- convenient store
El mercado- market
El café- café/coffee shop
El banco- bank
Los telefonos- pay phones
La plaza- plaza/town square
La fuente- fountain
El monument- monument
La banca- bench
El cemeterio- cemetery
El ayuntamento- town hall
La clínica- doctor’s office
La estcaíon de tren- train station
La estacíon de autobus- bus station
El centro recreativo- recreation center
Questions; Asking Where&& What
Disculpe/Pardón- Excuse me
¿Me podría decir si el Mercado se abre a las dias?
Could you tell me if the market opens at ten? Or
Sí, claro. Se abre a las dias.
Yes, of course. It opens at nine.
No estoy seguro(a). Creo que sí.
I’m not sure. I think so.
Disculpe, ¿sabe usted dónde se puede sacar la licencia de conducer?
Excuse me, do you know where I can get a driver’s license?
No estoy seguro(a). Pregúntele a alguien en el ayuntamiento.
I’m not sure. Ask someone at town hall.
¿Sabe usted.. Do you know?
¿Qué hiciste ayer.. Can you help me?
¿Adónde fuiste.. Where did you go?
¿Andónde fuiste esta mañana?
Where did you go this morning?
Di una vuelta por el centro y fui a la heladería con mi hermana.
I walked around downtown and went to the ice cream shop with my sister.
¿Qué hicieron?
Yo tuve que hacer diligencias. Pasé por el banco y luego fui a la floristería y compré flores. Mi hermana fue a la peluquería a cortarse el pelo.
I had to run errands. I went to the bank and then I went to the flower shop to but flowers. My sister went to the salon to get her hair cut.
Abrir- to open
Cerrar- to close
Impersonal&& Passive “se”
Impersonal “se” used for- subject in the 3rd person. Singular form of the verb w/out an object. Can mean they, you, or one.
Se vive bien en este pueblo.
They live well in this town.
Se trabaja mucho en esta país.
One works a lot in this country.
Passive “se” used for- saying something is done, w/out saying who does it. Verb agrees in number w/the noun receiving the action.
¿Se vende helado en el mercado?
Is ice cream sold here in the market?
¿Donde se pueden comprar unas mapas?
Where can one buy maps?
Often used when saying is/isn’t allowed
Prohibitir- to prohibit
Permitir- to permit
Se prohíbe nadir.
Swimming is prohibited.
Se habla françias.
We speak French.
Se permite montasr en bices.
Riding bikes is allowed.
No se puede comer.
Eating food is not allowed.
Preterite of -car, -gar, -zar verbs
Spelling in the “yo” form
-car  -qué; buscar- yo busqué
-gar  gué; jugar- yo jugúe
-zar cé; empenzar- yo empecé
Preterite of “conocer”
-regular in preterite
-say when you’ve met someone
-got to know someone for the 1st time
Yo- conocí
Tú- conociste
Ud./el/ella- conocío
Nosotros- conocimos
Uds./ellos/ellas- conocieron
Yo conocí a Darcy en el autobus de colegio.

Maggie Nowicki
6th

Jeff said...

Jeff Gaydos
Ms. Alderman
Spanish II
12-6-09

Spanish Blog

This week in Spanish we learned a lot about the theme of being in a town or a city. We learned about the nouns of a city, how to ask for information, the impersonal and passive se, the preterite of –car, -gar, and –zar verbs, and the difference of conocer in the present and preterite tense. The first thing we learned about this week were all the different nouns that exist in a city:
• La Pescaderia – Fish Market
• La Carniceria – Meat Shop
• El Mercado – Market
• La Panaderia – Bakery
• La Muebleria – Furniture Store
• Los Telefonos – Telephones
• La Peluqueria – Hair Salon
• La Floristeria – Flower Shop
• La Pasteleria – Pastry Shop
• La Plaza – Town Square
• La Fruteria – Fruit Stand
• La Banca – Bench
• El Centro Recreativo – Recreation Center
• El Café - Resturant
• La Comisaria – Police Station
• El Cementario – Cemetery
• El Ayuntamiento – Town Hall
• El Banco – Bank
• La Clinica – Hospital
• La Tienda De Comestibles – Grocery Store

We also learned some things that you can do at these places:
• En la pescaderia, se compra el pescado.
• En el Mercado, se compra la leche.
• En la plaza, se habla con sus amigos.

The next thing we learned about was how to ask for information and how to respond:
• ¿Me podria decir….? – can you tell me …?
• ¿Sabe usted…? – Do you know…?
• ¿A que hora…? – At what time…?
• No estoy seguro – I’m not sure.

Examples:
• ¿Me podria decir cuando esta la fiesta de Marta?
• ¿Sabe usted donde esta el café?
• ¿A que hora es la clase de espanol?

The next things that we learned about were the impersonal and the passive se.
Impersonal Se:
• This form of se can be the subject of the third person singular form of a verb without an object. It can mean they, one, or you.

Examples:
• Se paga mucho por las cosas en este pais. – They pay a lot for things in this country.
• Se habla el ingles en este pais. – They speak English in this country.
• Se lleva bueno ropa en este pais. – They wear good cloths in this country.

Passive Se:
• The pronoun se can also be used to say that something is done, without saying who does it.
• The verb agrees in number with the noun receiving the action.
• Passive se is often used to say what is or isn’t allowed

Examples:
• No se permite los animals aqui. – animals are not permitted here.
• Se habla el espanol en este tienda. – Spanish is spoken in this store.
• Se prohibe corer en el resturante. – Running is prohibited in the restaurant.

The next thing that we learned about this week were the preterite forms of –gar, -car, and –zar verbs.
• -car endings are changes to qué
• -zar endings are changed to cé
• -gar endings are changed to gué

Examples:
• Yo busque por la ropa por la fiesta.
• Yo jugue el basquetbol en el gimnasio.
• Yo almuercé con mis amigos.

The last thing we learned about this week was the difference between conocer in the preterite and present tense forms.
• Conocer is regular in the preterite tense
• Use conocer to say you met someone or got to know a place for the first time.

Examples:
• Yo conoci Marta en el colegio. – I met Marta in school.
• Juan conocio Pedro en las peliculas. – Juan met Pedro in the movies.
• Nosotros conocimos la plaza en el verano. – We got to know the plaza for the first time in the summer.

aevers66 said...

Notas
Words that end in –ería stand for a kind of store.
La pescadería=fish market
La carnicería=meat market
La panadería=bread store
La mueblería=furniture store
La floristería=flower shop
La peluquería=barber shop
La pastelería=cake shop
La frutería=fruit market

La tienda de comestibles=grocery store, with everything
El mercado= market
El café=coffee shop
Los telefonos=pay phones
La plaza=town square, meeting place
La fuente=fountain
El monumento=statue
La banca=bench
El cementerio=cemetery
El ayuntamiento=city hall
El banco=bank
La clinica=clinic
La comisaría=police station
La estación de bomberos=fire station
La estación de tren= train station
La estación de autobus=bus station
El centro recreativo=civic center

Examples:
En la pastelería ellos preparan pastels.
La comisaría es la oficina de policia.
La comerciante vende muebles en la muebleía.

Verbs:
Andar: to walk, to go
Hacer diligencias: to run errands
Llevar: to take, to carry
Llevar(a alguien): to take (someone)
Pasearse: to stroll, to take a walk
Recoger(a alguien): to pick (someone) up

Ways to ask something politely:
¿Me podría decir si…?
Could you tell me…
Disculpe,…?
Excuse me,…?
Sabe usted…?
Do you know…?

More questions:
¿Adónde fuiste esta mañanna?
Where did you go this morning?
¿Qué hicieron?
What did you do?

The impersonal se can be the subject of the third person singular form of a verb without an object. It can mean they, one, or you

Se vive bien en este pueblo.
They live well in this town.

Se compra mucho.
You shop a lot.

Se trabaja much en estes país.
One works a lot in this country.

The pronoun se can also be used to say that something is done, without saying who does it. The verb agrees in number with the noun receiving the action. This use is called the passive se.
¿Se vende leche en la tienda de comestibles?
Is milk sold at the grocery store.

Passive se is often used to say what is or isn’t allowed.
Se prohibe hablar. Talking is prohibited
Se permite comer. Food is allowed
No se montar un bicleta. Riding a bike is prohibited.

Preterite of –car, -gar, -zar verbs and conocer.
You know how to form the preterite of all regular verbs. Verbs ending in –car, -gar, -zar have spelling changes in the yo forms of preterite.
Buscar-yo busqué jugar- yo jugué empezar-yo empecé
In the present tense, conocer means to know someone or to be familiar with a place or thing. It has an irregular yo form.

¿Conoces a Juan? Do you know Juan?
No, pero conozco a su padre
Si, yo conozco su hermano.

Conocer is regular in the preterite. Use it in the preterite to say you met someone or got to know a place for the first time.
Yo conoci
Tú conociste
Él, ella, Ud. Conoció
Nosotros conocimos
Uds., ellos, ellas conocieron

¿Dónde conociste a Pedro?
La conocí en la fiesta de Maria.
Conocí tus familia.

lauren bollinger said...

This week in class, we learned about places in cities, asking information, and impersonal and passive se, and irregular preterite tense verbs.
Places in cities include stores. To say a store, add –ería at the end.
·La pescadería- fish store
·La carnicería- meat store
·La panadería- bakery
·La mueblería- furniture store
·La tienda de comestibles- grocery store
·El Mercado- marketplace
·El cementerio- cemetery
·El ayuntamiento- city hall
·El banco- bank
·La floristería- floral shop
·La peluquería- hair salon
·La pastelería- cake shop
·La comisaria- police station
·La frutería- fruit market
·El café- coffee shop
·El centro recreativo- recreational center
·La estación de tren- train station
·La estación de bombero- fire station
·La estación de autobuses- bus station
·La plaza- plaza(meeting place)
·La clìnica- clinic
·La heladería- ice cream shop
·Los telefonos- telephones
·La fuente- fountain
·El monumento- monument
·La banca- bench
Some verbs are:
·Andar- to walk
·Hacer diligences- to run errands
·Llevar- to carry/take
·Llevar a (alguien)- to take someone
·Pasearse- to stroll
·Recoger a (alguien)- to pick (someone) up
·Abrir- to open
·Cerrar(ie)- to close
Example sentences are: La panaderìa abre a las ocho por la mañana.
Yo me paseo en la plaza.
Elena recoge a su abuela en la clìnica.
You can also ask questions about information about a store, such as:
·¿Me podrìa decir si la peluquierìa se abre a las nueve y media? – Could you tell me if the hair salon opens at nine thirty?
·¿A que hora…? – At what hour does ….?
·¿Cuando …? – When does?
·¿Sabe usted…?- Do you know…?
·¿Què hiciste ayer?- What did you yesterday?
·¿Adònde fuiste?- Where did you go?
Some answers could be these:
·No estoy seguro.- I’m not sure.
·Sì, claro.- Yes, of course.
·Creo que sì.- I believe so.
The impersonal se can be the subject of a third person singular verb form without a subject, meaning they, one, or you. (in general).
·Se trabaja mucho en este cuidad. – People work hard in this city.
The passive se is something done without a subject and the verb agrees with in number with the noun receiving the action.
·¿Se venden mapas en la teinda de comestibles?
It can also be used to say what is allowed or prohibited.
·No se premite los animales. – No animals are allowed.
·Se prohìbe fumar.- no smoking.
Verbs in the preterite tense can be iregularin the “yo” form, but only in verbs ending in –car, -zar, and –gar.
·C- qu , then add –è
·Z- c, then add –è
·G- gu, then add –è
However, the verb conocer is not irregular in the preterite tense.
Conocer- met someone
·Conocì
·Conociste
·Conociò
·Conocimos
·Conocieron
Example sentences are as follows:
·Yo saquè la basura.
·Yo organicè la sala.
·Yo juguè el basquetbol en el centro recreativo.
·Yo conocì Elena en la fiesta de Miguel.
·¿Dònde conociste Marìa?


-Lauren Bollinger

Savannah said...

This week in Spanish 2, we learned the following:

Ería – kind of store
La pescadería – seafood market
La carnicería – meat market
La mueblería – furniture store
La panadería – bread store
La floristería – flower shop
La peluquería – barber shop
La pastelería – cake shop
La frutería –fruit market
La tienda de comestibles – grocery store
El Mercado – market
El café – coffee shop
La plaza – plaza
La fuente – fountain
El monumento – monument
La banca – bench
La clínica – clinic
El cementerio – cementary
El ayuntamiento – town hall
El banco – bank
El centro recreativo – recreation center
La comisaría – police department
La estación de autobuses – bus station
La estación de bomberos – fire station
La estación de tren – train station
La heladería – ice cream shop

¿ Me podría decir . . .
Could you tell me . . .

Disculpe/ perdón – excuse me

¿ Sabe usted . . .
Do you know . . .

Ex: ¿ Qué hiciste ?
What did you go?

¿ Adonde fuiste?
Where did you go?

~ Fui en la tienda de comestibles y comprí leche.


Impersonal se
• the subject of the 3rd person sing. Form of a verb without an object
• it can mean they, you , or one
Ex: Se vive bien en este pueblo.
They (people) live well in this town.

Se trabaja mucho en este país.
One works a lot in this town.

Passive se
• can also be that something is done, without saying who does it
• agrees in number with the noun receiving the action
Ex: ¿ Se vende pan en le tienda de comestibles?
Is bread sold at the grocery store?

¿ Dondé se pueden comprar unos mapas?
Where can you (one) buy some maps?

• often used to say what is or isn’t allowed

Preterite of –car, -gar, -zar verbs
• verbs ending in –car, -gar, -zar have spelling changes in the yo forms of preterite
Ex: buscar ~ busqué
jugar ~ jugué
empezar ~ empecé

• only the yo form changes because the other endings begin with a hard sound

Conocer
• in present tense, it means to know someone or to be familiar with a place or thing
• irregular yo form: conozco
• conocer’s regular in preterite
• use it to say you met someone or got to know a place for the 1st time
• forms:
conocí
conociste
conoció
conocimos
conocieron

Brianna said...

VOCAB
La pasteleria – the bakery
La peluqueria – the hair salon
La floristeria – the flower shop
Los telefonos – the telephones
La muebleria – furnature store
La panaderia – the bread store
La carniceria – the meat store
El mercado – market
La pescaderia – fish market
La tienda de comestibles – grocery store
La plaza – the plaza
La fuente – the fountain
El monumento – the monument
La banca – the bench
La fruteria – the fruit stand
El cementerio – the cemetery
La comisaria – the police department
El café – the café
El centro recreativo – recreation center
El ayuntamiento – town hall
El banco – bank
La clinica - health center
La estacion de tren – train station
La estacion de bomberos – fire station
La estacion de autobuses – bus station
VERBS
Andar – to walk
Hacer diligencias – to run errands
Llevar – to take or to carry
Llevar (a alguien) – to take (someone)
Pasearse – to take a walk
Recoger (a alguien) – to pick (someone) up

IMPERSONAL SE
• Can be the subject of the third person singular form of a verb without an object. It can mean they, one, or you.
PASSIVE SE
• Can be used to say that something is done without saying who does it
• Verb agrees in number with the noun receiving the action
• Often used to say what is or isn’t allowed.
• Ex: se prohibe nadir , se habla francais, se puede montar, se prohibe comer, se prohibe fumar.
-CAR, -GAR, -ZAR VERBS
• Only irregular in yo form.
• -car = qu -gar = gue zar = ce

Elizabeth said...

Eria  kind of storethir
la clinica
laestaciun de bombros
la comisaria
la esta ciun de tren
la esta cien de autobuses
el centro recreativo
? me podria decir?
?sabe usted…?
Disculpe
Abrir/cerrar(eie)= open
?a que hora…?
Preguntele a alguien
No esoy seguro(a)
Yo hice fui
Tu hiciste fuiste
El hizo fue
Nos hicimos fuimos
Ellos hicero furon
The impersonal se can be the subject of third person singular form of a verb without a object. It can mean the, one, or you.
The pronoun se can be used to say that something is done, without saying who does it. The verb agrees in number with the noun receiving the action. This is called passive se.
Passive se is often used to say what is or what isn’t allowed
Verbs ending in –car,-zar, and –gar have spelling changes in the yo forms of the preterite
In the present tense the conocer means to know someone or be familiar with a place or thing. It an irregular form conocer is redular in the preterite. Use it in the preterite to say you met someone or got to know a place for the first time.
Yo-conoci
Tu-conociste
El-conocio
Nos-conocimos
Ellos-conocieron

danielle (= misovich said...

Spanish Blog 9-
This week we learned a ton at least half of chapter three since we are being rushed through it, we have a ton of stuff to write about from one week. These things learned include vocab about towns and cites, to ask info, to ask where someone went and what he or she did,impersonal se and passive se, and finally the preterite tense of –car, -gar, and –zar.

Vocab from Pueblos y Cuidades
La pescadería- fish market
La carnicería- meat shop
La mueblería- furniture store
La panadería- bread store
La florestería- flower shop
La peluquería- hair salon
La pastelería- bakery
La frutería- fruit stand
La tienda de comestibles- grocery store
El mercado- market
La heladería- ice cream shop
Los teléfonos- public telephones
La plaza- plaza
La fuente- fountain
El monumento- monument
La banca- bench
El cementerio- cementary
La ayuntamiento- town hall
El banco- bank
La clínica- clinic
La estación de bomberos- fire station
La comisaría- police station
El café- coffee shop
La estación de tren -train station
La estación de autobus- bus station
El centro recreativo- recreation center
Andar- to walk/to go
Hacer diligencias- to run errands
Llevar- to take / to carry
Llevar (alguin) – to take (someone)
Pasearse- to stroll/ to take a walk
Recoger ( a alguin) – to pick someone up
Abrir- to open
Cerrar- to close

To ask information / to respond
Q; ¿Me podria decir si el ___ se abre a las __ ?
Q; Could you tell me if the ___ opens at __?
A; No estoy se guro(a). Creo que si .
A; I’m not sure . I think so
OR
A; Si claro . Se abre a las __.
A; Yes of course . It opens at __.
Q; Discuple, ¿Sabe usted donde se puede sacar la licencia de conducer?
Q; Excuse me, do you know where I can get a drivers license?
A; No estoy seguro(a). Preguntele a alguin en el ayuntamiento.
A; I’m not sure . Ask someone at the town hall.

To ask where someone went and what he or she did
Q; ¿A dónde fuiste esta mañana?
Q; Where did you go yesterday?
Q; ¿Que hicieron?
Q; What did you do?

Impersonal Se
• ‘The impersonal se can be the subject of the third singular form with out and object. It can mean , they , one , or you.
Se vive bien en este el ciudad.
They (people) live in the city.
Se trabaja mucho en este pueblo.
One works alot in the town.
• The pronoun se can also be used to say something is done with out saying who does it . The verb agrees in number with the noun receiving the action. This use is called passive se.
¿Se vende leche en la tienda de comestibles?
Is the milk sold in the grocery store?
¿Donde se pueden comprar unos pescados?
Where can you (one ) buy some fish ?
• Passive se is often used to say what is or isn’t allowed.
Se prohíbe correr en la casa.
Running is not allowed in the house.
No se permite hablar en la clasa.
No talking allowed in class.
Se permite hablar franciais.
Talking in french is permitted.


Preterite of –car, -gar , and –zar verbs and conocer
• You know how to form the preterite of all regular verbs . Remember that verbs ending in –car,-gar,and –zar have spelling changes in the yo forms of preterite.
Buscar – yo busqué
Jugar – yo jugué
Empezar – yo epecé
• In the present tense , conocer means to know someone or to be familiar with a place or thing. It has a regular yo form.
• Conocer is irregular in the preterite . Use it in preterite to say you meet someone or got to know a place for the first time.
Yo-conocí
Tu’ - conociste
El/Ella/Usted- conocío
Nosotros – conocimos
Ellos/as/Ustedes- conocieron
¿Dónde conociste Adela?
Where did you meet Adela?
La conoci’ en la fiesta de Taco.
I met her at Taco’s party

nina said...

Vocabulario
La pescader ía
La carnicer ía
La mubler ía
La panader ía
Los telefonos
La florister ía
La pelquer ía
La pasteler íia
El mercardo
La tienda de comestibles
La plaza
La fuente
La fruter ía
El momumento
La banca
El cemeter ío
El ayuntamiento
La comisar ía
El café
El ayuntamiento
El banco
el centro recreativo
la cl ínica
la estaci ón de bomberos
la estaci ón de tren
andar
hacer diligencias
llevar (a alguien)
pasearse
recoger (a alguien)
Impersonal Se
- Can be the subject of the thirtd person singular form of a verb without an object. It can mean “they,” “one,” or “you.”
Ex 1.) Se trabajan duro en la práctica todos los días.
Ex 2.) Se están siempre ocupados.
Ex 3.) Se vive mal en esta barrio.
Passive Se
- Can also be used to say that something is done, without saying who does it
- The verb agrees in number with the noun receiving the action
Ex 1.) Se las naranjas son vendidos en el mercado?
Ex 2.) Se habla francais aqui.
Ex 3.) Se no habla ingles aquí.
- Often used to say what is or isn’t allowed
Ex 1.) No se premite nadar.
Ex 2.) Se permite montar en bicicleta.
Ex 3.) No se permite fumar.
Preterite of –car, -gar, -zar verbs and conocer
- Remember that verbs ending –car, -gar, and –zar have spelling changes in the “yo” forms of the preterite.
Ex 1.) llegar – llegue
Ex 2.) tocar – toque
Ex 3.) organizer – organice
Conocer
-in the present tense, it means to know someone or to familiar with a place or thing.
- it has a irregular “yo” form
- regular in the preterite tense.
Use the preterite to say you met someone or got to know a place for the first time
Stem Changes of Conocer
Yo/ conoci
Tu / conociste
El/ella/conocio
Nostoros(as)/cnocimos
Ellos(as)/conocieron
Ex 1.) ¿Conoces Mario?
Ex 2.) ¿Donde conociste a Maria?
Ex 3.) ¿Donde conocimos la papeles?

Allison Salcido said...

This week in Spanish we learned:
Pueblos- Towns
Ciudades-Cities

El Mercado- The Market
La pescadería- fish market
La carnicería-meat market
La mueblaería- furniture store
La pandería-bakery
La floristería- flower shop
La peluquera-hair salon
La pastelería-pastry shop
La frutería-fruit stand
La comisaría-police dept.
El café- cafe
La tienda de comestibles-grocery store
Comestibles-groceries

Los teléfonos-public telephones
La fuenta-fountain
El monument-monument
La banca-bench
El cementerio- cemetery
El ayuntamiento-city hall

Vocab
andar- to walk
hacer diligencias-to run errands
llevar-to take

to ask for info:
¿Me podría decir si el banco se abre a las nueva?
-Could you tell me if the bank opens at nine?

¿Sabe usted dónde se puede sacar la licencia de conducer?
-do you know where I could get a drivers license?

To respond:
No estoy seguro(a)
-I’m not sure.
Creo que si
-I think so.

Pregúntele a alguien en el ayuntamiento.
-Ask someone at town hall.

Ask someone what they did:
¿Adónde fuiste esta mañana?
-Where did you go this morning?

¿Que hicieron?
-What did you do?

Impersonal se and passive se

Impersonal se- subject of third person singular form of a verb without an object.
It can mean they, one, or you.

Se vive bien en este pueblo.
They (people) live well in this town.

Pronoun se can be used to say that something is done, without saying who does it.
Passive se is when the verb agrees with the noun receiving action
Passive se is often used to say what is or isn’t allowed

Preterite of –car,-gar,-zar and conocer
-car,zar, and gar have spelling changes in yo form

Buscar-yo busque
Jugar-yo jugué
Empezar-you empecé

Im present tense, conocer means to know someone.
Has irregular yo form

Conocer is regular in preterite. Use preterite to say you met someone for 1st time.

Yo-conozco Nosotros- conocimos
Yo-conoci Uds, Ellas- conocieron
Tú-conociste Ellos
Ud. El- conoció
Ella

Dani said...

Vocab
La pescadería- fish market
La carnicería- butcher shop
La mueblería- furniture store
La panadería-bread shop
La florestería-flower shop
La peluquería- fish market
La pastelería- pastry shop
La fruitería- fruit market
1. Ex: En la pescadería, se compra la pescada.
2. Ex: En la panadería, se prepara el pan.
3. Ex: En la pastelería, se decora lost pasteles.
4. Ex: Mi madre compra las furtas en la fruitería.

La tienda de comestibles- grocery store
El mercado- market
El café- coffee shop
Los teléfonos- telephone booth
La plaza- plaza
La fuente- fountain
El monumento- monument
La banca- bench
1. Ex: Nosotros compramos la leche en el mercado.
2. Ex: Yo visito la amiga en la plaza.
3. Ex: No se prohíbe nada en la fuente.

El cementerio-cemetary
El ayuntamiento- city hall
El banco-bank
La clínca-hospital
La estación de bomberos- fire dept.
La estación de tren- train station
La estación de autobus- bus station
El centro recreativo- rec center.
1. Ex: Yo visito mi abuela en el cementerio.
2. Ex: Mi amiga saca el dinero de el banco.
3. Ex: Mi padre está en la clínca.

Verbs:
Anadar- to walk/go
Hacer diligencias- to run errands
Llevar- to take out/carry
Llevar (a alguien) – to take (someone)
Pasearse- to stroll
Dar una vuelta- to take a walk
Recoger- to pick up
Abrir- to open
Cerrar (e-ie) – to close

Conversation:
Q : ¿Me podría si el banco se abre a las nueve?
(Could you tell me if the bank opens at nine?)
A: No estoy seguro. Creo que sí.
(Im not sure. I think so.)
-or-
Sí, claro. Se abre a las nueve.
(Yes, of course. It opens at nine.)
Q: Disculpe, ¿sabe usted dónde se puede sacar la licencia de conducir?
(Excuse me do you know where I can get a driver’s license at?)
A: No estoy seguro. Pregúntele a alguien en el ayuntamiento.
(I’m not sure. Ask someone at town hall.)

Q: ¿Qué hiciste? ¿ Adonde fuiste?
(What are you doing? Where are you going?)
A: Mi mama y yo fuimos al mercado y compramos las frutas.

Other:
Me podría decir...- could you tell me...
A que hora...- What time...
Cuando…- When…
Save usted…-Do you know…

Impersonal se & passive se:
Impersonal se can be subject of the third person singular form of a verb without an object. It can mean they, one, or you.
Ex: Se vive bien en este pueblo.
(They [as in the people] live well in this town.)

Ex: se trabaja mucho en este país.
(One works a lot in this country.)

The passive se is used to say something is done, without saying who does it. The verb agrees in the number with the noun receiving the action.
Ex: ¿Se vende pan en la tienda de comestibles?
(Is bread sold at the grocery store?)

Ex: ¿Dónde se pueden comprar unos mapas?
(Where can you [one] buy some maps?)

Ex: Se habla español aquí.
(Spanish is spoken here.)

Passive se can be used to say what is or isn’t allowed.

Ex: Se prohibe fumar. – Smoking is not prohibited
Ex: No se permite nadir- Swimming is not allowed
Ex: Se prohibe comer- Eating/food is not allowed.

Preterite:
1. Preterite of –car, -gar, and –zar verbs.
-have spelling changes in the yo form.
Ex: buscar yo busqué
Ex: jugar yo jugué
Ex: empezar yo empecé

2. In the present tense, conocer means to know someone or to be familiar with a place or thing. It is irregular yo form.
Ex: ¿conoces a Jorge? – Do you know Jorge?
Ex: No, pero conozo a su hermano. – No, but I know his brother.

3. Conocer is regular in the preterite. Use it in the preterite to say you met someone or got to know a place for the first time.
Ex: ¿Donde conociste a Marta? – Where did youi meet Marta?
Ex: La conocí la fiesta de Paco. – I met her at Paco’s party.

Conjugations:
Yo conocí
Tú conociste
Ud/el/ella conoció
Nosotros/as conocimos
Uds/ellos/ellas conocieron

dani lollo.
6th hour.

Chris said...

Notes: Pueblos y Ciudades
Vocabulary:
1. la pescadería = fish shop
2. la carnicería = meat shop
3. la pandería = bakery/ bread shop
4. la mueblería = furniture store
5. los teléfonos = telephones
6. la floristería = flower store
7. la peluquería = barber shop
8. la pastelería = bakery
9. la plaza = plaza/ center of town
10. el mercado = market
11. la fuente = fountain
12. el monumento = monument
13. la banca = bench
14. la frutería = fruit market
15. la tienda de comestibles = supermarket
16. el cementerio = cemetary
17. el ayuntamiento = town hall
18. el banco = bank
19. la clínica = clinic/ doctor’s office
20. la estación de bomberos = fire station
21. la estación de tren = train station
22. el café = coffe shop
23. la comisaría = police station
24. el centro recreativo = recreation center
25. la estación de autobús = bus station

Verbs:
Andar = to walk or to go
Hacer diligencias = to run errands
Llevar(a alguien) = to take(someone), to carry
Pasearse = to take a walk, to stroll
Recoger (a alguien)= to pick (someone) up

To ask for information:
¿Me podría decir si el banco se abre a las nueve?
Could you tell me if the bank opens at nine?

Disculpe, ¿sabe usted dónde se puede sacar la licencia de conducir?
Excuse me, do you know where I can get a driver’s license?

To respond:
No estoy seguro(a). Creo que sí.
I’m not sure. I think so

Sí claro. Se abre a las nueve.
Yes, of course. It opens at nine.

No estoy seguro(a). Pregúntele a alguien en el ayuntamiento.
I’m not sure. Ask someone at town hall.

To ask where someone went and what he or she did:
¿Adónde fuiste esta mañana?
Where did you go this morning?

¿Qué hicieron?
What did you do?

To respond:
Di una vuelta por el centro y fui a la heladería con mi hermana.
I walked downtown and went to the ice cream shop with my sister.

Yo tuve que hacer diligencias. Pasé por el banco y luego fui a la floristería y compré flores. Mi hermana fue a la peluquería a cortarse el pelo.
I had to run errands. I went to the bank and then I went to the flower shop to buy flowers. My sister went to the hairdresser to have her hair cut.

Impersonal se and passive se:
The impersonal se can be the subject of the third person singular form of a verb without an object. It can mean they, one, or you.

Examples: Se compra pescado en la pescadoria
Se conduce el autobús.
Se anda en la plaza

The pronoun se can also be used to say that something is done, without saying who does it. The verb agrees in number with the noun receiving the action. this use is called passive se.

Examples: en el Mercado, se puede comprar ropa.
Se permite andar
Se prohíbe fumar.

Passive se is often usted tos ay what is or what is not allowed.
Ex: 1. Se prohíbe nadar
2. Se habla Francis
3. Se permite montar en bicicleta
4. se proíbe la comida
5.no se permite fumar

Preterite of –car, -gar, and –zar verbs and conocer.
Verb endings in car, gar, and zar
They have spelling changes in the Yo form of the preterite tense.
Car = qué Gar = gué Zar = cé
Ex: buscar = busqué, Jugar(ue) = Juegé empezar = empecé
Tocar = toqué, llegar = llegué,

The Car, Gar, Zar changes not used anywhere else because they are all followed by strong vowels in every other form except the yo form.

In the present tense, conocer means to know someone or to be familiar with a place or thing. It has an irregular yo form.

¿conoces a Jorge? = do you know Jorge?
¿No, pero conozco a su hermano. = No, but i know his brother.

Conocer is regular in the preterite. Use it in the preterite to say you met someone or got to know a place for the first time.
Yo= conocí
Tu= conociste
Ud. El, ella= conoció
Nosotros(as)= conocimos
Uds. Ellos, ellas = conocieron

¿Dónde conociste a marta? = where did you meet marta?
¿Yo conocí la ciudad de santo domingo
Conocieron Julio en la tienda.

Chris Parker
6th hour

miguel said...

Miguel Ahles

This week we learned some new vocabulary, How to use the impersonal se and passive se, and how to use preterite of –car, -gar, and –zar.

Vocabulary:
• el ayuntamento- town hall
• la mueblería- furniture store
• la pandería- bread store
• la carnicería- meat market
• la pescadería- fish market
• el mercado market
• la peluqueríala- hair salon
• la floristería- lower shop
• la palestería- bakery
• el cementario- ce
• la camisaría- police station
• el banco- bank
• la clínica- clinic
• la estación de tren- train station
• la estación de autobuses- bus stop
• el centro recreativo- recreation center
• el monumento monument
• la banca- bench

Impersonal se- It is the third person singular form of a verb without the object.
• Se trabaja mucho en los estados unidos.
• Se habla mucho en mi colgio.
• Se come mucho en china.

Passive se- It is used to say that something is done without saying who does it.
• Se habla español.
• Se prohíbe fumar.
• No se permite corer.

Preterite of –car, -gar, -zar- These verbs have special changes in the yo form.
• Yo brinqué.
• Yo organicé
• Yo jugué

molly said...

This week we began chapter nine. we are in el paso texas and we are learning new vocabulary that is designated for this area.
el búho-owl
el buitre- vulture
el cactus - cactus
el coyote- coyote
la cueva- cave
dar una caminata- to go for a walk/hike
el desierto- desert
el granizo- hail
las hojas- leaves
húmedo- humid
el lobo- wolf
la nieve-snow
la niebla-fog
el oso- bear
lloviznar- to drizzle
la tormenta- storm
el trueno- thunder
el tornado- tornado

We also covered how to talk about a place and its climate.

¿Adónde fuiste de vacaciones?
Fui al norte con mi familia en el verano. Llovió cada noche.


We also briefly went over in class about comparing quantities; using adjectives as nouns.

- you can compare how often things happen or how often people do things with más que, menos que, and tanto como.
En el invierno nieva más que en el verano.
En el desierto llueve menos que en la costa.
No viajo tanto como mis hermanos.

- Use the expression más...que, menos...que, and tanto(a/os/as)...como with nouns to compare quantities.
Hay más huracanes en el verano que en el invierno.
En general, vas a ver menos águilas que buitres.
Vinieron tantos turistas a la playa este año como el año pasado.

- To avoid repetition, leave out the noun and use más, menos, tanto, tantos, tanta, and tantas.

sarahmaurier said...

El diario del 30-Nov-2009 a 4-Dec-2009

This week, we started Chapter 3 in our textbooks about cities and towns.

First, we learned places vocabulary.

(**Anything that ends in –ería is some kind of store.)

La pescadería - fish store
El Mercado - market
La carnicería - meat market
La mueblería - furniture store
La panadería - Bakery (bread)
Los teléfonos - phones
La floristería - flower store
La peluquería - hair salon
La pastelería - Pastry shop
La plaza - town square, plaza
La fuente - fountain
La frutería - fruit market
La banca - bench
El monumento - statue
La tienda de comestibles - grocery store
El cemeterio - cemetery
La comisaría - police station
El café - café
El centro recreativo - recreation center
El ayuntamiento - town hall
El banco - bank
La clínica - clinic
La estación de bomberos - fire station
La estación de tren - train sation
La estación de autobuses - bus stop

(New) Verbs
Andar- to walk, to go
Hacer diligencias-to run errands
Llevar-to take, to carry
Llevar (a alguien)- to take someone
Pasearse-to stroll, to take a walk
Recoger (a alguien)- to pick (someone) up

Next, we learned how to ask for information and how to respond:

~¿Me podría decir (si el banco se abre a las nueve)?
-Can you tell me (if the bank opens at nine)?
No estoy seguro(a).
I’m not sure.
Creo que sí.
I think so.

Sí, claro. Se abre a las nueve.
Yes, of course, It opens at nine.

Disculpe, ¿sabe usted (dónde se puede sacar la licencia de conducir)?
Excuse me, do you know (where I can get a driver’s license)?

No estoy seguro(a). Pregúntele a alguien en el ayuntamiento.
I’m not sure. Ask someone at town hall.

EXAMPLES:

-¿Me podría decir dónde está la fuente?
-Si, claro. Está en la plaza. Cerca de el monumento.

-Disculpe, ¿sabe usted dónde se puede beber café con leche?
-¡Si! Se bebe en el café.

-Disculpe, ¿Me podría decir si la mueblería cierra a las ocho?
-No estoy seguro. Pregúntele a alguien en la plaza.

Next, we learned how to ask what someone did and where they went and how to respond.

-¿Adónde fuiste (esta mañana)?
Where did you go this morning?

¿Qué hicieron?
What did you do?

Examples:

-Pablo, ¿Adónde fuiste ayer?
-Yo fue el centro para muchas cosas. Fue la peluquería, la tienda de comestibles y la carnicería.

-Qué hiciste?
Mis amigas y yo caminamos y hablamos en la plaza. Yo compré muchos comestibles para la cena.

sarahmaurier said...

Next, we learned about impersonal and passive SE.

~Impersonal se can be used as the subject of the third person singular form of a verb without an object. It can mean they, one, or you.
Se (él/ella/ud form of the present tense verb)

EXAMPLES:

Se nada mucho todos los dias.

Se vive bien.

Se trabaja hasta las 5 de la tarde.

Passive se can be used to say that something is done. The verb agrees in number with the noun receiving the action.

En la frutería se venden muy Buenos duraznos.

Se habla español.

Passive se can also be used to say what is or isn’t allowed.
The verbs poder, prohibir and permitir are used frequently.

Se prohíbe gritar.

Se permite practicar.

No se puede comer.

Lastly, we learned the preterite tense of car, gar and zar verbs and conocer.

Any verbs ending in CAR, GAR or ZAR have spelling changes in the YO forms of the preterite.

CAR verbs
C → qu
(tocar → toqué)

GAR verbs
G → gu
(llegar → llegué)

ZAR verbs
Z → c
(oragnizar → organicé)

They are only spelled differently in the YO form because they are followed by a weak vowel.

Conocer means to know someone or to be familiar with a place or a thing in the present tense.
In the preterite tense, it is used to say you met someone or got to know a place for the first time.

The verb is conjugated normally:

Yo conocí
Tú conociste
Él/ella/ud conoció
Nosotros(as) conocimos
Ellos/ella/uds conocieron

EXAMPLES:

Yo conocí Maria ayer.

Ella conoció Paco anoche en la fiesta.

Steven said...

Erĺa at the end of a word means that it is a market. The beginning of the word tells you what kind of market. (Pescaderĺa – fish market. Carnicerĺa – meat. Mueblerĺa – furniture store. La panaderĺa – bread shop. Floristerĺa – flower shop. Peluquerĺa – solon. Fruterĺa – fruit stand. Tienda de comestibles – grocery store. Mercado – market.) Common vocab for city talk is llevar – to take, pasearse – to stroll, and recoger - to pick someone up. Common questions are: ¿Me poderĺ decer…? (could you tell me…?) ¿A que hora…? (when…?) ¿Sabe usted…? (do you know…?).
The impersonal “se” can be the subject of the third person singular form of a verb without an object. It can be “they won,” or you. [E.x. Se vive bien en estè pueblo. (They live well in this town) Se trabaja mucho en estè pais. (The work a lot.)]
The passive se can also be used to say that something, “is done,” without saying who does it. The verb agrees in the number with the noun receiving the action. This use is called Passive Se. [E.x. ¿Se vende pan en la tienda de comestebles? (Is bread sold at the grocery store?)]. Passive se is often used to say what is or isn’t allowed. [E.x. Se prohĺbe fumar. (Smoking is not allowed.) No se permite nada. (Swimming is not allowed.)
Preterite of –car, -gar, -zar verbs. Any verb that ends with car, gar, or zar there will be and irregularty. You now know how to form the perterite of all regular verbs. Remembering that verbs ending in –car, -gar, -zar have spelling changes in the YO forms of the preterite.
Buscar → yo busque. C – qu / Tocar → yo toquè. G – gu / Llegar → yo Lleguè. Z- c
In the present tense, conocer means to know someone or be familiar with a place. It is irregular in the YO form. (Conozco) ¿Conoces a Jorge? (Do you know George?). In the preterite conocer is regular. ¿Dónde conocistè a Marta? (Where did you meet Marta?).

Maria said...

Maria Rodriguez
Ms. Alderman
Spanish 2
6 December 2009
Spanish Blog November 11 - December 4
VOCAB
La panadería – the bread store
La fuente – the fountain
El monumento – the monument
La banca – the bench
La pastelería – the bakery
La peluquería – the hair salon
La frutería – the fruit stand
El cementerio – the cemetery
La floristería – the flower shop
Los teléfonos – the telephones
La mueblería – furnature store
La comisaría – the police department
La carnicería – the meat store
El mercado – market
La pescadería – fish market
La tienda de comestibles – grocery store
La plaza – the plaza
El café – the café
La estación de tren – train station
La estación de bomberos – fire station
La estación de autobuses – bus station
El centro recreativo – recreation center
El ayuntamiento – town hall
El banco – bank
La clínica - health center
VERBS
Andar – to walk
Hacer diligencias – to run errands
Llevar – to take or to carry
Llevar (a alguien) – to take (someone)
Pasearse – to take a walk
Recoger (a alguien) – to pick (someone) up

IMPERSONAL SE
• Can be the subject of the third person singular form of a verb without an object. It can mean one, they, or you.
• Ex: se vive bien en este pueblo, se habla mucho aquí, se estudia mucho en está escuela.
PASSIVE SE
• Can be used to say that something is done without saying who does it
• Verb agrees in number with the noun receiving the action
• Often used to say what is or isn’t allowed.
• Ex: se prohíbe nadar, se habla ingles, se puede montar bicicleta, se prohíbe fumar, se prohíbe correr.
-CAR, -GAR, -ZAR VERBS
• Only irregular in yo form.
• -car = qué -gar = gué zar = cé
• Ex: buscar-> yo busqué jugar-> yo jugué
COMMON QUESTIONS
¿Me podría decir…? – Could you tell me …?
¿A qué hora…?- At what time…?
¿Cuando es…?- When is…?

Desculpe/Perdón – excuse me/ pardon me
CONOCER
- In the present tense, it means to know someone or to be familiar with a place or thing.
- Has an irregular yo form
- Has a regular: preterite tense
-use to say when you met someone or got to know a place for the first time.
Yo conocí
Tú conociste
Ella/ él/ ud. conoció
Nosotros (as) conocimos
Ellos/ ellas/ uds. conocieron

Shelbyyy(: said...

This week in Spanish class, we learned about towns and cities and the things and places that make up them.

The new vocabulary terms are listed below:

Erìa-(means it is a kind of store)
La pescaderìa-fish market
La carnicerìa-meat market
La mueblerìa-furniture store
La panaderìa-bakery (bread store)
La floristerìa-florist
La peluquerìa/el salòn de belleza-hair salon/barbershop
La pastelerìa-pastry shop/cake shop
La fruterìa=fruit stand or market
La tienda de comestibles-grocery store
El Mercado- market
El cafè-coffee shop
Los telèfonos-pay phones/telephones
La plaza-central square, towns square
La fuente-fountain
El monument-monument, statue
La blanca-bench
El comenterio-cemetery
El ayuntamiento-town hall (city hall)
El banco-bank
La clìnica-hospital
La estaciòn de bomberos-fire station
La comisarìa-police station
La estaciòn de tren-train station
La estaciòn de autobuses-bus station
El centro recreativo-recreation center

Verbs associated with these places and things
Andar-to walk or go
Hacer diligencias-to run errands
Llevar-to take or carry
Llevar (a alguien)-to take (someone)
Pasearse-to stroll or to take a walk
Recoger (a alguien)-to pick (someone) up

We also learned how to ask different information and where someone went or what they did.
¿A què hora…?-At what time?
¿Sabe usted…?-Do you know?
¿Què hiciste ayer?-What did you do?
¿Adònde fuiste?- Where did you go?
Disulpe-Excuse me
Pardon-excuse me
¿Adònde fuiste esta mañana?-Where did you go this morning?
¿Què hicieron?-What did you do?

Responses
No estoy seguro(a).-I’m not sure.
Creo que sì.-I think so.
Si, claro.-Yes, of course.
Se abre a las nueve.-It opens at nine.
No estoy seguro(a). Pregùntele a alguien en el ayuntamiento.-I’m not sure. Ask someone at town hall.
Fui a la floristerìa con mi madre y mi abuela.-I went to the florist with my mom and grandma.
Yo fui caminar con mi perro en el parque.-I went for a walk with my dog in the park.

We learned about the impersonal and passive se too.
With the impersonal se, it can be used as the subject of the third person form of a verb without an object. It can mean they, one, or you.
Examples:
Se vive bien en esta ciudad. –They (people) live well in this city.
Se juega mucho en este paìs.-One plays a lot in this country.

On the other hand, the passive se is used to say that something is done, without saying who does it. The verb agrees in number with the noun receiving the action. The passive se is also used to say what is or isn’t allowed.
Examples:
Se habla español aquì.-Spanish is spoken here.
¿Se vende pan en la tienda de comestibles?-Is bread sold at a grocery store?
¿Dònde se pueden comprar unas mapas?-Where can you (one) buy some maps?
Se permite nadir.-Swimming is allowed.
Se prohìbe hablar.-Talking is not allowed.

The last topic we discussed in Spanish class this week was the preterite of -car, -gar, -zar verbs and conocer.
In the “yo” form of the preterite tense the spelling of -car, -gar, and -zar verbs changes.
car---qu
gar---gu
zar---c

examples:
buscar-busquè
jugar-juguè
empenzar-empecè

Also, in the “yo” form of the verb conocer changes to conozco. But in the preterite tense, conocer is regular and it is used to say you met someone or got to a know a place for the first time.

Yo conocì
Tù conociste
Ud., èl, ella conociò
Nosotros(as) conocimos
Uds., ellos, ellas conocieron

amanda said...

This week in Spanish we started chapter three. In this chapter we have learned the names of buildings and stores as well as what is done there. Also we learned how to ask for information and give information. Say where we went and what we did there. We learned the impersonal and passive se and started discussing the pretertite of –car, -gar, and –zar verbs.
Stores around the neighborhood include
La pescaderia Fish market
La carniceria Bucher shop
La panderia Bread shop
La muebleria Furniture store
La floristeria Flower shop
La peluqueria Barbershop
La pasteleria Pasterishop
Los telefonos Telephone booth
El Mercado Outdoor market
La plaza The water fountain
El monumento The monument
La banca Bench
La fruiteria Fruit market
El centro recreativo Rec center
El estacion de autobuses Bus station
La estacion de tren Train station
La estacion de bomberos Fire station
La clinica Doctors office
El banco The bank
El ayuntamianto Town hall
El cementerio Cemetarie
La comisaria Police station

























A few sentences to show how these are used are
En la pescaderia Comprando pescado
La carniceria veniendo carnicera
En la floristeria comprando flores
La policia en la comisaria ayunda el gente.
Some vocabulary included with these places are as follows

Andar To walk, to go
Hacer To run errands
Llevar To take, to carry
Llevar (a alguien) To take someone
Pasearse To stroll/ to take a walk
Locarger To pick someone up
Abrir To open
Cerrar (e-ie) To close
To ask for information you say disculpe or perdon In front of what your asking

Disculpe sabe usted dondea la aluerdade la pasteleria?
Perdon me pedra decir a donde se puede nadir
- si clarion una persona nadar en en centro reactivo



the impersonal se can be the subject of the third person. Singular form of a verb with out a subject. It can mean they, one or you.
For example
Se habla espanol- they speak Spanish
Se nadar en esta pueblo.
Se habla ingles.

The passive se is used to what is allowed and what isn’t allowed in a certain city and/or area. To use the passive say you must conjugate the verb to the tu form and follow it by an action.
A few examples of that are as follows..
Se prohibe nadar
Se habla frencias
Se premite montar en el bicecleta
No se premite comer
Se prohibe fumar

All verbs ending in car gar or zar have spelling changes in the yo form.
Bascar turns in to yo basque
Tocar turns into togue
Llegar turns into llegue
Jugar turns into jugue
In other words g- gu and c –que


Conocer is an irregular preterite, it is used to say you met someone or you got to know someone or a newplace for the first time
The conguations of the verb conocer are

Conoci
Conociste
Conocio
Conocimos
Conocieron

A few examples are
Yo conoci maria
Maria y yo conocimos Miami


Amanda Richardson
6th Hour 12-6-09
Sra Alderman

Christian said...

Vocabulary
-la pescadería - comprar pescado
-la carnicería - comprar pollo
-la mueblería - comprar las sillas
-la panadería - comprar pan
-la frutería - comprar las fresas
-la floristería - comprar los flores
-la peluquería - cortar el pelo
-la pastelería - comprar el pastel
-la comisaría - los policías ayudar los gentes
-el mercado - comprar __________
-la tienda de comestibles - comprar leche, huevos, etc…
-el monumento - ver a la monumento
-la banca - sentarse o relajarse
-la fuente - sentarse
-la plaza - hablar con amigos
-los teléfonos - hablar por la teléfono
-el cementerio - visitar
-el banco - prestar dinero
-la clínica - el médico ayudar los enfermos
-el estación de bomberos - los bomberos apagar los incendios
-la ayuntamiento - sacar la licencia de conducir
-el café - tomar el café
-el estación de autobuses - conducir
-el centro recreativo - jugar los deportes

Impersonal Se and Passive Se
- the impersonal se can be the subject of the third person sinngular form of the verb without an object. It can mean they, one, or you.
(ex) Se vive bien en este vice Dario. Se corre mucho en este deporte.
-the pronoun se can also be used to say that something is done, without saying who does it. The verb agrees in number with the noun receiving the action. This use is called the passive se.
-passive se is often used to say what or what is not allowed.

Luke said...

This week in Spanish class, we began chapter 3. To start off the chapter, we learned how to say the names of many spanish stores and places you would find in a city.

El Mercado - Yo compro un chaqueta al mercado.

El Banco - Ella saca dinero al banco.

El Centro Recreativo - Jorge nada al centro recreativo.

Next, we learned about impersonal and passive "se". The impersonal se can be the subject of 3rd person singular form of a verb without an object. It can stand for they, one, or you.

Passive se is a pronoun that can be used to say that something is done, without saying who does it. it also agrees in number and gender with the noun receiving the action.

Ex:
Se prohibe nadar.
Se habla frances.
Se montan en bicicletas.
Se trabaja mucho.

savanna said...

la pescaderia- fish market
la carnicera- meat market
la muebleria- furniture store
la peluqueria- barber shop/hair salon
la floristeria- flower shop
la pasteleria- cake shop
la fruteria- fruit market
la panaderia- bakery
la tienda de comestibles- grocery store
el mercado- market
el cafe- cafe
los telefonos- telephones
la plaza- plaza
la fuente- fountain
el monumento- monument
la banca- bench
el cementerio- cementary
el ayuntamiento- town hall
el banco- bank
la clinica- clinic
la estacion de bomberos- fire station
la estacion de autobuses- bus station
la estacion de tren- train station
el centro recreativo- recreation center
la comisaria- police station

Me podria decir si la clinica se abre a las siete?
Disculpe, sabe usted donde es el banco?
Adonde fuiste ayer noche?
Que hicieron?

impersonal and passive se:
- impersonal se can mean they, one, or you.
ex/ -Se vive en este pueblo.
-the passive se can be used to say that something is done without saying who does it.
ex/ -Se habla espanol.
-passive se is also used to say what is and isn't allowed.
ex/ -Se permite hablar. Se prohibe fumar.

car, zar, and gar verbs:
-verbs ending in car, zar, and gar gave spelling changes in the yo forms of the preterite.
buscar- yo busque
jugar- yo jugue
emperzar- yo empece

conocer:
-conocer is regular in the preterite and it is used to say you meet someone or got to know a place.
ex/ -Yo conoci mi amigo en la plaza. Yo conoci el pueblo.

- savanna parks 6th hour