Monday, February 8, 2010

Español 3- El Diario de ch 10 vocabulario/gramática 2

Please post your journal for the vocabulary and grammar 2 sections of chapter 10 here.

PLEASE INCLUDE AT LEAST THREE ORIGINAL (AS IN NOT FROM THE TEXTBOOK) EXAMPLE SENTENCES THAT DEMONSTRATE EACH CONCEPT YOU EXPLAIN!!

Use the notes you took in class to guide you. Please DO NOT copy directly from the text. Write out explanations in your own words and make up your own examples.

Please DO NOT write directly in the blog response space. Type all text using Microsoft Word first, then copy and paste in into the blog response space. Be appropriate Spanish punctuation when necessary-accents, tildes, question marks, etc. Be careful with spelling-use your text as a reference for spelling.

Please talk to me (in person, via email) if you have any questions/concerns about this assignment.

Your journal entry will be due Sunday, February 8th by 11:30 pm. It will be worth 40 points. Remember that if you submit late, you will receive half credit.

11 comments:

ABarbacci said...

Alexis Barbacci
Sra. Alderman
Spanish III, 5th
7 February 2010

Section 2

Phrases of Sincerity
Querido(a)…-Dear…,
Espero que estés bien – I hope you’re doing well.
Dale un Saluda a …de mi parte-Say hi to…for me.
Te echo mucho de menos-I miss you a lot.
Un saludo de…-Yours,…
Un abrazo de…-A big hug from…
Con cariño,…-Love

Los lugares
Las aguas termales-hot springs
La catarata-waterfall
El parque naciónal-national park
El volcán-volcano

Phrases/Activities
Comprar recuerdos-to buy souvenirs
Explorar la selva-to explore the jungle/rainforest
Hacer senderismo-to go hiking
Hacerse amigo(a) de alguien-to make friends with someone
Hice un tour…-I took a tour
Ir a un cibercafé-to go to a cyber café
No hice nada-I didn’t do anything
Ir a cafés- to go to (outdoor) cafés
Tomar un crucero-to take a cruise

Cuéntame lo que pasó el día que…-Tell me hat happened the day that…
No, ando planeando…-No, I’m planning
¡No me digas!-You’re kidding (No way)!
¿Qué noticias tienes de…?-What news do you have of…?
¿Sigues pensando en…?-Are you still thinking about…?
¿Ya sabías que…?-Did you already know that…?

Questions (about trips)
¿Adónde fuiste este verano?-where did you go this summer?
Hice un tour por el parque naciónal-I took a tour of the national park.

¿Qué hiciste?-What did you do?
Me hice amiga de una muchacha de California.-I became friends with a girl from California.
No hice nada.-I didn’t do anything.

¿Qué noticias tienes de Eilene?-What news do you have of Eilene?
No lo vas a creer, pero está en Florida-you won’t believe it but she’s in Florida.

¿Sigues pensando en ir a Argentina?-Are you still thinking about going to Argentina?
No, ando planeando otro viaje a España-No, I’m planning another trip to Spain.

¿Ya sabías que aprendí a esquí acuatico?-Did you already know I learned how to water-ski?
¡No me digas!-No way (You’re kidding)!

Cuéntame lo que pasó el día que fuiste al parque nacional-Tell me what happened the day you went to the national park.
Eran como las cinco por la tarde…y de repente empezó a llover-It was about five in the afternoon, and suddenly, it started to rain.

The Preterite and Imperfect

You can use the preterite tense to show that an event/situation had a beginning and/or and end. You use it to say:
-that something happened on a specific occasion or a specific number of times.
Ayer, fui al colegio-Yesterday, I went to (high) school.
Visité el Mundo de Disney dos veces-I visited Disney World two times.
Fuimos al cine la semana pasado-We went to the movies last week.

-that something happened for a specific period of time.
Dormí pr nueve horas anoche-I slept for nine hours last night.
Estudié port tres horas por el exámen de química-I studied for three hours for the chemistry test.

-that something happened in a sequence of events.
Llegué a las once y fui directamente al hotel-I arrived at eleven and went directly to the hotel.

-that something happened as a reaction to something.
Cuando vi el oso, grité para ayuda-When I saw the bear, I shouted for help.
Cuando vimos las playas bonitas nos pusimos contentos-When we saw the beautiful beaches, we were happy/content.

Use the imperfect tense to emphasize the ongoing act of a past event/situation (instead of its beginning/end). Use it:
-to say what people, places, or things were generally like.
De niña, era muy curiosa-When I was a little girl, I was very curious.

ABarbacci said...

AlexisB ch. 10, v/g sect. 2
cont'd

Hace diez años, el parque era magnífico-Ten years ago, the park was magnificent.

-to say what used to happen for an unspecified period of time.
Siempre yo leía los libros-I always used to read books.
Siempre peleaba con mis hermanos-I always used to fight with my brothers.

-to set the scene.
Lloraba mucho en el bosque, y caminaba y caminaba…-It was raining a lot in the forest, and I was walking and walking…

-to explain background information surrounding an event.
Yo tenía mucho hambre antes de la cena de la Acción de Gracias el año pasado-I was very hungry before Thanksgiving Dinner last year.


Also, the imperfect tense is often used after the preterite of decir, oír, or leer with que to report something that was said, heard, or read.

Oía en las noticias que había un terremoto en Haiti-I heard on the news that there was an earthquake in Haiti.
Caminaba en el centro comercial y mi mama me dijo que: Ven aquí-I was walking in the mall, and my mom said: Come here.

The present tense of estar followed by a present participle forms the present progressive. Also, the present tense of andar with a present participle is used to say what is happening right now.

Estoy leyendo un libro bueno-I am reading a good book.
Estás caminando al colegio conmigo-You are walking to school with me.
Mis parientes andan buceando en Florida-My parents are in scuba diving in Florida right now.

The future tense is used to talk about future vacation plans/itinerary.
Iré a la playa-I’m going to the beach.
Me quedaré por cuatro días-I’m staying for four days.

The future tense is also used to say what is probably true or likely to happen.
Mi mama estará en el Mercado-My mom’s probably in the market.
Mi hermana estará contenta cuando yo doy el regalo-My sister will probably be happy/content when I give her the gift.

Also, the future tense, used with a present participle, is used to talk about what is probably going on or what someone is probably doing.
Ella estará caminando en el parque-She is probably walking in the park.
Mis hermanos estarán nadando en la piscine-My brothers are probably in the pool.

The Subjunctive
The subjunctive is used to talk about hopes and wishes or to give advice/an opinion. Use the following phrases with que to do just that.

Querer que-to want that…
Preferir que-to prefer that…
Espearar que-to hope that…
Ojalá que-to hope that…
Recomdarle que-to recommend that…
Aconsejarle que-to advise that…
Sugerirle que-to suggest that…
Es importante que-it’s important that…
Es mejor que-it’s better that…
Es buena idea que-it’s a good idea that…

Te recomiendo que tragas la crema protectora a la playa-I recommend (to you) that you bring sunblock to the beach.
Les aconsejo que vayan al hotel bueno-I advise to you all that you (all) stay in a good hotel.
Ojalá que nos hospedemos con parientes-I hope that we stay with relatives.

Also use those expressions with an infinitive…
Es importante traer una tarjeta de crédito o las monedas-It’s important to bring a credit card or money (bills).
Es buena idea comer las frutas y las verduras cada día-It’s a good idea to eat fruits and vegetables every day.
Es mejor dormir por ocho horas cada noche-It’s better to sleep eight hours every night.

Greg Sombati said...

Greg Sombati
Mrs. Alderman
Spanish III/5th Hour
6 February 2010

Chapter 10: Part 2

Vocab

Actividades

Ir a cafés (cibercafés, tambien)
Saltar en paracaídas
Tomar un crucero
Comprar recuerdos
Hacer senderismo
Explorar la selva

Lugares

Un parque nacional
Una catarata
Un volcán
Aguas termales

Expresiones

Querido (a)…
Espero que estés bien
Dale un saludo a…
De mi parte
Te echo muchos de menos
Un saludo de
Un abrazo de
Con cariño…

Preguntas

1. ¿Adónde fuiste el verano pasado?
2. ¿Qué hiciste?
3. ¿Qué noticias tienes de Miguel?
4. ¿Sigues pensando en ir a los Estados Unidos?
5. ¿Ya sabías que Juan tiene una novia nueva?
6. Cuéntame lo que pasó el día que fuiste a la catarata

Respuestas

1. Hice un tour de la selva, la que estaba muy cerca.
2. Fui a una catarata y aguas termales.
3. No lo vas a creer, pero está en Africa.
4. No, estoy planeando otro viaje con la familia.
5. ¡No me digas!
6. Cuando estamos cerca de la catarata, mucho agua se cayó en nosotros


Grammar

Preterite v. Imperfect

Use the preterite to

-To talk about something that happened on a specific occasion or on a specific number of times.
-To talk about something that happened for a specific amount of time.
-To talk about something in a sequence of events
-To talk about something that occurred in reaction to something else.

EX: Fui de vacaciones el verano pasado
EX: Hice tarea cinco veces esta semana
EX: A las diez, fui al parque, pero a las dos, fui a la playa.

Use the imperfect to

-To say what people, places, or things were generally like.
-To say what used to happen for an unspecified period of time.
-To set the scene
-To give background information
-Use both tenses together with verbs like decir, leer, and oír

EX: Mi perro estaba muy grande de pequeño
EX: Cuando tenía diez años….
EX: Ella dijo que había mucha gente en la playa ayer.

Present progressive

-Use the present tense form of estar or andar with a present participle to say what is going on right now

EX: Yo estoy haciendo mi tarea.
EX: Mis primos andan mirando el partido de hockey.

Future
-To talk about future plans
-To say what is probably true or likely to occur.
-Use with present participle to talk about what is probably going on.

EX: Miraré el partido mañana.
EX: David estará en la playa en el verano.
EX: Estará nevando esta miercoles, y no vamos a las clases.

Subjunctive

-Es mejor que...
-Es buena idea que...
-Es importante que...

-You can also just left the verb in the infinitive, too.

- Aconsejarle (to advise)

Me Aconsejo
Te Aconsejas
Le Aconseja
Nos Aconsejamos
Les Aconsejan

- Recomendarle (to recommend)

Me Recomiendo
Te Recomiendas
Le Recomienda
Nos Recomendamos
Les Recomiendan

- Sugerirle (to suggest)

Me Sugero
Te Sugeres
Le Sugere
Nos Sugerimos
Les Sugeren

Irregulars

-car: c--qu
-gar: g--gu
-zar: z--c
-ger: g--j
-guir: gu--g

EX: Te recomiendo que pagues en efectivo.
EX: Te aconsejo que vayas a la Florida en marzo.
EX: Es mejor que usar un lapiz

kara said...

Kara Moncivais
Mrs. Alderman
Spanish III
7 February 2010

MAR DEL PLATA

Vocabulario
1. Ir a café – Go to a restaurant
2. saltar en paracaídas – parachuting
3. tomar un cucero – take a cruise
4. ir a cibercafé- cibercafé
5. comprar recuerdos – buy souvenirs
6. un parque nacional – naional park
7. una catarata – waterfall
8. explorar la selva – explore the jungle
9. hacer senderismo – to go hiking
10. un volcán- volcano
11. aguas termales – hot springs
12. Querido(a)- Dear…,
13. Espero que estés bien. – I hope you’re doing well
14. Dale un saludo a… de mi parte. – say hi to… for me.
15. Te echo mucho de menos. – I miss you a lot.
16. Un saludo de…- Yours,…
17. un abrazo de… - A big hug from…
18. Con Cariño – Love, ….

To talk about where you went and what you did
¿Adónde fuiste este verano? Hice senderismo con mi amiga.
Where did you go this summer? I went hiking with my friend.

¿Que hiciste? Yo vi mis tíos en Miami.
What did you do? I saw my aunts and uncles in Miami.
.
¿Que noticias tienes de Amanda? No lo vas a creer, pero está en California.
What news do you have about Amanda? You won’t believe it, but she’s in California.

¿Sigues pensando en ir a México? No, ando planeando a ir a Puerto Rico.
Are you still thinking about going to Mexico? No, I am planning to go to Puerto Rico.

¿Ya sabias que aprendí a hacer Windsurf? ¡No me digas!
Did you already know that I know how to windsurf? No way!


Preterite and imperfect (recap)
Preterite – talk about the past and show that an event had a beginning and an end.


Use it to talk about something….
1. that happened on a specific occasion or a specific number of times
- Fuimos a Texas el mes pasado.
- Visité el monumento dos veces.
2. that happend for a specific period of time
- Estuvimos en Texas por tres semanas.
3. that happend in a sequence of events
- Llega a las tres y fui al hotel.
4. That happend as a reaction to something.
- Cuando vimos el oso nos pusimos triste.

Imperfect – emphasize the ongoing nature of a past event or situation, instead of its beginning or end.

Use it to….
1. say what people, places, or things were generally like
- Hace 30 años, las cataratas eran bonitas.
2. say what used to happen for an unspecified period of time.
- Siempre nos quedábamos con mi abuela en Miami, Florida
3. set the scene
- Hacia buen tiempo. Habia mucha en las calles.
5. explain the background circumstances surrounding an event.
- Me sentía triste porque no fui al concierto.

THE PRESENT PROGRESSIVE
Formed: Present tense of estar followed by a present participle to form the present progressive. Also, use the present tense of andar with a present participle to say what is happening right now.

- Mi hermana está tomando agua.
- Los estudiantes están leyendo un libro para la clase de ingles.
Use the future tense to talk about future vacation plans or itinerary.
- Nos quedaremos en la casa de mi tía Rosie.
Future tense and present participle to talk about what is probably going on or what someone is probably doing.

THE SUBJUNCTIVE
- used in a sentence that is joined to one of these expressions with que.
- Querer que
- Preferir que
- Esperar que
- Recommendarle que
- Aconsejarle que
- Sugerirle que
- Es importante que
- Es major que
- Es buen idea que
- Es mejor que yo compre recuerdos para mi familia.
- Es importante que tu compres un boleta para el tren.

Also, use the verbs followed by an infinitive.

fabiola said...

Vocabulario 2
• Ir a café- to go to cafes
• Saltar en paracaídas- to go skydiving
• Tomar un crucero- to go on a cruise
• Ir a un cibercafé- to go to a cybercafe
• Comprar recuerdos- to buy souvenirs
• Un parque nacional- national park
• Una catarata- waterfall
• Explorer la selva- to explore the jungle
• Hacer senderismo- to go hiking
• Un volcán- volcano
• Aguas termales- hot springs

Vocab for writing a letter
• Querido (a)…, - Dear…,
• Espero que estés bien.-I hope you’re doing well.
• Dale un saludo a… de mi parte.- Say hi to… for me
• Te echo mucho de menos.- I mis you a lot.
• Un saludo de…- yours,..
• Un abrazo de…- a big hug from…
• Con cariño,…- Love,…

Gramatica 2

Repaso- Preterite and imperfect

The preterite is used to talk about the past; about an event that had a set beginning and end. Some ways that the preterite can be used:
• That happened on a specific occasion or a specific number of times.
• That happened for a certain period of time
• That happened in a sequence of events
• That happened as a reaction to something

The imperfect is also used to talk about the past but not with a set beginning or ending. Different ways that the imperfect can be is used are:
• To say what people, places, or things were like
• To say what used to happen for an uncertain amount of time
• To set a scene
• To give background info

When used after the preterite of decir, oír, or leer with que, the imperfect is used to say what was said, heard, or read.

Examples:
Mis amigos y yo fuimos a la escuela toda la semana.
Hacia mucho frió en el centro y había mucha gente allí.
El dijo que no había nada de tarea hoy en la clase de Español.


Repaso- The present progressive and the future

To form the present progressive the present tense of either estar or anadar is followed by the present participle. The present progressive is used to talk about what is happening right now.

The future is used to talk about future vacation plans and about something that is likely to happen.

Together both the future tense and the present progressive can be used to talk about what is probably going on or what someone is probably doing.

Examples:
Mis primos andan buscando unos recuerdos en la tienda.
Yo estaré en casa este fin de semana porque tengo nada que hacer.
El profesor estará hablando con sus estudiantes depuse de la escuela.


Repaso- The subjunctive

Together with the following expressions the subjunctive can be used to give advice or an opinion, and talk about a person’s hopes or wishes.
• Querer que
• Preferir que
• Esperar que
• Ojala que
• Recomendarle que
• Aconsejarle que
• Sugerirle que
• Es importante que
• Es major que
• Es buena idea que

These same expressions can also be followed by an infinitive (when there is no que).

Examples:
El prefiere que su hermana no vaya a la fiesta.
Es importante que te lleves tu camera digital para tomar muchas fotos.
Es mejor lavar los platos después de usarlos

Paula Goodrich said...

Paula Goodrich
Chapter 10: De Vacaciones
Section 2:
Vocabulary:
• MAR DEL PLATA
• Ir a cafés
• Saltar en paracaídas
• Tomar un crucero
• Ir a un cibercafé
• Comprar recuerdos
• IGUAZÚ
• Un parque nacional
• Una catarata
• Explorer la selva
• LOS ANDES
• Hacer senderismo
• Un volcán
• Aguas termales
Writing a Letter:
• Querido(a)…,
• Espero que estés bien.
• Dale un saludo a… de mi parte.
• Te echo mucho de menos.
• Un saludo de…
• Un abrazo de…
• Con cariño,…
Where you went and what you did:
• ¿Adónde fuiste este verano?
• Hice un tour por las cuevas.
• ¿Qué hiciste?
• Me hice amigo de una muchacha uruguaya.
Latest News:
• ¿Qué noticias tienes de Paco?
• No lo vas a creer, pero está tomando un crucero por el Caribe.
• ¿Sigues pensando en ir a Europa?
• No, ando planeando otro viaje.
• ¿Ya sabías que aprendí a pescar?
• ¡No me digas!
• Cuéntame lo que pasó el día que fuiste a la selva.
• Estaba en la selva. Daba una caminata y vi muchos plantos y animals.
Preterite and Imperfect
• Show an event/situation had beginning and/or an end.
• Specific occasion or specific number of times
• Specific period of time
• Sequence of events
• A reaction to something
• Examples:
- Nadé en la playa en el verano.
- Sólo estuve en el parquet dos horas.
- Paramos un taxi y nos subimos.

• Ongoing nature of a past even t or situation
• People, places, or things generally like
• What used to happen for no specific time period
• Set the scene
• Explain background circumstances surrounding event
• Examples:
- Hace unos días no hací tanto calor.
- Tenía mucha hambre. No encontraba nada que comer.
- Me sentía mal y la entrada costaba demasiado.
• Imperfect used after preterite of decir, oír, and leer with que to say something was said, heard, or read.
- Leí en la guía turística que había mucho turismo en Buenos Aires.
The Present Progressive and the Future
• Use estar and andar followed by a present participle to say what is happening right now.
• The future tense talks about future plans.
• Future tense: what is probably true or likely to happen.
• Future tense + present participle: what is probably going on or what someone is probably doing.
• Examples:
- La familia está llegando al aeropuerto.
- Las maletas están pasando por el control de seguridad.
- Nosotros nos estaramos hospedando en un hotel.
The Subjuntive
• Talk about hopes and wishes
• Give advice or an opinion
• Expressions:
- Querer que
- Preferir que
- Esperar que
- Ojalá que
- Recomendarle que
- Aconsejarle que
- Sugerirle que
- Es importante que
- Es mejor que
- Es buena idea que
• Sometimes they can be followed by an infinitive.
• Examples:
- Quieres que vas a visitar un museo.
- Es importante que pidas información.
- Es Buena idea que saque fotós en las cataratas.

truchan said...

In spanish recently:
Las aguas termales – hot springs
La catarata – waterfall
Comprar recuerdos – to buy souvenirs
Con cariño, - with love…
Dale un saludo a… de mi parte – say hi to… for me
Espero que estés bien – i hope you’re doing well
Explorar la selva – to explore the jungle
Hacer senderismo – to go hiking
Hacerse amigo de alguien – to make friends with someone
Hice un tour… - I took a tour
Ir a un cybercafé – to go to a cybercafe
Ir a cafés – to go to (outdoor) cafes
No hice nada – I didn’t do anything
El parque nacional – national park
Querido… - dear…
Saltar en paracaídas- to go skydiving
Te echo mucho de menos – i miss you alot
Tomar un crucero – to go on a cruise
Un abrazo de – a big hug from
Un saludo de – yours…
El volcán – volcano
To talk about where you went and what you did:
¿Adónde fuiste este verano? – where did you go this summer?
¿Qué hiciste? – what did you do?
Tome un crucero. Yo nade y salte en paracaídas.
To talk about the latest news:
¿Qué noticias tienes de Josh? – What news do you have of Josh
No lo vas a creer, pero está en Europa. – You wont believe it but he’s in Europe
¿Sigues pensando en ir a Mexico? – are you still thinking about going to Mexico?
No, ando planeando otro viaje. – no im planning another trip.
¿Ya sabías que fui a Australia? – did you already know that i went to Australia?
¡No me digas! – no way!
Cuéntame lo que pasó el día que fuiste a la catarata. – Tell me what happened the day you went to the waterfall.
We also revisited the Preterite and Imperfect tenses.
We use the preterite to say what happened at a specific occasion
To form the preterite add é, aste, ó, amos, aron to the stem for ar verbs, and for er and ir verbs add í, iste, ió, imos, or ieron.
To say what happened for a specific period of time.
What happened in a sequence of events
What happened as a reaction to something.
The imperfect is used to say what people, places, or things were generally like.
Its endings are for ar verbs, aba, abas, aba, abamos, aban, and for ir and er verbs ía, ías, ía, íamos, and ían.
To say what used to happen for an unspecified period of time.
To set the scene
To explain the background circumstances surrounding an event.
We also revisited the present progressive, it is used to say what is happening right now.
It is formed by taking the present tense of estar and following it with a present participle.
The future tense was also revisited, it is used to say what is probably true or likely to happen.
It is formed by adding é, ás, á, ámos, án to the infinitive
You can mix both the future tense and a present participle to form the future progressive to talk about what is probably going on or what someone is probably doing.
Estará leyendo su correo electrónico.
Estaré comiendo en el restuarante.
Estaramos tomando refrescos.
Lastly we revisited another old lesson with the subjunctive tense. It is used to talk about hopes or to give advice or an opinion.
It is used with phrases such as querer que, preferir que, recomendarle que, Es importante que, and es buena idea que. It is important to remember that the subject from the phrase and the Word in the subjunctive tense must be different. To form the subjunctive take the present yo form, drop the ending, and for ar verbs add e, es, e, emos, en, and for ir and er verbs add a, as, a, amos, an.

chris said...

Chris Lechnar
Mrs. Alderman
Spanish 3
7 February 2010

Vocab
Ir a cafes – to go to a cafe
Saltar en paracaidas – to skydive
Tomar un crucero – to take a cruise
Ir a un cibercafe – to go to a cibercafe
Comprar recuerdas – to buy things
Explorar la selva – to explore the forest
Un parque nacional – national park
Una catarata – waterfall
Hacer senderismo – to go on a hike
Un volcan – volcano
Agues termales – hot springs

¿Adonde fuiste este verano?Where did you go this summer? Hice un tour por la costa.I took a tour of the coast.
¿Que hiciste?What did you do? Me hice amigo de un muchacho/estudiante chilenoI became friends with a Chilean boy/student.
No hice nada.I didn’t do anything.

¿Que noticias tienes de Joaquin?What news do you have of Joaquin? No lo vas a creer, pero esta en…You wont believe it, but he’s in…
¿Sigues pensado en ir a Europa?Are you still thinking about going to Europe? No, ando planeado otro viaje.No, I’m planning another trip.
¿Ya sabias que aprendi a saltar en paracaidas?Did you already know that I learned to sky dive? ¡No me digas!No way! (You’re kidding!)
Cuentame lo que paso el dia que fuiste al volcan.Tell me what happened the day that you went to the volcano. Eran como las dos cuando llegamos, Hacia calor. De repente, empezo a llover…It was around… Suddenly…

· When talking about the past, use the preterite to show that an event or situation had a beginning and/or an end. Use it to talkabout something
o That happened on a specific occasion or a specific number of times
Fuimos de vacaciones el mes pasado
Visite el Castillo tres veces
o That happened for a specific period of time
Estuvimos alli por dos semanas y mi mama estuvo enferma a los primeros dos dias
o That happened in a sequence of events
Llegamos a las diez y fuimos directamente al hotel a dejar las maletas
o That happened as a reaction to something
Cuando vimos las playas bonitas nos pusimos contentos

chris said...

· Use the imperfect to emphasize the ongoing nature of a past event or situation, instead of its beginning or end. Use it
o To say what people, places, or things were generally like
Hace 40 anos, las playas eran magnificas
o To say what used to happen for an unspecified period of time
Siempre nos quedabamos con mis tios en Buenos Aires.
o To set the scene
Hacia mal tiempo. No habia nadie en las calles (cuando llegue).
o To explain the background circumstances surrounding an event
Me sentia mal y la entrada costaba demasiado. (Por eso no fui al concierto)
· The imperfect is often used after the preterite of decir, oir, or leer with with que to report something that was said, heard, or read
Lei en el periodico que habia mucho turismo en Mar del Plata
Ir Ser Ver
Iba Era Veía
Ibas Eras Veías
Iba Era Veía
Íbamos Éramos Veíamos
Iban Eran Veían
The Present Progressive and the Future
· You’ve used the present tense of estar followed by a present participle to for the present progressive. You can also use the present tense of andar with a present participle to say what is happening right now.
Esos pasajeros estan leyendo revistas en alaman.
Mis hermanos andan nadando cerca de las cataratas.
· Use the future tense to talk about the future vacation plans or itinerary.
Llegaremos el diez de Julio y nos quedaramos por cinco dias.
· You’ve also used the future tense to say what is probably true or likely to happen.
Alan estara en las agues termales. Dijo que la dolian las piernas.
Alan is probably at the hot springs. He said his legs were hurting.
· You can also use the future tense with the present participle to talk about what is probably going on or what someone is probably doing.
¿Estara nevando en tierra del Fuego?
Could it be snowing…? (I wonder if it’s snowing…)

The Subjunctive
· You’ve used the following expressions to talk about hopes and wishes and to give advice or an opinion. The subjunctive is used in a sentence that is joined to one of these expressions with que
Querer que Recomendarle que Es importante que
Preferir que Aconsejarle que Es major que
Esperar que Sugerirle que Es buena idea que
Ojala que
¿(tu) Quieres que you compre los boletos?
Do you want me to buy the tickets?
Es major que (tu) pagues con tarjeta de credito.
It’s better that you pay with a credit card.
· You’ve also used these verbs or expressions followed by an infinitive
¿(tu) Prefieres (tu) comprar los boletos?
Por lo general es Buena idea pagar en efective.

Matthew said...

Vocabulario 2
Mar de Plata
Ir a cafés- Go to a café
Saltar en paracaídas- To go skydiving
Tomar un crucero- To take a cruise
Ir a un cibercafé- To go to an Internet Café
Comprar recuerdos- To buy Souveniers

Iguazú - Selva
Un parque nacional- National Park
Una catarata- Waterfall
Explorar la selva- To explore the rain Forrest
La selva tropical- Rainforest

Las Montanas
Hacer senderismo- To go hiking
Un volcán- Volcano
Aguas termales- Hot springs

Letters/Postcards
Querido(a)- Dear
Espero que estés bien- I hope your doing well.
Dale un saludo a.. de mi parte- Say HI to… for me
Te echo mucho de menos.0 I miss you a lot.
Un saludo de- Yours,
Un abrazo de- A big hug from..
Con cariño- Love,

¿Adonde fuiste este verano? - Where did you go this summer?
Hice un tour por la costa- i took a tour of the coast.

¿Que hiciste? - What did you do?
No hice nada- I didn’t do anything.
Me hice amido de un muchacho chileno.- I became friends with a Chilean boy.

The latest News…
¿Qué noticias tienes de Julio?- What news do you have on Julio?
No lo vas a creer, pero esta en… - You won’t believe it, but he’s in…

¿Sigues pensando en ir a Europa?- Are you still thinking about going to Europe?
NO, ando planeandu otro viaje.- No I’m planning another trip.

¿Ya sabias que aprendí a saltar en paracaídas? Did you already know that I learned to skydive?
¡No me digas! - No way!
Cuéntame lo que pasó el día que fuiste al volcán.- Tell me what happened the day that you went to the volcano.
Eran como las once cuando llegamos. Hacia calor. De repente, yo vi un oso. - It was round eleven when we arrived. It was hot outsider when suddenly I saw a bear.

Preterite
Something that happened on specific occasion OR a specific number of times.
Something that happened for a specfic period of time.
Something happened in a sequence of events.
Something that happened as a reactión to something.
Examples-
Yo fui a California dos veces.
Nosotros esudiamos por tres horas.
Yo fui a al puerto y salí siete de la noche.
Cuando yo vi el castillo me puse muy alegre.

Imperfect
To say what people, places, OR things were generáis like
To say what used to happen for an unspecified period of time
To set the scene
To explain background cicumstances surrounding an event.
Los edificios eran muy bonitos y altos.
Yo iba al norte con mis amigos también.
Hacia calor. Eran el once de la mañana.
El taxi no llegaba a la casa.

Imperfect is used with the preterite of decir, oir, and leer with que to say what someone said, heard, OR read.
Amelie le dijo que no tenia comida en las tiendas.

Present Participle and Future
Present Progressive
Conjugated form of estar followed by present participle. Also can use andar.
Mis parientes están montado las bicicletas.
Amelio anda comiendo la comida mexicana.

Future Tense
Talk about future vacación plans.
What is probable OR likely to happen
Less certain events.
Yo estaré en Europa.

Future tense can be used with the present participle to say what is probably going on.
En la selva tropical, estará llorando mucho.
Mi gordo amigo estará comido en la fiesta.

The Subjunctive
Use to talk about hopes and wishes, and to giv adive OR an opinion. It is a sentence joined by que.

Phrases
Querer que Recomendarle que Es importante que
Peferir que Aconsejarle que Es mejor que
Esperar que Sugerirle que Es buena idea que
Ojala que

These phrases can also be followed by infinitivos.

Yo quiero que ellos hagan senderismo.
Es importante que comes una dieta balanceada.
Te recomiendo que vayas a la playa.

Amanda said...

In section 2 of Buenos Aires, more grammar, vocabulary, and expressions were shown.

Vocabulary:
Las aguas termales – hot springs
La catarata – waterfall
El parque nacional – national park
El volcán – volcano
Comprar recuerdos – to buy souvenirs
Explorar la selva – to explore the jungle
Hacer senderismo – to go hiking
Hacerse amigo(a) de alguien – to make friends with someone
Ir a un cybercafé – to go to a cybercafé
Ir a cafés – to go to (outdoor) cafés
Saltar en paracaídas – to go skydiving
Tomar un crucero – to take a cruise
Con cariño – with love
Dale un saludo a… de mi parte – say hi to… for me
Hice un tour… - I took a tour
No hice nada. – I didn’t do anything
Querido(a) – dear…,
Te echo mucho de menos – I miss you a lot
Un abrazo de… - a big hug from…
Un saludo de… - Yours, …

Expressions:
Cuéntame lo que pasó el día que… - Tell me what happened the day that…
No, ando planeando… - No I’m planning…
¡No me digas! – No way! (You’re kidding!)
¿Qué noticias tienes de…? – What news do you have of…?
¿Sigues pensando en…? – Are you still thinking about…?
¿Ya sabías que…? – Did you already know that…?

Preterite:
It is used to show an event of situation that had a beginning and/or end.
Uses:
Happened on a specific occasion or a specific number of times.
Ex- Fuimos de vacaciones el mes pasado.
Ex- Visité el castillo tres veces.
Happened for a specific period of time.
Ex- Estuvimos allí por dos semanas y mi mama estuvo enferma los primeros dos días.
Happened in a sequence of events.
Ex- Llegamos a las diez y fuimos directamente al hotel a dejar las maletas
Happened as a reaction to something
Ex- Cuando vimos las playas bonitas nos pusimos contentos.

Imperfect:
It is used to emphasize the ongoing nature of a past event or situation instead of its beginning or end.
Uses:
To say what people, places, or things were generally like.
Ex- Hace 40 años las playas eran magníficas.
To say what used to happen for an unspecified period of time.
Ex- Siempre nos quedábamos con mis tíos en Buenos Aires.
To set the scene.
Ex- Hacía mal tiempo. No había nadie en las calles (cuando llegué).
To explain the background circumstances surrounding an event.
Ex- Me sentía mal y la entrada costaba demasiado (pore so no fui al concierto).
- The imperfect is often used after the preterite of decir, oír, or leer with que to report something that was said, heard, or read
Ex- Leí en el periodico que habí a mucho turismo en Mar del plata.

Present Progressive:
- estar used frequently
- sequir is used in place of estar to say what is still going on
- andar is used in place of estar to say what is happening now
Ex- Esos pasajeros están leyendo revistas en alemán.
Mis hermanos andan nadando cerca de las cataratas.

Future Tense:
- same ending to all verbs (ar, ir, er)
- é, ás, á, emos, án
Ex- Alán estará en las aguas termales. Dijo que le dulían las piernas.
- used with a present participle to talk about what is probably going on or what someone is probably doing
Ex- ¿Estará nevando en Tierra del Fuego?

Review on the Subjunctive:
- used to talk about hopes and wishes and to give advice or an opinion
- subjunctive is used in a sentence that is joined to one of these expressions with que
- querer que, preferir que, esperar que, ojalá que, recomendarle que, aconsejarle que, sugerirle que, es importante que, es mejor que, y es buena idea que.
Ex- ¿Quieres que yo compre los boletas?
Ex- Es mejor que pagues con tajeta de crédito.