Monday, February 8, 2010

Español 2- El Diario ch 4 vocabulario/gramática 2

Please post your journal for the vocabulary and grammar 2 sections of chapter 4 here.

PLEASE INCLUDE AT LEAST THREE ORIGINAL (AS IN NOT FROM THE TEXTBOOK) EXAMPLE SENTENCES THAT DEMONSTRATE EACH CONCEPT YOU EXPLAIN!!

Use the notes you took in class to guide you. Please DO NOT copy directly from the text. Write out explanations in your own words and make up your own examples.

Please DO NOT write directly in the blog response space. Type all text using Microsoft Word first, then copy and paste in into the blog response space. Be appropriate Spanish punctuation when necessary-accents, tildes, question marks, etc. Be careful with spelling-use your text as a reference for spelling.

Please talk to me (in person, via email) if you have any questions/concerns about this assignment.

Your journal entry will be due Sunday, February 8th by 11:30 pm. It will be worth 40 points. Remember that if you submit late, you will receive half credit.

17 comments:

Sonia Horton-Denham said...

Journal 1-26-10 to 2-5-10

Vocabulario dos
El mulso Thigh
El codo Elbow
La una Fingernail/ toenail
La rodilla Knee
El tobillo Ankle
Le ceja Eyebrow
La mejilla Cheek
La oreja Ear
El labio Lip
Los huesos Bones
El crebro Brain
El carazon Heart
El dedo de pie Toe
Le piel Skin
Los pulmones Lungs
La muñeca Wrist
El hombro Shoulder
La pantarilla Calf
Caerse To fall down
Darle un clamber To get a cramp
Emfermase To get sick
Estar resfriado(a) To have a cold
Estarnirdan To sneeze
Refriase To catch a cold
Tenr in clamber To have a cramp
La garganta Throat
Lastimarse To injure/ to get hurt
Romperse To break
Quemarse To burn
Cortarse To get cut
Torcerse To sprain or twist
Maqiarse To put on make up
Calentarse To warm up
Ponerse To put on
Una curita An adhesive bandage
Hielo(a) Ice
Ungüento Ointment
Tener cuidado To be careful

Tomarse unas To take some
Pastilles Pills
Vendarse To bandage/ to warp up
Tener hinchado To be swollen
Talking about getting hurt
Que te paso( what happened to you?)
Qut tienes( whats the matter with you?)
Uf! me di un golpe en la cabeza con la purenta( ouch! I hit my head against the door)
Me cotré el dedo. A hora lo tengo infactado( I cut my finger. And now its infected)
Juan se rompió la pierna( juan broke his leg)
To ask for advice
Estoy ma . tengo tos y me duele la garganta( im sick, I have a cough and my throat hurts)
Tengo in dolar de cabeza que no se me quita.( I havea head ache and it wont go away)
To give advice
Quedate en la cam y tomate este jarabe( stay in bed and take this cough syrup)
Tomate unas aspirinas y decansa un poco( take some aspirin and rest a bit)
examples
Me duele lo rodilla(my kneew hurts)
Te duelen los pies( your feet hurt)
Los ninos de dieron un golpe en las cabezas( the kids hit theird heads)
Yo me lastimé el lastomacó( I hurt my stomach)
Gramatica dos
Verbs with reflexive pronouns and direct objects
You can use a reflexive pronoun with a verb to talk about someone doing something to him or herself
El cocinero se cortó( the cook cut himself)
Use with a direct object. Usually a body part or something you can out on.
Reflexive pronouns can go before the conjugated verb or attachted to the end ofa present participle or infinitive
Reflexive is attached to the end of affirmative commands. Negative command, place before the verb.
Lavate las manas y ponte una curita
All reflexive verbs have (se) at the end.
Past participles used as adjectives.
Verbs can be used as an adjective
Me torci el tobillo( I sprained my ankle)
Pawt participle of torcer as an adjective
Tengo el tobillo torcido( my ankle is sprained)
To for the past participle of regular verbs, drop infinitive ending and add(-edo) to (-ar) verbs and (-ido) to (-er) verbs.
Some are irregular
Romper-roto
Abrir- abierto

Tengo la muñeca torcido( my wrist is sprained)

Steven said...

BODY VOCAB: la cabeza, la mano, los ojos, la pierna, el pie, el brazo, el pecho, los dedos, la rodilla, los dedos de pie, la boca, nariz, la corazón, el estomago, el talon, el pulmón, la lengua, los dientes, el codom el piel, la muñeca, el tobillo, el muslo, la uña, la ceja, la mejilla, la oreja, el hombre, el labio, el cerebro, los huesos, la pantorilla.
VERBS: quemarse, lastimarse, doler, romperse, cortarse, torcerse, caerse, darle un calambre, estar resfriado, restfriarse, tener un calambre, darse un golpe. (The verbs that end in SE are reflexive.)
PHRASES: ¿Què te pasó? ¿Què tienes?
*Doler is conjugated (o → ue) le. Duele, Duelen. (de, diste, dio, dimos, dieron)
Me duele la rodilla. (My knee hurts)
Te duele los pies. (Your feet hurt)
Juan rompio la pierna (Juan broke his leg)
VERBS WITH RELFLEXIVE PRONOUNS AND DIRECT OBJECTS.
Me rompì el brazo. Te torciste el tobillo. Se cortó los dedos. Nos lastimamos las piernas. Se quemaron la cara.
*Reflexive refers back to the subject.
*You can use a reflexive pronoun with a verb to talk about that someone did to themselves. *You can use a reflexive pronoun with a direct object.
*The direct object is either the body part or something that you put on it.
*Reflexive pronouns can go before the conjugated verb or it can be attached to the end of the present participle or infinitive.
USE OF COMMANDS
*Reflexive pronouns are attached to the verb in affirmative commands.
*It is placed just before the verb.
*Reflexive pronouns go before the verb.
PASTPARTICIPLE USED AS ADJECTIVES.
*Verbs have a form called the past participle which can be used as a an adjective.
*You can use it to describe a condition or any injury to a part of the body.
TORCER AS A VERB
Me torcì el tobillo.
*to form past participles of regular verbs, drop the infinitive ending and add –ando to –ar verbs, -indo to –er and –ir verbs.
EX) hinchar → hinchido
EX) romper → roto
EX) abrir → abierto
*When adjectives participles agree with nouns in number and agrees with nouns in number and gender.
EX’s) Me torcìla munecá
I sprained my wrist.
Tengo la muñeca torcida
My wrist is sprained
IRREGULAR NEGETIVE REFLEXIVE VERBS
Caerse, leer, construer.

lyssa :D said...

It will not let me post the whole thing because it is too large, so I will post half of it and publish the other half as a separate comment.

las partes del cuerpo:
la ceja-eyebrow
el cerebro-brain
el codo-elbow
el corazo´n-heart
el dedo de pie-toe
el hueso-bone
el labio-lip
la mejilla-cheeck
la muñeca-wrist
el muslo-thigh
la oreja-ear
la piel-skin

el pulmo´n-lung

la rodilla-knee
el tobillo-ankle
la uña-nail
la garganta-throat
el hombro-shoulder
la pantorilla-shin

la pierna-whole leg
la mano-hand

los ojos-eyes
el pie-foot
el brazo-arm
el pecho-chest
los dedos-fingers
la boca-mouth
la nariz-nose
el estomago-stomach
el talo´n-heel
los dientes-teeth
el pulmo´n-lung
la lengua-tongue
el codo-elbow

VERBS
caerse-to fall down
darle un calambre-to get a cramp
enfermarse-to get sick
estar resfriado-to have a cold
estornudar-to sneeze
resfriarse-to catch a cold
tener un calambre-to have a cramp
quemarse-to burn
lastimarse-to hurt/injure
doler-to hurt (like gustar) (it hurts)
romperse-to break
cortarse-to cut
torcerse-to spring/twist
darse un golpe-to hit yourself on something
tener hinchado-"it is swollen"
tener infectado-"it is infected"
tener tos- "to have a cough"
calentarse-to warm up
descansar-to rest
estirarse-to stretch
ponerse(to put on)
una curita-a band-aid
hielo(m.)-ice
unguento-ointment
quedarse-to stay
tener cuidado-to be careful
tomarse (to take) unas pastillas-some pills
este el jarabe-cough syrup
vendarse-to wrap
maquillarse-to put on makeup

lyssa :D said...

Uf! Me di un golpe en la cabeza con la puerta. (Ouch! I hit my head against the door.)
Me corte´ el dedo. Ahora lo tengo infectado. (I cut my finger. Now it is infected.)
Estoy mal. Tengo tos y me duele la garganta.(I'm sick. I have a cough and my throat hurts.)
Tengo un doler de cabeza que no se me quita. (I have a headache that won't go away.)
Que´date en cama y to´mate este jarabe. (Stay in bed and take this cough syrup)
Pobrecito! To´mate unas apirinas y descanse un poco. (Poor thing! Take some aspirin and rest a bit.)
verbs with reflexive pronouns and direct objects:
-you know that reflexive pronouns refer back to the subject. You can use a reflexive pronoun with a verb to talk about someone doing something to himself or herself.
ex: El cocinero se corto´. (The cook cut himself)
-you can use a reflexive pronoun with a direct object. The direct object is often a part of the body or something that you put on.
ex. El cocinero se cortlas partes del cuerpo.
verbs with reflexive pronouns and direct objects:
-you know that reflexive pronouns refer back to the subject. You can use a reflexive pronoun with a verb to talk about someone doing something to himself or herself.
ex: El cocinero se corto´ el dedo y se puso una curita. (The cook cut his finger and put on a bandage.)
-the reflexive pronoun can go just before the conjugated verb or it can be attached to the end of a present participle or infinitive.
reflexive pronoun placement:
-you can use a reflexive pronoun with a direct object
-the ref. pronoun can go just before the con. vern or it can be attached to the end of a present participle or infinitive.
-the ref. pronoun is attached to the end of the verb in affirmative commands,it is replaced just before the verb in negative commands.
before:
-conjugated verb
-neg. commands
after:
(attached)
-present part.
-inf.
-aff.commands
pongo>no te pongas
pongo>er/ir:no pongas,ar:no ponges
past participles used as adjs.:
-verbs have a form called the past participle, which can be used as an adj.You can use it to describe a condition or an injury to a part of the body.
torcer as a verb: Me torclas partes del cuerpo:



past participle of torcer as an adj.: tengo el tobillo torcido.
LEER AND CONSTRUIR ARE NOT REFLEXIVE:
leer: lei´
lei´ste
leyo´
lei´mos
leyeron
construir: construi´
construi´ste
construyo´
construimos
construyeron

some examples:
1. Yo lei´ la novela ayer.
2. Nosotrros construimos una casa.
3. Tu´ te cai´ste en la escuela.

CAERSE-TO FALL DOWN
yo me cai´
tu´ te cai´ste
el se cayo´
nosotros nos cai´mos
ellos se cayeron

-when -er or -ir verbs like caerse have a stem that ends in a vowel,the i of third person preterite endings from y>-io´>y
o´ and ieron>yeron. In all other forms the i has an accent mark to show that the i is pronounced as a separate syllable.
-the verb leer also has a stem that ends in a vowel and follows the same pattern as caerse. construir (to build) has the 3rd person ending, but no accent marks in tu´ and nosotros forms.object is often a part of the body or something that you put on.
ex. El cocinero se cortlas partes del cuerpo:

Amanda said...

In the second half of chapter 4 we learned all the parts of the body. As well
as possible injuries to the body and sugessting ways to fix these problems.
La Cabeza- Head
La mano- hand
Los ojos- eyes
La pierna-leg
El pie- foot
El Brazo-arm
El pecho-chest
Los dedos-fingers
La Rodilla-knee
Los dedos de pie-Toes
La boca-mouth
La nariz- nose
El corazón-heart
El estómago-stomach
El talón-heel
Los dientes-teeth
El palon-lungs
La lengoa-tounge
El codo-elbow
El piel-skin
La muñeca-wrist
El tobillo-ankle
El muslo-thigh
la uña-nails(toes and fingers)
la ceja-eye brow
la mejilla-cheeks
la oreja-ear
el labio-lips
el celebro-brain
los huesos-bones.
Quermarse-burn
Lastimarse-hurt
Doler-it hurts
Romperse-break-
Cotarse- to cut (yourself)
Torcerse- spraign
Tener hincado-swollen
Caerse- fall down
Darle un calambre-to get a cramp
Enfermarse- to get sick
Estarrers friado- to have a cold
Estornudar- to sneeze
Refriarse-to catch a cold
Tener un calambre-to have a cramp
Darse un golpe-hit something
La garganta-sore throught
Tener tos- to have a cough.
To ask what happened you say “que te pasó?”
To ask what the matter is you say “qué tienes?”
A few examples using the parts of the body and what is wrong is to say things
like
Me duele la rodilla
Te duelen los pies
Juan se rompio la peirna
Te torsiste el tobillo
Luis a se dio un golpe en la cabeza
Los ninos se dieron un golpe en la cabeza.
Jorge le dio un calambre en el muslo
Yo me lastimó en el estomachó
Me duele en el estomacho
Reflexive pronouns refer back to the subject. You can use a reflexive pronoun
with a verb to talk about someone doing something to him or herself. You can
also use a reflexive pronoun with a direct object. Direct objects are often a
part of the body or something you put on. The reflexive pronoun goes before the
conjugated verb or can be attached to the end of a present participal or
infinative.Reflexive is attached to the end of the verb in the affirmative
command and is placed just before the verb in the negative.some examples are as
follows.
El peluquero se cortario el dedo
El cartero se torcio la muñeca el abrir un paquete
El señor se rompe la pierna
El muchacho la se lastímo el codo durante el partido.
Present participals
A verb form that is used to describe a condition or an injury to the part of the
body. To form the pp of regular verbs drop the infinative ending off and add –
and to ar verbs and –ido to er and ir verbs
Hinchar-hinchado
Torcer-torcido
Herir-herido
Some present participals are irregular they are romper –roto and abrir-abierto
Cortar-cortado
Infectar-infectado
Quemar- quemado
Vendar-vendado.
Some examples are
A miguel se le hincharon los dedos. Tiene los dedos hinchados
Juan se rampió la muñeca. Tiene la muñeca rota
Te torciste el tobillo. Tienes el tobillo torciado
Preterite verbs of caer
Some ei and ir verbs like caerse,leer and construir have a stem change that ends
in a vowel, the I of the third person preterite changes to (Y) ío and yo and
ieron to yeron. In all other forms the I has written accent marks í to show that
it is pronounced seperately.caerse- me caí, te caíste, se cayó, nos caimos se
cayeron. The verbs leer follows the same pattern. Construir has the same ending
but has no accent marks in the tu or nostotros forms.
Leer construir
Leí contruí
Leíste construiste
Leyo contruyó
Leímos contruimos
Leyeron consruyeron
Ellos se cayeron en los escaleras
Nosotros nos caimos de la bicicleta

Amanda Richardson
2-8-10
1st hour

jlbrithinee said...

This week in Spanish class, we started out learning about the body. We learned many body parts such as:
La cabeza: head
La nariz: nose
El brazo: arm
Los ojos: eyes
Las orejas: ears
Las manos: hands
La boca: mouth
Las piernas: legs
Los dientes: teeth
El corazon: heart
El pelo: hair
El pie: foot
El talon: heel
El cuello: neck
El estomago: stomach
La langua: tounge
El cuerpo: body
Los dedos: fingers
Los dedos de pie: toes
La rodilla: knee
El hombro: shoulder
Las nargas: butt
El codo: elbow
La piel: skin
La muñeca: wrist
El tobillo: ankle
La cara: face
La pantorilla: chin
El muslo: thigh
La uña: big finger/toe
La garganta: throat

Next we learned how to ask what the problem is and how to answer.

¿Qué te pasó?
- What happened to you?
Me di un golpe en la cabeza con la puerta.
- I hit my head on the door.
¿Qué tienes?
- What’s the matter (with you)?
Me corte el dedo. Ahora lo tengo infectado.
- I cut my finger. Now it’s infected.

Next, we learned where to put reflexive pronouns:

We put the pronouns before: conjugated verbs, and negative commands.
And after: Infinitives, present participle, and affirmative commands.

Our last subject was the conjugation of the verb caerse. (to fall)

Yo me caí
Tú te caíste
Ella se cayó
Nosotros nos caímos
Ellos se cayeron.

nina said...

Vocabulario
Las partes del cuerpo
Le ceja - eyebrow
El cerebro - brain
El codo - elbow
El Corazon - heart
El dedo de pie - toes
El hueso/los huesos – bones
El labio - lip
La mejilla - cheek
La muneca - wrist
El muslo - thigh
La oreja - ear
La piel - foot
El pulmon/los pulmones - lungs
La rodilla - knee
El tobillo – ankle
La una - nail
El hombre - shoulder
La pantorilla - leg
Los verbos (commonly used with body part words to describe getting hury, or having an injury/illness/ Many of these verbs are reflexive.)
Caerse – fall down
Cortarse - cut
Darle un calambre – get a cramp
Dares un golpe – hit something
Doler (ue) – it hurts
Enfermarse – get sick
Estar resfriado(a) – have a cold
Estornudar – sneeze
Lastimarse – hurt something/part
Quemarse – burn yourself
Resfriarse – catch a cold
Romperse – break/tear
Tener un calambre – have a cramp
Tener hinchado – get swollen
Tener infectado – sore throat
Tenos tos – have a cough
Torcerse – sprain/twist
Mas Verbos (used to give advice to someone who is sick/ has an injury.)
Calentarse (ie) – warm up
Descansar – rest/take a nap
Estirarse
Ponerse …una curita/hielo/unguento – put an…adhesive bandage/ice/ointment
Quedarse
Tener cuidado – to be careful
Tomarse…unas pastillas/esta(el) jarabe – take some…pills
Vendarse - bandage/wrap up
Questions that are used most frequently with these body parts and verbs are:
Que te paso? – What happened to you?
Que tienes? – What is the matter?
Reflexive Pronouns – they refer back to the subject. They can be used with a verb to talk about someone doing something to him/her self.
Ex. 1) El juagadora se caero.
Ex. 2) Maria se qumario.
Reflexive pronouns can also be used with a direct object. Also the reflexive pronoun can go before the conjungated verb or be attached to the end of a present participle or infinitive. Reflexive pronouns can be attached to the end of a verb in affirmative commands, and it is placed before the verb in negative commands.
Verbs have a form that is calle the past participle. It can be used as an adjective/ and is used to descrive a condition or an injury to a part of the body.
Ex. 1)Tengo la muneca toricdo.
Ex. 2) Tengo el dede de pie rompido.
Ex. 3) Tengo el cabeza herido.
The form past participles of regular verbs, you drop the infinitve ending and add –ado to –ar verbs and –ido to –er and –ir verbs. If they are irregular, then add –to to the end. When they are used as adjectives, the participles must agree with nouns in number and gender.
When –er or =ir verbs like caerse have a stem that ends in a vowel, the I in the third-person pretertie endings changes to y: -io - -yo and –ieron - -yeron. In all other froems the I has a accents mark over it.
Yo me – caì
Tu tu – caìste
Ud/el/ella se –cayo
Nosotros(as) nos – caìmos
Uds/ellos/ellas se - cayeron

Shaun-Michael said...

Vocabulario en acción 2
• Mano
• Cabeza
• Ojos
• Pierna
• Pie
• Brazo
• Pecho
• Dedos
• Rodilla
• Dedos de pie
• Boca
• Nariz
• Corazon
• Estómago
• Talón
• Dientes
• Pulmón
• Lengua
• Codo
• Piel
• Muñeca
• Tobillo
• Muslo
• Uña
• Ceja
• Mejilla
• Oreja
• Labio
• Cerebro
• Huesos
• Caerse
• Darle un calambre
• Enfermarse
• Estar resfriado
• Estornudar
• Resfriarse
• Tener un calambre
• Quemarse
• Lastimarse
• Doler
• Romperse
• Cortarse
• Torcerse
• Garganta
• Hombre
• Pantorilla
• Ubicado
• Se llevan a cabo
• Promueve
• Mensuales
• Los botes de vela
• La pesca
• El buceo
• Arrecifes
¡Exprésate!
¿Qué te pasó?
¿Qué tienes?
¡Uf! Me di un golpe en la cabeza con la puerta.
Me corté el dedo. Ahora lo tengo infectado.
Estoy mal. Tengo tos y me duele la garganta.
Tengo un dolor de cabeza que no se me quita.
Quédate en cama y tómate este jarabe.
¡Pobrecito! Tómate unas aspirinas y descansa un poco.
Gramática en acción 2
1. Reflexive pronouns refer back to the subject. Reflexive pronoun with a verb to talk about someone doing something to himself or herself.
2. You can use a reflexive pronoun with a direct object. The direct object in often a part of the body or something that you put on.
3. The reflexive proboun can go just before the conjugated verb or it can be attached to the end of a present participle or infinitive.
4. The reflexive pronoun is attached to the end of the verb in affirmative commands. It is placed just before the verb in negative commands.
Ex.
 El cocinero se cortó.
 El cocinero se cortó el dedo y se puso una curita.
 Esa jugadora se está vendando la mano.
 Las otras jugadoras están calentándose.
 La entrenadora va a ponerse un abrigo.
 Lávate las manos y ponte una curita.
 No te quites los zapatos. ¡Hace mucho frio!
 Vendate el tobillo.
 Lavate las manos.
Past participles used as adjectives
1. Verbs have a form called the past participle, which can be used as an adjective. You can use it to describe a condition or an injury to a part of the body.
2. To form past participles of regular verbs, drop the infinitive ending and add ado to ar verbs and ido to er and ir verbs.
3. Some past participles are irregular.
4. When used as adjectives, participles must agree with nouns in number and gender.
Ex.
 Me torcí el tobillo.
 Tengo el tobillo torcido.
 Hinchar – hincado
 Torcer – torcido
 Herir – herido
 Cortar – cortado
 Infectar – infectado
 Quemar – quemado
 Vendar – vendado
 Lastimar – lastimado
 Romper – roto
 Abrir – abierto
 Tiene las rodillas hincadas.
 Tengo el dedo hinchado.
Preterite of verbs like caer
1. When er or ir verbs like caerse have a stem that ends in a vowel, the I of third person preterite endings changes to y – ió – yó and ieron – yeron. In all other forms the I has a written accent mark to show that the í is pronounced as a separate syllable.
2. The verb leer also has a stem that ends in a vowel and follows the same pattern as caerse. Construir has the same third – person ending but has no accent marks in the tú and nosotros forms.

jon said...

Jonathan Corbett
Mrs. Alderman
Spanish 2
8 February 2010

Caerse- to fall down
Darle un calambre- to get a cramp
Enfermarse- to get sick
Estar resfriado- to have a cold
Estornudar- to sneeze
Resfriarse- to catch a cold
Tener un calambre- to have a cramp

¿Qué te pasó?
Me di un golpe en la cabeza con la puerta
¿Qué tienes?
Me corte el dedo. Ahora lo tengo infectado.
Estoy mal. Tengo tos y me duele la garganta.

• Reflexive pronouns refer back to the subject. You can use a reflexive pronoun with a verb to talk about something doing something to himself or herself.
• The reflexive pronoun can go just before the conjugated verb or it can be attached to the end of a present participle or infinitive.
• The reflexive pronoun is attached to the end of the verb in affirmative commands. It is placed just before the verb in negative commands.
Ex: Lávate las manos y ponte una curita
No te quites los zapatos.

• Verbs have a form called the past participle, which can be used as an adjective. You can use it to describe a condition or an injury to a part of the body.
• To form the past participles of regular verbs, drop the infinitve ending and add ado to ar verbs and ido to er and ir verbs.
• When used as adjectives, participles must agree with nouns in number and gender.
Hinchado=swollen
Torcido=sprained
Herido=hurt
Romper=broken
Abierto=open
When er or ir verbs like caerse have a stem that ends in a vowel, the I of the third-person preterite endings changes to y. io changes to yo and ieron changes to yeron. In all other forms the I has a written accent mark to show that the I is pronounced as a separate syllable.

The verb leer also has a stem that ends in a vowel and follows the same pattern as caerse. Construir has the same third-person endings, but has no accent marks in the tu,Nosotros, and vosotros forms.

Chris said...

Notes:
Body Parts:
la ceja = eyebrow
el cerebro = brain
el codo = elbow
el corazón = heart
el dedo de pie = fingers
el hueso/los huesos = bones
el labio = lip
la mejilla = cheek
la muñeca = wrist
el muslo= thigh
la oreja= ear
la piel= skin
el pulmón/los pulmones= lungs
la rodilla= knee
el tobillo= ankle
la uña= nail
la cabeza = head
el mano = hand
los ojos = eyes
la pierna = leg
el pie = foot
el brazo = arm
el pecho = Chest
la boca = mouth
el nariz = nose
el estomago = stomach
el talón = heel
los dientes = teeth
la lengua = tounge
la pantorrilla = calf
el hombre = shoulder

things or ways to get hurt:
• When we are hurt or injure ourselves it is reflexive
- quemarSE = to burn (youself)
- lastimarSE = to hurt or injure (specific area of the body_
- dolerSE = to hurt (in pain)
- romperSE = to break
- cortarSE = to cut
- torcerSE = to sprain or twist
- caerSE = to fall down
- darLE un calambre = to get a cramp
- enfermarSE = to get sick
- estar refriado(a) = to have a cold
- estornudar = to sneeze
- resfriarSE = to catch a cold
- tener un calambre = to have a cramp
- tener hinchado = to be swollen
- darSE un golpe = hit (part of body)
- Tener tos = to have a cough
To talk about getting hurt:
¿Qué te pasó? = What happened to you
¿Qué tienes? = what’s the matter (with you)?

To respond:
¡Uf! Me di un golpe en la cabeza con la puerta
Ouch! I hit my head against the door.

Me corté el dedo. Ahora lo tengo infectado
I cut my finger. Now it’s infected.

For darle, it is always conjugated as dio.
Me dio
Te dio
Le dio
Nos dio
Les dio

Doler (to hurt) has 2 forms
1. duele (singular)
2. duelen (plural)

Ex: 1.me duele el muslo
3. me duelen las piernas.

Darse conjugation:
Di
Diste
Dio
Dimos dieron

Examples:
Me duele la rodilla = my knee hurts
Te duelen los pies = your feet hurt
Juan se rompió la pierna = juan broke his leg
Te torciste el tobillo = you twisted your ankle
Me lastime el estomago = I hurt my stomach.
• The difference between doler and lastimarse is lastimarse has to deal with hurting something specificly in the past, as opposed to doler, referring to hurt as in pain.

To ask for advice:
Estoy mal. Tengo tos y me duele la garganta.
I’m sick. I have a Couch and my throat hurts.

Tengo un dolor de cabeza que no se me quita.
I have a headach that won’t go away.

To give advice:
Qué dale en cama y tómate este jarabe.
Stay in bed and take this cough syrup

Tómate unas aspirinas y descansa un poco.
Poor thing! Take some cough aspirin and rest a bit.

More examples:
Me torcí el tobillo
Ella se quemó la piel con el sol
Juan se lastimo el brazo

More vocab:
Calentarse(ie) = to warm up
ponerse…= to put on…
Una curita = adhesive bandage
Hielo= ice
Ungüento = ointment
Tener cuidado = to be careful
Tomarse unas pastillas = to take some pills
Vendarse = to bandage, to wrap.

Chris Parker
6th hour
Comment 1/2

Chris said...

How to help people who are hurt:
1.Me rompí el brazo = I broke my arm.
Tienes que ir al medico = you need to go to the doctor.
2. tengo una tos que no se me quita = I have a cough that will not stop.
Tomate este jarabe = take some cough medicine.
3.me duele la cabeza = I hit my head.
Tomate unas aspirinas = take some aspirin

Verbs with reflexive pronouns and direct objects:
• Reflexive pronouns reflect back to the subject
• You can use a reflexive pronoun with a verb to talk about someone doing something to himself or herself.
Ex. El cocinero se cortó = the Cook cut himself
Me rompí la pierna = I broke my leg
Te torciste la rodilla = you twisted your knee.

• The reflexive pronoun can go just before the conjugated verb or it can be attached to the end of a present participle or infinitive.
Ex. Esa jugadora se está vendando la mano
Las otras jugadoras están calentándose

Conjugations of numerous reflexives:
Romperse:
Me rompí
Te rompiste
Se rompió
Nos rompimos
Se rompieron

Torcerse:
Me torcí
Te torciste
Se torció
Nos torcimos
Se torcieron

Cortarse:
Me corte
Te cortaste
Se corto
Nos cortamos
Se cortaron

Lastimarse:
Me lastime
Te lastimaste
Se lastimo
Nos lastimamos
Se lastimaron

Quemarse:
Me queme
Te quemaste
Se quemo
Nos quemamos
Se quemaron

• You can use the reflexive pronoun with a direct object.
• The direct object is often a part of the body or something you put on.
Ex: el cocinero se corto el dedo y se puso una curita: the cook cut his finer and put on a bandage
• The reflexive pronoun is attached to the end of the verb in affirmative commands. It is placed before the verb in negative commands.
Ex: lavate las manos y ponte una curita: wash your hands and put on a bandage.
No te quites los zapatos: don’t take off your shoes
Ponte hielo: put on ice.

Past Participles used as adjectives:
• Verbs have a form called the past participle, which can be used as an adjective.
• You can use it to describe a condition or an injury to a part of the body.
Ex: me torcí el tobillo (I sprained my ankle) --- tengo el tobillo torcido = my ankle is sprained.
• To form the past participles of regular verbs, drop the infinitive ending and add –ado to ar verbs and –ido to er and ir verbs.
Ex: hinchar = hinchado (swollen)
Herir = herido (hurt)

Irregular past participles:
Some past participles are irregular
Romper = roto (broken)
Abrir = aberto = open
• When used as adjectives, participles must agree with nouns in number and gender.
Ex: tengo el dedo hinchado = my finger is swollen
Tiene las rodillas hinchadas = his knees are swollen

More past participles:
Cortar = cortado (cut)
Infectar = infectado (infected)
Quemar = quemado (burned)
Vendar = vendado (bandaged, wrapped)

Preterite of verbs like caer:
• When –er and –ir verbs like caerse have a stem that ends in a vowel, the I of third person preterite endings changes to y: ío – yo and –ieron = yeron.
• In all other forms the í has a written accent mark (í) to show that the í is pronounced as a separate syllable.

Conjugation of caerse:
Yo me caí
Tu te caíste
Ud. el, ella se cayó
Nosotros(as) nos caímos
Uds. ellos, ellas se cayeron
Conjugation of torcerse:
Torcí
Torciste
Torció
Torcimos
Torcieron

• The verb leer also has a stem that ends in a vowel and follows the same pattern as caerse. Construer (to build) has the same third person endings, but has no accent marks in the tu, nosotros and vosotros forms.

Conjugation of leer:
Leí
Leíste
Leyó
Leímos
Leyeron

Conjugation of construir:
Construí
Construíste
Contruyó
Construimos
Construyeron.

Ex: Yo me caí cuando juegé el tenís.
Mi hermano se torcío el tobillo en mi casa.
Mi amigo construyó la casa para el gente pobre.
• Leer and construir are not reflexive. Only torcerse is.

Chris Parker
6th hour
comment 2/2

Allison Salcido said...

Body Parts
la cabeza- head
la mano- hand
la pierna-leg
el pie-foot
el brazo-arm
los dedos-fingers
la rodilla-knee
el codo-elbow
la muñeca-wrist
el tobillo-ankle
la una-nail
el labio- lip
los huesos-bones

Vocab
quemarse- to burn yourself
lastimarse-to hurt a part
romperse-to break
cortarse-to cut yourself
torcerse-to sprain
caerse-to fall down
darle un golpe-hit
calentarse-to warm up
descansar-to rest
ponerse- to put on
doler-to hurt

ex:
My knee hurts.
Me duele la rodilla.

Juan broke his leg.
Juan se rompió la pierna.

The children hit their heads.
Los niños se dieron un golpe el la cabeza.

Estoy mal. Tengo tos y me duele la garganta.
I'm sick. I have a cough and my throat hurts.

Como me rompí la mano, no puede escribir.
I broke my hand, I can't write.

Verbs with Reflexive Pronouns and Direct Objects
me rompí
te torciste
se cortó
nos lastimos
se quemaron

ex:
El cocinero se cortó.
The cook cut himself.

Past Participles used as Adjectives
verbs have a from called past participle, which can be used as an adjective.
You can use it to describe a condition or injury to a part of the body
ex:
Me torcí el tobillo.
I sprained my ankle.

Tengo el tobillo torcido.
My ankle is sprained.

Me quemé la mano.
I burned my hand.

Tengo la mano quemada.
My hand is burned.

For past participles of regular verbs, drop infinitive endings add
-ado to -ar verbs and -ido to -er and -ir verbs
ex: hinchar hinchado

some are irregular
romper roto
escribir escrito


Examples:
Tiene las rodillas hinchados.
His knees are swollen.

Tengo el dedo hinchado.
My finger is swollen.

No me lavé el dedo cuando me corté y ahora lo tengo infectado.
I did not wash my finger when I cut it and now it is infected.

Preterite of Verbs like Caer
when -er ,-ir like caerse have a stem that ends in a vowel, the I of the third person preterite endings change to
y:-ió→-yó and -ieron to yeron

Ex:
Caerse
me caí
te caíste
se cayó
se cayeron
nos caímos

Leer
leí
leíste
leyó
leímos
leyeron

Construir
construí
construiste
construyó
construimos
construyeron

Shelbyyy(: said...

In chapter 4, section 2, we learned about body parts and the injuries that correspond with them.
Body Parts
El celebro-brain
Las cejas-eyebrows
El codo-elbow
El corazón-heart
El dedo-finger
El dedo del pie-toe
El hueso-bone
Los labios-lips
La boca-mouth
La mejilla-cheek
La mano-hand
La muñeca-wrist
El muslo-thigh
La oreja-ear
La piel-skin
Los pulmones-lungs
La rodilla-knee
El tobillo-ankle

Verbs
Caerse-to fall down
Calentarse (ie)-to warm up
Cortarse-to cut oneself
Darle un calambre-to get a cramp
Darse un golpe en-to bump one’s
Enfermarse-to get sick
Estar mal-to be sick
Estar refriado(a)-to have a cold
Estornudar-to sneeze
Lastimarse-to injure/hurt oneself
Tomar- to take
Tomarse unas pastillas-to take some pills
Ponerse-to put on
Quemarse-to get burned/sunburned
Resfriarse-to catch a cold
Romperse (+ body part)-to break(+ body part)
Tener cuidado- to be careful
Tener un calambre-to have a cramp
Tener tos-to have a cough
Torcerse-to sprain/twist
Vendarse-to bandage/wrap

We also learned to talk about being hurt.
|Questions
¿Què te pasò?-What happened to you?
¿Què tienes?-What’s the matter (with you)?

Answers
¡Uf! Me di un golpe en la cabeza con la puerta.-Ouch! I hit my head against the door.
Me cortè el dedo. Ahora lo tengo infectado.-I cut my finger. Now it’s infected.

Another subject we talked about was how to ask and give advice.
To ask for advice
Estoy mal. Tengo tos y me duele la garganta.-I’m sick. I have a cough and my throat hurts.
Tengo un dolor de cabeza que no se me quita.-I have a headache that won’t go away.

To give advice
Quèdate en cama y tòmate este jarabe.-Stay in bed and take this cough syrup.
¡Pobrecito(a)! Tòmate unas aspirinas y descansa un poco.- Poor thing! Take some aspirin and rest a bit.

The first grammar section that we discussed in class was about verbs with reflexive pronouns and direct objects. Reflexive pronouns refer back to the subject. A reflexive pronoun can be used with a verb to talk about someone doing something to himself/herself.
For example: La jugadora se lastimè.-The player hurt herself.

You can use a reflexive pronoun with a direct object. The direct object is normally part of the body or something you put on.
Example: La jugadora se lastimè y se vendè el tobillo.-The player hurt herself and wrapped her ankle.

The reflexive pronoun can go before the conjugated verb or it can be attached to the end of a present participle or infinitive. In affirmative commands, the reflexive pronoun is attached to the end of the verb. In negative commands, it is placed before the verb.
Examples: Làvate las manos y ponte una curita.
No te quites los zapatos. ¡Have mucho frìo!

Shelbyyy(: said...

Another thing we learned was past participles used as adjectives. These can be used to describe a condition or injury to a part of the body.
To form the past participles of regular verbs, drop the infinitive ending and add –ado to –ar verbs and –ido to –er and –ir verbs. Some past participles are irregular, such as romper(broken) and abrir(open). Romper changes to roto and abrir changes to abierto. Remember, when used as adjectives, participles must agree with nouns in number and gender.
Past participles
Torcer-torcì (sprained) [used as a verb]
Torcer-torcido (sprained) [used as an adjective]
Hinchar-hinchado (swollen)
Herir-herido (hurt)
Cortar-cortado (cut)
Infectar-infectado (infected)
Quemar-quemado (burned)
Vendar- vendado (bandaged/wrapped)

Examples:
Me torcí la muñeca.-I sprained my wrist.
Tengo la muñeca torcida.-My wrist is sprained.
Tiene el piel quemado.-Her skin is burned.

The final topic we discussed the preterite of verbs like caer. When –er and –ir verbs like caerse have a stem that ends in a vowel, the I of the third person preterite endings changes to y: iò-yò and ieron-yeron. In all other forms the I has a written accent mark (ì) to show that the ì is pronounced as a separate syllable.
Caerse (to fall)
Me caì
Te caìste
Se cayò
Nos caìmos
Se cayeron

The verb leer follows the same pattern as caerse. The verb construer has the same third-person ending, but has no accent marks in the tù and nosotros forms.
Leer(to read)
Leì
Leìste
Leyò
Leìmos
Leyeron

Construir(to build)
Construì
Constuiste
Construyò
Construimos
Construyeron

Se cayò y el brazo roto.
Yo leì el libro en la clase.
El construyò la pared en la casa.

Jeff said...

Jeff Gaydos
Ms. Alderman
Spanish II
Feb 7 2010

Spanish Blog

Vocabulario:
• Quemarse – to burn yourself
• Lastimarse – to hurt yourself
• Romperse – to break something
• Cortarse – to cut yourself
• Torcerce – to sprain something
• Caerse – to fall down
• Darle un calambre – to get a cramp
• Estar resfriado – to have a cold

To Talk About Getting Hurt:
• ¿Que te pasó? – What happened to you?
• ¿Que tienes? – What’s the matter with you?

To Give Advice
• Quedate en cama – stay in bed
• Tomate este jarabe – take this cough syrup
• Ponte una curita – put on an adhesive bandage
• Ponte hielo – “ “ ice
• Ponte ungüento – “ “ ointment
• Tener cuidado – to be careful
• Tomate unas pastillas – to take some pills
• Vendate – to bandage, wrap
• Descansa – rest

Verbs with Reflexive Pronouns and Direct Objects
• You can use a reflexive pronoun with a verb to talk about someone doing something to him/her self
• You can use a reflexive pronoun with a direct object. The direct object is often a part of the body or something that you put on.
Ex: El mechanico se dio un golpe en la cabeza y se pon el hielo.






Reflexive Pronoun Placement
• The reflexive pronoun can go just before the conjugated verb or it can be attached to the end of a present participle or infinitive.
Ex: Ella va a ponerse una curita
Yo me esta di un calambre
Usted esta vandandose el tobillo
• The reflexive pronoun is attached to the end of the verb in affirmative commands. It is placed just before the verb in negative commands
Ex: Ponte el hielo en el tobillo
No te quemes el mano

Past Participles used as Adjectives
• Verbs have a form called the past participle, which can be used as an adjective
• You can use it to describe a condition or an injury to a part of the body

Past Participles
• To form the past participles of regular verbs, drop the infinitive ending and add –ado to –ar verbs and –ido to –er and –ir verbs
Ex: Quemar – qemado
Venir – venido
Vender – vendido

Irregular:
• Romper – roto
• Abrir – abierto

Agreement
• When used as adjectives, participles must agree with nouns in number and gender

Preterite of Verbs like Caer
• When -er or –ir verbs like caerse have a stem that ends in a vowel, the I of the third person preterite endings changes to y: -io -- -yo, and –ieron -- -yeron.

Yo me cai
Tu te caiste
El, ella, ud e cayo
Nosotros nos caimos
Ellos, ellas, uds se cayeron

• Leer and construir also follow the same pattern

miguel said...

Miguel Ahles
Vocabulary:
• el codo- elbow
• la piel- skin
• la muñeca- wrist
• el tobillo- ankle
• la rodila- knee
• el muslo- thigh
• la uña- nail
• el dedo el pie- toe
• la ceja- eyebrow
• la mejilla- cheek
• la oreja- ear
• el labio- lip
• el celebro- brain
• el pulmón- lung
• los huesos- bones
• la garganta- throat
• el hombro shoulder

Verbs with reflexive pronouns and direct objects: You can use a reflexive pronouns with a direct object. The direct object is often a part of the body or something that you put on.
• Miguel se dio un golpe.
• Me rompí mi pierna.
• Jorge se torcío su tobillo.
Past participles used as adjectives: Verbs in the past participle form can be used as an adjective. You can use it to describe a condition or an injury to a part of the body.
• Ricardo tiene la piel quemada.
• Israel tiene la pierna rota.
• Miguel tiene el tobillo torcido.
Preterite of verbs like caer: When –er or –ir verbs like caerse have a stem that ends in a vowel, the I of the third person preterite endings change to y: -ió.
• Yo me caí del arból.
• Guillermo leyó un libro.
• Oscar construyó una casa.

savanna said...

Partes del cuerpo
La ceja- eyebrow
El cerebro- brain
El codo- elbow
El corazón- heart
El dedo de pie- toe
El hueso/los huesos- bone
El labio- lip
La mejilla- cheek
La muñeca- wrist
El muslo- thigh
La oreja- ear
La piel- skin
El pulmón- lung
La rodilla- knee
El tobillo- ankle
La una- nail

Verbs-
Caerse- to fall
Calentarse(ie)- to warm up
Cotarse- to cut
Darle un calambre- to get a cramp
Darse un golpe- to hit
Descansar- to rest
Doler(ue)- to hurt
Enfermarse- to be sick
Estar resfriado/a- to catch a cold
Estirarse- to stretch
Estornudar- to sneeze
Lastimarse- to hut
Quedarse- to stay
Quemarse- to burn
Romperse- to break
Tener un calambre- to have a cramp
Tener cuidado- to be careful
Tener hinchado- to have a swollen
Tener infactado- to have an infection
Tener tos- to have a cough
Tocerse- to twist/sprain
Tomarse- to take
Vendarse- to wrap

- Me lastime el brazo durante el partido.
o Tienes cuidado.
- Me rompió la pierna.
o Ir a un medico.
- Estoy mal. Tengo un resfriado y tengo tos.
o Quédate en cama y tomate este jarabe.

Verbs with reflexive pronouns and direct objects:
- Reflexive verbs talk about someone doing something to their self.
o Ella se corto el dedo.
- Reflexive pronouns are also used with a direct object. It’s sometimes used with parts of the body or something you put on.
o Se cortó la pierna y se puso una curita.
- Reflexive pronouns
o Go before conjugated verbs and negative commands.
 No te quites los calcetines.
o Are attached to affirmative commands, infinitives, or present participles.
 Lavate las manos.
 Vendate un tobillo.

Past participles used as adjectives:
- Past participles are formed by adding:
o –ado -> -ar
o Ido -> er, ir
- They must agree in number in gender.
- Instead of saying “me corte la mano” (I cut my hand), using the past participle it would be “tengo la mano cortado” (my hand is cut).
o Hinchar -> hinchado
o Torcer -> torcido
o Herir -> herido
o Lastimar -> lastimado
o Cortar -> cortado
o Infectar -> infectado
o Quemar -> quemado
o Vendar -> vendado
- Irregular:
o Romper -> roto
o Abrir -> abierto
- Ex/ - Tengo el tobillo torcido.
- Tengo la mejilla hinchada.
- Tengo el brazo herido.

Caerse (to fall)
Yo – me caí
Tu – te caíste
El/ella/ud – se cayó
Nosotros – nos caímos
Ellos/ellas/uds – se cayeron
- 3rd person, i changes to y.
- Leer has the same preterite irregularities.
- Construir has the same endings without the accent marks in the tu and nosotros forms.
- Ex/ - Ella se cayo a escuela.
- Ella leyó mucho a noche.

- savanna parks, 6th hour